March 11, 105, A.D.
- Ts'ai Lun, an official at the Chinese Imperial Court at the
Han Dynasty in China, invented paper, made from bamboo,
mulberry, and other fibers, along with fish nets and rags;
before Tsai, Lun, books were made of bamboo (heavy and clumsy)
or silks (very expensive), sheepskin or calfskin in the West.
1584 - Merten Spieß founded Relliehausen Mill,
under "Mill Of The Rooster" trademark, on banks of Ilme River in
Relliehausen, near Lower Saxony town of Dassel, Germany;
produced writing and foolscap paper (specific 17"x 13.5" size
sheet that often carried watermark resembling jester’s hat,
hence "foolscap"); 1886
- acquired by Carl Hahne, renamed Hahnemühle (Hahne’s mill);
name evolved into Hahnemühle Fine Arts (GmbH);
1902 - merged with
the Schleicher & Schuell Group;
1927 - sole ownership acquired by Düren;
2004 - acquired by
Concert Group; 2009
- 150 professionals worldwide, two automated paper making
processes: traditional mould-made cylinder process, fourdrinier
machine process (for higher capacity output); produce average
3,000 tons of premium quality, fine art paper annually.
- Nicolas-Louis Robert received a French patent for a paper
making machine, a moving screen belt that would receive a
continuous flow of stock and deliver an unbroken sheet of wet
paper to a pair of squeeze rolls; 1807 - Henry and
Sealy Fourdrinier received English patent for improved version
of Robert's machine; 1809 - John Dickinson, an
English papermaker, devised a cylinder paper machine for making
1801 - Zenas
Crane, Henry Wiswall and John Willard founded Crane Co.;
original one-vat mill with daily output of 20 posts (1 post = 125
sheets); 1842 - began making paper for banknotes;
1844 - developed method to imbed parallel silk
threads in banknote paper to denominate notes, deter
counterfeiting; 1901 - operated four mills,
produced several lines of paper, employment near 1,000;
1922 - Crane & Co. incorporated, Frederick G.
Crane elected president.
July 24, 1806
- Henry Fourdrinier received a British patent for a Paper-Making
Machine (method of making a machine for manufacturing paper of
an indefinite length, laid and wove, with separated moulds).
January 19, 1825
- Ezra Daggett and Thomas Kensett, of New York, NY, received a
patent for "Preserving Animal Substances"; process for canning
food in tin containers.
September 11, 1841
- John Rand, of Middlesex, England, received a patent for "Metal
Rolls for Paint" (a "mode of preserving paints, and other
fluids, by confining them in close mettalic vessels so
constructed as to collapse with slight pressure, and thus force
out the paint or fluid confined therein through proper openings
for that purpose"); collapsible tubes; 1892 -
reinvented for the commercial packaging of toothpaste; Dr.
Washington Sheffield (CT) marketed Dr. Sheffield's Creme
Dentifrice (toothpaste) in collapsible tube; 1953
- first collapsible polythene tubes for skin-tanning lotion
produced in the U.S.
September 30, 1841
- Samuel Slocum, of Poughkeepsie, NY, received a patent
for "Papering Pins" ("Machine for Sticking Pins into Papers");
1839 - formed company to make what became known as
Ells, Claflin & Co. (partnership formed in 1844 between Benjamin
F. Ells, premier early printer, L. F. Claflin, L. F. Claflin &
Co., paper manufacturer)
established Dayton Paper Mills; produced book, other printing
papers; 1856 -
acquired by Weston and Mead (Colonel Daniel E. Mead,
Washington A. Weston, Joseph L. Weston); 1860 - renamed Mead and Weston; 1866
- renamed Mead and Nixon (Thomas Nixon, manufacturer of paper
bags); 1872 - incorporated;
1873 - reorganized as Mead & Nixon Paper Company; 1881 -
Nixon's interest acquired by Mead; 1882 - established The Mead Paper Company;
1891 - annual profit of nearly $50,000; one of
largest paper producers in United States; 1905 -
George Mead (grandson) appointed vice-president, general
manager; reorganized company as Mead Pulp and Paper Company;
February 17, 1930 - Mead Corporation incorporated;
1968 - acquired Data Corporation (later called Mead
Technology Laboratories, developed technology which led to
businesses in electronic information storage, retrieval) and
Woodward Company (manufactured iron castings, rubber products);
1973 - formed Mead Data Central; developed LEXISR
(world's leading computer-assisted legal research service) and
NEXISR (leading full-text search and retrieval service for news
and business information) systems; late 1980s -
about 75% share of computerized legal research market;
December 1994 - Mead Data Central acquired by
Anglo-Dutch Reed Elsevier for $1.5 billion; January 28,
2002 - merged with Westvaco, name changed to
1851 - Samuel
Warren, junior partner in firm of Grant, Daniell & Company
(dealers in paper, paper mill supplies in Boston) made his first
trip to Europe to buy rags (used as basic raw material for
making paper); 1853
- leased paper mill in Pepperell, MA (capacity of two tons a
day), controlled making and retailing of paper;
1854 - Warren and
Daniell purchased paper mill owned by Day & Lyon in what was to
become Westbrook, ME for $28,000 (two paper machines with output
of some 3000 pounds per day); 1855
- Warren acquired Daniell interest, name changed to Grant,
Warren and Company; 1867
- company reorganized, renamed S.D. Warren Paper Mill Company;
1880 - produced35,000 pounds per day;
1995 - acquired by SAPPI Limited (paper
company in South Africa) for $300 million.
December 26, 1854
- John Beardsley showed three samples of first wood pulp paper
made in U.S. to editor of Buffalo, NY newspaper Democrat; used basswood, tree of the linden family;
quickly replaced the other forms of paper-making materials then
in use, including grasses, rag and flax; process had advantage of increased speed,
October 7, 1856
- Cyrus Chambers, Jr., of Kennett Square, PA, received patent
for a "Paper Folding Machine"; first practical U.S. machine to
fold book and newspaper sheets; made three right angle folds to
produce a sixteen page folded signature; machine installed in
Bible printing house of Jasper Harding & Son, Philadelphia, PA;
development of folding machine after 1862 was rapid; 1873
- machine patented that folded 16-page section, one of 8 pages,
inset the latter, paste it in place; introduced devices to cut, slit
paper as it went through machine.
- Joseph Gayetty invented toilet paper; failed; Walter
Alcock, Great Britain, later developed toilet paper on roll
(vs. flat sheets); failed; 1867 -
Thomas, Edward and Clarence Scott, of Philadelphia, PA, marketed
toilet paper that consisted of small roll of perforated paper;
sold from push cart; 1879 - brothers E. Irvin
and Clarence Scott founded Scott Paper Company; 1902
- WALDORF tissue introduced, first branded product; 1931
- introduced first paper towel for kitchen, created new
March 29, 1932 - registered "Waldorf" trademark first
used in 1894 (tissue, creped, and absorbent papers); 1939
- largest selling brand in U.S.A.; December 1996
- merged with Kimberly Clark.
