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INDUSTRIES: Business History of Railroads
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March 12, 1755 - Steam engine first reported used in America at Colonel John Schuyler's copper mine in New Barbados Neck (now North Arlington), NJ; imported from England by Josiah Hornblower.

March 24, 1802 - Richard Trevithick received a patent for a high pressure tram engine, first steam driven road carriage; December 24, 1801 - demonstrated it to public, successfully carried number of men up Beacon Hill; February 21, 1804 - tested first self-propelling steam engine or steam locomotive to run on rails at the Peny-Darren ironworks on its normally horse-drawn tramline; able to pull a load of 15 tons at a speed of about 5 mph; adhesion was problem as iron wheels slipped on iron rails, cast-iron rails of tramways not strong enough to support weight of new machine; experiment abandoned.

June 1804 - Parliament authorized laying of railway from Swansea to Oystermouth; July 4, 1804 - Oystermouth Railway (or Tramroad Company) incorporated; autumn 1804 - first tracks laid; spring 1806 - first horse drawn train traveled from Swansea to Mumbles; March 25, 1807 - first regular horsedrawn service carrying passengers between Swansea and Mumbles began; first passenger railway in world; January 5, 1960 - closed.

March 25, 1807 - First railway passenger service began in England.

1815 - New Jersey legislature awarded Colonel John Stevens first railroad charter in North America; 1825 - operated "steam waggon" around circular track at Hoboken, NJ; first operating locomotive in America.

September 27, 1825 - George Stephenson operated Stockton & Darlington line: first locomotive to haul passenger train in England; first railway in world to carry passengers and freight to any kind of meaningful timetable (both largely using steam locomotives); pulled 34 wagons, 1 solitary coach over 21 miles.

1826 - Edinburgh to Dalkeith railroad opened; Scotland's first commercial railway.

March 4, 1826 - Granite Railway, Quincy, MA, chartered; first U.S. railroad; October 7, 1826 - first gravity-powered railroad went into operation.

February 28, 1827 - The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Co. incorporated as first U.S. railroad chartered to carry passengers, freight.

March 24, 1828 - Philadelphia and Columbia Railway (first state owned) authorized.

July 4, 1828 - Charles Carroll of Carrollton, MD, signer of Declaration of Independence, laid first stone of Baltimore & Ohio Railroad.

August 8, 1829 - Hudson Railroad Company tested Stourbridge Line, first steam locomotive in America, in Honesdale, PA (built by Foster, Rastrick & Co., Stourbridge, UK); traveled at 10 m.p.h. on wooden tracks faced with wrought iron that already existed as gravity railway; used to carry coal from mines at Carbondale to canal terminus at Honesdale, PA; deemed too heavy for continued use hauling loads of coal on those tracks.

January 7, 1830 - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company began rail service.

May 24, 1830 - First passenger railroad in United States began service between Baltimore and Elliott's Mills, MD; August 28, 1830 - "Tom Thumb", first locomotive built in America, ran from Baltimore to Ellicott's Mill, MD.

September 15, 1830 - The Liverpool to Manchester line opened in England (built by George Stephenson, principal inventor of railroad locomotive);  world's first intercity passenger railway operated solely by steam locomotives (carried 600 passengers).

September 15, 1830 - William Huskisson (1770-1840), British statesman, became first railway fatality while observing ceremonial procession of locomotives at Liverpool and Manchester railway opening; stumbled in front of passing train which ran over his leg; died that evening.

September 18, 1830 - B&O locomotive Tom Thumb, first locomotive built in America, lost 14-km race to horse due to boiler leak.

December 25, 1830 - South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company began operation as first regularly scheduled passenger train in United States.

1831 - Matthias Baldwin founded Baldwin Locomotive Works on Broad street in Philadelphia, PA; built steam locomotives for Pennsylvania Railroad, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, many other railroads in North America, overseas; 1909 - incorporated as Baldwin Locomotive Works; 1948 - acquired by Westinghouse Corporation; 1950 - merged with Lima-Hamilton Corporation, formed Baldwin-Lima-Hamilton Corporation; 1956 - last of some 70,541 common carrier size locomotives produced.

February 19, 1831 - First practical US coal-burning locomotive made first trial run in Pennsylvania.

April 25, 1831 - New York and Haerlem Railroad Company incorporated to link New York City with Harlem; November 26, 1832 - first section opened along The Bowery from Prince Street north to 14th Street.

