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INDUSTRIES: Business History of Textiles
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1733 - John Kay invented flying shuttle, revolutionized weaving industry.

1769 - Sir Richard Arkwright introduced power-driven mechanization of textile factory production methods; received patent for spinning-frame machine to spin cotton yarn; used multiple sets of paired rollers that turned at different speeds, able to draw out yarn of correct thickness, and set of spindles to twist the fibers firmly together; powered it with a water-wheel; became known as the Water Frame.

1779 - First Spinning Mills operated in Scotland.

- Henry Hollins, group of businessmen established cotton spinning mill in Pleasley, UK, riverside valley on Nottinghamshire/Derbyshire border; bought Pleasley Forge, developed new mill on site; 1799 - Pleasley Vale Mills opened; 1840 - William Hollins (grandson) joined company; turned it into major force in textile production; rebuilt mills after two serious fires, brought in latest steam driven machinery (built village store, reform church, bathhouse, mechanics institute, school for his employees); built dye works, bleach house, employed hundreds of local people; 1890 - Henry Ernest Hollins (nephew) bought Via Gellia spinning mills (located in Vi Jella valley near Matlock), doubled capacity; coined name Viyella; July 2, 1907 - William Hollins and Company registered "Viyella" trademark in U. S. first used June 25, 1894 (piece goods composed of a mixture of wool and cotton); 1960 - awarded Queen’s Royal Warrant; 1961 - renamed Viyella International; 1967 - Vantona Viyella merged with Coats Patons Ltd (founded by James Coats in 1802), major Scottish-based firm; formed Coats Viyella plc, Europe's largest textile manufacturer; 1990s - introduced new brands, opened new territories, moved into homewares market; 2001 - renamed Coats plc.

November 16, 1786 - Massachusetts state legislature supported first U.S.-made "jenny" and "stock-card" machines for benefit of early American textile-machinery manufacturers; voted grant of £200 for completion of what are believed to be first U.S.-made spinning, carding, roping machines. 

April 15, 1788 - Hartford Woolen Manufactory, water-powered worsted mill, opened in Hartford, CT, made possible by subscriptions from nearby towns contributing capital of 1,250 pounds; first U.S. worsted mill to use water power, first strictly commercial worsted mill (worsted yarns are more tightly twisted than are the bulkier woolen yarns).

December 20, 1790 - Beginning of American textile industry; Samuel Slater replaced deteriorating English equipment (spinning wheels, jennies, frames) at Almy and Brown, new, rented cloth mill partnership of Moses Brown, Pawtucket, RI Quaker merchant and would-be textile manufacturer, William Almy (son-in-law) and Smith Brown (nephew); built first successful water-powered cotton spinning and carding machines, using American resources; reliable duplicates of British cotton spinning machines (had emigrated secretly from England in 1789 with details of Richard Arkwright's machines memorized while an apprentice in a mill); began production of cotton yarn; formed partnership with Almy and Brown, constructed new mill for textile manufacture July 1793 - Almy, Brown and Slater opened on Blackstone River (new dam provided water power); dedicated exclusively to the production of cotton thread until 1829; December 20 - Samuel Slater Day in Massachusetts to recognize origins of America's textile industry, beginning of American industrial evolution.

Samuel Slater Samuel Slater (

December 30, 1791 - William Pollard, of Philadelphia, PA, received a patent for a "Machine for Spinning Cotton" by water power; one of three British immigrants who sought exclusive rights to introduce into America cotton spinning machines based on those devised by Richard Arkwright in England; June 1791 - Pollard's factory in full operation, said to be first water frame built in that city (ultimately, not successful).

February 1, 1793 - Ralph Hodgson, of New York, NY, received a patent for "Manufacturing Oiled Silk, Linen, etc."

February 14, 1794 - James Davenport, of New Jersey, received a patent for "Weaving and Beating Duck Sail"; textile (carding & spinning) machinery.

June 5, 1797 - Amos Whittemore, of Cambridge, MA, received a patent for "Manufacturing Wool Cards"; July 1812 - New York Manufacturing Company acquired rights for 13 years to machine for $120,000 (origins of Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company).

1811 - Col. Joseph Durfee established first cotton mill in Fall River, MA, one-story, wooden mill. at Globe Four Corners (site of today’s Father Kelly Park); kicked off history of manufacturing, building, immigration; 1874 - named 'The Spindle City of America' (manufactured more than 1/30th of entire cotton crop of country).

Col. Joseph Durfee - father of 'The Spindle City' ( 29907105_125902563669.jpg)

1813 - Benjamin Prichard and others incorporated Amoskeag Cotton and Woolen Manufacturing Company founded on west bank of the Merrimack River in Manchester, NH; 1822 - acquired by Olney Robinson of Rhode Island; 1825 - acquired by Dr. Oliver Dean, Lyman Tiffany, Willard Sayles of Massachusetts; July 1, 1831 - incorporated as Amoskeag Manufacturing Company; 1915 - 17,000 workers, 8 million square feet of floor space, wove 164,000 miles of cloth in 74 different departments; February 13, 1922 - to remain competitive management reduced workers' pay by 20%, lengthened work week from 48 to 54 hours; United Textile Workers of America struck company (lasted nine months); 1925 - Frederic C. Dumaine (treasurer) split firm in two; December 24, 1935 - mills closed, company filed for bankruptcy; 1936 - liquidated.

1813 - Nathaniel Stevens built Stevens Woolen Mill, small wool flannel mill in converted grist mill in North Andover, MA to weave woolen broadcloth, flannel; 1850 - Moses T. Stevens (son) became partner, name changed to Nathaniel Stevens and Son; 1885 - name changed to M.T. Stevens & Sons; 1901 - incorporated; name changed to M.T. Stevens & Sons Company; December 31, 1922 - incorporated; 1946 - merged with J.P. Stevens and Co. Inc., became subsidiary.

February 23, 1813 - Boston Manufacturing Company chartered in Massachusetts; September 4, 1813 - Francis Cabot Lowell and The Boston Associates organized Boston Manufacturing Company in Waltham, MA (original shareholders - Francis C. Lowell, Benjamin Gorham, Uriah Cotting, Patrick Tracy Jackson, Warren Dutton, John Gore, Charles Jackson, James Lloyd, Israel Thorndike Jr., Israel Thorndike Sr., James Jackson, Nathan Appleton); began "Waltham system" of manufacture - large labor force initially consisted primarily of New England farm women, lived in dormitory-style boarding houses; 1814 - built first complete textile factory in America (manufacture of all phases of cotton production, from raw cotton to woven cloth, in one plant); first power-loom, powered by water from Charles River, plant combined power spinning, weaving on looms; credited with leading America's industry out of small shops, into modern factory system; first capitalized company (shareholder corporation vs. partnership) became method of choice for structuring American businesses.

1816 - Samuel Courtauld established Samuel Courtauld & Company, silk manufacturing company in Essex, UK; moved from silk throwing to mechanized manufacture of textile fabric popular; 1870s - about 3,000 employees, one of biggest firms in British silk industry; 1895 - H. G. Tetley made director (elected Chairman in 1917); 1898 - T. P. Latham made director; July 1904 - went public; acquired British rights to viscose patents for approximately £25,000 ("viscose" process treated wood pulp with caustic soda, other chemicals, spun resultant substance into fibers); 1913 - world's largest producer of first manmade fiber, rayon; 1921 - Samuel Courtauld (great-nephew) assumed control; December 1961 - takeover bid from ICI Industries; 1968 - controlled about 30% of U.K. cotton-type spinning capacity, 35% of warp-knitting production, smaller significant shares in weaving, finishing; 1979 - C. A. Hogg took over; initiated reorganization of company.

1837 - Abraham Moon established Abraham Moon & Sons Ltd. in Leeds, UK; supplied many local families with yarn to weave cloth on hand looms in their homes (collected woven pieces, paid weavers for their work, washed wool locally, hanged to dry in surrounding fields, transported pieces by horse, cart to Leeds for sale in market); 1868 - built three-story mill; railway to Leeds ran directly behind mill (had its own sidings; invaluable inward transport for wool for processing, coal for power, outward transport for distribution of cloth to expanding customer network); 1877 - Isaac Moon (son) took over; 1900-1913 - fashion fabrics; 1914 - gave way to army shirts, trousers, greatcoat cloths; 1920 - acquired by Charles H Walsh (designer, mill manager) for £33,000; 1920s - replaced by emerging fashion;; 2011 - John Walsh (fourth generation manager); £15m in annual sales, 180 employees, only remaining “vertical” woollen mill in England. company.

April 20, 1837 - Erastus B. Bigelow, of West Boylston, MA, received a patent for a "Loom" ("Power-Loom for Weaving Coach-Lace and Other Similar Fabrics"); July 28, 1842 - received a patent for "Take-Up Motion" ("Improvement n Power-Looms for Weaving Counterpanes, etc."); April 10, 1845 - received a patent for a "Loom" ("Improvement n Power-Looms for Weaving Plaids, etc."); gingham manufacturing machinery (all gingham had been hand-made at home); 1846 - opened first gingham factory, Lancaster Mills, in Clinton, MA.

November 25, 1837 -  William Crompton of Taunton, MA, received a patent for a "Fancy Power Loom"; silk, power loom.

October 8, 1840 - William Mason, of Taunton, MA, received a patent for "Construction of Self-Acting Mules for Spinning" ("...machines or engines used in the spinning of cotton and which may be applied to the spinning of other fibrous material, denominated a "self-acting mule"..."; 1845 - built largest plant devoted to manufacture of machinery in country (cotton machinery, woolen machinery, machinists' tools, blowers, cupola furnaces, gearing, shafting, railroad car wheels made with spokes); October 3, 1846 - received a patent for "Improvement in Self-Acting Mules" ("...for Spinning Cotton and other Fibrous Substances..."); became industry standard for years.