5, 1858 - Ezra J. Warner, of Waterbury, CT, received
patent for a "Can Opener" (a new and Useful Improvement in
Instruments for Cutting Open Sealed Tin cans and Boxes"); design
of a can opener (intended for grocers' use).
July 12, 1859
- William Goodale (Clinton, MA) received a patent for a "Machine
for Making Paper Bags" ("certain new and useful Improvements in
Machinery for Making Paper Bags".
April 8, 1862
- John D. Lynde, of Philadelphia, PA, received a patent for an
"Improved Bottle for Aerated Liquids" (a "new and useful
Valve-Stopper for Bottles"); first aerosol dispenser.
April 5, 1864
- Edward Hamilton, of Chicago, IL, received a patent for
"Closing or Stopping of Bottles" ("a mode of bottling liquid
[whether charged with gases or not] by means of elastic and
impervious balls specifically lighter than the liquid, but of
diameter larger than that of the neck of the bottle"); assigned
to Edward Hamilton and Henry B. Goodyear.
- Benjamin Chew Tilghman invented sulphite process to make wood
pulp for paper production (had found that sulphurous acid would
dissolve the intercellular matter of wood, freeing the fibers
October 2, 1866
- J. Osterhoudt in New York City received a patent for
"Improved Method of Opening Tin Cans"; first tin can with a key
- Anthony Zellerbach began selling paper goods (stationary,
bags, wrapping) from horse drawn wagon in San Francisco, CA;
name changed to A.
Zellerbach & Sons; 1907
- name changed to
Company; August 28, 1924 - Isadore Zellerbach
(son) incorporated business as holding company under name
Zellerbach Corporation; 1928 - merged with Crown
Willamette Paper Company (formed in 1914 by merger of Crown
Columbia Paper Company, Willamette Pulp and Paper Company),
formed Crown Zellerbach; 1986 - acquired by James
River Company; 1997 - merged with Fort Howard
Paper, formed Fort James Corporation; 2000 -
acquired by Georgia-Pacific Corp., became leading global
producer of tissue products.
1870 - William W. Lyman of Meriden, CT, received a
patent for a "Can Opener" ("relates to an improved instrument
for opening metal cans and boxes"); household can opener with
rotating cutter that pivoted around hole punched in center of
can; 1925 - Star Can Company (San Francisco)
serrated rotation wheel
(opened can while can rotated);
December 1931 - Philips invented electric can
opener; April 2, 1935 - Dewitt F. Sampson
(Elmhurst, IL) and John M. Hethersall (Brooklyn, NY) received a
patent for a "Container Opener" (object was "to provide a
container opener which at one stroke or turning movement
provides a substantial pouring opening in a wall of a
container"); known as a "church key;
assigned to American Can
Company; October 31, 1967 - Omar L. Brown and Don
B. peters, of Dayton, OH, received a patent for a "Ring-Shaped
Tab for Tear Strips of Containers"; pull-open cans; assigned to
Ermal C. Fraze.
1871 - J. W. French
(32) opened established paper compamy on Niles, MI;
1895 - produced
more than 6 million specialty paper plates, tops;
1905 - name changed
to French Paper Company; 1907
- J. Edward French (son) took over;
1931 - Frank G. French (grandson) named
presidenty (started at company in 1917);
1960 - J. E. "Ed" French (great
grandson) named president; 1965
- produced Speckletone (high quality recycled pape, first with
intentional specks, flocks, shivers;
1977 - Bruce Bigford named first
non-family president; 1994
- Jerry French (great gandson) took over;
2011 - sixth-generation, family-owned;
one of last remaining small, independent mills in America.
July 25, 1871
- Seth Wheeler of Albany, NY received a patent for an
"Improvement in Wrapping-Paper"; perforated wrapping paper;
paper wound into rolls, easily torn off at perforations; saved
cost of cutting, counting, bundling stacks of pre-cut sheets;
made storage more convenient, saved paper from drying, becoming
brittle by exposure to atmosphere.
December 19, 1871
- Albert L. Jones, of New York City, received first U.S. patent
for an "Improvement in Paper for Packing" ("new and Improved
Corrugated Packing-Paper"); assigned patent to Thomson and
Norris Company of Brooklyn (became first U.S. manufacturer of
corrugated paper); 1890 - boxes made from
corrugated paper came into use.
February 20, 1872
- Luther Childs Crowell, of Boston, MA, received a patent for an
"Improvement in Paper Bags"; machine for manufacturing
square-bottom paper bags (two longitudinal inward folds);
1879 - wholesale production began; remains the standard
paper bag in use throughout the world; 3rd most prolific
American inventor of 19th century, more than 280 patents.
July 23, 1872
- Hiram Codd, of Camberwell, Surrey, England, received a patent
for an "Improvement in Bottles" (:for containing Aerated or
Effervescing Liquids...the bottle when filled is closed by a
glass ball held by the pressure within the bottle against a ring
of elastic material placed around the interior of the mouth; and
the interior of the mouth above such elastic ring I form of
smaller diameter than the ball, so that, however great may be
the pressure within the bottle, the stopper cannot be forced
through the ring of elastic material").
October 22, 1872
- John Alfred Kimberly and Havilah Babcock, partners in general
store, formed partnership with Charles B. Clark (28), junior
partner in hardware store, and Franklyn C. Shattuck, traveling
salesman, founded paper manufacturing business of Kimberly,
Clark and Company on banks of Fox River in Neenah, WI, as a
production facility (Globe Paper Mill) for newsprint,
with $30,000 in
capitalization; 1880 - incorporated, changed name
to Kimberly & Clark Company, Inc.; 1906 - name
changed to Kimberly-Clark Co.
with capital of $2 million;
December 1996 - merged with Scott Paper,
annual revenue of more than $13.5 billion, employer of 64,000
- Irvin and
Clarence Scott founded Scott Paper Company in Philadelphia
out of the remains of prior failed paper commission
business; Irvin reportedly borrowed $2,000 from his
father-in-law, added it to the $300 the two brothers had
to form capital of the company;
nation's leading producer of bathroom tissue.
June 17, 1879
Hutchinson, of Chicago, IL, received a patent
"Improvement in Bottle-Stoppers"; seal with rubber stopper
pulled out of bottle by wire attached to bottle; drinker pulled
wire to open bottle; release of pressure caused a 'pop' sound
(derivation of "soda pop"); widely used in early bottling of
sodas; replaced by "Bottle-Sealing Device" for which William
Painter, of Baltimore, MD, received a patent on February 2, 1892
and founded Crown Cork and
April 25, 1882
- Black American inventor, W.B. Purvis received a patent for a
"Bag Fastener"; light metallic pronged fastening device designed
to permit packages, especially wrapped in paper, to be
"instantly sealed or bound up without the use of cord or its
January 9, 1883
- Hiram Codd, of London, England, and Dan Rylands, of Barnsley,
County of York, England, received a patent for a "Bottle
for Containing Aerated Liquids"; small valve on side neck of
bottle released pressure, caused marble to loosen so liquid
would not spill when bottle opened.
