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INDUSTRIES: Business History of Forest Products
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April 7, 1827 - John Walker, English pharmacist, recorded his first sale of the friction matches he invented the previous year (wooden stirring stick he used in a mixture of potash and antimony); never patented the invention, production limited to a sideline of his pharmacy business.

1829 - Lucifer matches first manufactured.

October 24, 1836 - Alonzo D. Phillips, of Springfield, MA, received patent for the "Manufacture of Friction-Matches" ("for the Instantaneous Production of Light"); made of a "compound of phosphorous, chlorate of potash, sulfuret of antimony, and gum arabic or glue".

1847 - George Barber established Barber Match Co. in Middlebury, OH (now Akron); December 3, 1880 - number one in Ohio, 20% of national market; Diamond Match Co. organized (result of December 1880 agreement by William Swift, President of Swift & Courtney & Beecher [Wilmington, DE], and Ohio Columbus Barber, President of Barber March Company [Akron, OH], to merge to stop price wars, profit erosion); invited top ten match producers to join venture; took over 85% of the match market; December 10, 1889 - Ohio C. Barber and Joseph A. Baughman, of Akron, OH, received a patent for a "Machine for Making Match-Sticks"; 1900 - acquired rights to November 15, 1898 Sevene-Cahane patent for non-poisonous match making process (used sesquisulfide of phophorous) for $100,000; 1910 - President William Howard Taft requested that Diamond Match give up patent rights for safety of public; January 28, 1911 - surrendered patent rights; led to passage of Phosphorus Match Act of 1912 to eliminate use of white phosphorus in match making; 2002 - acquired by Jarden Corporation (originally Alltrista Corporation, March 1993 Ball Corporation spin off of canning business).

1849 - Andrew Jackson Pope, Frederic Talbot founded Pope & Talbot.

October 9, 1866 - Warren P. Miller, of San Francisco, CA, received a patent for "Saw Teeth" ("...saw-tooth...that it can be cheaply and perfectly made; a tooth that can be made in duplicate with perfect accuracy; and being adjusted without use of a forge; a tooth that is strong, self-attaching, has plenty of room for the chip, and will not choke or clog with the dust"); September 1, 1868 - received a second patent for "Saw Teeth" ("Mode of Attaching Teeth to Saws"); 1869 -  blade patents, manufacturing rights acquired by R. Hoe & Co.

February 20, 1872 - Silas Noble and James P. Cooley, of Granville, MA, received a patent for an "Improvement in Tooth-Pick Machines"; converted a block of wood into toothpicks (7.5 million toothpicks can be made from one cord of wood).

1881 - Swift & Courtney & Beecher (Wilmington, DE) and Barber March Company (Akron, OH) merged, formed Diamond Match Co. (Barber brand suggested by the shape of its splint); invited top ten match producers to join venture; took over 85% of match market; division of Jarden Corporation; May 1, 1923 - Diamond Match Company registered "Diamond" trademark first used in 1883 (matches).

1883 - Frank Allen and established Allen & Tuggle Lumber Company in San Francisco, CA; 1885 - destroyed by fire; half interest acquired by James E. Higgins, Sr., formed Allen and Higgins Lumber Company with post-fire remains (approximately five rail cars of hardwood lumber); 1901 - Higgins assumed leadership (Allen's death); April 18, 1906 - destroyed in earthquake; April 22, 1906 - reopened, supplied some of materials needed to rebuild City; 1911 - Higgins acquired Allen’s interest in company, changed name to J. E. Higgins Lumber Company; 1922 - James Edwin Higgins, Jr. took over; grew company through increased market share, acquisition; largest dealer of hardwood west of the Mississippi River and the largest dealer in Philippine hardwoods in United States; 1961 - James W. Higgins, John M. Higgins (nephews) elected President, Vice President, respectively; August 19, 1969 - fire destroyed half of timber inventory; 1974 - Harry S. Anthony (son-in-law of James E. Higgins, Jr.) selected President; 1993 - Jonathan R. Long (son-in-law of James W. Higgins) named President; strengthened core business (buy, sell lumber, plywood, industry-associated products to cabinet trade customers), positioned company geographically (capitalize on effectiveness of distribution network.

1884 - Christian and Frank Ganahl acquired lumber company in Los Angeles (population 22,000); named it C. Ganahl Lumber Company; 1904 - opened branch in Anaheim; sold only lumber and cement; 1906 - added plywood; 1921 - Ernest Ganahl (Christian's nephew) bought part interest in Anaheim yard; partnered with Charles Grimm, yard's manager, renamed Ganahl-Grimm Lumber Co.; 1928 - opened second store in Lake Arrowhead; 1930s - acquired Grimm family's interest, changed name to Ernest Ganahl Lumber Company; added hardware to product line; 1959 - John Ganahl (Ernest's son) became President; 1964 - changed name to Ganahl Lumber Company; 1973 - Peter Ganahl (John's son) became President; 1976 - began Employee Stock Ownership Plan; 2010 - eight stores, total annual sales of about $200 million; oldest lumberyard in California.

