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INDUSTRIES: Business History of Paper & Packaging
business biographies  

March 11, 105, A.D. - Ts'ai Lun, an official at the Chinese Imperial Court at the Han Dynasty in China, invented paper, made from bamboo, mulberry, and other fibers, along with fish nets and rags; before Tsai, Lun, books were made of bamboo (heavy and clumsy) or silks (very expensive), sheepskin or calfskin in the West.

February 27, 1584 - Merten Spieß founded Relliehausen Mill, under "Mill Of The Rooster" trademark, on banks of Ilme River in Relliehausen, near Lower Saxony town of Dassel, Germany; produced writing and foolscap paper (specific 17"x 13.5" size sheet that often carried watermark resembling jester’s hat, hence "foolscap"); 1886 - acquired by Carl Hahne, renamed Hahnemühle (Hahne’s mill); name evolved into Hahnemühle Fine Arts (GmbH); 1902 - merged with the Schleicher & Schuell Group; 1927 - sole ownership acquired by Düren; 2004 - acquired by Concert Group; 2009 - 150 professionals worldwide, two automated paper making processes: traditional mould-made cylinder process, fourdrinier machine process (for higher capacity output); produce average 3,000 tons of premium quality, fine art paper annually.

1798 - Nicolas-Louis Robert received a French patent for a paper making machine, a moving screen belt that would receive a continuous flow of stock and deliver an unbroken sheet of wet paper to a pair of squeeze rolls; 1807 - Henry and Sealy Fourdrinier received English patent for improved version of Robert's machine; 1809 - John Dickinson, an English papermaker, devised a cylinder paper machine for making paper boards.

1801 - Zenas Crane, Henry Wiswall and John Willard founded Crane Co.; original one-vat mill with daily output of 20 posts (1 post = 125 sheets); 1842 - began making paper for banknotes; 1844 - developed method to imbed parallel silk threads in banknote paper to denominate notes, deter counterfeiting; 1901 - operated four mills, produced several lines of paper,  employment near 1,000; 1922 - Crane & Co. incorporated,  Frederick G. Crane elected president.

July 24, 1806 - Henry Fourdrinier received a British patent for a Paper-Making Machine (method of making a machine for manufacturing paper of an indefinite length, laid and wove, with separated moulds).

January 19, 1825 - Ezra Daggett and Thomas Kensett, of New York, NY, received a patent for "Preserving Animal Substances"; process for canning food in tin containers.

September 11, 1841 - John Rand, of Middlesex, England, received a patent for "Metal Rolls for Paint" (a "mode of preserving paints, and other fluids, by confining them in close mettalic vessels so constructed as to collapse with slight pressure, and thus force out the paint or fluid confined therein through proper openings for that purpose"); collapsible tubes; 1892 - reinvented for the commercial packaging of toothpaste; Dr. Washington Sheffield (CT) marketed Dr. Sheffield's Creme Dentifrice (toothpaste) in collapsible tube; 1953 - first collapsible polythene tubes for skin-tanning lotion produced in the U.S.

September 30, 1841 - Samuel Slocum, of Poughkeepsie, NY, received a patent  for "Papering Pins" ("Machine for Sticking Pins into Papers"); 1839 - formed company to make what became known as "Poughkeepsie pins".

1846 - Ells, Claflin & Co. (partnership formed in 1844 between Benjamin F. Ells, premier early printer, L. F. Claflin, L. F. Claflin & Co., paper manufacturer) established Dayton Paper Mills; produced book, other printing papers; 1856 - acquired by Weston and Mead (Colonel Daniel E. Mead, Washington A. Weston, Joseph L. Weston); 1860 - renamed Mead and Weston; 1866 - renamed Mead and Nixon (Thomas Nixon, manufacturer of paper bags); 1872 - incorporated; 1873 - reorganized as Mead & Nixon Paper Company; 1881 - Nixon's interest acquired by Mead; 1882 - established The Mead Paper Company; 1891 - annual profit of nearly $50,000; one of largest paper producers in United States; 1905 - George Mead (grandson) appointed vice-president, general manager; reorganized company as Mead Pulp and Paper Company; February 17, 1930 - Mead Corporation incorporated; 1968 - acquired Data Corporation (later called Mead Technology Laboratories, developed technology which led to businesses in electronic information storage, retrieval) and Woodward Company (manufactured iron castings, rubber products); 1973 - formed Mead Data Central; developed LEXISR (world's leading computer-assisted legal research service) and NEXISR (leading full-text search and retrieval service for news and business information) systems; late 1980s - about 75% share of computerized legal research market; December 1994 - Mead Data Central acquired by Anglo-Dutch Reed Elsevier for $1.5 billion; January 28, 2002 - merged with Westvaco, name changed to MeadWestvaco.

1851 - Samuel Warren, junior partner in firm of Grant, Daniell & Company (dealers in paper, paper mill supplies in Boston) made his first trip to Europe to buy rags (used as basic raw material for making paper); 1853 - leased paper mill in Pepperell, MA (capacity of two tons a day), controlled making and retailing of paper; 1854 - Warren and Daniell purchased paper mill owned by Day & Lyon in what was to become Westbrook, ME for $28,000 (two paper machines with output of some 3000 pounds per day); 1855 - Warren acquired Daniell interest, name changed to Grant, Warren and Company; 1867 - company reorganized, renamed S.D. Warren Paper Mill Company; 1880 - produced35,000 pounds per day; 1995 - acquired by SAPPI Limited (paper company in South Africa) for $300 million.

December 26, 1854 - John Beardsley showed three samples of first wood pulp paper made in U.S. to editor of Buffalo, NY newspaper Democrat; used basswood, tree of the linden family; quickly replaced the other forms of paper-making materials then in use, including grasses, rag and flax; process had advantage of increased speed, productivity.

October 7, 1856 - Cyrus Chambers, Jr., of Kennett Square, PA, received patent for a "Paper Folding Machine"; first practical U.S. machine to fold book and newspaper sheets; made three right angle folds to produce a sixteen page folded signature; machine installed in Bible printing house of Jasper Harding & Son, Philadelphia, PA; development of folding machine after 1862 was rapid; 1873 - machine patented that folded 16-page section, one of 8 pages, inset the latter, paste it in place; introduced devices to cut, slit paper as it went through machine.

1857 - Joseph Gayetty invented toilet paper; failed; Walter Alcock, Great Britain, later developed toilet paper on roll (vs. flat sheets); failed; 1867 - Thomas, Edward and Clarence Scott, of Philadelphia, PA, marketed toilet paper that consisted of small roll of perforated paper; sold from push cart; 1879 - brothers E. Irvin and Clarence Scott founded Scott Paper Company; 1902 - WALDORF tissue introduced, first branded product; 1931 - introduced first paper towel for kitchen, created new grocery category; March 29, 1932 - registered "Waldorf" trademark first used in 1894 (tissue, creped, and absorbent papers);  1939 - largest selling brand in U.S.A.; December 1996 - merged with Kimberly Clark.