1888 - Thomas W. Holley (24), paper mill
employee in Holyoke, MA, set up shop in one room in small
building on Main Street, purchased scraps of paper, or "sortings",
from local paper mills, cut paper to size, added ruled lines,
stitched it into pads, sold them at discount; founded American
Pad & Paper Company; invented legal pad;
1986 - Ampad acquired by Mead
Corporation; July 1992
- acquired by Bain Capital, Inc., management of newly formed
American Pad & Paper Company; July
1996 - went public;
2007 - one of largest suppliers of
office products in world.
October 18, 1888
- William Luke, three sons founded Piedmont Pulp and Paper
Company in MD to produce wood pulp using sulphite process;
1891 - began production of printing paper under name
West Virginia Paper; November 10, 1897 - West
Virginia Paper merged with West Virginia Pulp Company of Davis,
WV, formed West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company; 1969
- name changed to Westvaco to represent its diversified
interests; produced wide range of pulp, paper products, many
specialty chemicals derived from pulp, papermaking processes;
January 2002 - merged with Mead Corporation, formed
July 30, 1889
- John Alexander Wilson, of Dundee, Scotland, received a patent
for a "Carriage-Axle Lubricator" with ("improved cup, cap or
cover, which has a screw-threaded portion fitting into a
correspondingly-screw-threaded recess in the bush or box");
assigned to Dan Rylands of Barnsley, England; screw cap.
February 2, 1892
- William Painter, of Baltimore, received a patent for a
"Bottle-Sealing Device" ("metallic sealing-caps embodying
certain novel characteristics"); bottle cap with crown cork seal;
replaced time-consuming cork and wire bale method of sealing
bottles, represented major saving for bottlers; founded
Crown Cork and Seal Company,
Inc. in Baltimore, MD; 1898
- introduced first foot-powered, syruper-crowner;
1906 - opened
manufacturing plants in Germany, France, United Kingdom, Japan,
Brazil; 1919 -
shifted manufacturing production from beer to soft drinks to
survive Prohibition; 1927
New Process Cork Company (founded by
Charles McManus, had patented Nepro Cork, economical substitute
for natural cork);
established Crown Holdings, Inc.
International Corporation (sales of $11 million); 1930s -
sold half of world's supply of bottle caps;
1936 - acquired Acme Can Company,
entered tin can business; 1937
- introduced Crowntainer, electrolytic tin-plating process
(2-piece drawn, necked-in steel can sealed with crown as quart
beer can); 1941-1945
- introduced Kork-N-Seal, Pour-N-Seal, Merit Seal;
1952 - introduced
Spra-tainer, first seamless, lined,
lithographed aerosol canister (lightweight, two-piece no side
seam, no top seam aerosol can for food, personal care,
household, insecticide markets);
1957 - John Connelly, former Crown
supplier, took over presidency;
1960 - designed equipment to meet needs of soft
drink producers; became one of world's largest producers of
steel aerosol cans; 1969
- introduced Drawn-N-Ironed, two-piece steel beverage can
alternative to aluminum can; 1977
- one of world's leading producers of cans, crowns (60 foreign
plants, $1 billion in sales; 1997
- more than $8 billion in sales;
1990 - acquired major portions Continental Can
Company, became North American packaging leader;
CONSTAR International, world leader in PET plastic containers
for beverage, food, household markets;
1996 - acquired CarnaudMetalbox,
Europe's leading manufacturer of metal, plastic packaging;
became world's packaging leader;
2000 - introduced SuperEnd® beverage ends;
2003 - completed
$3.2 billion refinancing plan, formed Crown Holdings, Inc. as
new public holding company; 2005
- sold Global Plastic Closures business;
2006 - sold Cosmetics Packaging
April 5, 1892
- Walter H. Coe, of Providence, RI, received a patent for a
"Method of Packing Decorative Films"; packaging decorative gold
leaf in roll form; W.H. Coe Mfg. Co. manufactured the gold leaf
in rolls 67 feet in length in widths between 1/16 to 3-1/4
inches wide; packaging method allowed correctly precut widths to
be matched to the application with correct lengths without need
for overlapping pieces; waste was much reduced.
March 12, 1894
- Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time.
December 17, 1895
- George L. Brownell, of Worcester, MA, received a patent for a
"Machine for Making Paper Twine"; twisted strips or ribbons of
paper into cord (strong as any known steel of the time).
December 5, 1896
- Dan Rylands, of Hope Glass Works, Yorkshire, and Dan Bullen
received a British patent for "Improvements in Machines for
Filling and Syruping Aerated and Carbonated Beverages"
("particularly applies to the filling of these beverages into
bottles having screw stoppers provided with a central or other
hole for filling purposes and having a valve or internal stopper
for automatically sealing up said hole when the bottle is filled
with gaseous fluid"); the screw cap.
1898 - Ernst R
Behrend founded Ernst R Behrend Company; 1899 -
changed company name to "Hammermill", after pulp and paper mill
in Germany owned and operated by his father, Moritz Behrend
(built on site of old drop hammer forge used to rework scrap
wrought iron; referred to by locals as "the Hammer," thus name
"Hammermill"); 1987 - acquired by International
January 31, 1898
- Hugh Chisholm merged 17
pulp and paper mills in New York, Massachusetts, New Hampshire,
Vermont, Maine, Canada,
International Paper, incorporated in
nation's largest producer of newsprint, supplied 60% of all
newsprint sold in United States; Hugh Chisholm -
president; 1901 - map of IP mills:
April 19, 1898
- Edwin Norton, of Maywood, Il, received a patent for a "Can"
("shipping can for coffee, spices, and other like articles which
will be of simple, cheap and efficient construction as a
shipping-can and also serve as an opening and closing canister
for protecting and preserving the contents of the can while the
same is being used and which at the time will proven the can
from being used a second time or over again in the sale of
inferior goods under the original label by fraudulent persons");
vacuum-packing; assigned to himself and to Oliver W. Norton
(used by Hills Bros.to
'vacuum-packed' coffee in 1903).
January 26, 1899
- St. Regis Paper Company incorporated; single newsprint plant
in Deferiet, NY; 1984 - acquired by Champion
International; June 2002 - acquired by
- Edwin Norton, head of Norton Brothers Tin Can & Plate Company
in Toledo, OH (founded 1868), consolidated sixty tin container
companies, representing 123 factories; formed American Can
Company; accounted for 91% of all cans produced in U. S.;
April 22, 1902 - resigned due to health;
- backed his son, formed rival Continental Can Company.