July 14, 1891 - John T. Smith of New York received a patent for the "Process of Treating Cork" (corkboard); 1894 - Stone and Duryea began manufacture in Brooklyn; produced cork covering first, followed by pure corkboard.; useful in life-preservers for being less dense and more waterproof.

September 27, 1892 - Joshua Pusey, of Lima, PA, received two patents - for a "Friction-Match Card" ("consists of a series of separate splints of wood, paper or other combustible material, either rigid or pliable, the free ends of which splints are provided with a frictionallly-ignitable composition, and the other ends of which are connected to the common margin or strip which is provided with a prepared igniting surface or composition"); received second patent for a "Flexible Match" ("a friction-match device which shall be cheap, readily made, convenient in use, and efficient, and which may be handily and safely carried in the pocket"); paper match folder; 1896 - sold patent to Diamond Match Trust for $4,000.00.

November 15, 1898 - Henri Sevene and Emile David Cahen, of Paris, France, received a patent for "Match Composition" ("Inflammable Paste for the Manufacture of Matches"); non-poisonous sesquisulphide phosphorous process to replace use of white phosphorous in making of matches; rights to process acquired by Diamond match Company in 1900 for $100,000; January 28, 1911 - patent rights surrendered to U. S. government at request of President taft.

January 3, 1900 - Frederick Weyerhaeuser bought 900,00 acres (1,406 square miles) of Washington state timberlands from railroad magnate James J. Hill (Northern Pacific Railroad) for $5,400,000; January 18, 1900 - incorporated Weyerhaeuser Timber Company, largest timber firm in the state; 1903 - company’s holdings had increased by 67 percent to 1,500,000 acres; 1915 - opened America's first all-electric sawmill.

1903 - A.J. Burton founded Burton Saw  in Vancouver, BC as aw manufacturer supplying the mills of Western Canada; 1927 - moved to Eugene, OR;  1950s - established presence in Oregon wood products industry; provided new, used mill equipment, saws, knives, consumable supplies; 1970s - acquired by Dick and Rod Ralls; focused primarily on customers in saw filing, knife grinding; 2001 - merged business spinoffs, formed single North American corporation.

1904 - Nelson P. Wheeler, James P. Soper formed Soper-Wheeler Company; acquired 14,000 acres of forested land on west slope of Sierra Nevada between Yuba and Feather Rivers; 1935 - James P. Soper Jr. became president; 1942 - signed contract with Sacramento Box and Lumber Company for construction of modern sawmill at Woodleaf, CA to process all of Company's timber (ended in 1965); 1958 - joined forces with United States Forest Service to develop 2,000-acre Experimental Forest in Challenge, CA (research on tree growth, diseases, managerial program to support timber cutting on sustained yield basis); 1973 - California’s First Lady Nancy Reagan planted Company's one-millionth tree; 1978 - owned about 60,000 acres of forest lands holding approximately 700 million board feet of uncut timber with annual growth rate of 24 million board feet; 2000 - established douglas-fir, redwood plantations in New Zealand.  

James P. Soper, Jr. (top left) - Soper-Wheeler Company (

Nelson P. Wheeler (bottom, second from left) - Soper-Wheeler Company (

1906  - Louis Gerlinger Sr., H.L. Pittock, F.W. Leadbetter acquired Cone Lumber (Dallas, OR), renamed Willamette Valley Lumber; 1967 - renamed Willamette Industries; 2002 - acquired by Weyerhaeuser in hostile takeover.

1913 - Ivar Kreuger formed Svenska Tändsticks Aktiebolaget, STAB (Swedish Match Company); lent over $300 million dollars to governments in Europe, Latin America, and Asia in exchange for national match monopolies; became world's largest match manufacturer; built small, family-owned match business into a $600 million global match empire; owned manufacturing operations in 36 countries, had monopolies in 16 countries, controlled 40% of the world's match production; relied on international capital markets to finance acquisitions and monopoly deals; 1929 - Kreuger company stocks and bonds were most widely held securities in United States and world; 1932 - Krueger died in Paris (suicide?); forensic auditors discovered giant pyramid scheme; Kreuger accounts hid fictitious assets in maze of over 400 subsidiary companies; Swedish Match's deficits exceeded Sweden's national debt.

1927 - Owen Cheatham founded Georgia Pacific.

November 13, 2005 - Koch Industries acquired Georgia Pacific for $13.2 billion $48 per share, a 39% premium).