January 5, 1858 - Ezra J. Warner, of Waterbury, CT, received patent for a "Can Opener" (a new and Useful Improvement in Instruments for Cutting Open Sealed Tin cans and Boxes"); design of a can opener (intended for grocers' use).

July 12, 1859 - William Goodale (Clinton, MA) received a patent for a "Machine for Making Paper Bags" ("certain new and useful Improvements in Machinery for Making Paper Bags". 

April 8, 1862 - John D. Lynde, of Philadelphia, PA, received a patent for an "Improved Bottle for Aerated Liquids" (a "new and useful Valve-Stopper for Bottles"); first aerosol dispenser.

April 5, 1864 - Edward Hamilton, of Chicago, IL, received a patent for "Closing or Stopping of Bottles" ("a mode of bottling liquid [whether charged with gases or not] by means of elastic and impervious balls specifically lighter than the liquid, but of diameter larger than that of the neck of the bottle"); assigned to Edward Hamilton and Henry B. Goodyear.

1866 - Benjamin Chew Tilghman invented sulphite process to make wood pulp for paper production (had found that sulphurous acid would dissolve the intercellular matter of wood, freeing the fibers for pulp).

October 2, 1866 - J. Osterhoudt in New York City received a patent for "Improved Method of Opening Tin Cans"; first tin can with a key opener.

1868 - Anthony Zellerbach began selling paper goods (stationary, bags, wrapping) from horse drawn wagon in San Francisco, CA; formed A. Zellerbach; 1885 - name changed to A. Zellerbach & Sons; 1907 - name changed to Zellerbach Paper Company; August 28, 1924 - Isadore Zellerbach (son) incorporated business  as holding company under name Zellerbach Corporation; 1928 - merged with Crown Willamette Paper Company (formed in 1914 by merger of Crown Columbia Paper Company, Willamette Pulp and Paper Company), formed Crown Zellerbach; 1986 - acquired by James River Company; 1997 - merged with Fort Howard Paper, formed Fort James Corporation; 2000 - acquired by Georgia-Pacific Corp., became leading global producer of tissue products.

July 19, 1870 - William W. Lyman of Meriden, CT, received a patent for a "Can Opener" ("relates to an improved instrument for opening metal cans and boxes"); household can opener with rotating cutter that pivoted around hole punched in center of can; 1925 - Star Can Company (San Francisco) introduced serrated rotation wheel (opened can while can rotated); December 1931 - Philips invented electric can opener; April 2, 1935 - Dewitt F. Sampson (Elmhurst, IL) and John M. Hethersall (Brooklyn, NY) received a patent for a "Container Opener" (object was "to provide a container opener which at one stroke or turning movement provides a substantial pouring opening in a wall of a container"); known as a "church key; assigned to American Can Company; October 31, 1967 - Omar L. Brown and Don B. peters, of Dayton, OH, received a patent for a "Ring-Shaped Tab for Tear Strips of Containers"; pull-open cans; assigned to Ermal C. Fraze.

1871 - J. W. French (32) opened established paper compamy on Niles, MI; 1895 - produced more than 6 million specialty paper plates, tops; 1905 - name changed to French Paper Company; 1907 - J. Edward French (son) took over; 1931 - Frank G. French (grandson) named presidenty (started at company in 1917); 1960 - J. E. "Ed" French (great grandson) named president; 1965 - produced Speckletone (high quality recycled pape, first with intentional specks, flocks, shivers; 1977 - Bruce Bigford named first non-family president; 1994 - Jerry French (great gandson) took over; 2011 - sixth-generation, family-owned; one of last remaining small, independent mills in America.

July 25, 1871 - Seth Wheeler of Albany, NY received a patent for an "Improvement in Wrapping-Paper"; perforated wrapping paper; paper wound into rolls, easily torn off at perforations; saved cost of cutting, counting, bundling stacks of pre-cut sheets; made storage more convenient, saved paper from drying, becoming brittle by exposure to atmosphere.

December 19, 1871 - Albert L. Jones, of New York City, received first U.S. patent for an "Improvement in Paper for Packing" ("new and Improved Corrugated Packing-Paper"); assigned  patent to Thomson and Norris Company of Brooklyn (became first U.S. manufacturer of corrugated paper); 1890 - boxes made from corrugated paper came into use.

February 20, 1872 - Luther Childs Crowell, of Boston, MA, received a patent for an "Improvement in Paper Bags"; machine for manufacturing square-bottom paper bags (two longitudinal inward folds); 1879 - wholesale production began; remains the standard paper bag in use throughout the world; 3rd most prolific American inventor of 19th century, more than 280 patents.

July 23, 1872 - Hiram Codd, of Camberwell, Surrey, England, received a patent for an "Improvement in Bottles" (:for containing Aerated or Effervescing Liquids...the bottle when filled is closed by a glass ball held by the pressure within the bottle against a ring of elastic material placed around the interior of the mouth; and the interior of the mouth above such elastic ring I form of smaller diameter than the ball, so that, however great may be the pressure within the bottle, the stopper cannot be forced through the ring of elastic material").

October 22, 1872 - John Alfred Kimberly and Havilah Babcock, partners in general store, formed partnership with Charles B. Clark (28), junior partner in hardware store, and Franklyn C. Shattuck, traveling salesman, founded paper manufacturing business of Kimberly, Clark and Company on banks of Fox River in Neenah, WI, as a production facility (Globe Paper Mill) for newsprint, with $30,000 in capitalization; 1880 - incorporated, changed name to Kimberly & Clark Company, Inc.; 1906 - name changed to Kimberly-Clark Co.  with capital of $2 million; December 1996 - merged with Scott Paper, annual revenue of more than $13.5 billion, employer of 64,000 people.

1879 - Irvin and Clarence Scott founded Scott Paper Company in Philadelphia out of the remains of prior failed paper commission business; Irvin reportedly borrowed $2,000 from his father-in-law,  added it to the $300 the two brothers had to form capital of the company; 1890 - nation's leading producer of bathroom tissue.

June 17, 1879 - Charles G. Hutchinson, of Chicago, IL, received a patent for an "Improvement in Bottle-Stoppers"; seal with rubber stopper pulled out of bottle by wire attached to bottle; drinker pulled wire to open bottle; release of pressure caused a 'pop' sound (derivation of "soda pop"); widely used in early bottling of sodas; replaced by "Bottle-Sealing Device" for which William Painter, of Baltimore, MD, received a patent on February 2, 1892 and founded Crown Cork and Seal Company.

April 25, 1882 - Black American inventor, W.B. Purvis received a patent for a "Bag Fastener"; light metallic pronged fastening device designed to permit packages, especially wrapped in paper, to be "instantly sealed or bound up without the use of cord or its equivalent."