April 1846 - Abraham H. Howland put through an "An Act to Incorporate the Wamsutta Mills" for purpose of manufacturing cotton, wool, iron in New Bedford, MA (named for Indian who deeded land to found settlement at New Bedford); Thomas Bennett, Jr. recruited by Congressman Joseph Grinnell to head mills; March 1849 - first cloth, Wamsutta shirting, produced; 1855 - second mill built; 1883 - six mills, produced 26 million yards of cotton cloth per year; 1892 - seven mills, largest cotton weaving plant in world; 1897 - 4450 looms, 2100 workers; 1985 - acquired by Springs Industries.

1860 - Arthur Sanderson founded Sanderson, British textile and wallpaper manufacturing company; played major part in decorative interiors of Britain through Art Deco phenomenon, past war into 1950s and beyond.

January 13, 1863 - William Canter of New York City received the first U.S. patent for "Machinery for Manufacturing Chenille".

1870 - Herman Kahn. immigrant from Bavaria, Germany, opened wholesale grocery business, H. Cone & Sons, in Baltimore, MD; Moses and Ceasar Cone (two oldest sons) traveled through south, took orders from general stores, bartering textiles for groceries; 1887 - sons invested $50,000 in C. E. Graham Manufacturing Co., in Asheville, NC; business people arranged for Cone to represent them in far-flung markets; 1891 - formed Cone Export & Commission Company; 1895 - went into textile business for themselves when denim supplies from Erwin Mills, others became unstable for their marketing business; made durable denim in new Proximity Manufacturing Mill located in Greensboro (name chosen because of close proximity to North Carolina cotton, gins, warehouses, North Carolina Railroad); 1899 - joined Emanuel and Herman Sternberger, established Revolution Cotton Mills to manufacture cotton flannel; "revolutionized" cotton manufacture; 1905 - White Oak plant, named for huge 200-year old tree on property. became one of largest indigo dyeing operations in world, required ten warehouses, its own power plant; Cones built entire towns including Christian churches even though they were of the Jewish faith; 1915 - made denim for Levi Strauss jeans; 1917 - Julius and Bernard Cone (younger brothers) assumed leadership of business; diversified into other fabrics; 1945 - all textile mills united under name Proximity Manufacturing Company; 1948 - Cone Mills Corporation formed with merger of Proximity Manufacturing and Revolution Print; 1951 - went public; 1973 - Lewis S. Morris named Chairman, CEO; 1983 - thwarted hostile takeover attempt, went private with leveraged buyout; 1990s - largest producer of denim in world, forced into bankruptcy; 2004 - acquired by W. L. Ross & Co., operated along with assets of former competitor, Burlington Industries, as part of International Textile Group.

July 15, 1879 - George Crompton and Horace Wyman, of Worcester, MA, received a patent for a "Loom" (an "Improvement in Looms"), first American "dobby" loom; small, geometric figures can be woven in as a regular pattern as exemplified in Turkish toweling; originally needed a dobby boy who sat on the top of the loom and drew up warp threads to term a pattern; Wyman held 260 patents related to looms and textile machinery; assigned patent to George Crompton.

1880 - Lafayette Lanier and Ward Crockett reorganized Alabama & Georgia Manufacturing Company in River View, AL, Chattahoochee Manufacturing Company in Langdale, GA (founded 1866), renamed West Point Manufacturing Company (eight stockholders, 75 employees); 1906 - George lanier (son) took over; made transition from water power to electricity; March 1965 - merged with Pepperell Manufacturing Company (formally organized in Biddeford, ME in 1850; September 18, 1928 - registered "Lady Pepperell" trademark first used March 30, 1927), formed West Point-Pepperell, Inc. (name brands Carlin, Martex [trademark registered March 16, 1915 by W. H. & A. E. Margerison & Co., first used September 30, 1914 for turkish towels, terry cloths], Lady Pepperell); 1986 - acquired Cluett, Peabody & Co., Inc. (May 15, 1900 - registered "Arrow" trademark first used 1885 for collars and cuffs); May 1988 - acquired J. P. Stevens & Company (Ralph Lauren, Laura Ashley sheets and towels) for $1.2 billion; 30% share (2nd) of $1.2 billion towel market, 36% share of sheet market (first in $1.2 billion bed-linen market); 1989 -  acquired, in five-month, hostile takeover battle, by William Farley (Fruit of the Loom, Inc.) for $3 billion (20 times 1988 earnings); March 1990 - West Point Acquisition Corporation went into bankruptcy; August 1991 - Farley ceded control of his 95 percent of WPP; 1992 - West Point Acquisition restructured, renamed Valley Fashions Corporation; December 1993 - renamed WestPoint Stevens, Inc.

1883 - John P. Stevens (nephew of Moses T. Stevens) went to work for commission house of Faulkner, Page & Company; 1899 - formed partnership commission house to sell products of M.T. Stevens & Sons; named J.P. Stevens and Co.; 1903 - selling agent for woolen mills owned by M.T. Stevens and Sons Co.; 1923 - incorporated; 1935 - merged with Milton Corporation; 1946 - merged with M.T. Stevens and Sons Co., Slater-Carter-Stevens, Inc.; became subsidiaries of J.P. Stevens and Co., Inc.; 1960 - 50 plants in 41 locations; 1987 - sales of $1.6 billion; May 1988 - acquired by Odyssey Partners, Inc., West Point-Pepperell, Inc., Bibb Co. (Macon, GA) for $1.2 billion; JPS Textile Group, Inc. formed; December 1993 - renamed renamed WestPoint Stevens, Inc.

1886 - Leroy Springs [often referred to as Col. Springs] established cotton shipping company, Leroy Springs & Co., for buying and shipping of cotton in Fort Mill SC; April 1887 - Group of 14 men, two women organized Fort Mill Manufacturing Company in Fort Mill, SC to produce cotton cloth; Samuel Elliott White, local planter and Civil War veteran, elected first president; February 1888 - produced first yard of cotton cloth; May 1888 - plant had 200 looms, produced 8,000 yards of cloth daily; 1895 - Leroy Springs (White's son-in-law) and others established Lancaster Cotton Mills, in Lancaster, SC; 1914 - assumed control of Fort Mill Manufacturing Company; 1919 - Elliott White Springs (son) joined company; 1931 - took over management; 1933 - consolidated the mill properties into single company, Springs Cotton Mills; 1945 - established Springs Mills, Inc. in New York as sales organization for its products; 1966 - sales group merged with manufacturing company, named Springs Mills, Inc.; went public; 1982 - renamed Springs Industries, Inc.; 1985 - acquired M. Lowenstein Corporation, New York textile maker (founded 1889 by Morris Lowenstein and his sons) for $265 million (Wamsutta brand of household goods, entry into premium-priced bedding market, industrial fabrics business through Clark-Schwebel unit); January 1997 - Crandall Close Bowles, great-great granddaughter of Samuel Elliott White, elected president and chief operating officer.

Leroy Springs - Springs Industries (

Capt. Samuel Elliot White - Springs Industries (

1887 - James William Cannon (35), partner and manager of general store, raised $75,000, built cotton mill, opened Cannon Manufacturing Company in Concord, NC; 1894 - opened mill that produced huck towels; 1898 - opened mill that made terry towels; 1916 - established Cannon Mills, Inc. to market, manufacture products; 1921 - 12 mills, over 15,000 employees, estimated $40 million in annual sales; November 8, 1921 - Cannon Mfg., Co. registered "Cannon" trademark first used January 19, 1921 (fabric towels); Charles Cannon (son) took over; 1923 - name sewn into all towels; 1927 - went public (de-listed in 1962 for non-compliance, reinstated in 1979); 1928 - consolidated mills into a single entity, Cannon Mills Co.; 1971 - sales of $323 million, 17 plants, 24,000 workers, largest employer in Carolinas; 1982 - acquired in $413 million leveraged buyout by David Murdock; January 1986 - approximately 75% of company acquired by Fieldcrest Mills for $321 million; first in towel, blanket market, third in sheet market.

Charles Cannon - Cannon Mills Inc. (

1887 - Moses and Ceasar Cone invested $50,000 in C. E. Graham Mill Manufacturing Company of Asheville, NC (manufacturer of cotton plaids); 1888 - invested in Salisbury Cotton Mills (Salisbury, NC); invested in Minneola Manufacturing Company (Gibsonville, NC); 1891 - established Cone Export & Commission Company in New York City, selling agent for southern textiles (called "plaid trust" by competitors); 1893 - C. E. Graham renamed Asheville Cotton Mills; built Southern Finishing & Warehouse Company, one of first textile finishing plants in South; 1895 - built Proximity Cotton Mills (because of location near cotton fields) in Greensboro, NC (denim manufacturing plant); built facility to serve as company headquarters (Ceasar first president); 1983 company went private with threat of takeover by Western Pacific Industries (21 plants, 10,800 employees, valued at $385 million); 2003 - Cone Mills Corporation filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection; 2004 - all assets acquired by W. L. Ross and Company, combined with what remained of Burlington Industries, formed International Textile Group.

Moses, Ceasar Cone - Cone Mills (

May 1891 - Charles Egbert Hutchison, Luther Nims, R. Kel Davenport, Martin R. Dewstoe, J. Alonzo Abernathy, John C. Rankin incorporated Nims Manufacturing Company on Dutchman’s Creek, NC (water-powered plant built at Nims Shoals on Dutchman's Creek); produced seine twine, hawser, cable cords; 1905 - began producing spun yarns in second mill; 1920 - consolidated, with other textile mills, formed American Yarn and Processing Company;  September 1942 - Hutchison interest acquired by R.S. Dickson Company (founded in 1919 in Gastonia, NC) for $2.5 million; 1947 - acquired controlling interest in Efird Manufacturing Company (founded in 1896 by Polycarp Efird and John Efird in Albemarle, NC); May 1952 - merger completed, name changed to American & Efird® Mills, Inc.; September 1966 - Stuart Dickson, Alan Dickson (sons) assumed control; 1968 - combined diversified interests of R. S. Dickson, formed Ruddick Corporation, holding company (became A&E’s parent company). 