1913 - United
States Congress eliminated tariffs on low-cost Canadian imports,
flooded U. S. markets, eroding IP share of newsprint market
1924 - Archibald Graustein elected president;
1931 - one of first paper companies to manufacture
linerboard on Fourdrinier machine (produced inexpensive,
high-quality grades for use in corrugated containers);
one of first integrated linerboard
manufacturers in American pulp, paper industry; 1941
- reorganized, recapitalized company, simplified corporate
structure; 1950s - expanded overseas; 1959
- $1 billion in sales; 1980s - large-scale
overhaul of mills; phased out inefficient linerboard operations,
switched to more profitable bleached paper products;
1986 - acquired HammerMill
Paper Company for $1.1 billion;
1988 - acquired Masonite Corporation; 1996
- sales of $20 billion (four-fold increase since 1986);
March 1996 - merged with Federal Paper Board in in $3.4
Northern Paper Mills introduced "splinter-free" Northern Tissue
- Lawrence Luellen became interested in individual
drinking cup; early 1908 - worked on perfecting
cups, completed work on dispensing apparatus ("Luellen Cup
& Water Vendor"), vending machine that
would dispense cool drink of water in an individual cup. for
December 15, 1910 - incorporated The Individual
Drinking Cup Company of New York in Maine (Luellen assigned
his patents to new company, allowed it to manufacture cups);
1912 - called company's product Health Kup; developed first semi-automatic machine to produce them;
1916 - more than 100 railroads throughout country
signed contracts to sell Company's
products; 1919 - name changed to Dixie Cup (named for line of dolls made by Alfred Schindler's Dixie Doll
Company in New York); 1957 - merged with American
Can Company; 1982 - American Can acquired by
James River Corporation of Virginia.
May 21, 1918
- Jacques Edwin Brandenberger, Swis chemist, of Thaon-les-Vosges,
France, received a patent for "Composite Cellulose Film";
assigned to Societe Dite: :La Cellophane; cellophane - from
cellulose (wood pulp derivative used to make film) and Greek
word diaphanes ("transparent").
1919 - Austin E. Cofrin (36) started Fort Howard Paper
Company; 1983 - acquired Maryland Cup Corp.,
nation's largest manufacturer of single use paper, plastic
products for food and beverage service, major manufacturer of
containers for ice cream, dairy, other food items; 1988
- taken private ($53 per share) by management, investment banker
Morgan Stanley; 1995 - went public again;
1997 - acquired by James River Corp. (Richmond, VA),
renamed Fort James, $7.3 billion consumer products company;
July 17, 2000 - merged with Georgia-Pacific
Corporation for $11 billion.
Austin E. Cofrin
- Fort Howard Paper (http://www.paperhall.org/inductees/
November 25, 1924
- Cellucotton Products Company (Neenah, WI) registered Kleenex
trademark (Absorbent Pads or Sheets for Removing Cold Cream).
- White Horse Distillers introduced screwcap for "Teachers'
whisky; doubled sales of brand in six months.
- Owen R.
Cheatham founded Georgia Hardwood Lumber Co., in Augusta, GA, as
wholesaler of hardwood lumber; 1938 -
operated five sawmills in South; 1941-1945
- largest supplier of lumber to U.S. armed forces;
1948 - changed name to Georgia-Pacific Plywood &
Lumber Co.; 1949 - listed on New York
Stock Exchange, sales reached $37 million; 1951
- changed name to Georgia-Pacific Plywood Co.; 1956
- changed name to Georgia-Pacific Corp., 40 distribution
centers, sales reached $121 million; 1990
- completed merger of Great Northern Nekoosa Corp., sales
reached $12.7 billion; 2000 - acquired
Fort James Corp. (consumer brands Brawny®,
Quilted Northern®, Dixie), became
world's leading manufacturer of tissue products, sales totaled
October 23, 1928 - Hoberg
Paper ad Fibre Company registered "Charmin" trademark first used
March 2, 1928 (toilet paper, paper towels, paper napkins);
- Paper Mills, Inc. acquired by Procter & Gamble.
6, 1929 - Sheffield Farms of New York began using wax
paper cartons instead of glass bottles for milk delivery.
January 24, 1935
- The Kreuger Brewing Company first sold beer in cans, in
- Leo J. Hulseman established Paper Container Manufacturing
Company in Chicago, IL; 1940s
- manufactured paper cone cup known as Solo Cup;
1950s - introduced
2-piece wax-lined cold cups for serving cold drinks at drive-in
theaters; 1960s -
introduced single-use Cozy® Cup, reusable Cozy Cup holder;
1970s - introduced
signature red plastic cup; 1980
- Robert L. Hulseman (son) named CEO;
2004 - acquired SF Holdings (Sweetheart
brand); 2010 -
acquired InnoWare Plastic, Inc., manufacturer of full line of
specialty, custom-embossed take-out containers (rebranded
Creative Carryouts); 2011
- $1.6 billion global company with facilities in Europe, The
5, 1936 -
Ravenscroft, of Glencoe, IL, received patent for a "Bottle
Mouth"; first screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip; Abbott
Laboratories of North Chicago manufactured the bottles.
January 5, 1937
- Samuel D. Young, of Birmingham, England, received a
patent for a "Closure for Bottles or Other Containers";
aluminum screw-type bottle cap; assigned patent to Aluminum
Company of America.
August 22, 1939
- Julian Kahn, of New York City, received a patent for an
"Apparatus for Mixing a Liquid with a Gas" ("discharging...the
mixture though a constricted orifice"); predecessor of aerosol
spray can; use extended to applications such as dispensing
paints, pharmaceuticals and insecticides.
June 8, 1943
- Lyle D. Goodhue, of Berwyn, MD, and William N. Sullivan, of
Washington, DC, two U.S. Dept. of Agriculture researchers, a
chemist and an entomologist, received a patent for a "Method of
Applying Parasiticides"; assigned to Department of Agriculture;
October 5, 1943 - received a patent for a
"Dispensing Apparatus" ("provision in combination with a
container adapted adapted to hold a liquid under pressure and a
spray device for dispensing the liquid, of means for separating
out a predetermined quantity of liquid in the container and
expelling with the spray device this predetermined quantity as a
unit dose so that each dose dispensed will be exactly the same.
This permits a high degree of controlled
application...especially useful in the application of aerosols
and fumigants"); first aerosol can used in commercial
application (oil-free insecticides in mushroom houses); used
during WW II to protect troops from malaria-carrying mosquitoes.
- Ruben Rausing and Erik Wallenberg founded AB Tetra Pak in
Lund, Sweden, as a subsidiary of uerlund & Rausing. May 18, 1951
- New packaging system was presented to the press.