January 9, 1883 - Hiram Codd, of London, England, and Dan Rylands, of Barnsley, County of York, England, received a patent  for a "Bottle for Containing Aerated Liquids"; small valve on side neck of bottle released pressure, caused marble to loosen so liquid would not spill when bottle opened.

February 27, 1888 - Thomas W. Holley (24), paper mill employee in Holyoke, MA, set up shop in one room in small building on Main Street, purchased scraps of paper, or "sortings", from local paper mills, cut paper to size, added ruled lines, stitched it into pads, sold them at discount; founded American Pad & Paper Company; invented legal pad; 1986 - Ampad acquired by Mead Corporation; July 1992 - acquired by Bain Capital, Inc., management of newly formed American Pad & Paper Company; July 1996 - went public; 2007 - one of largest suppliers of office products in world.

October 18, 1888 - William Luke, three sons founded Piedmont Pulp and Paper Company in MD to produce wood pulp using sulphite process; 1891 - began production of printing paper under name West Virginia Paper; November 10, 1897 - West Virginia Paper merged with West Virginia Pulp Company of Davis, WV, formed West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company; 1969 - name changed to Westvaco to represent its diversified interests; produced wide range of pulp, paper products, many specialty chemicals derived from pulp, papermaking processes; January 2002 - merged with Mead Corporation, formed MeadWestvaco.

July 30, 1889 - John Alexander Wilson, of Dundee, Scotland, received a patent for a "Carriage-Axle Lubricator" with ("improved cup, cap or cover, which has a screw-threaded portion fitting into a correspondingly-screw-threaded recess in the bush or box"); assigned to Dan Rylands of Barnsley, England; screw cap.

February 2, 1892 - William Painter, of Baltimore, received a patent for a "Bottle-Sealing Device" ("metallic sealing-caps embodying certain novel characteristics"); bottle cap with crown cork seal; replaced time-consuming cork and wire bale method of sealing bottles, represented major saving for bottlers; founded Crown Cork and Seal Company, Inc. in Baltimore, MD; 1898 - introduced first foot-powered, syruper-crowner; 1906 - opened  manufacturing plants in Germany, France, United Kingdom, Japan, Brazil; 1919 - shifted manufacturing production from beer to soft drinks to survive Prohibition; 1927 - acquired New Process Cork Company (founded by Charles McManus, had patented Nepro Cork, economical substitute for natural cork); established Crown Holdings, Inc. International Corporation (sales of $11 million); 1930s - sold half of world's supply of bottle caps; 1936 - acquired Acme Can Company, entered tin can business; 1937 - introduced Crowntainer, electrolytic tin-plating process (2-piece drawn, necked-in steel can sealed with crown as quart beer can); 1941-1945 - introduced Kork-N-Seal, Pour-N-Seal, Merit Seal; 1952 - introduced Spra-tainer, first seamless, lined, lithographed aerosol canister (lightweight, two-piece no side seam, no top seam aerosol can for food, personal care, household, insecticide markets);  1957 - John Connelly, former Crown supplier, took over presidency; 1960 - designed equipment to meet needs of soft drink producers; became one of world's largest producers of steel aerosol cans; 1969 - introduced Drawn-N-Ironed, two-piece steel beverage can alternative to aluminum can; 1977 - one of world's leading producers of cans, crowns (60 foreign plants, $1 billion in sales; 1997 - more than $8 billion in sales; 1990 - acquired major portions Continental Can Company, became North American packaging leader; 1992 -acquired CONSTAR International, world leader in PET plastic containers for beverage, food, household markets; 1996 - acquired CarnaudMetalbox, Europe's leading manufacturer of metal, plastic packaging; became world's packaging leader; 2000 - introduced SuperEnd® beverage ends; 2003 - completed $3.2 billion refinancing plan, formed Crown Holdings, Inc. as new public holding company; 2005 - sold Global Plastic Closures business; 2006 - sold  Cosmetics Packaging business.

April 5, 1892 - Walter H. Coe, of Providence, RI, received a patent for a "Method of Packing Decorative Films"; packaging decorative gold leaf in roll form; W.H. Coe Mfg. Co. manufactured the gold leaf in rolls 67 feet in length in widths between 1/16 to 3-1/4 inches wide; packaging method allowed correctly precut widths to be matched to the application with correct lengths without need for overlapping pieces; waste was much reduced.

March 12, 1894 - Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time.

December 17, 1895 - George L. Brownell, of Worcester, MA, received a patent for a "Machine for Making Paper Twine"; twisted strips or ribbons of paper into cord (strong as any known steel of the time).

December 5, 1896 - Dan Rylands, of Hope Glass Works, Yorkshire, and Dan Bullen received a British patent for "Improvements in Machines for Filling and Syruping Aerated and Carbonated Beverages" ("particularly applies to the filling of these beverages into bottles having screw stoppers provided with a central or other hole for filling purposes and having a valve or internal stopper for automatically sealing up said hole when the bottle is filled with gaseous fluid"); the screw cap.

1898 - Ernst R Behrend founded Ernst R Behrend Company; 1899 - changed company name to "Hammermill", after pulp and paper mill in Germany owned and operated by his father, Moritz Behrend (built on site of old drop hammer forge used to rework scrap wrought iron; referred to by locals as "the Hammer," thus name "Hammermill"); 1987 - acquired by International Paper Company.

January 31, 1898 - Hugh Chisholm merged 17 pulp and paper mills in New York, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, Maine, Canada, formed International Paper, incorporated  in Albany, NY; nation's largest producer of newsprint, supplied 60% of all newsprint sold in  United States; Hugh Chisholm - president; 1901 - map of IP mills:



April 19, 1898 - Edwin Norton, of Maywood, Il, received a patent for a "Can" ("shipping can for coffee, spices, and other like articles which will be of simple, cheap and efficient construction as a shipping-can and also serve as an opening and closing canister for protecting and preserving the contents of the can while the same is being used and which at the time will proven the can from being used a second time or over again in the sale of inferior goods under the original label by fraudulent persons"); vacuum-packing; assigned to himself and to Oliver W. Norton (used by Hills marketed first 'vacuum-packed' coffee in 1903). 

January 26, 1899 - St. Regis Paper Company incorporated; single newsprint plant in Deferiet, NY; 1984 - acquired by Champion International; June 2002 - acquired by International Paper.

1901 - Edwin Norton, head of Norton Brothers Tin Can & Plate Company in Toledo, OH (founded 1868), consolidated sixty tin container companies, representing 123 factories; formed American Can Company; accounted for 91% of all cans produced in U. S.; April 22, 1902 - resigned due to health;  November 1904 - backed his son, formed rival Continental Can Company.