February 23, 1892 - Black American, Henry A. Bowman, of Worcester, MA, received a patent for a "Method for Making Flags"; easy method to apply emblems or stars on field fabric of flags whereby those affixed on opposite sites of the field would correspond in position.

1893 - Benjamin Franklin Mebane opened mill on 600 acres of land in Spray, NC; 1905 - owned six mills; 1910 - voting control of Mebane's Spray Water Power & Land Co. acquired by Marshall Field, new managers installed; 1912 - takeover completed , subsidiary of Marshall Field & Co.; renamed Thread Mills Company; May 26, 1942 - Marshall Field & Co. registered "Fieldcrest" trademark first used December 15, 1918 (sheets, pillow cases, blankets, bed spreads, towels, wash cloths, curtaining); 1953 - acquired by Amoskeag Co.; September 1953 - incorporated as Fieldcrest Mills, Inc. (sales $39 million); 1962 - went public (Amoskeag held about 40% of stock); produced blankets, bedspreads, sheets, towels; 1973 - sales of $290 million ($517.7 million in 1979); 1986 - acquired Cannon Mills for $321 million; renamed Fieldcrest Cannon, Inc. (12,900 employees, 12 plants, 14 sales offices); fifth largest publicly held textile company; December 1986 - acquired Bigelow-Sanford, Inc. (manufacturer of residential, industrial contract carpeting) for $129 million; June 1993 - sold carpet and rug to Mohawk Industries Inc. for $140 million; focused on core bed, bath operations; September 11, 1997 - acquired by Pillowtex Corporation for $400 million.

May 1, 1893 - Netherlands first exhibited kapok (a textile) in  U.S. as a commercial product at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, IL; fiber used for stuffing (bed-filling, life-jackets, sound or heat insulation) before the development of synthetic fibers; water and decay resistant, obtained from the tropical kapoktree seeds. 

September 30, 1902 - Harry S. Mork, of Boston, MA, Arthur D. Little, of Brookline, MA, and William H. Walker, of Newton, MA jointly received a patent for a "Process of Making of Cellulose Esters"; first patent for artificial fiber; October 28, 1902 - they received a patent for "Artificial Silk" (viscose, early name for  product); 1924 - textile industry adopted term rayon to replace "artificial silk" and similar names; rayon is not synthetic (unlike most man-made fibers) - made from wood pulp, a naturally-occurring, cellulose-based raw material (similar properties as cotton or linen vs. petroleum-based synthetic fibers such as nylon).

July 25, 1904 - Some 25,000 textile workers in Fall River hit  picket line to protest conditions at mills; forced situation at mills, plight of child laborers, onto national stage; prompted formation of National Child Labor Committee.

1932 - Nicolas Marcalus founded Marcalus Manufacruring Co.; November 7, 1939 - Marcalus Manufacruring Co., Inc., registered "Marcal" trademark first used in March 1938 (tissue, napkins , [neck strip, sanistrip neck strips]); November 30, 2006 - Marcal Paper Mills, Inc. filed voluntary petition under Chapter 11 of tFederal Bankruptcy Code in United States Bankruptcy Court for District of New Jersey; January 22, 2008 - Judge Morris Stern of the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of New Jersey in Newark approved sale of assets of Marcal Paper Mills, Inc. to majority owner Highland Capital Management; May 2008 - deal valued at $184 million completed, formed Marcal Paper Mills LLC; ended four generations of family ownership; June 18, 2008 - Marcal Paper Mills, LLC, subsidiaries, acquired substantially all of the assets of Marcal; December 2008 - launched Marcal Small Steps, new product line,100% recycled paper products.

December 13, 1938 - Earl O. Whittier and Stephen P. Gould, of Washington, DC, received a patent for a "Fiber" ("...dispersions of casein (mixed usually with plasticizers and salts), to be extruded into fibers having the requisite characteristics of strength, water resistance, flexibility, and softness necessary to make them suitable as substitutes for wool and other fibers"); dedicated to the free use of the People of the United Sates of America.

(American & Efird), Ross Yockey (1991). American & Efird People: A Century of Quality. (Charlotte, NC, Sally Hill McMillan and Associates, 144 p.). Author. American & Efird, Inc.; textile industry -- history.Piedmont creek millwheel spun into high technology, doffers, spinners, twisters, drivers of world’s largest industrial thread manufacturer.

(American Cotton Growers), Jack Lichtenstein (1990). Field to Fabric: The Story of American Cotton Growers. (Lubbock, TX: Texas Tech University Press, 331 p.). American Cotton Growers (Firm)--History; Cotton trade--United States--History; Cotton textile industry--United States--History. 

(American Woolen Company), Edward G. Roddy (1982). Mills, Mansions, and Mergers: The Life of William M. Wood. (North Andover, MA: Merrimack Valley Textile Museum, 148 p.). Wood, William M., 1858-1926; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Textile industry--United States--History.

(Amoskeag), George W. Browne (1915). The Amoskeag Manufacturing Co. of Manchester, New Hampshire, A History. (Manchester, NH: Amoskeag Manufacturing Co., 288 p.). Amoskeag Manufacturing Co., Manchester, NH.

Frederic C. Dumaine - Amoskeag (

(Amoskeag), Tamara K. Hareven and Randolph Langenbach (1978). Amoskeag: Life and Work in an American Factory-City. (New York, NY: Pantheon Books, 394 p.). Amoskeag Manufacturing Company--History; Textile workers--New Hampshire--Manchester--Biography; Manchester (N.H.)--History.

(Amoskeag), Tamara K. Hareven (1982). Family Time and Industrial Time: The Relationship Between the Family and Work in a New England Industrial Community. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 474 p.). Professor of Family Studies and History (University of Delaware). Amoskeag Manufacturing Company--Employees--History; Textile workers--New Hampshire--Manchester--History; Work and family--New Hampshire--Manchester--History; Manchester (N.H.)--Social conditions.

(Amoskeag), Arthur M. Kenison (1997). Dumaine's Amoskeag: Let the Record Speak. (Manchester, NH: Saint Anselm College Press, 203 p.). Dumaine, Frederic Christopher, 1866-1951; Amoskeag Manufacturing Company--History; Textile industry--New Hampshire--Manchester--History. 

--- (2000). Frederic C. Dumaine: Office Boy to Tycoon. (Manchester, NH: Saint Anselm College Press, 277 p.). Dumaine, Frederic Christopher, 1866-1951; Amoskeag Manufacturing Company--History; American Waltham Watch Company--History; New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad Company--History; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Industrialists--United States--Biography; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography; Industries--New England--History; Textile industry--New Hampshire--Manchester--History. 

(Arkwright), R. S. Fitton (1989). The Arkwrights: Spinners of Fortune. (New York, NY: Manchester University Press, 322 p.). Arkwright, Richard, Sir, 1732-1792; Cotton manufacture--Great Britain--Biography.

Sir Richard Arkwright ( lowres/43/kiosk_img/3/82248.jpg)

(Arkwright), R. S. Fitton and A. P. Wadsworth (1958). The Strutts and the Arkwrights, 1758-1830: A Study of the Early Factory System. (New York, NY: Manchester University Press, 361 p.). Strutt, Jedediah, 1726-1797; Arkwright, Richard, Sir, 1732-1792; Strutt, W. G. and J., firm, Manchester, Eng.; Cotton manufacture--Great Britain.

(Bianchini Férier), Pierre Vernus (2006). Art, Luxe et Industrie: Bianchini Férier, Un Siècle de Soieries Lyonnaises. (Grenoble, FR: Presses Universitaires de Grenoble, 431 p.). Silk industry -- France -- Lyons; Bianchini Férier. Historical alternatives model of modern industrial firm; distinctive nature, workings of entire industry; interplays among high fashion, decorative arts, technical possibilities for creative design, manufacture of fabrics; events, shocks, crises, global transformations of  century of European economic history through lens of key player in valued industrial sector.

(Claude-Joseph Bonnet), Henri Pansu (2003). Claude-Joseph Bonnet: Soierie et Société à Lyon et en Bugey au XIXe siècle. Les assises de la renommée: Du Bugey à Lyon_. (Lyon, FR: Tixier, 579 p.). Silk industry -- France -- Lyons; Bonnet, Claude-Joseph. Established in 1810 - Bonnet Silk Industries; factory, Jujurieux, in village of the Bugey.

(Boott Cotton Mills), Laurence F. Gross (1993). The Course of Industrial Decline: The Boott Cotton Mills of Lowell, Massachusetts, 1835-1955. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 279 p.). Boott Mills (Lowell, Mass.) -- History; Cotton textile industry -- Massachusetts -- Lowell -- History; Cotton manufacture -- Massachusetts -- Lowell -- History; Textile factories -- Massachusetts -- Lowell -- History.

(Boston Manufacturing Company), Frances W. Gregory (2007). Nathan Appleton, Merchant and Entrepreneur, 1779-1861. (Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 358 p.). Appleton, Nathan, 1779-1861.

(Bowers Mills), Augustus Muir (1969). In Blackburne Valley: The History of Bowers Mills. (Cambridge, UK: Heffer, 89 p,). Bowers Mills; Blackburne Valley.

(Brettles), Rod Hawgood, Gary Spendlove (2011). Brettles of Belper: The History of a Derbyshire Hosiery Company. (Swindon, UK: The Horizon Press, 160 p.). Local Historian; Slenderella Managing Director. Brettles Company -- history; Textiles -- United Kingdom -- history. History, origins of textile industry in Derwent Valley; history of Brettles company, its evolution in Belper and London; Slenderella lingerie and nightwear group; product milestones, new inventions, tragedies, happy occasions, promotion of sporting prowess; one of oldest brands in UK (1786 nationally, 1803 in Belper).