August 9, 1831 - First steam locomotive train began inaugural run between Albany, Schenectady, NY.

April 14, 1832 - New York and Erie Rail Road incorporated; April 24, 1832 - New York State legislature granted charter; required that railroad: 1) not connect with any out-of-state road (connected Hudson River at Piermont, north of New York City, to Lake Erie at Dunkirk); 2) raise $10 million, 3) not formally organize until half its stock was subscribed; May 19, 1851 - full length to Dunkirk opened; built as 6 foot wide gauge; August 1859 - company went into receivership due to large construction costs; first bankruptcy of major trunk line in U.S.; June 25, 1861 - reorganized as Erie Railway; 1867 - Jay Gould (31) became director of Erie RR; waged "Erie War" with Cornelius Vanderbilt for control; issued illegal stock, bribed state legislators, manipulated stock in his own interest, that of his group; 1868 - became president (expelled in 1872); 1874 - reorganized, became New York, Lake Erie & Western Railroad; June 22, 1880 - entire system converted to standard gauge; 1893 - went into bankruptcy reorganization, emerged as Erie Railroad; January 18, 1938 - entered bankruptcy; October 17, 1960 - merged with Delaware, Lackawanna & Western, formed Erie-Lackawanna.

June 9, 1832 - Special Act of Pennsylvania Legislature incorporated 4 1/2 mile Strasburg Rail Road founded; used for passenger, freight transportation; connected with Philadelphia and Columbia Railroad, became freight interchange with Pennsylvania Railroad at Leaman Place; 1861 - acquired for $13,000 by group headed by Ferree Brinton (included Honorable Thaddeus Stevens); acquired by John F. Herr and Cyrus N. Herr; April, 1875 - acquired for $12,725 by Henry Baumgardner; leased for 13 years to Isaac Phenegar (former bookkeeper for Herr and Company); 1888 - leased to E. C. Musselman; 1898 - acquired by Frank Musselman; 1918 - acquired by Fred L. and John E. Homsher; 1957 - Homsher Estate petitioned Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission for abandonment of line (series of storms destroyed tracks, placed immediate embargo on carload freight); November 1, 1958 - acquired for $18,000 by group of 24 stockholders, organized by Henry K. Long, local industrialist and railroad enthusiast, Donald E. L. Hallock; January 4, 1959 - first passenger train in 40 years left Strasburg station; America's oldest shortline railroad; oldest American railroad operating under its original charter.

July 25, 1832 - First recorded railroad accident in U.S. history - four people thrown off vacant car on Granite Railway near Quincy, MA (had been invited to view process of transporting large, weighty loads of stone when cable on vacant car snapped on return trip, threw them off train, over 34-foot cliff); one man killed , others seriously injured.

1834 - Long Island Railroad chartered; 1900 - acquired by Pennsylvania Railroad; oldest American railway operating under its original name; busiest commuter railroad on continent (carries over 81 million customers per year).

August 31, 1835 - Act of Parliament created Great Western Railway to provide double tracked line from Bristol to London; Isambard Kingdom Brunel (27) oversaw construction; May 1838 - first section of 24 miles completed (from Paddington to Maidenhead); June 1841 - line from Bristol to London, soon nicknamed 'Brunel's billiard table', completed at total cost of £6,500,000; August 1885 - network of over 2300 miles of track reached every corner of western England and Wales.

July 9, 1835 - St. Etienne-Lyons railway opened in France.

July 13, 1836 - John Ruggles of Maine received the first numbered patent (#1) for a "Locomotive Steam Engine for Rail and Other Roads" (a new and useful improvement or improvement on locomotive-engines used on railroads and common roads by which inclines planes and hills may be ascended and heavy loads drawn up the same with more facility and economy").

July 20, 1837 - Euston Railway station opened, first in London.

September 19, 1838 - Ephraim Morris, of Bloomfield, NJ, received a patent for a "Car Brake" ("mechanical means for regulating or stopping the motion of cars on railroads"); railroad brake.

February 12, 1840 - Housatonic Railroad opened.

1844 - Railways Act in England, rail travel to masses.

1846 - John Murray Forbes acquired control of state-owned Michigan Central Railroad.

April 13, 1846 - Pennsylvania legislature chartered Pennsylvania Railroad Company; 1847 - construction began; September 1, 1849 - first section opened from Harrisburg west to Lewistown.