1913 - United States Congress eliminated tariffs on low-cost Canadian imports,  flooded U. S. markets, eroding IP share of newsprint market  1924 - Archibald Graustein elected president; 1931 - one of first paper companies to manufacture linerboard on Fourdrinier machine (produced inexpensive, high-quality grades for use in corrugated containers);  1940 - one of first integrated linerboard manufacturers in American pulp, paper industry; 1941 - reorganized,  recapitalized company, simplified corporate structure; 1950s - expanded overseas; 1959 - $1 billion in sales; 1980s - large-scale overhaul of mills; phased out inefficient linerboard operations, switched to more profitable bleached paper products; 1986 - acquired HammerMill Paper Company for $1.1 billion; 1988 - acquired Masonite Corporation; 1996 - sales of $20 billion (four-fold increase since 1986); March 1996 - merged with Federal Paper Board in in $3.4 billion transaction.

April 1902 - Northern Paper Mills introduced "splinter-free" Northern Tissue (toilet paper).

1907 - Lawrence Luellen became interested in individual drinking cup; early 1908 - worked on perfecting cups, completed work on dispensing apparatus ("Luellen Cup & Water Vendor"), vending machine that would dispense cool drink of water in an individual cup. for penny; December 15, 1910 - incorporated The Individual Drinking Cup Company of New York in Maine (Luellen assigned his patents to new company, allowed it to manufacture cups); 1912 - called company's product Health Kup; developed first semi-automatic machine to produce them; 1916 - more than 100 railroads throughout country signed contracts to sell Company's products; 1919 - name changed to Dixie Cup (named for line of dolls made by Alfred Schindler's Dixie Doll Company in New York); 1957 - merged with American Can Company; 1982 - American Can acquired by James River Corporation of Virginia.

May 21, 1918 - Jacques Edwin Brandenberger, Swis chemist, of Thaon-les-Vosges, France, received a patent for "Composite Cellulose Film"; assigned to Societe Dite: :La Cellophane; cellophane - from cellulose (wood pulp derivative used to make film) and Greek word diaphanes ("transparent").

February 1919 - Austin E. Cofrin (36) started Fort Howard Paper Company; 1983 - acquired Maryland Cup Corp., nation's largest manufacturer of single use paper, plastic products for food and beverage service, major manufacturer of containers for ice cream, dairy, other food items; 1988 - taken private ($53 per share) by management, investment banker Morgan Stanley; 1995 - went public again; 1997 - acquired by James River Corp. (Richmond, VA), renamed Fort James, $7.3 billion consumer products company; July 17, 2000 - merged with Georgia-Pacific Corporation for $11 billion.

Austin E. Cofrin - Fort Howard Paper  ( photos/1996pix/cofrin.jpg)

November 25, 1924 - Cellucotton Products Company (Neenah, WI) registered Kleenex trademark (Absorbent Pads or Sheets for Removing Cold Cream).

1926 - White Horse Distillers introduced screwcap for "Teachers' whisky; doubled sales of brand in six months.

1927 - Owen R. Cheatham founded Georgia Hardwood Lumber Co., in Augusta, GA, as wholesaler of hardwood lumber; 1938 - operated five sawmills in South; 1941-1945 - largest supplier of lumber to U.S. armed forces; 1948 - changed name to Georgia-Pacific Plywood & Lumber Co.; 1949 - listed on New York Stock Exchange, sales reached $37 million; 1951 - changed name to Georgia-Pacific Plywood Co.; 1956 - changed name to Georgia-Pacific Corp., 40 distribution centers, sales reached $121 million; 1990 - completed merger of Great Northern Nekoosa Corp., sales reached $12.7 billion; 2000 - acquired Fort James Corp. (consumer brands Brawny®, Quilted Northern®, Dixie), became world's leading manufacturer of tissue products, sales totaled $22 billion.

October 23, 1928 - Hoberg Paper ad Fibre Company registered "Charmin" trademark first used March 2, 1928 (toilet paper, paper towels, paper napkins); 1956 - Paper Mills, Inc. acquired by Procter & Gamble.

January 6, 1929 - Sheffield Farms of New York began using wax paper cartons instead of glass bottles for milk delivery.

January 24, 1935 - The Kreuger Brewing Company first sold beer in cans, in Virginia.

1936 - Leo J. Hulseman established Paper Container Manufacturing Company in Chicago, IL; 1940s - manufactured paper cone cup known as Solo Cup; 1950s - introduced 2-piece wax-lined cold cups for serving cold drinks at drive-in theaters; 1960s - introduced single-use Cozy® Cup, reusable Cozy Cup holder; 1970s - introduced signature red plastic cup; 1980 - Robert L. Hulseman (son) named CEO; 2004 - acquired SF Holdings (Sweetheart brand); 2010 - acquired InnoWare Plastic, Inc., manufacturer of full line of specialty, custom-embossed take-out containers (rebranded Creative Carryouts); 2011 - $1.6 billion global company with facilities in Europe, The Americas.

May 5, 1936 - Edward Ravenscroft, of Glencoe, IL, received patent for a "Bottle Mouth"; first screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip; Abbott Laboratories of North Chicago manufactured the bottles.

January 5, 1937 - Samuel D. Young, of Birmingham, England,  received a patent for a "Closure for Bottles or Other Containers";  aluminum screw-type bottle cap; assigned patent to Aluminum Company of America.

August 22, 1939 - Julian Kahn, of New York City, received a patent for an "Apparatus for Mixing a Liquid with a Gas" ("discharging...the mixture though a constricted orifice"); predecessor of aerosol spray can; use extended to applications such as dispensing paints, pharmaceuticals and insecticides.

June 8, 1943 - Lyle D. Goodhue, of Berwyn, MD, and William N. Sullivan, of Washington, DC, two U.S. Dept. of Agriculture researchers, a chemist and an entomologist, received a patent for a "Method of Applying Parasiticides"; assigned to Department of Agriculture; October 5, 1943 - received a patent for a "Dispensing Apparatus" ("provision in combination with a container adapted adapted to hold a liquid under pressure and a spray device for dispensing the liquid, of means for separating out a predetermined quantity of liquid in the container and expelling with the spray device this predetermined quantity as a unit dose so that each dose dispensed will be exactly the same. This permits a high degree of controlled application...especially useful in the application of aerosols and fumigants"); first aerosol can used in commercial application (oil-free insecticides in mushroom houses); used during WW II to protect troops from malaria-carrying mosquitoes.

December 1950 - Ruben Rausing and Erik Wallenberg founded AB Tetra Pak in Lund, Sweden, as a subsidiary of uerlund & Rausing. May 18, 1951 - New packaging system was presented to the press.

March 17, 1953 - Robert H. Abplanalp, of Bronx, NY, received a patent for a "Valve Mechanism for Dispensing Gases and Liquids Under Pressure"; crimp on valve enabled liquids to be sprayed from a can under the pressure of an inert gas; first clog-free valve for spray cans; 1949 - founded Precision Valve Corporation to manufacture valves for aerosol cans; produces 4 billion valves annually, employed 2,000 worldwide in more than 20 plants.