March 17, 1953
- Robert H. Abplanalp, of Bronx, NY, received a patent for a
"Valve Mechanism for Dispensing Gases and Liquids Under
Pressure"; crimp on valve enabled liquids to be sprayed from a
can under the pressure of an inert gas; first clog-free valve
for spray cans; 1949 - founded Precision Valve
Corporation to manufacture valves for aerosol cans; produces 4
billion valves annually, employed 2,000 worldwide in more than 20
- Ermal Fraze of Dayton Reliable Tool and Manufacturing Co.
invented an improved beverage can, can with the opener, a lever,
attached; 1962 - Pittsburgh Brewing Co., maker of
Iron City Beer, ordered 100,000 cans, beer sales soared 400
percent in the next six months; 1965 - developed
ring-pull version that caused less bloodshed; over seventy-five
percent of beer brewers in the United States of America had
adopted Fraze's can; October 31, 1967 - Omar L.
Brown and Don B. Peters, of Dayton, OH, assigned patent to Ermal
Fraze of Dayton Reliable Tool and Manufacturing Co. for a "Ring
Shaped Tab for Tear Strips of Containers" ("relates to a
container having a portion of its wall weakened to serve as a
tear strip and, more particularly, relates to the structure of
the tab that is attached to the tear strip to serve as a manual
mean of severing the strip"); "pop-top" (ring-pull) can assigned
; 1970s - developed a now-mandatory non-removable
ring, which reduced litter.
September 25, 1974
- Scientists reported that freon gases released from aerosol
spray cans were destroying the ozone layer.
17, 1995 - Kimberly Clark merged with Scott Paper in
$9.4 billion deal; created Fortune 100 global consumer products
- Guinness World Records
named Lyle's Golden Syrup (founded in 1881 by Abram Lyle,
replaced wooden casks with tin 'syrup dispensers' in 1884) as as world's oldest
Lyle's Golden Syrup
- Guinness World Record
- Abitibi-Consolidated Inc. and rival Bowater Inc. (largest,
second-largest newsprint producers in North America) announced
merger; created North American third largest competitor in
global forest- and paper-product market with annual sales of
$7.9 billion; AbitibiBowater will own 55-60% of the newsprint
capacity in North America.
(Abitibi-Price), Philip Mathias. (1976).
Takeover: The 22 Days of Risk and Decision That Created the
World's Largest Newsprint Empire, Abitibi-Price.
(Toronto, ON: Maclean-Hunter, 287 p.). Abitibi Paper Company;
Harrison Price Company; Newsprint -- Canada; Paper industry --
Canada; Consolidation and merger of corporations -- Canada.
(Albany International), Lorna Skaaren; editor,
John Gurda (1995). Albany International, The First One
Hundred Years = Albany International, 100 Anniversary.
(Albany, NY: Albany International Corporation, 108 p.). Albany
International Corp.--History; Paper products industry--United
(AMCOR), E.K. Sinclair (1991).
The Spreading Tree: A History of APM and AMCOR 1844-1989.
(North Sydney, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 278 p.). Amcor
Limited--History; Paper industry--Australia--History;
(American Business Products Inc.), Henry
Curtis with Don McKee (1981).
An American Adventure. (Atlanta, GA: American Business
Products, 511 p.). Chairman and Chief Executive Officer.
American Business Products, Inc.--History.
(Appleton Papers Inc.), Russ Banham (2007).
Appleton: Applying Technology for Performance. (Old
Saybrook, CT: Greenwich Pub. Group,, 144 p,). Appleton Papers,
Inc. --History; Paper industry --Wisconsin --Appleton --History;
Papermaking --Wisconsin --Appleton --History.
(Blake Moffitt and Towne), Wilson, Neill
Compton Wilson (1955).
Deep Roots; The History of Blake, Moffitt & Towne, Pioneers in
Paper Since 1855. (San Francisco: The Company, 112 p.).
Blake, Moffitt and Towne.
(Blue Ridge Paper Products), George Loveland
Under the Workers' Caps: From Champion Mill to Blue Ridge Paper.
(Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 201 p.). Blue
Ridge Paper Products; Employee ownership--United States; Paper
industry workers--United States.
(Boise Cascade - established in 1957 by the
merger of Boise Payette Lumber Company and Cascade Lumber
Company), Herman L. Boschken (1974).
Corporate Power and the Mismarketing of Urban Development; Boise
Cascade Recreation Communities. (New York, NY: Praeger,
283 p.). Boise Cascade Corporation; Recreation -- Economic
aspects -- United States -- Case studies; Land use -- United
States -- Case studies; Marketing -- Management -- United States
-- Case studies.
(Bowater), W.J. Reader (1981).
Bowater, a History. (New York, NY: Cambridge University
Press, 426 p.). Bowater Paper Corporation Limited--History.
(J. W. Butler Paper Co. ), Robert F.
Karolevitz (1980). Paper Mountain: The Story of Frank Osgood
Butler, 1861-1955. (Brookings, SD: F. O. Butler Foundation,
106 p.). Butler, Frank Osgood, 1861- ; Businesspeople--United
States--Biography; Paper industry--United States.
(Carpenter Paper Corporation), William
Bond Wheelwright (1936). The Building of a
Business; A Half Century of Progress, 1886-1936. (Omaha,
NE, Priv. print.: Carpenter Paper Corp. , 112 p.). Carpenter
Paper Corporation; Paper industry --West (U.S.).
(Cartiere Burgo), Giancorrado Barozzi,
Lidia Beduschi; con la collaborazione di Ottavio Franceschini
(2008). Cartiera Burgo: Storie di Operai,
Tecnici e Imprenditori Nella Mantova del Novecento.
(Mantua, Italy: Negretto, 322 p.). Paper industry -- Italy --
Mantua -- History; Paper mills -- Italy -- Mantua -- History;
Cartiere Burgo. Established in January
2007, one of world's leading producers of coated papers.
(Cascades Inc.), Gérard Cuggia (1989).
Cascades: Le Triomphe du Respect. (Montréal, QU: Editions
Québec/Amérique, 425 p.). Cascades inc.--History; Paper
(Champion International), Richard A. Bartlett
Troubled Waters: Champion International and the Pigeon River
Controversy. (Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee
Press, 348 p.). Champion International Corporation; Paper
industry--Waste disposal--Environmental aspects--Pigeon River
(N.C. and Tenn.); Water--Pollution--Pigeon River (N.C. and
(Champion International - created in 1967 by
the merger of US Plywood and Champion Paper & Fibre), Richard
Ault, Richard Walton, Mark Childers (1998).
What Works: A Decade of Change at Champion International.
(San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 182 p.). Champion International
Corporation -- Reorganization; Paper industry -- United States
-- Case studies; Organizational change -- United States -- Case
(Chesapeake Corporation - founded 1918),
Alonzo Thomas Dill (1987).