(J. Alsford), Patrick Beaver (1982). The Alsford Tradition: A Century of Quality Timber, 1882-1982. (London, UK: Melland, 100 p. [2nd ed.]). J. Alsford Limited--History; Lumber trade--Great Britain--History.

(C. F. Anderson & Son Limited), Augustus Muir (1963). Andersons of Islington: The History of C. F. Anderson & Son Limited, 1863-1963. (London, UK: Neame, 52 p.). C. F. Anderson & Son Limited; Lumber trade -- United Kingdom -- History.

(Anderson-Tully Company), Charles A. Heavrin; introduction by James E. Fickle; preface by Charles W. Crawford (1981). Boxes, Baskets, and Boards: A History of Anderson-Tully Company. (Memphis, TN: Memphis State University Press, 178 p.). Anderson-Tully Company -- History.

(Borregaard), Trond Bergh og Even Lange (1989). Foredlet Virke: Historien om Borregaard 1889-1989. (Oslo, Norway: Ad Notam, 312 p.). Borregaard (Firm)--History; Wood-pulp industry--Norway--History.

(Bryant & May), Patrick Beaver (1985). The Match Makers. (London, UK: H. Melland, 128 p.). Bryant & May; Match industry--Great Britain--History.

(BSW Timber Plc), Nigel Watson (1998). The Roots of BSW Timber Plc: 150 Years in the Timber Industry. (Leyburn, UK: St Matthew's Press, 84 p.). BSW Timber plc -- History; Lumber trade -- Great Britain -- History; Timber -- Great Britain -- History.

(Caspar Lumber Company), Ted Wurm (1986). Mallets on the Mendocino Coast: Caspar Lumber Company, Railroads and Steamships. (Glendale, CA: Trans-Anglo Books, 134 p.). Caspar Lumber Company--History; Lumber trade--California--History; Railroads--California--History; Steamboat lines--California--History.

(Churchill and Sim), Augustus Muir (1963). Churchill and Sim, 1813-1963. A Short History. (London, UK: Neame, 84 P.). Churchill and Sim; Lumber trade -- United Kingdom -- History.

(Churchill Forest Industries), Walter C. Newman (1976). What Happened When Dr. Kasser Came to Northern Manitoba. (Winnipeg, MB: Newman Pub. Co., 201 p.). Kasser, Alexander, 1904- ; Churchill Forest Industries (Manitoba) Ltd.--History; Businesspeople--Canada--Biography; Manitoba--Politics and government.

(City Saw Mills), John Lees Carvel (1949). One Hundred Years in Timber: The History of the City Saw Mills, 1849-1949. (Glasgow, Scotland: Brownlee and Co., Ltd., City Saw Mills, 168 p.). City Saw Millls -- history. Story of Brownlee & Company Limited, City Saw Mills; James Brownlee founded sawmill in 1849 on Craighall Turnpike Road in the Port Dundas district of Glasgow; called premises The City Saw Mills; James Brownlee and his three brothers’ visit to America and his experience with the Mississippi Timber Industry; establishment of his own sawmill in New Orleans, subsequent return to England in 1845 due to ravages of sickness; brothers (Robert, John, William) stayed behind, Robert took over business with brother John as partner.

(Diamond Match Company), Kent Stephens (1981). Matches, Flumes, and Rails: The Diamond Match Co. in the High Sierra. (Corona del Mar, CA: Trans-Anglo Books, 176 p. [2nd ed.]). Diamond Match Company--History; Match industry--United States--History; Lumber trade--United States--History.

Ohio Columbus Barber (Diamond Match)  (

(Donaldson James Group), Nigel Watson (2001). In Their Fathers' Footsteps: The Story of the James Donaldson Group. (Leyburn, UK: St Matthew's Pres, 85 p.). Lumber trade -- Scotland -- Tayside -- History; Timber -- Scotland -- Tayside -- History.

(Empire Lumber Company), Charles E. Twining (1975). Downriver: Orrin H. Ingram and the Empire Lumber Company. (Madison, WI: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 309 p.). Ingram, Orrin H., 1830-1918; Empire Lumber Company; Wisconsin--History.

(Flavelle Cedar, Ltd.), W. Guy Flavelle (1966). Cedar Saga and the Man Who Made It Possible. (Port Moody, BC: Weldwood of Canada, 130 p.). Flavelle, Aird; Flavelle Cedar, ltd., Port Moody, B.C. ; Lumber trade -- British Columbia -- Port Moody; Cedar.

(Forest Products Laboratory), Howard F. Weiss, (1921). The Forest Products Laboratory: A Decennial Record, 1910-1920. (Madison, WI: Democrat printing company 196 p.). Chairman. Forest Products Laboratory (U.S.); Wood -- Testing.