1959 - Ermal Fraze of Dayton Reliable Tool and Manufacturing Co. invented an improved beverage can, can with the opener, a lever, attached; 1962 - Pittsburgh Brewing Co., maker of Iron City Beer, ordered 100,000 cans, beer sales soared 400 percent in the next six months; 1965 - developed ring-pull version that caused less bloodshed; over seventy-five percent of beer brewers in the United States of America had adopted Fraze's can; October 31, 1967 - Omar L. Brown and Don B. Peters, of Dayton, OH, assigned patent to Ermal Fraze of Dayton Reliable Tool and Manufacturing Co. for a "Ring Shaped Tab for Tear Strips of Containers" ("relates to a container having a portion of its wall weakened to serve as a tear strip and, more particularly, relates to the structure of the tab that is attached to the tear strip to serve as a manual mean of severing the strip"); "pop-top" (ring-pull) can assigned ; 1970s - developed a now-mandatory non-removable ring, which reduced litter.

September 25, 1974 - Scientists reported that freon gases released from aerosol spray cans were destroying the ozone layer.

July 17, 1995 - Kimberly Clark merged with Scott Paper in $9.4 billion deal; created Fortune 100 global consumer products company.

2006 - Guinness World Records named Lyle's Golden Syrup (founded in 1881 by Abram Lyle, replaced wooden casks with tin 'syrup dispensers' in 1884) as as world's oldest branding/packaging.

Lyle's Golden Syrup - Guinness World Record  (

January 29, 2007 - Abitibi-Consolidated Inc. and rival Bowater Inc. (largest, second-largest newsprint producers in North America) announced merger; created North American third largest competitor in global forest- and paper-product market with annual sales of $7.9 billion; AbitibiBowater will own 55-60% of the newsprint capacity in North America.

(Abitibi-Price), Philip Mathias. (1976). Takeover: The 22 Days of Risk and Decision That Created the World's Largest Newsprint Empire, Abitibi-Price. (Toronto, ON: Maclean-Hunter, 287 p.). Abitibi Paper Company; Harrison Price Company; Newsprint -- Canada; Paper industry -- Canada; Consolidation and merger of corporations -- Canada.

(Albany International), Lorna Skaaren; editor, John Gurda (1995). Albany International, The First One Hundred Years = Albany International, 100 Anniversary. (Albany, NY: Albany International Corporation, 108 p.). Albany International Corp.--History; Paper products industry--United States--History.

(AMCOR), E.K. Sinclair (1991). The Spreading Tree: A History of APM and AMCOR 1844-1989. (North Sydney, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 278 p.). Amcor Limited--History; Paper industry--Australia--History; Conglomerate corporations--Australia--History.

(American Business Products Inc.), Henry Curtis with Don McKee (1981). An American Adventure. (Atlanta, GA: American Business Products, 511 p.). Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. American Business Products, Inc.--History. 

(Appleton Papers Inc.), Russ Banham (2007). Appleton: Applying Technology for Performance. (Old Saybrook, CT: Greenwich Pub. Group,, 144 p,). Appleton Papers, Inc. --History; Paper industry --Wisconsin --Appleton --History; Papermaking --Wisconsin --Appleton --History.

(Blake Moffitt and Towne), Wilson, Neill Compton Wilson (1955). Deep Roots; The History of Blake, Moffitt & Towne, Pioneers in Paper Since 1855. (San Francisco: The Company, 112 p.). Blake, Moffitt and Towne.

(Blue Ridge Paper Products), George Loveland (2005). Under the Workers' Caps: From Champion Mill to Blue Ridge Paper. (Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 201 p.). Blue Ridge Paper Products; Employee ownership--United States; Paper industry workers--United States. 

(Boise Cascade - established in 1957 by the merger of Boise Payette Lumber Company and Cascade Lumber Company), Herman L. Boschken (1974). Corporate Power and the Mismarketing of Urban Development; Boise Cascade Recreation Communities. (New York, NY: Praeger, 283 p.). Boise Cascade Corporation; Recreation -- Economic aspects -- United States -- Case studies; Land use -- United States -- Case studies; Marketing -- Management -- United States -- Case studies.

(Bowater), W.J. Reader (1981). Bowater, a History. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 426 p.). Bowater Paper Corporation Limited--History.

(J. W. Butler Paper Co. ), Robert F. Karolevitz (1980). Paper Mountain: The Story of Frank Osgood Butler, 1861-1955. (Brookings, SD: F. O. Butler Foundation, 106 p.). Butler, Frank Osgood, 1861- ; Businesspeople--United States--Biography; Paper industry--United States.

(Carpenter Paper Corporation), William Bond Wheelwright (1936). The Building of a Business; A Half Century of Progress, 1886-1936. (Omaha, NE, Priv. print.: Carpenter Paper Corp. , 112 p.). Carpenter Paper Corporation; Paper industry --West (U.S.).

(Cartiere Burgo), Giancorrado Barozzi, Lidia Beduschi; con la collaborazione di Ottavio Franceschini (2008). Cartiera Burgo: Storie di Operai, Tecnici e Imprenditori Nella Mantova del Novecento. (Mantua, Italy: Negretto, 322 p.). Paper industry -- Italy -- Mantua -- History; Paper mills -- Italy -- Mantua -- History; Cartiere Burgo. Established in January 2007, one of world's leading producers of coated papers.

(Cascades Inc.), Gérard Cuggia (1989). Cascades: Le Triomphe du Respect. (Montréal, QU: Editions Québec/Amérique, 425 p.). Cascades inc.--History; Paper industry--Québec (Province)--History.

(Champion International), Richard A. Bartlett (1995). Troubled Waters: Champion International and the Pigeon River Controversy. (Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 348 p.). Champion International Corporation; Paper industry--Waste disposal--Environmental aspects--Pigeon River (N.C. and Tenn.); Water--Pollution--Pigeon River (N.C. and Tenn.).

(Champion International - created in 1967 by the merger of US Plywood and Champion Paper & Fibre), Richard Ault, Richard Walton, Mark Childers (1998). What Works: A Decade of Change at Champion International. (San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 182 p.). Champion International Corporation -- Reorganization; Paper industry -- United States -- Case studies; Organizational change -- United States -- Case studies. 

(Chesapeake Corporation - founded 1918), Alonzo Thomas Dill (1987). Chesapeake: Pioneer Papermaker; a History of the Company and Its Community. (West Point, VA: Chesapeake Corp., 424 p. [2nd ed.]). Chesapeake Corporation of Virginia--History; Paper industry--United States--History.