(British Linen Company), Edited by Alastair J. Durie (1996). The British Linen Company, 1745-1775. (Edinburgh, Scotland: Phillans & Wilson for the Scottish History Society, 236 p.). British Linen Company--History; Linen industry--Scotland--History; Flax industry--Scotland--History; Banks and banking--Scotland--History.

(Brunswick Worsted Mills), H. Morgan Haskell (1983). Brunswick's Legacy, A Learned Man. (Pickens SC: Brunswick Worsted Mills, Inc., 249 p.). Brunswick Worsted Mills.   

(Callaway Mills), Donna Jean Whitley (1989). Fuller E. Callaway and Textile Mill Development in LaGrange, 1895-1920. (New York, NY: Garland Pub., 330 p.). Callaway, Fuller Earle, 1870-1928; Industrialists--United States--Biography; Textile industry--Georgia--LaGrange--History.

(Cheney Brothers), Alice Farley Williams (1996). Silk & Guns: The Life of a Connecticut Yankee, Frank Cheney, 1817-1904. (Manchester, CT: Manchester Historical Society, 202 p.). Cheney, Frank, 1817-1904; Cheney Brothers--History; Industrialists--United States--Biography; Silk industry--Connecticut--Manchester--History--19th century; Firearms industry and trade--Connecticut--Manchester--History--19th century.

(Crown Cotton Mills Co.), Douglas Flamming (1992). Creating the Modern South: Millhands and Managers in Dalton, Georgia, 1884-1984. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 433 p.). Crown Cotton Mills Co. (Dalton, Ga.)--History; Cotton textile industry--Georgia--Dalton--History; Industries--Southern States--Case studies; Dalton (Ga.)--Economic conditions.

(Courtaulds Ltd.), C. H. Ward-Jackson (1941). A History of Courtaulds; An Account of the Origin and Rise of the Industrial Enterprise of Courtaulds Limited and of Its Associate the American Viscose Corporation. (London, UK: Curwen Press for private circulation, 177 p.). Courtaulds, ltd., London; American viscose corporation.

(Courtaulds Ltd.), D. C. Coleman (1969-1980). Courtaulds: An Economic and Social History. (Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press, 3 vols.). Courtaulds ltd. Contents: v. 1. The nineteenth century: silk and crape.--v. 2. Rayon.--[v.] 3. Crisis and change, 1940-1965.

(Courtaulds Ltd.), Arthur Knight (1974). Private Enterprise and Public Intervention: The Courtaulds Experience. (London, UK: Allen & Unwin, 223 p.). Courtaulds, ltd.; Textile industry--Great Britain; Industrial policy--Great Britain.

(Courtaulds), Geoffrey Owen (2010). The Rise and Fall of Great Companies: Courtaulds and the Reshaping of the Man-Made Fibres Industry. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 320 p.). Former Editor of the Financial Times. Courtaulds; fibres industry -- history. What companies can do when industry goes through period of turbulence, forces change; Courtaulds - world's leading producer of man-made fibres; 1970s - textiles, clothing, man-fibre production shifted to low-wage countries (especially China); decisions taken by individual managers, national context in which they operated; institutional differences between countries, role of shareholders and financial markets played important role in determining which companies survived.

(Coyne Textile Services), J. Stanley Coyne (1992). The Wind at My Back: An Autobiography. (Utica, NY: North Country Books, 164 p.). Coyne, J. Stanley, 1908- ; Coyne Textile Services--History; Industrialists--United States--Biography; Laundry industry--United States--History.

(Dan River Mills), Robert S. Smith (1960). Mill on the Dan; a History of Dan River Mills, 1882-1950. (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 570 p.). Dan River Mills Inc.

(Dan River Mills), Malcolm A. Cross (1982). Dan River Runs Deep: An Informal History of a Major Textile Company, 1950-1981. (New York, NY: The Total Book, 293 p.). Dan River Mills Inc.; Textile industry--United States--History.

(Dasheng Cotton Mill), Elisabeth Koll (2003). From Cotton Mill to Business Empire: The Emergence of Regional Enterprises in Modern China. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 422 p.). Professor of History (Case Western Reserve University). Da sheng sha Chang (China)--History; Textile industry--China--Jiangsu Sheng--History; Business enterprises--China--Jiangsu Sheng--History; Industries--China--Jiangsu Sheng--History; Corporations--China--Jiangsu Sheng--History; Businesspeople--China--Jiangsu Sheng--History; Jiangsu Sheng (China)--Economic conditions. Development of Dasheng Cotton Mill in Nantong into a business group.

(Draper Corporation), William Henry Chase (1950). Five Generations of Loom Builders. (Hopedale, MA: Draper Corporation, 87 p.). Draper Corporation; Looms; Textile machinery.

(Charles Early & Marriott (Witney) Ltd.), Alfred Plummer. Richard E. Early (1969). The Blanket Makers, 1669-1969; A History of Charles Early & Marriott (Witney) Ltd. (London, UK: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 205 p.). Charles Early & Marriott (Witney) Ltd.

(Farr Alpaca), Frances C. Hutner (1951). The Farr Alpaca Company: A Case Study in Business History. (Northampton, MA: Dept. of History of Smith College, 107 p.). Farr Alpaca Company, Holyoke, Mass.

(Graniteville Company), Broadus Mitchell (1928). William Gregg, Factory Master of the Old South. (Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 331 p.). Gregg, William, 1800-1867; Graniteville Company. South's leading proponent of industrial development.

(Greenwood Mills), G. O. Robinson (1967). The Character of Quality; The Story of Greenwood Mills, A Distinguished Name in Textiles. (Greenwood, SC: Greenwood Mills, 173 p.). Self, James Cuthbert, 1876-1955; Greenwood Mills (Firm).

(Henrietta Mills), Gerald W. Johnson (1952). The Making of a Southern Industrialist; A Biographical Study of Simpson Bobo Tanner. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 84 p.). Tanner, Simpson Bobo, 1853-1924.; Henrietta Mills; Florence Mill.

(Isaac Holden Isaac & Sons), Katrina Honeyman and Jordan Goodman (1986). Technology and Enterprise: Isaac Holden and the Mechanisation of Woolcombing in France, 1848-1914. (Brookfield, VT: Gower Pub. Co., 121 p.). Professor of Social and Economic History (University of Leeds); Lecturer in Economic History (University of Essex. Woolen and worsted manufacture --France --History --19th century; Wool-combing --History. January 1859 - Isaac Holden & Sons established in Yorkshire; held machine patents, monopolized wool combing in France during second half of nineeenth century (largest woolcombing enterprise in Europe); process by which woolcombing was mechanised, means employed by principal inventors to monopolise control of new technology.

(Holt and Carrigan Cotton Mill), Bess Beatty (1999). Alamance: The Holt Family and Industrialization in a North Carolina County, 1837-1900. (Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 247 p.). Holt, Edwin Michael, 1807-1884; Holt family; Industrialists--United States--Biography; Cotton textile industry--United States--History--19th century; Cotton textile industry--North Carolina--Alamance County--History--19th century; Industrialization--North Carolina--Alamance County--History--19th century. 

(James Kenyon & Son), Augustus Muir (1964). The Kenyon Tradition; The History of James Kenyon & Son Ltd., 1664-1964. (Cambridge, UK: Heffer, 112 p.). James Kenyon & Son.

(Kimball Knitting Mills), Alice E. Reagan (1983). H.I. Kimball, Entrepreneur. (Atlanta, GA: Cherokee Pub. Co., 166 p.). Kimball, H. I. (Hannibal Ingalls), 1832-1895; Businesspeople--Georgia--Atlanta--Biography; Atlanta (Ga.)--Biography; Atlanta (Ga.)--Economic conditions. 

(Marshall and Company), William G. Rimmer (1960). Marshalls of Leeds, Flax-Spinners, 1788-1886. (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 341 p.). Marshall and Company, Leeds, Eng.

(Alexander Morton & Co.), Jocelyn Morton (1971). Three Generations in a Family Textile Firm. (London, UK: Routledge and K. Paul, 481 p.). Alexander Morton & Co.; Morton Sundour Fabrics.

(Mosenthal), Dolores Fleischer and Angela Caccia (1983). Merchant Pioneers: The House of Mosenthal. (Johannesburg, SA: J. Ball, 355 p.). Mosenthal family; Merchants --South Africa --Biography; South Africa --Commerce --History. Julius, Adolph (see Aliwal North), James Mosenthal - started major wool industry, originators of mohair industry.

(Mosgiel Woollens Limited), Peter J. Stewart (1975). Patterns on the Plain: A Centennial History of Mosgiel Woollens Limited. (Dunedin, NZ: Mosgiel, 134 p.). Mosgiel Woollens Limited.

(Mt. Hope Finishing), Burke Davis; foreword by John L. Moorehead (1981). A Fierce Personal Pride: The History of Mount Hope Finishing Company and Its Founding Family. (Butner, NC: The Company, 167 p.). Mount Hope Finishing Company--History; Textile finishing--Massachusetts--History.

(Nantong Cellulose Fibers Company), William H. Newman (1992). Birth of a Successful Joint Venture. (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 164 p.). Nantong Cellulose Fibers Company; Joint ventures.