(Forest Products Laboratory), John W. Koning,Jr. (2011). Forest Products Laboratory 1910-2010: Celebrating a Century of Accomplishments. (Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 536 p.). Forest Products Laboratory Staff Memner (1961-1986). Forest Products Laboratory (U.S.); Wood -- Testing. Breadth of interdisciplinary research problem-solving, accomplishments pertinent to sustainable forest management, wood products industry (at federal facility on campus od University of Wisconsin-Madiuson) - lumberjack production,  recycled paper, alcohol from wood; transformed old industries, created new ones (lumber production, corrugated containers, recycled paper, production of alcohol from wood, commercial cultivation of shiitake mushrooms, hundreds of other businesses). 

(Georgia-Pacific), John R. Ross (1978). Maverick, The Story of Georgia-Pacific. (Portland, OR: Georgia-Pacific, 318 p.). Georgia-Pacific Corporation--History.

Georgia-Pacific Founder Owen Cheatham Owen Cheatham - Georgia Pacific  (

(Georgia-Pacific), Robert B. Pamplin, Jr. (1994). Heritage: The Making of an American Family. (New York, NY: Mastermedia, 520 p.). Pamplin family; Pamplin, Robert B., 1911- ; Pamplin, Robert B., 1941- ; Georgia-Pacific Corporation--History; United States--Biography.

(Georgian Bay Lumber Company), James T. Angus (1990). A Deo Victoria: The Story of the Georgian Bay Lumber Company 1871-1942. (Thunder Bay, ON: Severn Publications, 320 p.). Dodge, A. G. P. (Anson Green Phelps), 1834-1918; Georgian Bay Lumber Company -- History; Lumbering -- Ontario -- Georgian Bay Region -- History; Lumber trade -- Ontario -- Georgian Bay Region -- History; Lumbermen -- Ontario -- Georgian Bay Region -- Biography; Businessmen -- Ontario -- Georgian Bay Region -- Biography.

(Hillcrest Lumber Company), Ian MacInnes (2003). Carlton Stone's Hillcrest: A History of Vancouver Island's Hillcrest Lumber Company. (Duncan, BC: I. MacInnes, 132 p.). Hillcrest Lumber Company--History; Hillcrest Lumber Company--Histoire.

(Hood Industries Inc.), Carroll Brinson (1987). More Than a Good Businessman: The Story of Warren A. Hood. (Jackson, MI: Oakdale Press, 149 p.). Hood, Warren Alton, 1916- ; Businesspeople--United States--Biography. Largest producer of Southern yellow pine lumber east of  Mississippi River; 1970 - merged with Masonite Corporation.

(Hull-Oakes Lumber Co.), George B. Wisner (1998). Hull-Oakes Lumber Company’s Steam-Powered Sawmill: A Case study in Industrial Archaeology. (Corvallis, OR: Dept. of Anthropology, Oregon State University, 172 p.). Hull-Oakes Lumber Co.; Sawmills --Oregon --Benton County --History; Steam-engines --Oregon --Benton County; Industrial archaeology --Oregon --Benton County.

(International Industries Inc.), Ruel E. Foster and Robert B. Conner (1992). Buck: A Life Sketch of James H. Harless. (Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Press, 166 p.). Harless, James H., 1919- ; Businesspeople--United States--Biography.

(James Jones & Sons), Nigel Watson (2005). Timber and Much More ... : A Family History of James Jones & Sons. (Leyburn, North Yorkshire, UK: St Matthew’s Press, 108 p.). James Jones & Sons; Timber -- Great Britain -- History.

(Walter Kellogg Lumber Company), Walter W. Kellogg (1969). The Kellogg Story; 50 Years in Southern Hardwoods. (Monroe, LA: Walter W. Kellogg, 179 p.). Kellogg (L. D.) Lumber Company; Walter Kellogg Lumber Company.

(Knapp, Stout & Co.), Jan M. Long; Ellwyn Hendrickson (2001). The Footprints of a Wisconsin Lumber Executive: The Life of William Wilson, His Family, and the Company He Founded. (Lincoln, NE: iUniverse, 512). Knapp, Stout & Co.; Wilson, William; Lumber trade -- Wisconsin -- History.

(Kneeland-Bigelow Company), Herman Lunden Miller (1995). Lumbering in Early Twentieth Century Michigan: The Kneeland-Bigelow Company Experience. (Lewiston, MI: Walnut Hill Press, 80 p.). Kneeland-Bigelow Company --History; Lumber trade --Michigan --History --20th century; Lumbering --Michigan --History --20th century; Lumbering --Machinery --Michigan --History --20th century; Logging --Michigan --History --20th century.

(R. F. Learned & Son Lumber Co.), John Hebron Moore (1967). Andrew Brown and Cypress Lumbering in the Old Southwest. (Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 180 p.). Brown, Andrew, 1793-1871; Learned (R.F.) & Son Lumber Co.; Lumber trade -- Mississippi River Valley.