(Chesapeake Corporation), Mary Wakefield Buxton (1999). Bringing in the Wood: The Way It Was at Chesapeake Corporation. (Richmond, VA: Chesapeake Corporation, 187 p.). Chesapeake Corporation of Virginia--History; Forest products industry--Chesapeake Bay Region (Md. and Va.)--History; Wood-pulp industry--Chesapeake Bay Region (Md. and Va.)--History; Lumber trade--Chesapeake Bay Region (Md. and Va.)--History; Log transportation--Chesapeake Bay Region (Md. and Va.)--History; Shipping--Chesapeake Bay (Md. and Va.)--History.

(Container Corporation of America--History), Edited Susan Black (1976). The First Fifty Years, 1926-1976. (Chicago, IL: Container Corporation of America, 104 p.). Container Corporation of America--History.

(Crane), Wadsworth R. Pierce (1977). The First 175 years of Crane Papermaking. (Dalton, MA, Crane: 76 p.). Crane (Firm).

(Crocker, Burbank and Company), William Bond Wheelwright and Sumner Kean (1957). The Lengthened Shadow of One Man. (Fitchburg, MA, Priv. print.:  Crocker, Burbank & Co., Ass., 181 p.). Crocker, Alvah, 1801-1874; Crocker, Burbank and Company, Association, Fitchburg, Mass. From founding through 1956.


(Crocker, Burbank and Company), William Bond Wheelwright (1981). Life and Times of Alvah Crocker. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 114 p. [orig. pvt. pub. in 1923]). Crocker, Alvah, 1801-1874; Capitalists and financiers --Massachusetts --Biography; Crocker, Burbank and Company, Association, Fitchburg, Mass.; Railroads --Massachusetts --History.

(Crown Cork & Seal), compiled by Orrin Chalfant Painter (1914). William Painter and His Father, Dr. Edward Painter: Sketches and Reminiscences. (Baltimore, MD: Arundel Press, 152 p.). Painter, William, 1838-1906; Painter, Edward, 1812-1875; Crown Cork & Seal Company; Bottling machinery.

William Painter - Crown Cork & Seal  (

(Crown Zellerbach), Leib-Keyston and Co., (1927). Zellerbach, The House of Paper. (San Francisco, CA: Leib-Keyston and Co.,, 52 p.). Zellerbach, Anthony, 1831-1911; Zellerbach Paper Company; Zellerbach Corporation, San Francisco.

(Crown Zellerbach), George S. Armstrong & Co., Inc. (1937). Crown Zellerbach Corporation. (San Francisco, CA, 148 p.). Zellerbach Paper Company; Zellerbach Corporation, San Francisco.

(John Dickinson and Co.), Joan Evans (1955). The Endless Web; John Dickinson & Co., ltd., 1804-1954. (London, UK: Cape, 274 p.). John Dickinson and Co.; Paper industry--History.

(Federal Paper Board), Richard Blodgett (1991). Federal Paper Board at Seventy-Five: The Intimate History of an American Enterprise. (Essex, CT: Greenwich Pub. Group, 223 p.). Federal Paper Board Company--History; Paperboard industry--United States--History; Paper box industry--United States--History; Conglomerate corporations--United States--History.

(Field Container Company), Eli Field (2001). Eli: The Story of a Patriarch. (Chicago, IL: E. Field, 666 p.). Founder (Field Container Company). Field, Eli, 1910- ; Field Container Company; Businessmen--Illinois--Biography; Philanthropists--Illinois--Biography; Illinois--Biography. largest independent company in the paperboard packaging industry.

(Georgia-Pacific), John R. Ross (1978). Maverick, The Story of Georgia-Pacific. (Portland, OR: Georgia-Pacific, 318 p.). Georgia-Pacific Corporation--History.

Georgia-Pacific Founder Owen Cheatham Owen Cheatham - Georgia Pacific  (

(Gilbert Paper), Mark Bernstein and William Hoest (1987). Paper with Presence: A Gilbert Century. (Menasha, WI: Gilbert Paper, 204 p.). Gilbert family; Gilbert Paper (Firm).

(Guard Bridge Paper Company), Lorna Weatherill (1974). One Hundred Years of Papermaking: An Illustrated History of the Guard Bridge Paper Company Ltd, 1873-1973. (Edinburgh, Scotland: T. & A. Constable, 123 p.). Guard Bridge Paper Company; Guard Bridge, Scotland--History.

(Gulf States Paper), D. B. Fletcher (1984). Progress, Gulf States Paper Corporation: Our First Hundred Years, 1884-1984. (Tuscaloosa, AL: The Corporation, 204 p.). Gulf States Paper Corporation--History; Paper industry--United States--History.

(Hammermill), Michael J. McQuillen and William P. Garvey (1985). The Best Known Name in Paper: Hammermill, a History of the Company. (Erie, PA: Hammermill Paper Co., 206 p.). Hammermill Paper Company--History; Paper industry--United States--History.

(Dard Hunter), Dard Hunter (1958). My Life with Paper An Autobiography. (New York, NY: Knopf, 236 p.). Hunter, Dard, 1883-1966; Hunter, Dard, 1883-1966; Paper industry--Biography.

(Dard Hunter), Cathleen A. Baker (2000). By His Own Labor: The Biography of Dard Hunter. (New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 332 p.). Hunter, Dard, 1883-1966; Papermakers--United States--Biography; Papermaking--History.

(International Paper), International Paper Company (1948). International Paper Company After Fifty Years, 1898-1948. (New York, NY: International Paper Company, 110 p.). International Paper Company; Paper industry.

Hugh Chisholm - President, IP, 1898-1907  (

(International Paper), Elwood R. Maunder (1974). J. E. McCaffrey: Go South Young Man; An Interview Conducted by Elwood R. Maunder. (Santa Cruz, CA: Forest History Society, Oral History Office, 262 p.). McCaffrey, Joseph E., 1896- ; International Paper Company; Forests and forestry--United States--History.

(Kimberly-Clark), Robert Spector (1997). Shared Values: A History of Kimberly-Clark. (Lyme, CT: Greenwich Pub. Group, 239 p.). Kimberly-Clark Corporation--History; Paper industry--United States--History. Based on research and a manuscript by William W. Wicks.

John A. Kimberly  (

Charles B. Clark (

(Kimberly-Clark), Thomas Heinrich and Bob tchelor (2004). Kotex, Kleenex, Huggies: Kimberly-Clark and the Consumer Revolution in American Business. (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 272 p.). Robert F. Friedman Professor of American History (Baruch College); Business Writer and Historian. Kimberly-Clark Corporation--History; Sanitary supply industry--United States--History; Consumer behavior--United States--Case studies. 

(Mead Corporation - Daniel Mead becomes sole owner of mill built in 1846 by Ellis, Chaflin & Co.), William H.A. Carr (1989). Up Another Notch: Institution Building at Mead. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 228 p.). McSwiney, James W.; Mead Corporation--Management; Paper industry--United States--Management; Forest products industry--United States--Management.