Chesapeake: Pioneer Papermaker; a History of the Company and Its
Community. (West Point, VA: Chesapeake Corp., 424 p.
[2nd ed.]). Chesapeake Corporation of Virginia--History; Paper
(Chesapeake Corporation), Mary Wakefield
Bringing in the Wood: The Way It Was at Chesapeake Corporation.
(Richmond, VA: Chesapeake Corporation, 187 p.). Chesapeake
Corporation of Virginia--History; Forest products
industry--Chesapeake Bay Region (Md. and Va.)--History;
Wood-pulp industry--Chesapeake Bay Region (Md. and
Va.)--History; Lumber trade--Chesapeake Bay Region (Md. and
Va.)--History; Log transportation--Chesapeake Bay Region (Md.
and Va.)--History; Shipping--Chesapeake Bay (Md. and
(Container Corporation of America--History),
Edited Susan Black (1976). The First Fifty Years, 1926-1976.
(Chicago, IL: Container Corporation of America, 104 p.).
Container Corporation of America--History.
(Crane), Wadsworth R. Pierce (1977).
The First 175 years of Crane Papermaking. (Dalton, MA,
Crane: 76 p.). Crane (Firm).
(Crocker, Burbank and Company), William
Bond Wheelwright and Sumner Kean (1957).
The Lengthened Shadow of One Man. (Fitchburg, MA,
Priv. print.: Crocker, Burbank & Co., Ass., 181 p.). Crocker, Alvah, 1801-1874; Crocker, Burbank and Company, Association,
Fitchburg, Mass. From founding through
(Crocker, Burbank and Company), William
Bond Wheelwright (1981).
Life and Times of Alvah Crocker. (New
York, NY: Arno Press, 114 p. [orig. pvt. pub. in 1923]).
Crocker, Alvah, 1801-1874; Capitalists and financiers
--Massachusetts --Biography; Crocker, Burbank and Company,
Association, Fitchburg, Mass.; Railroads --Massachusetts
(Crown Cork & Seal), compiled by Orrin
Chalfant Painter (1914). William Painter and His Father, Dr.
Edward Painter: Sketches and Reminiscences. (Baltimore, MD:
Arundel Press, 152 p.). Painter, William, 1838-1906; Painter,
Edward, 1812-1875; Crown Cork & Seal Company; Bottling
- Crown Cork & Seal
(Crown Zellerbach), Leib-Keyston and Co.,
Zellerbach, The House of Paper. (San Francisco, CA:
Leib-Keyston and Co.,, 52 p.). Zellerbach, Anthony, 1831-1911;
Zellerbach Paper Company; Zellerbach Corporation, San Francisco.
(Crown Zellerbach), George S. Armstrong & Co.,
Inc. (1937). Crown Zellerbach Corporation. (San
Francisco, CA, 148 p.). Zellerbach Paper Company; Zellerbach
Corporation, San Francisco.
(John Dickinson and Co.), Joan Evans (1955).
The Endless Web; John Dickinson & Co., ltd., 1804-1954.
(London, UK: Cape, 274 p.). John Dickinson and Co.; Paper
(Federal Paper Board), Richard Blodgett
Paper Board at Seventy-Five: The Intimate History of an American
Enterprise. (Essex, CT: Greenwich Pub. Group, 223 p.).
Federal Paper Board Company--History; Paperboard
industry--United States--History; Paper box industry--United
States--History; Conglomerate corporations--United
(Field Container Company), Eli Field (2001).
Eli: The Story of a Patriarch. (Chicago, IL: E. Field,
666 p.). Founder (Field Container Company). Field, Eli, 1910- ;
Field Container Company; Businessmen--Illinois--Biography;
largest independent company in the paperboard packaging
(Georgia-Pacific), John R. Ross (1978).
Maverick, The Story of Georgia-Pacific. (Portland, OR:
Georgia-Pacific, 318 p.). Georgia-Pacific Corporation--History.
- Georgia Pacific (http://www.gp.com/aboutus/history/images/pres_cheatham.gif)
(Gilbert Paper), Mark Bernstein and William
Paper with Presence: A Gilbert Century. (Menasha, WI:
Gilbert Paper, 204 p.). Gilbert family; Gilbert Paper (Firm).
(Guard Bridge Paper Company), Lorna Weatherill
(1974). One Hundred Years of Papermaking: An Illustrated
History of the Guard Bridge Paper Company Ltd, 1873-1973.
(Edinburgh, Scotland: T. & A. Constable, 123 p.). Guard Bridge
Paper Company; Guard Bridge, Scotland--History.
(Gulf States Paper), D. B. Fletcher (1984).
Progress, Gulf States Paper Corporation: Our First Hundred
Years, 1884-1984. (Tuscaloosa, AL: The Corporation, 204
p.). Gulf States Paper Corporation--History; Paper
(Hammermill), Michael J. McQuillen and William
P. Garvey (1985).
The Best Known Name in Paper: Hammermill, a History of the
Company. (Erie, PA: Hammermill Paper Co., 206 p.).
Hammermill Paper Company--History; Paper industry--United
(Dard Hunter), Dard Hunter (1958).
My Life with Paper An Autobiography. (New York, NY:
Knopf, 236 p.). Hunter, Dard, 1883-1966; Hunter, Dard,
1883-1966; Paper industry--Biography.
(Dard Hunter), Cathleen A. Baker (2000).
By His Own Labor: The Biography of Dard Hunter. (New
Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 332 p.). Hunter, Dard, 1883-1966;
Papermakers--United States--Biography; Papermaking--History.
(International Paper), International Paper
International Paper Company After Fifty Years, 1898-1948.
(New York, NY: International Paper Company, 110 p.).
International Paper Company; Paper industry.
- President, IP, 1898-1907
(International Paper), Elwood R. Maunder
(1974). J. E. McCaffrey: Go South Young Man; An Interview
Conducted by Elwood R. Maunder. (Santa Cruz, CA: Forest
History Society, Oral History Office, 262 p.). McCaffrey, Joseph
E., 1896- ; International Paper Company; Forests and
(Kimberly-Clark), Robert Spector (1997).
Shared Values: A History of Kimberly-Clark. (Lyme, CT:
Greenwich Pub. Group, 239 p.). Kimberly-Clark
Corporation--History; Paper industry--United States--History.
Based on research and a manuscript by William W. Wicks.
Charles B. Clark
(Kimberly-Clark), Thomas Heinrich and Bob
Kotex, Kleenex, Huggies: Kimberly-Clark and the Consumer
Revolution in American Business. (Columbus, OH: Ohio
State University Press, 272 p.). Robert F. Friedman Professor of
American History (Baruch College); Business Writer and
Historian. Kimberly-Clark Corporation--History; Sanitary supply
industry--United States--History; Consumer behavior--United
(Mead Corporation - Daniel Mead becomes sole
owner of mill built in 1846 by Ellis, Chaflin & Co.), William
H.A. Carr (1989).