April 29, 1851 - Baltimore and Ohio Railroad made first trial round trip of an electric locomotive on Washington branch of Railroad; traveled five miles each way between Washington, DC, Bladensburg, MD; used galvanized storage batteries (not practical for long distances).charter.

September 22, 1851 - Train dispatching by telegraph (vs. timetable) in U.S. began when superintendent Charles Minot (Erie Railroad) telegraphed 14 miles to Goshen, NY to delay a train so that his train would not have to wait. Previously, dispatching was done by the "time interval rule": a train had to wait one hour for an opposing train.; if train hadn't arrived, brakeman on the waiting train had to walk for 20 minutes ahead of his train with a red flag to stop late train; engineer of the waiting train would then catch up to the brakeman; routine was repeated as necessary.

May 25, 1852 - E.G. Otis, of Bergen, NJ, received a a patent for a "Railroad-Car and Truck Brake".

March 3, 1853 - Congress authorized transcontinental railroad survey.

April 18, 1853 - First train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km).

July 7, 1853 - Erastus Corning, president of Utica and Schenectady Railroad, filed Consolidation Agreement under recently passed New York Central Consolidation Act ; merged, became president of, 10 railroads across New York State, formed New York Central railroad between Albany and Buffalo (Albany and Schenectady Railroad, Utica and Schenectady Railroad, Syracuse and Utica Railroad, Rochester and Syracuse Railroad, Buffalo and Rochester Railroad, Schenectady and Troy Railroad (branch from Schenectady east to Troy), Rochester, Lockport and Niagara Falls Railroad (major branch from Rochester west to Niagara Falls), Buffalo and Lockport Railroad (branch from the Rochester, Lockport and Niagara Falls), Mohawk Valley Railroad, Syracuse and Utica Direct Railroad; 1864 - Cornelius Vanderbilt acquired control of Hudson River Railroad; November 12, 1867 - acquired control of New York Central; December 11, 1867 - elected president; 1869 - merged both, formed New York Central and Hudson River Railroad; July 1, 1900 - leased Boston and Albany Railroad; 1906 - acquired The Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad (Big Four); April 29, 1914 - eleven railroads consolidated, formed the New York Central Railroad Company.

Erastus Corning - New York Central (

July 18, 1853 - Atlantic & St. Lawrence Railroad opened for traffic; taken over by Grand Trunk Railroad; first North American international railroad between Portland, ME and Montreal, QU; 1933 - Canada established policy favoring its own ports; business for St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad dropped dramatically; later affiliated with Canadian National Railroad.

September 19, 1854 - Henry B. Myer, of Buffalo, NY, received a patent for a "Car Seat and Couch" ("mode of converting the seats and backs of railroad car-seats into such as are commonly used into beds or lounges for the purpose of sleeping or resting"); sleeping rail car.

April 21, 1855 - First train crossed Mississippi River's first bridge, Rock Island, IL to Davenport IA.

May 3, 1855 - Antwerp-Rotterdam railway opened.

March 5, 1856 - Georgia became first state to regulate railroads.

January 13, 1857 - Thaddeus Fairbanks, of St. Johnsbury, VT, received a patent for "Platform Scales" ("Improved Platform-Scale for Weighing Railway-Cars Either Alone or in Train"); introduced by E. and T. Fairbanks and Company.

March 1857 - U.S. Congress authorized overland mail delivery service,  $600,000 yearly subsidy for any company which could reliably transport mail twice a week from St. Louis to San Francisco in less than 25 days; postmaster general awarded first government contract, subsidy to Overland Mail Company (board of directors included John Butterfield, William Fargo); spent $1 million improving its 2,800-mile route, building way stations at 10-15 mile intervals; September 15, 1858 - Overland Mail Company sent out first two stages, inaugurated government mail service between eastern, western regions of  nation; May 10, 1869 - first transcontinental railroad completed, U.S. government cancelled last overland mail contract.

September 1, 1859 - First Pullman sleeping car put into service.

February 11, 1859 - Kansas Gov. Samuel Medary approved charter (written by Cyrus K. Holliday) for company to be incorporated under name of Atchison and Topeka Railroad Company; September 15-17, 1860 - organized in Atchison, KS in office of Luther C. Challiss; Cyrus K. Holliday elected first president; November 24, 1863 - name changed to Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail Road Company; October 30, 1868 - construction began; April 26, 1869 - first section of track opened; December 23, 1893 - entered receivership; September 21, 1995 - merged with Burlington Northern Railroad, formed Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway.