(Menasha Corporation), Mowry Smith and Giles Clark (1974). One Third Crew, One Third Boat, One Third Luck: The Menasha Corporation (Menasha Wooden Ware Company) Story, 1849-1974. (Neenah, WI: Menasha Corp., 175 p.). Menasha Corporation--History; Container industry--United States--History; Coopers and cooperage--Wisconsin--Menasha--History.

(Menasha Corporation), Richard Blodgett (1999). Menasha Corporation: An Odyssey of Five Generations. (Lyme, CT: Greenwich Pub. Group, 168 p.). Menasha Corporation--History; Container industry--United States--History; Coopers and cooperage--Wisconsin--Menasha--History. 

(Metal Box Ltd. - now division of Crown, Cork & Seal), W. J. Reader (1976). Metal Box: A History. (London, UK: Heinemann, 256 p.). Metal Box Company; Ltd.; Container industry--Great Britain.

(Montgolfier Mill), Leonard N. Rosenband (2000). Papermaking in Eighteenth-Century France: Management, Labor, and Revolution at the Montgolfier Mill, 1761-1805. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 210 p.). Professor of History (Utah State University). Montgolfier family; Paper industry --France --Annonay --History; Industrial relations --France --Annonay --History. Nature, impact of capitalism in France during years leading up to French Revolution; 1781 lockout as theater of technological experiment, new workplace development; technological innovation, shopfloor relations during time of social unrest; how technological change affected papermaking industry, transformed elaborate, established system of production.

(Nampak Limited), Anthony Hocking (1987). The Making of Nampak. (Bethulie, Orange Free State, South Africa: Hollards, 288 p.). Nampak Limited--History; Package goods industry--South Africa--History.

(Nekoosa Papers), compiled by J. Marshall Buehler (1987). The Nekoosa Story: A Commemorative History of Nekoosa Papers Inc. (Port Edwards, WI: Nekoosa Papers, 169 p.). Nekoosa Papers Inc.--History; Paper industry--United States--History.

(New Zealand Paper Mills Ltd.), John H. Angus (1976). Papermaking Pioneers: A History of New Zealand Paper Mills Limited and Its Predecessors. (Mataura, NZ: New Zealand Paper Mills Ltd., 211 p.). New Zealand Paper Mills Limited; Paper industry--New Zealand--History.

(Sandy Hill Corporation), J. Walter Juckett. (1982). In Retrospect. (Burlington, VT: G. Little Press, 376 p.). Juckett, J. Walter, 1908- ; Sandy Hill Corporation--Biography; Businesspeople--New York (State)--Biography.

(Sappi), Anthony Hocking (1987). Paper Chain: The Story of Sappi. (Bethulie, Orange Free State, South Africa: Hollards, 319 p.). Sappi (Firm)--History; Paper industry--South Africa--History.

(Wm. Sommerville & Co. Ltd.), Nigel Watson (1987). The Last Mill on the Esk: 150 Years of Papermaking. (Edinburgh, Scotland: Scottish Academic, 148 p.). Wm. Sommerville & Co. Ltd.; Scotland Lothian Region Penicuik Paper manufacturing industries.

(St. Regis), Elwood R. Maunder and John R. Ross (1976). Three Memoirs on St. Regis Paper Company History: Interviews with Eunice Remington Wardwell, Louise E. Richter, and Harold S. Sutton. (Santa Cruz, CA: Forest History Society, 108 p.). St. Regis Paper Company; Paper industry--New York (State)--History.

(St. Regis - bought by Champion International in 1984), Eleanor Amigo and Mark Neuffer ; Elwood R. Maunder, general editor (1980). Beyond the Adirondacks: The Story of St. Regis Paper Company. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 219 p.). St. Regis Paper Company--History.

(Tetra Pak International), Peter Andersson och Tommy Larsson (1998). Tetra: Historien om Dynastin Rausing. (Stockholm, Sweden: Norstedt, 357 p.). Rausing, Ruben, 1895-1983; Tetra Pak International; Milk containers--Sweden--History; Milk trade--Technological innovations--Sweden.

Ruben Rausing - Tetra Pak ( 1/18/Rausing384_147506a.jpg/180px-Rausing384_147506a.jpg)

(Thilmany Pulp & Paper Company), William W. Bremer and Holly J. Lyon (1983). "A Little Ways Ahead": The Centennial History of Thilmany Pulp & Paper Company, Kaukauna, Wisconsin. (Kaukauna, WI: The Company, 133 p.). Thilmany Pulp & Paper Company--History; Kaukauna (Wis.)--History.

(Topps), The Topps Company Inc.; with an Introduction by Art Spiegelman (2008). Wacky Packages. (New York, NY: Abrams, 240 p.). 1938 - Topps founded; American comics artist and editor. Consumer goods --Humor; Packaging --Humor. Collectible 'spoof' stickers, parodies of consumer products, well-known brands and packaging; first produced by Topps company in 1967; first two years - only Topps product to achieve higher sales than flagship line of baseball cards; revived in 1973; relaunched several times over years, most recently in 2007.

(Tullis Russell), Caroline Doris Mabel Ketelbey (1967). Tullis Russell: The History of R. Tullis & Company and Tullis Russell & Co. Ltd., 1809-1959. (Markinch (Fife), Scotland: Tullis Russell & Co., 283 p.). Tullis Russell & Company--History; Fife (Scotland)--Economic conditions. 

(Tullis Russell), Lorn Macintyre (1994). Sir David Russell: A Biography. (Edinburgh, Scotland: Canongate, 259 p.). Russell, David, Sir, 1872-1956; Papermakers--Scotland--Biography.

(S.D. Warren), S.D. Warren Co. (1955). A History of S. D. Warren Company: 1854-1954. (Westbrook, ME: Privately Printed, 120 p.). S.D. Warren Company--History; Paper mills--Maine--History; Corporations--United States--History.

Louis Andre (1996). Machines à Papier: Innovation et Transformations de l'Industrie Papetière en France: 1798-1860. (Paris, FR: Editions de l'Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales, 489 p.). Paper industry--France--History--19th century; Papermaking machinery--France--History--19th century.

Dan Backer and Lance Wilson (2011). Beer: A Genuine Collection of Cans. (San Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books, 352 p.). Graphic Designers. Beer cans --Collectors and collecting --Catalogs. Alphabetically by brand from 1930s: nearly 500 cans from 30 countries; easier and cheaper to transport than bottles, larger surface for marketing; last century of beer culture - what we drank, how we drank it, why we picked it.

Thomas Balston (1979). James Whatman, Father & Son. (New York, NY: Garland Pub., 170 p. [orig. pub. 1957]). Whatman, James, 1702-1759; Whatman, James, 1741-1798; Paper industry--Great Britain--History; Paper industry--Great Britain--Biography; Fathers and sons--Great Britain.