(Ohio Knitting Mills), Steven Tatar with Denise Grollmus (2010). The Ohio Knitting Mills Knitting Book: : 26 Patterns Celebrating Four Decades of American Sweater Style. (New York, NY: Artisan, 168 p.). Sculptor; Journalist. Ohio Knitting Mills; Knitting --Patterns. 1927 - Harry Stone founded Ohio Knitting Mills in Cleveland, OH; run by three generations of Stone-Rand family for 76 years, to 2004; over 1,000 employees at peak; one of country’s largest knitwear producers, at center of Cleveland's thriving garment industry; company's archive (owners, designers, factory workers, designs - acquired by Tatar in 2005); history of company, of knitwear in the American heartland from 1940-1970; created knitwear designs for department stores (Sears to Saks), for hundreds of labels (Van Heusen to Pendleton); patterns are classic mid-20th-century women's sweats (1956's Abstract Expressionist to 1976's Puppy Love); chronologically by decade: 1940s: The Birth of Sportswear; 1950s: Knitting the American Dream; The 1960s: Bright, Bold, and Bohemian; The 1970s: Threads of Many Colors; what impacted American sportswear (politics and civil rights, pop culture and media, art, music, literary movements).

(Pepperell Manufacturing Company), Dane Yorke (1945). The Men and Times of Pepperell, An Account of the First One Hundred Years of the Pepperell Manufacturing Company, Incorporated February 16, 1844, by Dane Yorke. (Boston, MA: Pepperell Manufacturing Company, 107 p.). Pepperell Manufacturing Company; Biddeford (Me.).

(Pepperell Manufacturing Company), Evelyn H.P. Knowlton (1948). Pepperell's Progress; History of a Cotton Textile Company, 1844-1945. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 511 p.). Pepperell Manufacturing Company.

(Pyne, Gould, Guinness Ltd.), compiled by Percy G. Stevens; with a foreword by D.W.J. Gould (1970). Pyne, Gould, Guinness Ltd.: The Jubilee History, 1919-1969. (Christchurch, NZ: Pyne, Gould, Guinness Ltd., 152 p.). Pyne, Gould, Guinness Ltd.; Wool industry--New Zealand--Cambridge--History; Cambridge (N.Z.)--History.

(Saco-Lowell), George S. Gibb (1969). The Saco-Lowell Shops; Textile Machinery Building in New England, 1813-1949. (New York, NY: Russell & Russell, 835 p. [orig. pub. 1950]). Saco-Lowell Shops; Textile machinery--New England.

(Salts Mill), Jack Reynolds (1983). The Great Paternalist: Titus Salt and the Growth of Nineteenth-Century Bradford. (New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 382 p.). Salt, Titus, Sir, 1803-1876; Businesspeople--Great Britain--Biography; Textile industry--Great Britain--Biography; Bradford (England)--History. Alpaca.

(Samuel Slater and Sons), Barbara May Tucker (1984). Samuel Slater and the Origins of the American Textile Industry, 1790-1860. (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 268 p.). Slater, Samuel, 1768-1835; Textile industry--United States--Biography; Textile industry--United States--History.

(Springs Industries), Elliott White Springs (1949). Clothes Make the Man. (Lancaster, SC: E. W. Springs, 446 p.). Springs Cotton Mills. An aviator in WWI, writer in the 1920's, Springs became head of five cotton mills in 1931. History of mills, story of his innovative advertising campaigns to make Springmaid into national brand, and 21 short stories.

Elliott White Springs - Springs Industries (

(Springs Industries), Burke Davis (1987). War Bird: The Life and Times of Elliott White Springs. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 267 p.). Springs, Elliott White; Springs Industries--History; Cotton textile industry--United States--History; Industrialists--United States--Biography; World War, 1914-1918--Biography; Novelists, American--20th century--Biography.

(J. P. Stevens & Co.), Horace Nathaniel Stevens (1946). Nathaniel Stevens, 1786-1865; An Account of His Life and the Business He Founded. (North Andover, MA, 266 p.). Founder of J. P. Stevens & Co. Stevens, Nathaniel, 1786-1865; Stevens (M. T.) and sons company, North Andover, Mass.

(J. P. Stevens & Co. - founded 1813 by Nathaniel Stevens), Helen LaPlante Duchesne (2002). Echoes from the Mills: An Oral History. (Bristol, NH: Bear Mountain Cove Press, 139 p.). J. P. Stevens & Co.--History; Textile industry--New Hampshire--Franklin--History; Textile workers--New Hampshire--Franklin--History.

(Valley Worsted Mills Pty. Ltd.), Judith Rice (2009). The Mill of Mystery: A History of the Valley Worsted Mills Ltd, Geelong. (Melbourne, AU: Histec Publications, 62 p.). Wool industry -- Australia -- Geelong (Vic.) -- History. 1867 - first of five milles in Geelong, centre of Woollen textile endeavour in Victoria, AU (the 'Bradford of Yorkshire, England' of Australia); 1920 - mill planned in Geelong in secrecy (known as The Mill of Secrecy)'; 1924 -  began production; December 1973 - merged with John Foster & Son, (Aust) Pty. Ltd., renamed John Foster Valley Ltd. 

(Wamsutta Mills), Henry Beetle Hough (1946). Wamsutta of New Bedford, 1846-1946; A Story of New England Enterprise. (New Bedford, MA: Wamsutta Mills, 72 p.). Wamsutta Mills, New Bedford, Mass.

(Whitin Machine Works), Thomas R. Navin (1950). The Whitin Machine Works Since 1831; A Textile Machinery Company in an Industrial Village. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 654 p.). Whitin Machine Works, Whitinsville, Mass.

(Woodward Baldwin & Co.), Mary Baldwin Baer and John Wilbur Baer (1977). A History of Woodward, Baldwin & Co. (Annapolis, MD: Baer, 72 p.). Woodward, Baldwin & Co.; Cotton growing and manufacture--New England.

Bjorn Alpermann (2010). China's Cotton Industry: Economic Transformation and State Capacity. (New York, NY: Routledge, 258 p.). Assistant Professor for Contemporary Chinese Studies (Würzburg University, Germany). Cotton trade -- China; Cotton textile industry -- China; Cotton manufacture -- China; China -- Economic policy. Changes in way state governs economy during China’s transition, nature of political economy in China (world’s largest producer, consumer of cotton); cotton processing - link between agricultural production, China’s booming textile industry; political economy of cotton processing industry; process of cotton policy making, reform outcomes on national scale, central state’s response; implementation of economic transformation, institutional change in two traditional cotton-growing regions.

Mildred Gwin Andrews (1987). The Men and the Mills: A History of the Southern Textile Industry. (Macon, GA: Mercer, 367 p.). Cotton textile industry--Southern States--History; Wages--Textile workers--Southern States--History; Business relocation--United States--History; Cost and standard of living--Southern States--History.

Adrian R. Bell, Chris Brooks and Paul R. Dryburgh (2007). The English Wool Market, c. 1230-1327. (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 205 p.). Director of Teaching and Learning at the at the ICMA Centre (University of Reading); Professor of Finance at the ICMA Centre (University of Reading); King's College London. Wool industry --England --History --To 1500; Wool industry --England --History --To 1500 --Case studies. 11th - mid-15th centuries wool was England's dominant export (90% of revenues); 1450-1650 - period of decline, wool (English cloth) dominant export in terms of trade value; financial acumen of late medieval merchants, woolgrowers; pricing structures, market efficiency of agreements; impact on medieval English monasteries (Pipewell Abbey in Northamptonshire).

Mary H. Blewett (2000). Constant Turmoil: The Politics of Industrial Life in Nineteenth-Century New England. (Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 521 p.). Social Historian (University of Massachusetts Lowell). Textile industry--New England--History.; New England--Economic conditions.  History of southeastern New England textile industry during 19th century; process of industrialization from point of view of management and labor (struggle in terms of class, culture, power); Borden family's efforts to build private empire, to dominate national market in print cloth; shifting fortunes of labor force to accommodate newly arrived immigrants, adapt to new technologies, contest control of mill owners. .

LeGette Blythe (1965). Robert Lee Stowe, Pioneer in Textiles. (Belmont, NC, 288 p.). Stowe, Robert Lee, 1866-1963.

Brendan Burke (2010). From Minos to Midas: Ancient Cloth Production in the Aegean and in Anatolia. (Oakville, CT: Oxbow Books, 221 p.). Assistant Professor, Greek and Roman Studies (University of Victoria). Textile industry -- Aegean Sea Region -- History -- To 1500; Textile industry -- Turkey -- History -- To 1500; Textile fabrics, Ancient -- Aegean Sea Region -- History -- To 1500; Textile fabrics, Ancient -- Turkey -- History -- To 1500; Aegean Sea Region -- Antiquities; Turkey -- Antiquities; Aegean Sea Region -- Economic conditions; Turkey -- Economic conditions. What cloth production, exchange, consumption said about individual societies, prehistoric economies; how developments in cloth industries reflected larger aspects of social organization; textile production of greater value, importance than any other social craft activity; large-scale production, exchange of textiles required specialization, some degree of centralization; regional centers ('palaces'); means by which states in Aegean, Anatolia financed themselves through cloth industries; evidence of social stratification, inter-regional exchange, organized bureaucracies.

Anthony Burton (1984). The Rise & Fall of King Cotton. (London, UK: A. Deutsch: British Broadcasting Corp., 240 p.). Cotton textile industry--Great Britain--History; Cotton trade--India--History; Cotton textile industry--United States--History; Cotton trade--United States--History; Textile workers--Great Britain--History; Textile workers--United States--History; Slavery--United States.

Stanley D. Chapman (2002). Hosiery and Knitwear: Four Centuries of Small-Scale Industry in Britain, c. 1589-2000. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 328 p.). Hosiery industry--Great Britain--History; Knit goods industry--Great Britain--History.

Frederick Clairmonte and John Cavanagh (1981). The World in Their Web: Dynamics of Textile Multinationals. (London, UK: Zed Press, 278 p.). Textile industry; International business enterprises.

Melvin T. Copeland (1912). The Cotton Manufacturing Industry of the United States. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 415 p.). Cotton manufacture--United States; Cotton trade--United States. 