June 12, 1860 - Nehemiah Hodge, of North Adams, MA, received a patent for an "Atmospherical Railway Car Brake" ("combination of certain mechanical devices, contrivances, or fixtures placed upon a locomotive engine and upon the car o cars attached...whereby I employ common atmospherical pressure as the force to operate the brake machinery").

June 28, 1861 - The "big four" leaders of western railroad construction--Collis P. Huntington, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins, Charles Crocker--organized Central Pacific Railroad Company of California (Leland Stanford president, Charles Crocker president of\ construction company); January 8, 1863 - broke ground at Sacramento, CA (planned by Theodore Judah); cost of construction estimated at $36 million; company received land grants and Government bonds valued at $38.5 million; Stanford admitted that $54 million in Central Pacific stock transferred to the Contract and Finance Company in payment of construction contracts represented virtually net profit; 1959 - merged into Southern Pacific. 

Big Four (Central Pacific Railroad):

Charles Crocker (

Photo of Mark Hopkins the railroad magnate





Mark Hopkins (

Collis P. Huntington - Southern Pacific  (

Leland Stanford ( images/Promontory/LelandStanford.jpg)

1862 - George Pullman remodeled old coaches from Chicago and Alton Railroad into sleeping cars; 1863 - finalized design for 'Pioneer' car; 1864 - finished designed for Pullman sleeper (luxury sleeping cars with carpeting, draperies, upholstered chairs, libraries, card tables, unparalleled level of customer service; more than five times price of regular railway car); April 5, 1864 - Ben Field, of Albion, NY, and George M. Pullman, of Chicago, IL, received a patent for a "Sleeping Car"; February 22, 1867 - Pullman Palace Car Co. organized; 1893 - company worth $62 million; 1894 - 'Pullman Strike'; January 1, 1900 - reorganized as The Pullman Co.; June 21, 1927 - reorganized as Pullman, Inc.; December 26, 1934 - Pullman Car & Manufacturing merged with Standard Steel Car Co., formed Pullman-Standard Car Manufacturing Company; 1944 - Department of Justice forced Pullman Incorporated (United States v. Pullman Co.) to divest itself of either Pullman Company (operating) or Pullman-Standard Car Manufacturing Company (manufacturing); 1947 - sold to consortium of fifty-seven railroads for around $40 million; December 31, 1968 - operations of Pullman Company sleeper cars ceased, all leases terminated; January 1, 1969 - Pullman Company dissolved, all assets liquidated; late 1980 - merged with Wheelabrator-Frye, Inc., became a subsidiary; April 1981 - spun off large fleet of leased freight rail cars as Pullman Leasing Company; mid 1981 - spun off freight car manufacturing interests as Pullman Transportation Company.

July 1, 1862 - President Abraham Lincoln signed Pacific Railroad Act of 1862; threw support of United States Government behind  transcontinental railroad; authorized Union Pacific Railroad, first corporation chartered by National Government since Second United States Bank, to build westward from Missouri River to California boundary or until it met the Central Pacific (Congress fixed  longitude, President named Omaha the terminus.); empowered  Central Pacific, which already had a charter from California, to push farther east, connect with Union Pacific; strengthened loyal element in California, undoubtedly insured continued allegiance of Pacific Coast to United States during Civil War; provided key to conquering Indians, means of considerably improving coastal defenses on Pacific coast; quicker, cheaper transportation for Government supplies and mail; permitted vast, profitable trade to develop between East and West; hastened end of continental frontier.

March 2, 1863 - Congress authorized a track width of 4-ft 8-1/2 in. as the standard for the Union Pacific Railroad; became the accepted width for most of the world.

December 2, 1863 - Union Pacific Railroad broke ground at Omaha, NE; dominant in UP management were: 1) Thomas C. Durant, vice president of railroad,  president of Crédit Mobilier  of America until 1867, construction company that built the road (bought by Durant in 1864 as the Pennsylvania Fiscal Agency, a corporation loosely chartered by the Pennsylvania Legislature to engage in practically any kind of business); 2) Oakes Ames, Boston shovel manufacturer and Congressman from Massachusetts, 3) Grenville M. Dodge Chief Engineer; cost about $63.5 million to build, about half represented Government s loan; invested capital never exceeded $10 million; profit estimated at about 200 percent.