--- (1979). William Balston, Paper Maker, 1759-1849. (New York, NY: Garland Pub., 171 p.). Balston, William, 1759-1849; Paper industry--Great Britain--History; Paper industry--Great Britain--Biography.

Jean-Pierre Borgis (1991). Moulin-Vieux: Histoire d'une Papeterie Dauphinoise (1869-1989). (Grenoble, FR: Presses Universitaires de Grenoble, 287 p.). Papeterie de Moulin-Vieux--History; Paper industry--France--Pontcharra--History; Pontcharra (France)--History.

Margaret Bourke-White (1939). A Book of Pictures Illustrating the Operations in the Manufacture of Paper on Which To Print the World's News. (Montreal, QU: International Paper Sales Company, inc., 74 p.). First  Photographer for Fortune magazine. Paper-making and trade--Canada.

M. J. Franklin (1979). British Biscuit Tins, 1868-1939: An Aspect of Decorative Packaging. (London, UK: New Cavendish Books, 215 p.). Tin containers--Collectors and collecting.

--- (1984). British Biscuit Tins. (London, UK: Victoria & Albert Museum, 59 p.). Tin containers--Collectors and collecting.

David Griffith (1979). Decorative Printed Tins: The Golden Age of Printed Tin Packaging. (London, UK: Studio Vista. Tin containers--Collectors and collecting.

Thomas Hine (1995). The Total Package: The Evolution and Secret Meanings of Boxes, Bottles, Cans, and Tubes. (Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 289 p.). Packaging--Social aspects--United States; Packaging--United States--Psychological aspects; Advertising--Social aspects--United States. Secret language of packaging; subtle ways that boxes, bottles, cans persuade us to spend; art and science of package design from emergence late last century to today's most instantly recognizable brand images (Campbell's soup can, Coca-Cola bottle, Marlboro box, many others).

Denis Lyddon and Peter Marshall (1975). Paper in Bolton: A Papermaker's Tale. (Altrincham, UK: Sherratt for Trinity Paper Mills Ltd., 208 p.). Paper industry--England--Lancashire--History; Lancashire (England)--Economic conditions.

Judith A. McGaw (1987). Most Wonderful Machine: Mechanization and Social Change in Berkshire Paper Making, 1801-1885. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 439 p.). Papermaking --Massachusetts --Berkshire County --History; Berkshire County (Mass.) --History. Paper mill owners and workers made an industrial revolution in Berkshire County, Massachusetts.

Nancy Kane Ohanian (1993). The American Pulp and Paper Industry, 1900-1940: Mill Survival, Firm Structure, and Industry Relocation. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 217 p.). Paper industry -- United States -- History -- 20th century; Wood-pulp industry -- United States -- History -- 20th century.

Leonard N. Rosenband (2000). Papermaking in Eighteenth-Century France: Management, Labor, and Revolution at the Montgolfier Mill, 1761-1805. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 210 p.). Professor of History (Utah State University). Montgolfier family; Paper industry--France--Annonay--History; Industrial relations--France--Annonay--History. 

David C. Smith (1970). History of Papermaking in the United States (1691-1969). (New York, NY: Lockwood Pub. Co., 693 p.). Papermaking --United States --History.

Lyman Horace Weeks (1969). A History of Paper-Manufacturing in the United States, 1690-1916. (New York, NY: B. Franklin, 352 p. [orig. pub. 1916]). Paper industry--United States--History.

Nancy Wolf, Ellen Feldman (1991). Plastics: America's Packaging Dilemma. (Washington, DC: Island Press, 131 p.). Plastic scrap --Environmental aspects --United States; Plastics in packaging --United States. What plastics are, how they are made, how they are used, ? problems and opportunities they bring.


Business History Links

A Brief History Of Paper                                                                                                      

From: Neathery Batsell Fuller - Instructor of Anthropology (St. Louis Community College).

The American Package Museum                                                       

The primary objective is to preserve and display specimens of American package design from the early decades of the 20th century. The secondary objective is to establish a community for those interested in such an endeavor.

Crane Museum of Papermaking                                             AboutUs&DeptName=Museum                                                    

Housed in Crane’s 1844 Old Stone Mill, first opened in the autumn of 1930.

Corrugated Packaging: Corrugated Basics                                                   

Consumer materials about corrugated cardboard, cardboard that has "an arched layer, called 'fluting,' between smooth sheets." Features diagrams showing the structure of corrugated cardboard boxes, history of corrugated cardboard ("the first known corrugated material was patented for sweatband lining in tall hats of Victorian Englishmen"), and quick facts about the industry. From an industry initiative promoting corrugated paper packaging.

DuPont Awards for Packaging Innovation                                                  

DuPont Awards for Packaging Innovation is the industry’s longest running, independently judged global awards program honoring packaging materials, processes, technology and service innovations. The 20th DuPont Awards (2008) has a special focus on recognizing innovations that demonstrate breakthrough achievements in sustainability.

East Taunton Beer Can Museum                                                                         

Started in 1978 in Galveston, TX with Lone Star can, Texas Pride, few other odds and ends; over 3500 cans, beer trays, glasses, bottles, hundreds of coasters from around the world!

International paper Museum                                        

Established in October of 1994 - Research Institute of Paper History and Technology holds the tremendous collection of books, handmade paper and artifacts used in the making of paper, all of which have been collected by Elaine Koretsky and Donna Koretsky over the past thirty years.

The Museum of Bags                                                                                                     

The mission of the Museum is to showcase the bag in all its forms as an icon illustrating the history and culture of society. The museum seeks to become an innovative, dynamic center recognized nationally and internationally for its collection of bags. Through compelling exhibitions and educational programs, the museum hopes to change forever the way visitors of all ages view a bag.

Museum of Brands, Packaging and Advertising                                                                         

Will feature some 10,000 objects spanning 200 years. Covering all areas of consumers' lives, from leisure activities to food and design, and the fashions of yesterday, it also includes a time tunnel taking museum goers from the Victorian period right through to the modern day.

Paper Industry International Hall of Fame, Inc.                         

May 1992 - Group of current and former paper industry executives in Wisconsin's Fox River Valley met to discuss how the importance of paper, and particularly some of the giants of the industry, could be recognized; 1993 - formally registered with the Bureau of Patents and Trademarks in Washington, DC; 1995 - annual ceremonies for inducting individuals to the Paper Industry International Hall of Fame began with a slate of six

Robert C. Williams American Museum of Papermaking
Internationally renowned resource on the history of paper and paper technology. In addition to more than 2,000 books, the Museum features a remarkable collection of over 10,000 watermarks, papers, tools, machines, and manuscripts. Mission: to be recognized as the world’s leading research and educational enterprise supporting the global pulp & paper and related industries.


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