(Lutcher-Moore Lumber Company), John Lees Carvel (1949). Timber! The History of the Lutcher-Moore Lumber Company. (Glasgow, Scotland: Brownlee and Co., Ltd., City Saw Mills, 168 p.). Lutcher-Moore Lumber Company Founded by James Brownlee.

(MacMillan Bloedel - origins to 1919), Donald MacKay (1982). Empire of Wood: The MacMillan Bloedel Story. (Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 361 p.). MacMillan Bloedel Limited--History; Lumber trade--British Columbia--History.

H.R.: A Biography of H.R. MacMillan H. R. Macmillan (

(MacMillan Bloedel), Ken Drushka (1995). HR: A Biography of H.R. MacMillan. (Madeira Park, BC: Harbour Pub., 416 p.). MacMillan, H. R. (Harvey Reginald), 1885-1976; Foresters--British Columbia--Biography; Businesspeople--British Columbia--Biography.

(McGoldrick Lumber Company), Jim McGoldrick (2004). The McGoldrick Lumber Company Story, 1900-1952. (Spokane, WA: Tornado Creek Publications, 288 p.). McGoldrick, J. P. (James Patrick), 1859-1939; McGoldrick Lumber Company --History; Lumber trade --Washington (State) --Spokane --History; Businessmen --Washington (State) --Spokane --Biography; Spokane (Wash.) --History. Important contributor to Inland Northwest lumber industry. 

(N.Z. Forest Products Ltd.), Brian Healy (1982). A Hundred Million Trees: The Story of N.Z. Forest Products Ltd. (Auckland, NZ: Hodder and Stoughton, 219 p.). N.Z. Forest Products Ltd.--History; Forest products industry--New Zealand--History.

(Noranda Forest), Adam Zimmerman (1997). Who's in Charge Here, Anyway?: Reflections from a Life in Business. (Toronto, ON: Stoddart, 210 p.). Zimmerman, A. H. (Adam Hartley), 1927- ; Noranda (Firm)--History; Noranda Forest--History; Executives--Canada--Biography; Lumber trade--Canada--History.

(Ogden Lumber Company), Leonard J. Arrington (1975). David Eccles: Pioneer Western Industrialist. (Logan, UT: Utah State University Press, 294 p.). Eccles, David, 1849 or 50-1912; Industrialists--United States--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life--West (U.S.).

David Eccles - Ogden  Lumber ( images/david.jpg)

(Pacific Lumber Company), Hugh Wilkerson and John van der Zee (1971). Life in the Peace Zone; An American Company Town. (New York, NY: Macmillan, 158 p.). Pacific Lumber Company; Scotia, Calif.

(Pacific Lumber), David Harris (1995). The Last Stand: The War Between Wall Street and Main Street over California's Ancient Redwoods. (New York, NY: Times Books, 373 p.). Pacific Lumber Company; Earth First! (Organization) Consolidation and merger of corporations--United States; Redwood industry--California--Humboldt County; Environmentalists--California--Humboldt County; Scotia (Calif.). 

(Pike Lumber Company), Ann Allen (1997). From Ties to Technology: A History of Pike Lumber Company, 1853-1996. (Akron, IN: Pike Lumber Co., 139 p.). Pike Lumber Company--History; Lumber trade--United States--History.

(Pope & Talbot), Edwin T. Coman, Jr., and Helen M. Gibbs (1968). Time, Tide, and Timber; A Century of Pope & Talbot. (New York, NY: Greenwood Press, 480 p. [orig. pub. 1949). Pope & Talbot, Inc.

Andrew Jackson Pope - Pope & Talbot  (

(Pope & Talbot), Harry H. Stein (2003). Old Growth, New Directions: 150 Years of Pope & Talbot. (Seattle, WA: Documentary Book Publishers, 173 p.). Pope & Talbot Lumber Co. History; Lumber trade United States History; Lumber trade Northwest, Pacific History.

(Port Blakely Mill Company), Ross Yockey, L. Beth Yockey (2007). Responsible to the Earth: The Remarkable History of the Port Blakely Companies. (Seattle, WA Abecedary Press, 460 p.). Authors. Port Blakely Mill Company --History; Lumber trade --Washington State --History. From humble start at Puget Sound to largest mill in world, survived two World Wars, became  leader in environmental responsibility. 

(Potlatch Lumber Company), Keith C. Petersen (1987). Company Town: Potlatch, Idaho, and the Potlatch Lumber Company. (Pullman, WA: Washington State University Press, 284 p.). Potlatch Corporation -- History.; Lumber trade -- Idaho -- History; Company towns -- Idaho -- History; Potlatch (Idaho) -- Economic conditions.