Up Another Notch: Institution Building at Mead. (New
York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 228 p.). McSwiney, James W.; Mead
Corporation--Management; Paper industry--United
States--Management; Forest products industry--United
(Menasha Corporation), Mowry Smith and Giles
One Third Crew, One Third Boat, One Third Luck: The Menasha
Corporation (Menasha Wooden Ware Company) Story, 1849-1974.
(Neenah, WI: Menasha Corp., 175 p.). Menasha
Corporation--History; Container industry--United
States--History; Coopers and
(Menasha Corporation), Richard Blodgett
Menasha Corporation: An Odyssey of Five Generations.
(Lyme, CT: Greenwich Pub. Group, 168 p.). Menasha
Corporation--History; Container industry--United
States--History; Coopers and
(Metal Box Ltd. - now division of Crown, Cork
& Seal), W. J. Reader (1976).
Metal Box: A History. (London, UK: Heinemann, 256 p.).
Metal Box Company; Ltd.; Container industry--Great Britain.
(Montgolfier Mill), Leonard N.
Papermaking in Eighteenth-Century France: Management, Labor, and
Revolution at the Montgolfier Mill, 1761-1805.
(Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 210 p.).
Professor of History (Utah State University). Montgolfier
family; Paper industry --France --Annonay --History; Industrial
relations --France --Annonay --History. Nature, impact of
capitalism in France during years leading up to French
1781 lockout as theater of technological experiment, new
technological innovation, shopfloor relations during time
of social unrest;
how technological change affected papermaking industry,
transformed elaborate, established system of production.
(Nampak Limited), Anthony Hocking (1987).
The Making of Nampak. (Bethulie, Orange Free State,
South Africa: Hollards, 288 p.). Nampak Limited--History;
Package goods industry--South Africa--History.
(Nekoosa Papers), compiled by J. Marshall
The Nekoosa Story: A Commemorative History of Nekoosa Papers
Inc. (Port Edwards, WI: Nekoosa Papers, 169 p.). Nekoosa
Papers Inc.--History; Paper industry--United States--History.
(New Zealand Paper Mills Ltd.), John H. Angus
(1976). Papermaking Pioneers: A History of New Zealand Paper
Mills Limited and Its Predecessors. (Mataura, NZ: New
Zealand Paper Mills Ltd., 211 p.). New Zealand Paper Mills
Limited; Paper industry--New Zealand--History.
(Sandy Hill Corporation), J. Walter Juckett.
In Retrospect. (Burlington, VT: G. Little Press, 376
p.). Juckett, J. Walter, 1908- ; Sandy Hill
Corporation--Biography; Businesspeople--New York
(Sappi), Anthony Hocking (1987).
Paper Chain: The Story of Sappi. (Bethulie, Orange Free
State, South Africa: Hollards, 319 p.). Sappi (Firm)--History;
Paper industry--South Africa--History.
(Wm. Sommerville & Co. Ltd.), Nigel Watson
The Last Mill on the Esk: 150 Years of Papermaking.
(Edinburgh, Scotland: Scottish Academic, 148 p.). Wm.
Sommerville & Co. Ltd.; Scotland Lothian Region Penicuik Paper
(St. Regis), Elwood R. Maunder and John R.
Ross (1976). Three Memoirs on St. Regis Paper Company
History: Interviews with Eunice Remington Wardwell, Louise E.
Richter, and Harold S. Sutton. (Santa Cruz, CA: Forest
History Society, 108 p.). St. Regis Paper Company; Paper
industry--New York (State)--History.
(St. Regis - bought by Champion International
in 1984), Eleanor Amigo and Mark Neuffer ; Elwood R. Maunder,
general editor (1980).
Beyond the Adirondacks: The Story of St. Regis Paper Company.
(Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 219 p.). St. Regis Paper
(Tetra Pak International), Peter Andersson och
Tommy Larsson (1998).
Tetra: Historien om Dynastin Rausing. (Stockholm,
Sweden: Norstedt, 357 p.). Rausing, Ruben, 1895-1983; Tetra Pak
International; Milk containers--Sweden--History; Milk
Rausing - Tetra Pak
(Thilmany Pulp & Paper Company), William W.
Bremer and Holly J. Lyon (1983).
"A Little Ways Ahead": The Centennial History of Thilmany Pulp &
Paper Company, Kaukauna, Wisconsin. (Kaukauna, WI: The
Company, 133 p.). Thilmany Pulp & Paper Company--History;
(Topps), The Topps Company Inc.; with an
Introduction by Art Spiegelman (2008).
Wacky Packages. (New York, NY: Abrams, 240 p.). 1938 -
Topps founded; American comics artist and editor. Consumer goods
--Humor; Packaging --Humor. Collectible 'spoof' stickers,
parodies of consumer products, well-known brands and packaging;
first produced by Topps company in 1967; first two years - only
Topps product to achieve higher sales than flagship line of
baseball cards; revived in 1973; relaunched several times over
years, most recently in 2007.
(Tullis Russell), Caroline Doris Mabel
Ketelbey (1967). Tullis Russell: The History of R. Tullis &
Company and Tullis Russell & Co. Ltd., 1809-1959. (Markinch
(Fife), Scotland: Tullis Russell & Co., 283 p.). Tullis Russell
& Company--History; Fife (Scotland)--Economic conditions.
(Tullis Russell), Lorn Macintyre (1994).
Sir David Russell: A Biography. (Edinburgh, Scotland:
Canongate, 259 p.). Russell, David, Sir, 1872-1956;
(S.D. Warren), S.D. Warren Co. (1955).
A History of S. D. Warren Company: 1854-1954.
(Westbrook, ME: Privately Printed, 120 p.). S.D. Warren
Company--History; Paper mills--Maine--History;
Louis Andre (1996). Machines à Papier:
Innovation et Transformations de l'Industrie Papetière en
France: 1798-1860. (Paris, FR: Editions de l'Ecole des
hautes études en sciences sociales, 489 p.). Paper
industry--France--History--19th century; Papermaking
Dan Backer and Lance Wilson (2011).
Beer: A Genuine Collection of Cans. (San Francisco,
CA: Chronicle Books, 352 p.). Graphic Designers. Beer cans
--Collectors and collecting --Catalogs. Alphabetically by brand
from 1930s: nearly 500 cans from 30 countries; easier
and cheaper to transport than bottles, larger surface for
marketing; last century of beer culture - what we drank, how we
drank it, why we picked it.
Thomas Balston (1979).