W. H. Crawford (2005). The Impact of the Domestic Linen Industry in Ulster. (Belfast, IR: Ulster Historical Foundation, 223 p.). Linen industry--Northern Ireland--History; Linen industry--Ulster (Northern Ireland and Ireland)--History; Northern Ireland--Economic conditions; Ulster (Northern Ireland and Ireland)--Economic conditions.

Robert F. Dalzell (1987). Enterprising Elite: The Boston Associates and the World They Made. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 298 p.). Boston Associates--History; Textile industry--Massachusetts--Lowell--History--19th century; Textile industry--Massachusetts--Waltham--History--19th century; Boston Region (Mass.)--History.

Steve Dunwell (1978). The Run of the Mill: A Pictorial Narrative of the Expansion, Dominion, Decline, and Enduring Impact of the New England Textile Industry. (Boston, MA: David R. Godine, 299 p.). Textile industry--New England--History; New England--Economic conditions.

Edited by Douglas A. Farnie and David J. Jeremy (2004). The Fibre That Changed the World: The Cotton Industry in International Perspective, 1600-1990s. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 614 p.). Visiting Professor (Manchester Metropolitan University Business School), Emeritus Professor of Business History (MMUBS). Cotton textile industry--History; Cotton manufacture--History; Cotton trade--History; Fibre. 

Giovanni Federico (1997). An Economic History of the Silk Industry, 1830-1930. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 259 p.). Silk industry--History--19th century; Silk industry--History--20th century.

Jacqueline Field, Marjorie Senechal, Madelyn Shaw (2007). American Silk, 1830-1930: Entrepreneurs and Artifacts. (Lubbock, TX: Texas Tech University Press. Former Costume Curator, Professor of Textiles and Design (Westbrook College); Professor of Mathematics and History of Science and Technology (Smith College); Curator of the Costume and Textile Collection at the Rhode Island School of Design Museum. Silk industry--United States--History--19th century. American silk industry - through case studies of Nonotuck (Northampton, MA), Haskell (Westbrook, ME), Mallinson (New York, Pennsylvania).

Colum Giles, Ian H. Goodall (1992). Yorkshire Textile Mills: The Buildings of the Yorkshire Textile Industry, 1770-1930. (London, UK: HMSO, 178 p.). Textile factories --England --Yorkshire --History; Textile industry --England --Yorkshire --History; Industrial buildings --England --Yorkshire --History; Architecture, Industrial --England --Yorkshire --History; Yorkshire (England) --History; Yorkshire (England). Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, West Yorkshire Archaeology Service.

Ed. Aurora Gomez-Galvarriato (1999). La Industria Textil en Mexico. (Mexico City, Mexico: Instituto Mora, 269 p.). Professor in the Department of Economics (Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas). Textile industry --Mexico --History; Manufacturing industries --Mexico --History; Finance --Mexico --History.

Clifford Gulvin (1973). The Tweedmakers; A History of the Scottish Fancy Woollen Industry 1600-1914. (New York, NY: Barnes & Noble, 240 p.). Tweed; Textile workers--Scotland; Woolen goods industry--Scotland.

Jacquelyn Dowd Hall ... [et al.]; with a new afterword by the authors; foreword by Michael Frisch (2000). Like a Family: The Making of a Southern Cotton Mill World. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 500 p.). Cotton trade--Southern States--History; Cotton trade--Southern States--Employees--History; Textile factories--Southern States--History; Southern States--Social conditions.

Tamara K. Hareven (2002). The Silk Weavers of Kyoto: Family and Work in a Changing Traditional Industry. (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 346 p.). Weavers -- Japan -- Kyoto; Silk weaving -- Japan -- Kyoto; Silk industry -- Japan -- Kyoto; Work and family -- Japan -- Kyoto; Nishijin (Kyoto, Japan).

Herbert Heaton (1920). The Yorkshire Woollen and Worsted Industries, from the Earliest Times Up to the Industrial Revolution. (Oxford, UK: The Clarendon Press, 459 p.). Woolen and worsted manufacture--England--Yorkshire; Wool industry--England--Yorkshire.

Roze Hentschell (2008). The Culture of Cloth in Early Modern England: Textual Construction of a National Identity. (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 209 p.). Associate Professor Department of English (Colorado State University). Woolen goods industry --Social aspects --England; National characteristics, English; Industries in literature; Wool industry --Social aspects --England; Woolen goods industry --England --History; Wool industry --England --History; England --Civilization.

Elizabeth Hitz (1986). A Technical and Business Revolution: American Woolens to 1832. (New York, NY: Garland, 408 p.). Woolen goods industry--United States--History--19th century; Woolen goods industry--Great Britain--History--19th century; Woolen and worsted manufacture--United States--History--19th century; Woolen and worsted manufacture--Great Britain--History--19th century.

Anthony Howe (1984). The Cotton Masters, 1830-1860. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 359 p.). Cotton textile industry--England--Lancashire--History--19th century; Lancashire (England)--History.

Pat Hudson (1986). The Genesis of Industrial Capital: A Study of the West Riding Wool Textile Industry, c. 1750-1850. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 345 p.). Wool industry--England--West Yorkshire--History; Capitalism--England--West Yorkshire--History; West Yorkshire (England)--History. Sources of finance used in Yorkshire wool textile sector during period of rapid expansion, considerable technical change, gradual transformation from domestic and workshop production to factory industry. 

William B. Husband (1990). Revolution in the Factory: The Birth of the Soviet Textile Industry, 1917-1920. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 227 p.). Textile industry -- Soviet Union -- History; Industries -- Soviet Union -- History; Industrial policy -- Soviet Union -- History -- 20th century; Communism -- Soviet Union -- History; Soviet Union -- Economic policy -- 1917-1928.

George Ingle (1997). Yorkshire Cotton: The Yorkshire Cotton Industry, 1780-1835. (Preston, UK: Carnegie Pub., 279 p.). Cotton textile industry --England --Yorkshire --History --18th century; Cotton textile industry --England --Yorkshire --History --19th century; Textile factories --England --Yorkshire --History --18th century; Textile factories --England --Yorkshire --History --19th century; Cotton manufacture --England --Yorkshire --History --18th century; Cotton manufacture --England --Yorkshire --History --19th century; Cotton manufacture --England --Yorkshire --History.

David J. Jeremy (1981). Transatlantic Industrial Revolution: The Diffusion of Textile Technologies Between Britain and America, 1790-1830s. (North Andover, MA: Merrimack Valley Textile Museum, 384 p.). Textile industry--Technological innovations--United States--History; Textile industry--Technological innovations--Great Britain--History; Diffusion of innovations--United States--History; Diffusion of innovations--Great Britain--History; Technology transfer--History. Early 19th century successful transatlantic transfer (diffusion) of 4 specific mechanized textile manufacturing technologies from Britain to post-colonial United States (isolated agrarian-mercantile society); cotton spinning, powerloom weaving, calico printing, woollen manufacturing flowed in spite of institutional and technical barriers (industrial secretiveness, English patent search system, paucity of technical publications, prohibitory laws, artisan resistance to technical change, variations in local technical traditions, changes in pace, direction of invention).

Nancy Frances Kane (1988). Textiles in Transition: Technology, Wages, and Industry Relocation in the U.S. Textile Industry, 1880-1930. (New York, NY: Greenwood Press, 190 p.). Cotton textile industry--United States--History.

Robert Kanigel (2007). Faux Real: Genuine Leather and Two Hundred Years of Inspired Fakes. (Washington, DC: John Henry Press, 352 p.). Professor of Science Writing at MIT; Director of MIT's Graduate Program in Science Writing. Leather, Artificial. From formica, vinyl siding, particle board to cubic zirconium, knockoff designer bags, genetically altered foods, inspired fakes have polyester imprint of man-made world. Each represents an often passionate journey of scientific, technical, and entrepreneurial innovation.

Eric Kerridge (1985). Textile Manufactures in Early Modern England. (Dover, NH: Manchester University Press, 428 p.). Textile industry--England--History.

Mark Keighley (2007). Wool City: A History of the Bradford Textile Industry in the 20th Century. (Ilkley, UK: G. Whitaker & Company Ltd., 289 p.). Former Editor of the Trade Journal Wool Record. Textile industry -- England -- Bradford -- History -- 20th century. History of Bradford textile industry from Edwardian age to Millennium.

James Clayburn La Force (1965). The Development of the Spanish Textile Industry, 1750-1800. (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press 210 p.). Textile industry -- Spain -- History.

Susan P. Lee (1977). The Westward Movement of the Cotton Economy, 1840-1860: Perceived Interests and Economic Realities. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 269 p.). Cotton trade--United States--History; Slavery--Economic aspects--United States; Southern States--Economic conditions; United States--Economic conditions--To 1865.

Ed. Beverly Lemire (2009). The British Cotton Trade, 1660-1815. (London, UK: Pickering & Chatto, 1,584 p.). Henry Marshall Tory Chair, Department of History & Classics and the Department of Human Ecology (University of Alberta). Cotton trade -- Great Britain -- History -- 17th century -- Sources. First industrialized global trade; rise of British trade in cotton from days of small-scale trading between Middle East and India to domination of British-led industrialized manufacture; dominated fashion, politics, consumer behaviour.

Roger Lloyd-Jones and M.J. Lewis (1988). Manchester and the Age of the Factory: The Business Structure of Cottonopolis in the Industrial Revolution. New York, NY: Croom Helm, 250 p.). Cotton textile industry --England --Manchester --History --19th century; Industrial revolution --England --Manchester; Manchester (England) --Economic conditions; Manchester (England) --History.

Helen Macnaughtan (2004). Women, Work, and the Japanese Economic Miracle: The Case of the Cotton Textile Industry, 1945-1975. (New York, NY: RoutledgeCurzon. Women textile workers--Japan--History--20th century; Cotton textile industry--Japan--Employees--History--20th century.