(Red River Lumber Company), Robert M. Hanft (1980). Red River: Paul Bunyan’s Own Lumber Company and Its Railroads. (Chico, CA: Center for Business and Economic Research, California State University, Chico, 304 p.). Professor of Business Administration (California State University, Chico). Red River Lumber Company; Logging railroads--California; Logging railroads--Minnesota.

(Seaboard Lumber Sales Company), E.G. Perrault (1985). Wood & Water: The Story of Seaboard Lumber and Shipping. (Vancouver, BC: Douglas & McIntyre, 320 p.). Seaboard Lumber Sales Company -- History; Seaboard Shipping Company -- History; Lumber trade -- British Columbia -- History; Merchant marine -- British Columbia -- History; Lumber trade -- Canada -- History; Merchant marine -- Canada -- History.

(Daniel Shaw Lumber Company), A. R. Reynolds (1957). The Daniel Shaw Lumber Company; A Case Study of the Wisconsin Lumbering Frontier. (New York, NY: New York University Press, 177 p.). Shaw (Daniel) Lumber Company, Eau Claire, Wis.

(Simpson Investment Company), Robert Spector (1990). Family Trees: Simpson’s Centennial Story. (Seattle, WA: Documentary Media, 252 p.). Simpson Investment Company; forest Products -- Pacific Northwest -- history. Centennial history of one of largest family-owned forest products companies in world, founded in 1890 as Simpson Resource Company by Sol Simpson; introduced use of horses in forests, one of first to offer loggers company health plan, introduced technology into forestry in form of "Walking Dudley," mechanized log-hauling machine. 

(Simpson-Reed), Elwood R. Maunder, with Charles Buchwalter (1977). Four Generations of Management: The Simpson-Reed Story: An Interview with William G. Reed. (Santa Cruz, CA: Forest History Society, 186 p.). Simpson Reed & Co.--History; Lumber trade--Northwest, Pacific--History; Industries--Washington (State)--history.

(Soper-Wheeler Company), Michael J. Gillis (2003). Soper-Wheeler Company: A Century of Growing Trees. (Seattle, WA: Documentary Media, 256 p.). Soper-Wheeler Company; forest Products -- California -- history. Oldest privately owned timber company in California; two families came west at end of 19th century, formed successful timber business in California’s Sierra Nevada; company’s 100-year evolution, its place in forest products industry.

(Stenersen Mahoghany Corporation), Jamie Robert Vollmer (1982). Ninety-Nine Year Lease on Cloud Nine: An Oral Biography of James Stone Stenersen. (Stuart, FL: American Memoirs, 239 p.). Stenersen, James Stone, 1904- ; Stenersen Mahoghany Corporation; Businesspeople--United States--Biography; Lumber trade--United States--History--20th century; Construction industry--United States--20th century.

(Stimson Lumber origins to 1850's and Thomas Douglas (T.D.) Stimson), John R. Ross and Margaret Byrd Adams; illustrated by Edwin Hooley (1983). The Builder's Spirit: The History of Stimson Lumber Company. (Portland, OR: J. Ross, 186 p.). Stimson Lumber Company--History; Lumber trade--West (U.S.)--History.

(Stora Enso North America), Carol D. Miller (2007). Niagara Falling: Globalization in a Small Town. (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 134 p.). Professor in the Department of Sociology and Archeology (University of Wisconsin-La Crosse). Stora Enso North America; Business enterprises, Foreign--Wisconsin--Niagara; Industries--Social aspects--Wisconsin--Niagara; Globalization--Social aspects--Wisconsin--Niagara; Community life--Wisconsin--Niagara; Niagara (Wis.)--Social conditions--21st century; Niagara (Wis.)--Economic conditions--21st century. "Globalization in reverse" - what happens to small community, Niagara, WI, when forced into global economy, when foreign-based companies operate in community in United States; how local government, civic engagement, education, environment are affected.

(Swedish Match Company), Hakan Lindgren; [translation by Michael Callow] (1979). Corporate Growth: The Swedish Match Industry in Its Global Setting. (Stockholm: LiberForlag, 447 p.). Kreuger, Ivar, 1880-1932; Svenska tändsticks AB; Match industry -- History -- 20th century. The Swedish Match Company, 1917-1939.

(Weyerhaeuser), Ralph W. Hidy, Frank Ernest Hill and Allan Nevins (1963). Timber and Men; The Weyerhaeuser Story. (New York, NY: Macmillan, 704 p.). Weyerhaeuser Company.

Frederick Weyerhauser  ( db_images/pri060.JPG)

(Weyerhaeuser), Charles E. Twining (1985). Phil Weyerhaeuser, Lumberman. (Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 401 p.). Weyerhaeuser, John Philip, 1899-1956; Weyerhaeuser Company--History; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Forest products industry--United States--History.