James Whatman, Father & Son. (New York, NY: Garland
Pub., 170 p. [orig. pub. 1957]). Whatman, James, 1702-1759;
Whatman, James, 1741-1798; Paper industry--Great
Britain--History; Paper industry--Great Britain--Biography;
Fathers and sons--Great Britain.
William Balston, Paper Maker, 1759-1849. (New York, NY:
Garland Pub., 171 p.). Balston, William, 1759-1849; Paper
industry--Great Britain--History; Paper industry--Great
Jean-Pierre Borgis (1991). Moulin-Vieux:
Histoire d'une Papeterie Dauphinoise (1869-1989). (Grenoble,
FR: Presses Universitaires de Grenoble, 287 p.). Papeterie de
Moulin-Vieux--History; Paper industry--France--Pontcharra--History;
Margaret Bourke-White (1939). A Book of
Pictures Illustrating the Operations in the Manufacture of Paper
on Which To Print the World's News. (Montreal, QU:
International Paper Sales Company, inc., 74 p.). First
Photographer for Fortune magazine. Paper-making and
M. J. Franklin (1979).
British Biscuit Tins, 1868-1939: An Aspect of Decorative
Packaging. (London, UK: New Cavendish Books, 215 p.).
Tin containers--Collectors and collecting.
British Biscuit Tins. (London, UK: Victoria & Albert
Museum, 59 p.). Tin containers--Collectors and collecting.
David Griffith (1979).
Decorative Printed Tins: The Golden Age of Printed Tin Packaging.
(London, UK: Studio Vista. Tin containers--Collectors and
Thomas Hine (1995).
The Total Package: The Evolution and Secret Meanings of Boxes,
Bottles, Cans, and Tubes. (Boston, MA: Little, Brown,
289 p.). Packaging--Social aspects--United States;
Packaging--United States--Psychological aspects;
Advertising--Social aspects--United States.
Secret language of packaging; subtle ways
that boxes, bottles, cans persuade us to spend; art and science
of package design from emergence late last century to today's
most instantly recognizable brand images (Campbell's soup can,
Coca-Cola bottle, Marlboro box, many others).
Denis Lyddon and Peter Marshall (1975).
Paper in Bolton: A Papermaker's Tale. (Altrincham, UK:
Sherratt for Trinity Paper Mills Ltd., 208 p.). Paper
Judith A. McGaw (1987).
Most Wonderful Machine: Mechanization and Social Change in
Berkshire Paper Making, 1801-1885. (Princeton, NJ:
Princeton University Press, 439 p.). Papermaking --Massachusetts
--Berkshire County --History; Berkshire County (Mass.)
--History. Paper mill owners and workers made an industrial
revolution in Berkshire County, Massachusetts.
Nancy Kane Ohanian (1993).
The American Pulp and Paper Industry, 1900-1940: Mill Survival,
Firm Structure, and Industry Relocation. (Westport, CT:
Greenwood Press, 217 p.). Paper industry -- United States --
History -- 20th century; Wood-pulp industry -- United States --
History -- 20th century.
Leonard N. Rosenband (2000).
Papermaking in Eighteenth-Century France: Management, Labor, and
Revolution at the Montgolfier Mill, 1761-1805.
(Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 210 p.).
Professor of History (Utah State University). Montgolfier
family; Paper industry--France--Annonay--History; Industrial
David C. Smith (1970). History of
Papermaking in the United States (1691-1969). (New York,
NY: Lockwood Pub. Co., 693 p.). Papermaking --United States
Lyman Horace Weeks (1969).
A History of Paper-Manufacturing in the United States, 1690-1916.
(New York, NY: B. Franklin, 352 p. [orig. pub. 1916]). Paper
Nancy Wolf, Ellen Feldman (1991).
Plastics: America's Packaging Dilemma. (Washington, DC:
Island Press, 131 p.). Plastic scrap --Environmental aspects
--United States; Plastics in packaging --United States.
plastics are, how they are made, how they are used, ? problems
and opportunities they bring.
Business History Links
A Brief History Of Paper
From: Neathery Batsell Fuller - Instructor of Anthropology (St.
Louis Community College).
The American Package Museum
The primary objective is to preserve and display specimens of
American package design from the early decades of the 20th
century. The secondary objective is to establish a community for
those interested in such an endeavor.
Crane Museum of Papermaking
Housed in Crane’s 1844 Old Stone Mill, first opened in the
autumn of 1930.
Corrugated Packaging: Corrugated Basics
Consumer materials about corrugated cardboard, cardboard that
has "an arched layer, called 'fluting,' between smooth sheets."
Features diagrams showing the structure of corrugated cardboard
boxes, history of corrugated cardboard ("the first known
corrugated material was patented for sweatband lining in tall
hats of Victorian Englishmen"), and quick facts about the
industry. From an industry initiative promoting corrugated paper
DuPont Awards for Packaging Innovation
DuPont Awards for Packaging Innovation is the industry’s longest
running, independently judged global awards program honoring
packaging materials, processes, technology and service
innovations. The 20th DuPont Awards (2008) has a special focus
on recognizing innovations that demonstrate breakthrough
achievements in sustainability.
East Taunton Beer Can Museum
Started in 1978 in Galveston, TX with Lone Star can, Texas
Pride, few other odds and ends; over 3500 cans, beer trays,
glasses, bottles, hundreds of coasters from around the world!
International paper Museum
Established in October of 1994 - Research Institute of Paper
History and Technology holds the tremendous collection of books,
handmade paper and artifacts used in the making of paper, all of
which have been collected by Elaine Koretsky and Donna Koretsky
over the past thirty years.
The Museum of Bags
The mission of the Museum is to showcase the bag in all its
forms as an icon illustrating the history and culture of
society. The museum seeks to become an innovative, dynamic
center recognized nationally and internationally for its
collection of bags. Through compelling exhibitions and
educational programs, the museum hopes to change forever the way
visitors of all ages view a bag.
Museum of Brands, Packaging and
Will feature some 10,000 objects spanning 200 years. Covering
all areas of consumers' lives, from leisure activities to food
and design, and the fashions of yesterday, it also includes a
time tunnel taking museum goers from the Victorian period right
through to the modern day.
International Hall of Fame, Inc.
May 1992 - Group of current and former paper
industry executives in Wisconsin's Fox River Valley met to
discuss how the importance of paper, and particularly some of
the giants of the industry, could be recognized; 1993 - formally
registered with the Bureau of Patents and Trademarks in
Washington, DC; 1995 - annual ceremonies for inducting
individuals to the Paper Industry International Hall of Fame
began with a slate of six honorees.day.
Robert C. Williams American Museum of
Internationally renowned resource on the history of paper and
paper technology. In addition to more than 2,000 books, the
Museum features a remarkable collection of over 10,000
watermarks, papers, tools, machines, and manuscripts. Mission:
to be recognized as the world’s leading research and educational
enterprise supporting the global pulp & paper and related