A. B. McCullough (1992). The Primary Textile Industry in Canada: History and Heritage. (Ottawa, ON: National Historic Sites, Park Service, Environment Canada, 314 p.). Textile industry--Canada, Eastern--History; Industries--Canada, Eastern--History.

Catherine E. McKinley (2011). Indigo: In Search of the Color That Seduced the World. (New York, NY: Bloomsbury, 256 p.). McKinley, Catherine E.; Indigo --Africa, West --History; Textile fabrics --Africa, West --History; Indigo industry --Africa, West --History; Clothing and dress --Africa, West --History; Africa, West --Civilization. Blue pigment obtained from small green leaf of parasitic shrub; precious dye, its ancient heritage: its relationship to slavery ("hidden half" of transatlantic slave trade), its profound influence on fashion, its spiritual significance.

Henry Merrell and James L. Skinner (1991). The Autobiography of Henry Merrell: Industrial Missionary to the South. (Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 564 p.). Merrell, Henry, 1816-1883; Industrialists--Southern States--Biography; Textile industry--Southern States--History--19th century.

Gail Fowler Mohanty (2006). Labor and Laborers of the Loom: Mechanization and Handloom Weavers, 1780-1840. (New York, NY: Routledge, 278 p.). Handloom industry --Rhode Island --History; Weavers --Rhode Island --History; Industrialization --Rhode Island --History. Impact of technological change on outwork and craft weavers - rapid growth of handloom weaving in response to introduction of water powered spinning.

Arwen P. Mohun (1999). Steam Laundries: Gender, Technology, and Work in the United States and Great Britain, 1880-1940. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 348 p.). Associate Professor of History (University of Delaware). Laundry industry--United States--History; Laundry industry--Great Britain--History. 

Luca Mola (2000). The Silk Industry of Renaissance Venice. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 457 p.). Silk industry--Italy--Venice--History; Silk industry--Government policy--Italy--Venice--History.

William Moran (2002). The Belles of New England: The Women of the Textile Mills and the Families Whose Wealth They Wove. (New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 292 p.). Women textile workers--New England--History; Textile industry--New England--History; Industrialists--New England--History; Family-owned business enterprises--New England--History; Rich people--New England--History; Social classes--New England--History.

Klas Nyberg (2010). Till Salu: Stockholms Textila Handel och Manufaktur 1722-1846. (Stockholm, Sweden: Stads- och kommunhistoriska institutet, 219 p.). Textile industry -- Sweden -- Stockholm -- History.

Donald Quataert (1993). Ottoman Manufacturing in the Age of the Industrial Revolution. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 224 p.). Textile industry--Turkey--History; Industries--Turkey--History; Manufacturing industries--Turkey--History; Industries--Middle East--History; Manufacturing industries--Middle East--History; Textile industry--Middle East--History.

Marta Cotterell Raffel (2003). The Laces of Ipswich: The Art and Economics of an Early American Industry, 1750-1840. (Hannover, NH: University Press of New England, 156 p.). Lace Maker. Lace and lace making--Massachusetts--Ipswich; Lace industry--Massachusetts--Ipswich. 

Judith A. Ranta (1999). Women and Children of the Mills: An Annotated Guide to Nineteenth-Century American Textile Factory Literature. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 330 p.). American literature--19th century--Bibliography; Women textile workers in literature--Bibliography; Women textile workers--United States--Bibliography; Working class women in literature--Bibliography; Working class writings, American--Bibliography; Working class women--United States--Bibliography; Textile industry in literature--Bibliography; Textile industry--United States--Bibliography; Child labor in literature--Bibliography; Child labor--United States--Bibliography.

Helen Guyton Rees (2002). Shaniko: From Wool Capital to Ghost Town. (Portland, OR: Binford & Mort Pub., 166 p. [3rd ed.]). Shaniko (Or.)--History.

Eds. Giorgio Riello and Prasannan Parthasarathi (2009). The Spinning World: A Global History of Cotton Textiles, 1200-1850. (New York, NY, Oxford University Press, 489 p.). Assistant Professor in Global History and Culture (University of Warwick); Associate Professor of History (Boston College). Cotton textile industry -- History; Cotton manufacture -- History. Non-Eurocentric perspective on birth, rise of cotton textiles industry in Europe, first to achieve global reach; what made cotton paradigmatic first global commodity? why did cotton industries in different parts of world follow different paths of development?

Paul E. Rivard (2002). A New Order of Things: How the Textile Industry Transformed New England. (Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 156 p.). Textile industry--New England--History; Industrial revolution--New England.

Mary B. Rose (2000). Firms, Networks, and Business Values: The British and American Cotton Industries since 1750. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 352 p.). Cotton trade--Great Britain--History; Cotton trade--United States--History.

Richard J. Salvucci (1987). Textiles and Capitalism in Mexico: An Economic History of the Obrajes, 1539-1840. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 249 p.). Textile industry--Mexico--History; Weavers--Mexico--History.

Philip Scranton (1983). Proprietary Capitalism: The Textile Manufacture at Philadelphia, 1800-1885. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 431 p.). University Board of Governors Professor, History of Industry and Technology (Rutgers University). Textile industry --Pennsylvania --Philadelphia --History --19th century. Rise of textile capitalism in Quaker City - immigrant family firms, flexible strategies for production, emphasis on skill, quality, market responsiveness; small, middle-sized firms functioned through networks of linked specializations; fully realized alternative to New England corporate style of mass production.

--- (1989). Figured Tapestry: Production, Markets, and Power in Philadelphia Textiles, 1885-1941. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 518 p.). University Board of Governors Professor, History of Industry and Technology (Rutgers University). Textile industry--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia--History.

Elizabeth Potter Sievert (2009). The Story of Abaca: Manila Hemp's Transformation from Textile to Marine Cordage and Specialty Paper. (Quezon City, Philippines: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 310 p.). Abaca industry -- Philippines -- History; Abaca (Plant) -- Philippines; Abaca (Fiber) -- Philippines. Most sought after fiber for marine cordage by U.S. Navy; indigenous to Philippines, center of commercial production; strong enough to hold ship in mooring, tea leaves steeping in teabag; old ropewalks, harbors in London and Salem, mills of modern pulpers and papermakers, research laboratories in Philippines; international competition for ropes, specialty papers.

Richard Sims (2009). Rope, Net and Twine: The Bridport Textile Industry. (Dorset, UK: Dovecote Press. 160 p.). Few places in Britain have been shaped for so long by one industry as Bridport by rope, net and twine (trade probably dates to 9th century).

John Singleton (1991). Lancashire on the Scrapheap: The Cotton Industry, 1945-1970. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 256 p.). Cotton textile industry--England--Lancashire.

--- (1997). The World Textile Industry. (New York, NY: Routledge, 216 p.). Textile industry; Clothing trade. 

John Small (1999). Merchants, Markets and Manufacture: The English Wool Textile Industry in the Eighteenth Century. (New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 198 p.). Associate Professor of History (University of North Carolina, Charlotte). Wool industry--England--History--18th century; Textile industry--England--History--18th century; England--Economic conditions--18th century. 

Ed. with Introductions by Michael Smitka (1998). The Textile Industry and the Rise of the Japanese Economy. (New York, NY: Garland, 364 p.). Textile industry--Japan--History; Japan--Economic conditions--1867-1918; Japan--Economic conditions--1918-1945.

Bonnie Stepenoff (1999). Their Fathers' Daughters : Silk Mill Workers in Northeastern Pennsylvania, 1880-1960. (Selinsgrove, PA: Susquehanna University Press, 198 p.). Women Silk Industry Workers--Pennsylvania--History.

Sir Raymond Streat and edited by Marguerite Dupree (1987). Lancashire and Whitehall: The Diary of Sir Raymond Streat. (Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2 vols.). Streat, E. Raymond, Sir--Diaries; Industrialists--Great Britain--Diaries; Cotton textile industry--Government policy--Great Britain--History--20th century; Cotton textile industry--England--Lancashire--History--20th century; Lancashire (England)--History. v. 1. 1931-39. v. 2. 1939-57.

Barry E. Supple (1959). Commercial Crisis and Change in England, 1600-1642; A Study in the Instability of a Mercantile Economy. (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 296 p.). Wool industry--Great Britain; Great Britain--Commerce.

Thomas Whitney Synnott 3d (1978). Investment Policies, Growth, and Profitability in the New England Cotton Textile Industry, 1830-1914. (New York : Arno Press: New York : Arno Press, 218 p.). Cotton trade --New England --History; Textile industry --New England --History; Capital investments --New England --History. Originally presented as the author’s thesis, Yale, 1968.

L. H. C. Tippett (1969). A Portrait of the Lancashire Textile Industry. (New York, NY: Oxford U.P., 170 p.). Textile industry--England--Lancashire; Lancashire (England)--Economic conditions.

Eds. James Tomlinson and Christopher Whatley (2011). Jute No More: Transforming Dundee. (Dundee, UK: Dundee University Press, 300 p.). Historians (University of Dundee). juteopolis; Dundee (Scotland) -- History; Dundee (Scotland) -- Social conditions. Development of city of Dundee over century; world’s jute manufacturing capital, Juteopolis, at end of Victorian era; social distress – steam and smoke fro factory chimnies, substandard and overcrowded housing, high infant mortality, harsh working environment and low wages (especially for predominantly female workforce); industrial decline, its social and political consequences; effect of urban transformation on jobs, physical environment, social life, culture and politics.

Kosmas Tsokhas (1990). Markets, Money, and Empire: The Political Economy of the Australian Wool Industry. (Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University Press, 235 p.). Wool industry--Australia--History.

Laurel T. Ulrich (2001). The Age of Homespun: Objects and Stories in the Creation of an American Myth. (New York, NY: Knopf, p.). Historian (Harvard). Textile fabrics--Social aspects--New England--History--19th century; Textile crafts--New England--History--19th century; Weaving--Social aspects--New England--History--19th century; Clothing and dress--Social aspects--New England--History--19th century; Material culture--New England--History--19th century; National characteristics, American; New England--History--1775-1865; New England--Social conditions--19th century; New England--Economic conditions--19th century.