April 5, 1864 - Ben Field, of Albion, NY, and George M. Pullman, of Chicago, IL, received a patent for a "Sleeping Car".

July 2, 1864 - President Abraham Lincoln signed Pacific Railroad Act of 1864; solved Union Pacific's financial problem: 1) soaring price of materials, 2) extremely scarce labor, 3) alternative investments with more immediate returns potential; doubled resources made available to UNP; doubled land grant; Government relinquished its first lien on railroad by authorizing companies, as they received Government subsidy bonds, to issue equal amounts of their own 6-percent, 30-year bonds (constituted first mortgage on road, U.S. bonds a second mortgage); abundant finances, abundant labor, material made available by end of the Civil War enabled companies to marshal forces for 10—year job, 1,085 miles from Omaha to Promontory, UT (took less than 4 years); May 10, 1869 - Golden Spike driven in Promontory, UT.

July 2, 1864 - President Abraham Lincoln signed Act of Congress, created American Rail Line, first of northern transcontinental railway companies (eastern terminus at Lake Superior, western terminus at Puget Sound);  1883 - Northern Pacific opened from Ashland, WI to Portland, OR; 1896 - renamed Northern Pacific Railway Company. 

1865 - Group of businessmen in San Francisco, CA, led by Timothy Guy Phelps (first president), founded Southern Pacific Railroad to build rail connection between San Francisco and San Diego, CA; 1868 - acquired by The Big Four (Leland Stanford president); 1870 - merged Central Pacific Railroad into its system; April 1, 1885 - took control of Central Pacific; 1890 - Collis P. Huntington president; 1984 - merged with Santa Fe Railroad, formed Santa Fe Southern Pacific Corporation; October 13, 1988 - acquired by Rio Grande Industries.

August 8, 1865 - Samuel R. Calthorp, of Roxbury, MA, received patent for a "Railway Car" ("Improvement in Construction of Railway Trains and Cars"); the streamlined railroad train.

August 29, 1866 - Public demonstration given of first cog railway in world (technology of toothed cog gears, rack rails and tilted boilers) to show first half-mile of track at base of Mount Washington, highest peak in Northeast U.S. Invented by Sylvester Marsh of Littleton, NH, work began on railway in May 1866, finished in July 1869 at cost of $139,500.

October 6, 1866 - John and Simeon Reno staged first train robbery in American history, stole $13,000 from an Ohio and Mississippi railroad train in Jackson County, IN.

August 10, 1867 - Nederlandsch-Indische Spoorweg Maatschappij (Netherlands East Indies Railway Company) opened first railroad line in Java (Netherlands East Indies) between Semarang and Tanggung (Governor-General Mr. L. A. J. W. Baron Sloet van Beele had broken ground for first railway line on June 17, 1864); sought government help to complete rest of 166 km long main line to Yogyakarta through Vorstenlanden; May 16, 1878 - first line of Staatsspoor- en Tramwegen in Nederlandsch-Indië (State Railway) opened between Surabaya and Pasuruan; 1894 - continuous railway line in place between Jakarta, and Surabaya (took three days, actual travel time of 32½ hours because trains did not run at night, different lines had different gauges of tracks).

November 26, 1867 - J. B. Sutherland, of Detroit, MI, received patent for a "Refrigerator Car"; insulated railroad car with ice bunkers in each end; air came in on top, passed through bunkers, circulated through car by gravity, controlled by use of hanging flaps that created differences in air temperature.

April 21, 1868 - Eli H. Janney, of Alexandria, VA, received a patent  for "Improved Car-Coupling" ('coupling and uncoupling are performed without endangering the operator's life by going between the cars"); April 29, 1873 -received a patent for railroad "Car-Couplings" ("hook and catch with a guard-arm"); the "Janney coupler".

June 16, 1868 - William Davis, fish dealer in Detroit, MI, received a patent for an "Improvement in Preserving Meats, etc." ("peculiar construction of a railroad-car, box, chest or room in which to preserve animal or vegetable substances from decay for a certain reasonable time, to allow them to be transported from place to place or kept in store in a sweet and fresh condition"); refrigerated railroad car.

1869 - Rand McNally published first railroad guide, Western Railway Guide.