--- (1997). F.K. Weyerhaeuser: A Biography. (St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society, 332 p.). Weyerhaeuser, Frederick King; Weyerhaeuser Company--History; Businesspeople--United States--Biography; Forest products industry--United States--History.

(Weyerhaeuser), Joni Sensel (2000). Traditions Through the Trees: Weyerhaeuser's First 100 Years. (Seattle, WA: Documentary Book Publishers Corporation, 228 p.). Weyerhaeuser Company--History. Dynamic growth from initial 900,000-acre purchase of Washington State timberland through  evolution into international leader in growth of trees, creation of forest products.

(Willamette Industries) Catherine A. Baldwin (1982). Making the Most of the Best: Willamette Industries' Seventy-Five Years. (Portland, OR: Willamette Industries, 172 p.). Willamette Industries (Firm); Lumber trade -- Oregon; Paper mills -- Oregon -- History.

(Willamette Industries), Catherine Baldwin Dunn (1994). Making the Most of the Best: A History of Willamette Industries, Inc. (Portland, OR: Willamette Industries, 205 p. [2nd ed.]). Willamette Industries (Firm); Lumber trade -- Oregon; Paper mills -- Oregon -- History.

Lenore K. Bradley (1989). Robert Alexander Long: A Lumberman of the Gilded Age. (Durham, NC: Forest History Society, 233 p.). Long, Robert Alexander, 1850-1934; Lumbermen--United States--Biography; Industrialists--United States--Biography; Lumber trade--United States--History; Longview (Wash.)--History.

Sing C. Chew (1992). Logs for Capital: The Timber Industry and Capitalist Enterprise in the Nineteenth Century. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 191 p.). Lumber trade--History--19th century; Capitalism--History--19th century; International business enterprises--History--19th century.

Robert E. Ficken (1979). Lumber and Politics: The Career of Mark E. Reed. (Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 264 p.). Reed, Mark E. (Mark Edward), 1866-1933; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Lumber trade--Washington (State)--History; Washington (State)--Politics and government.

--- (1987). The Forested Land: A History of Lumbering in Western Washington. (Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 324 p.). Lumber trade--Washington (State), Western--History; Lumbermen--Washington (State), Western--History; Forests and forestry--Washington (State), Western--History.

Robert F. Fries (1951). Empire in Pine: The Story of Lumbering in Wisconsin, 1830-1900. (Madison, WI: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 285 p.). Lumbering--Wisconsin; Lumber trade--Wisconsin.

Anita S. Goodstein (1962). Biography of a Businessman: Henry W. Sage, 1814-1897. (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 279 p.). Sage, Henry Williams, 1814-1897.

Raymond Goodwin (2010). Sawdusted: Notes from a Post-Boom Mill. (Madison, WI: Terrace Books 180 p.). Manager of Human Resources (Central Michigan University). Goodwin, Raymond, 1959-; Sawmill workers --Michigan --Biography. Memories of rundown, nonunion mill (worked there for 20  months as two-time college dropout); personalities of fellow millworkers; lumbering industry century after its heyday; moments of vulnerability, generosity, pride in craftsmanship.

Gordon Hak (2000). Turning Trees into Dollars: The British Columbia Coastal Lumber Industry, 1858-1913. (Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 239 p.). Department of History (Malaspina University-College). Lumber trade--British Columbia--History.

Nollie Hickman (1962). Mississippi Harvest; Lumbering in the Longleaf Pine Belt,1840-1915. (University, MS: University of Mississippi, 306 p.). Taught at Perkinston Junior College (now Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College) and Northeast Louisiana State College (now University of Louisiana at Monroe). Lumber trade --Mississippi; Lumbering --Mississippi; Longleaf pine. State's people, agriculture, industry, government, politics, economy, culture through lens of felling of great forests of longleaf pine in southern state (lumbering became big industry); arduous transportation of logs to mills; how naval stores trade flourished through production of turpentine, pitch, rosin,  expansion of exports; impact of Civil War on southern lumbering; tragedy of denuded lands, renewal of resources through reforestation.

Richard W. Judd with research assistance by Patricia A. Judd (1989). Aroostook: A Century of Logging in Northern Maine. (Orono, ME: University of Maine Press, 351 p.). Adelaide & Alan Bird Professor of History (University of Maine). Lumber trade --Maine --Aroostook County --History; Forest products industry --Maine --Aroostook County --History; Logging --Maine --Aroostook County --History; Aroostook County (Me.) --Economic conditions.

Charles L. Keller (2001). The Lady in the Ore Bucket: A History of Settlement and Industry in the Tri-Canyon Area of the Wasatch Mountains. (Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press, 426 p.). Lumber trade--Utah--Wasatch Range (Utah and Idaho)--History; Mineral industries--Utah--Wasatch Range (Utah and Idaho)--History; Water-power--Utah--Wasatch Range (Utah and Idaho)--History.