Ángel Santos Vaquero (2010). La Industria Textil Sedera de Toledo. (Cuenca, ES: Ediciones de la Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 650 p.). Silk industry -- Spain -- Toledo -- History. 

Frank Ledyard Walton (1953). Tomahawks to Textiles; The Fabulous Story of Worth Street. (New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts. 177 p. Textile industry--New York (State)--New York--History; New York (N.Y.)--History.

Caroline F. Ware (1931). The Early New England Cotton Manufacture; A Study in Industrial Beginnings. (Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 349 p.). Cotton growing and manufacture--New England; Industry--History.

Louise Wehrle (1995). Fingers of Steel: Technological Innovation in the United States Knitting Industry, 1850-1914. (New York, NY: Garland Pub., 258 p.). Knitting machines--United States--Technological innovations; Knit goods industry--United States--History.

Richard Woldendorp, Roger McDonald, Amanda Burdon (2003). Wool: The Australian Story. (North Freemantle, W.A.: Freemantle Arts Centre Press in association with Richard Woldendorp, 232 p.). Wool industry --Australia --History --Pictorial works; Wool industry --Australia --Pictorial works.

Siu-Lun Wong (1988). Emigrant Entrepreneurs: Shanghai Industrialists in Hong Kong. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 244 p.). Cotton yarn industry--China--Hong Kong--History; Cotton spinning--History; Chinese--China--Hong Kong--History; Entrepreneurship--China--Hong Kong--History; Shanghai (China)--Emigration and immigration--History; Hong Kong (China)--Emigration and immigration--History.

Harold D. Woodman (1968). King Cotton & His Retainers; Financing & Marketing the Cotton Crop of the South, 1800-1925. (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 386 p.). Cotton trade--Southern States--History; Cotton trade--United States--History.

Stephen Yafa (2005). Big Cotton: How a Humble Fiber Created Fortunes, Wrecked Civilizations, and Put America on the Map. (New York, NY: Viking, 320 p.). Screenwriter, Playwright, Novelist. Cotton textile industry--United States--History; Cotton manufacture--United States--History.

Martha & Murray Zimiles (1973). Early American Mills. (New York, NY: C. N. Potter, 290 p.). Factories --New England --History; New England --History.


Business History Links

American Textile History Museum                                            

This national treasure houses one of the largest textile history collections in the world -- books, images, textile samples, garments, household textiles, textile-making tools and equipment. On-going exhibition, "Textiles in America", history of clothmaking from 1700s to 1900s; three or four temporary exhibitions per year.

Burlington Textiles Library

Located at the College of Textiles complex on the Centennial Campus of North Carolina State University. The Library provides services to the faculty and staff, students, and NC State Centennial Campus Community and University Affiliates. The Library supports the curriculum and research programs in textile chemistry, textile materials and management, and fiber and polymer science. The Textiles Library's collection is made up of approximately 50,000 volumes, with over 200 periodical subscriptions.

Carolinas Textile Exhibit: The Ties That Bind

Opened in September  2001, focus is on transformation of Gaston County, NC and the region from an agrarian economy of the 1860's to a modern industrial economy and center of America's textile industry; history of the people and the businesses that created the economic engine of the 20th Century for this region; revealed through its technology revolution, community development and economic impact.

The Conner Prairie Museum Textile Collection                            

The Textile Collection at Indiana University Purdue University Indiana (IUPUI) was founded by the Lilly family (Eli Lilly pharmaceutical family); introduction explains the multiple reasons behind the decrease in creation of textiles at home (mechanization of cotton production and the advent of the sewing machine); quilting is the "only legacy that has endured in the American conscious" and "is truly a continuing heritage for this century." Visitors can type "crazy quilt" in the "keyword search" box to see a quilt with an array of beautiful decorative stitches to hold the multi-colored pieces together. Some of the other types of items that are in the collection are samplers and coverlets. Visitors interested in seeing some samplers, pieces made by young girls to practice their skills, can click on "Browse this Collection".

The Harvard Center for Textile and Apparel Research (HCTAR)                                                           

This center "is focused on the competitive dynamics of the retail-apparel-textile channel — in particular, how technological innovations are transforming the way retailers plan and order merchandise, and in turn, the way manufacturers forecast demand, plan production, and manufacture and distribute apparel products." The site features publications and working papers on topics such as the anticipated effects of the January 2005 expiration of worldwide textile quotas. Subjects: Clothing trade; Textile industry; Competition, International.

International Quilt Study Center & Museum                        
Center houses the largest publicly held quilt collection in the world. The 3500+ quilts date from the early 1700s to the present and represent more than 25 countries. The International Quilt Study Center & Museum makes its academic home in the Department of Textiles, Clothing and Design in the College of Education and Human Science (University of Nebraska).

Knitting Together

East Midlands, UK, knitting industry virtual and physical museum; knitting industry has been in the East Midlands since the 16th century - "Timeline" located on the right side of any page (explains the social consequences of increasingly sophisticated knitting technology). Visitors can view and learn about objects from the collection that relate to the events of the timeline (piece of lace made circa 1769 that may be one of the oldest pieces of machine-made lace ); click on "Virtual Museum" and then "Town Tour" leads visitors to a tour of Leicester (virtual tour of all the significant sites of the town).International.

Leather Museum                                                                                            

The website for this British museum contains several resources on the history of leather-making and leather goods, including an essay on the history of leather, a gallery of images from the museum (bookbinding, horse saddles, bags and purses, dog equipment, and other leather items) and a bibliography. Includes related links.

Leather Research Centre: General Interest                                                          

Collection of documents on leather manufacturing, including the leather-making process (liming, pickling, tanning, splitting and shaving, dyeing, and finishing), small animal tanning at home, alternative methods for curing animal hides and skins, and production of "Ugg" boots from woolskins. From CSIRO Textile and Fibre Technology, an Australian textile, fiber, and leather research center.

Museum voor Industriële Archeologie en Textiel (Museum of Industrial Archeology and Textile)
Located in old cotton mill, focuses mainly on the fundamental technological changes in society during last 250 years; visitor is submerged in a story of textiles and socio-cultural (r)evolutions.

National Wool Museum                                                         
Wool was historically the most important and widespread of Wales's industries; process from Fleece to Fabric, Historic Machinery; raised walkway gives a unique view of textiles in production at Melin Teifi, the site's commercial woollen mill; Textile Gallery displays aspects of the National Flat Textile Collection for the first time.

Nederlands Textielmuseum
Exhibits reflect Dutch textile industry from around 1860 to now. Collection consists of raw materials, tools, half products, tools and machines; industrialization of the Netherlands is clear: the home of handloom weavers, the large factories with hundreds of steam-powered textile machinery and specialized enterprises today with computer controlled equipment.

Queen Street Mill Textile Museum

Story of cotton cloth production - last surviving, operational steam powered weaving mill in the world. Owned by a workers co-operative “The Queen Street Manufacturing Company” the mill is a time capsule of the late Victorian age, which produced cloth using Victorian steam driven power looms until its closure in 1982.

Marjorie Russell Clothing and Textile Center                                        

Created in 1992 under the direction of the Nevada State Museum and Nevada Historical Society, purpose of the Marjorie Russell Center is to enhance the awareness of fashion history as it relates to society, history, and material culture. Dress is an important symbol, communicating historic trends, economic status of the wearer, and various ideals of beauty; size of the collections is approximately 10,000 artifacts. Most significant is the women's collection which ranges from the eighteenth century to current day fashions. Other strengths are the quilt collection, hats, children's wear, political and ceremonial dress, flags, banners, and military and men's wear.

Spinning the Web: The Story of the Cotton Industry                                                                

This site brings together a "collection of some 20,000 items from the libraries, museums and archives of North West England which tell the story of the Lancashire Cotton Industry." Discusses the British textile industry, cotton mills, the Lancashire cotton famine, cotton districts and towns, living conditions of cotton mill workers, machinery, uses of cotton, and much more. Includes images and interactive features. Searchable. Subjects: Cotton trade; Cotton textile industry; Cotton manufacture.

The Textile Collection                                                                       

The Textile Collection, from the University for the Creative Arts at Farnham, is one of 46 collections available on the website of Visual Arts Data Service (contains over 100,000 images). There are two ways for visitors to peruse the 1051 image collection. There is the "View all images" link below the search box, and the browse method allows visitors to choose from such categories as "Function", "Maker/Designer", "Raw Materials", "Cloth Structure", and "Process". Process includes such categories as batik, knitted, machine woven, and wax resist. Visitors should check out the "blocks for printing" under the "Function" category, to see many beautiful blocks that were once inked up and pressed onto fabric. These blocks were then deployed to produce patterned fabric for clothing, linens, and other items.

Textile Exchange                                                                                                                   

From crochet machines to the uses of acrylic yarn, the Textile Exchange website has rather fine comprehensive coverage across the nooks and crannies of the textile industry. Visitors to the homepage will find a search engine and a very thorough products directory which includes topical headings like "Textile Products", "Fibers, Yarns & Threads", and "Textile Chemicals". After looking over a few of these areas, visitors will definitely want to peruse the "Knowledge Center". Here they can learn more about fiber and textile history, and the types of weaves. One section that should not be missed is the "Textile Personalities" area (John Mercer, John Kay, Richard Roberts).

The Textile Museum                                                                                                                 

Founded in 1925 The Textile Museum is devoted to the study and presentation of handmade textile arts. The collection focuses on non-Western historic and ethnographic rugs and textiles.

Whole Cloth: Discovering Science and Technology Through American [Textile] History                                                                                     

Explore science, technology and invention through American textiles- history of the production and consumption; history of textile technology related to issues of race, gender, class, and consumer culture.


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