Agnes M. Larson; Foreword by Bradley J. Gills (2007). The White Pine Industry in Minnesota: A History. (Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 432 p. [orig. pub. 1949]). Professor of History (St. Olaf College); Adjunct Professor of History (Grand Valley State University). White pine industry --Minnesota --History; Lumbering --Minnesota --History; Lumber trade --Minnesota --History. 1839-1932 - estimated 67.5 billion board feet of timber came out of Minnesota forests; timber industry completely logged out entire state with few exceptions; one of greatest social, economic influences of development of Great Lakes states.

Arthur R. M. Lower (1973). Great Britain's Woodyard; British America and the Timber Trade, 1763-1867. (Montreal, QU: McGill-Queen's University Press, 271 p.). Lumber trade--Great Britain--History; Lumber trade--Canada--History.

M. Patricia Marchak (1983). Green Gold: The Forest Industry in British Columbia. (Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press, 454 p.). Lumber trade--British Columbia; Forest products industry--British Columbia; Lumbermen--British Columbia; Forest products industry--British Columbia--Employees; Lumber trade--British Columbia--Employees.

--- (1995). Logging the Globe. (Montral, QU: McGill-Queen's University Press, 404 p.). Logging--Economic aspects; Logging--Environmental aspects; Forests and forestry--Economic aspects; Forests and forestry--Environmental aspects.

Archer H. Mayor (1988). Southern Timberman: The Legacy of William Buchanan. (Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 263 p.). Buchanan, William, 1849-1923; Businesspeople--Southern States--Biography; Lumber trade--Southern States--History; Family corporations--Southern States--History; Company towns--Southern States--History.

Jack. McEnany (2009). Brush Cat: On Trees, the Wood Economy, and the Most Dangerous Job in America. (New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 224 p.). Lumber trade --New England; Logging --New England; Loggers --New England. Wood economy; year in life of men who log New England's vast forests for timber used in hundreds more ways than most of us realize; loggers, ardent, effective conservationists, wood pirates, pragmatic environmentalists; inconsistent, wrong-headed government forest management; worldwide demand for wood, wood chips, effect of climate change on forest, money that keeps it all moving.

Robert B. Outland III (2004). Tapping the Pines: The Naval Stores Industry in the American South. (Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 352 p.). Naval stores industry--Southern States--History; Naval stores industry--Southern States--Employees. Products derived from resin or oleoresin of pine trees; mid-17th-mid-20th  centuries -important sector of Southern economy; straddled agriculture, industry; North Carolina leading source of tar, pitch, turpentine, rosin; 1950s - gone.

Henry Petroski (2007). The Toothpick: Technology and Culture. (New York, NY: Knopf, 464 p.). Aleksandar S. Vesic Professor of Civil Engineering and a Professor of History (Duke University). Toothpicks. Story of simplest of implements (whether made of grass, gold, quill, wood), of engineering and design, of culture and class, lesson in how to discover extraordinary in ordinary.

Robert E. Pike (1967). Tall Trees, Tough Men: A Vivid, Anecdotal History of Logging and Log-Driving in New England. (New York, NY: Norton, 288 p.). Lumbermen--New England. Definitive history of the New England logging industry.

Thomas E. Simpson (1973). Kauri to Radiata; Origin and Expansion of the Timber Industry of New Zealand. (Auckland, NZ: Hodder and Stoughton, 442 p.). Lumber trade--New Zealand--History; Lumbering--New Zealand--History.

David C. Smith (1972). A History of Lumbering in Maine, 1861-1960. (Orono, ME: University of Maine Press, 486 p.). Logging --Maine --History; Forests and forestry --Maine --History.

(George C. Vaughn), Compiled and Edited by Elaine Hoffman Wagener (1984). George C. Vaughan, Early Entrepreneur. (San Antonio, TX: Watercress Press, 165 p.). Vaughan, George C. (George Curtis), 1858-1940; Lumber trade--Texas--History; Businesspeople--United States--Biography.

James A. Young, and Jerome D. Budy (1993). Endless Tracks in the Woods. (Osceola, WI: Motorbooks International, 308 p. [orig. pub. 1989]). Logging --Machinery --United States --History; Log transportation --United States --History; Tractors --United States --History; Tractor industry --United States --History.



Business History Links

Texas Forestry Museum                                                           

Built in 1976 to preserve the history and heritage of the forests and forest products industry. 1820s - Harris and Wilson families built first Texas sawmill built near Harrisburg (destroyed by Santa Anna in 1836, few days before he was defeated at San Jacinto by Texas revolutionaries); 1890s - manufacture of paper in Texas began; 1940 - Southland Paper Mills of Lufkin, first paper mill (newsprint manufacturer).


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