March 23, 1869 - W. Leigh Burton, of Richmond, VA, received a patent for an "Improvement in Electric-Heating Apparatus" ("useful improvements in evolving heat from elecricity...for heating railway-carriages by means by heated metallic plates, placed under the feet of passengers"); electrical resistance heater.

April 13, 1869 - George Westinghouse, Jr., of Schenectady, NY, received a patent for a "Improvement in Steam-Power Brake Devices" ("construction of a power car-brake for railway-cars or other like vehicles to be operated by compressed air or other elastic compressible fluid"); used on an experimental train carrying officials of the Panhandle Railroad; not entirely successful (took longer for air to reach last cars of train, so each car stopped at different time); March 5, 1872 - (of Pittsburgh, PA) received 3 patents: for "Improvement in Relief-Valves for Steam Air-Brake Cylinders"; for "Improvement in Steam-Power for Air-Brakes and Signals"; for "Improvement in Steam Air-Brakes" (steam-power air-brakes for railway use"); 1887 - invented an automatic brake.

May 10, 1869 - Golden spike is driven at Promontory, UT, completion of first transcontinental railroad in United States; U-S transcontinental railways (north to south) became: 1. Great Northern (later part of Burlington Northern). 2. Milwaukee Road (last one completed, no longer there). 3. Northern Pacific (later part of Burlington Northern). 4. original route (Union Pacific,  Central Pacific). 5. Southern Pacific (formed from original Central Pacific).

California Route Map for Transcontinental Railroad: CA, NV, UT, WY, NE

( _CPRR_Map_1871.jpg)

June 7, 1870 - Thomas S. Hall, of Stamford, CT, received patent for an "Electromagnetic Signal Apparatus for Railroads"; first automatic electric block railroad signal system in the U.S.; electromagnetic device automatically set a signal when locomotive struck a lever fastened to the rail; signal set to danger until train cleared block.

July 24, 1870 - First trans-U. S. rail service began.

August 15, 1870 - Northern Pacific, having completed first northern transcontinental rail route, went bankrupt.

May 23, 1871 - Black American inventor Landrow Bell, of Washington, DC, received a patent for a "Locomotive Smoke Stack" ("to arrest the sparks and cinders which pass out of the smoke-stack, to the great annoyance of passengers, and great danger to combustible property contiguous to the line of steam travel").

July 3, 1871 - Baldwin Locomotive Works in Philadelphia, PA built first U.S.-made, narrow-gauge locomotive - for mountain use; first used by the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railway Company; more adaptable to rough terrain, required less earthworks, permitted steeper grades, sharper curves; used to haul passengers or freight; used in logging, mining, industries, factories.

1872 - Credit Mobilier scandal broke (illegal manipulation of contracts, few men contracted with themselves or assignees for the construction of the railroad), disclosed that Congressman Oakes Ames (MA) had sold shares Credit Mobilier to fellow congressmen at a price greatly below the true value of the stock: actual construction costs of the Union Pacific from Omaha to Promontory Point, Utah, where the last spike was driven in 1869, have been estimated as in excess of $44 million, while the Credit Mobilier charged more than $94 million; shares were sold at prices lower than the stock was worth to members of both the legislative and executive branches of the government under liberal terms allowing the purchaser to pay for his stock out of the accumulating dividends, guaranteeing the purchaser against loss, and offering to buy back the stock if it were no longer wanted. dividends in one year amounted to more than $300 per share, and the total sum distributed among politicians has been estimated at $33 million; leaders of the Credit Mobilier were accused of having betrayed the government and the people and of having seriously jeopardized the repayment to the government of the subsidies provided in the Pacific Railroad bills.

July 24, 1872 - New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad formed through consolidation of New York and New Haven Railroad and Hartford and New Haven Railroad; 1903 - New York investors, led by J. P. Morgan, gained control; installed Charles S. Mellen as President.

August 20, 1872 - William Robinson, of Brooklyn, NY, received a patent for an "Improvement in Electric Signaling Apparatus for Railroads".

January 20, 1874 - Elijah H. McCoy, of Ypsilanti, MI, received a patent for "Improvement in Steam-Lubricators".

February 10, 1874 - Charles H. Brown, of Salem, MA, and Lewis H. Lattimer, of Somerville, MA, received a patent for "Water-Closets for Railroad-Cars" ("Improvements in Water-Closets for Railway Passenger-Cars").

1876 - Investors who purchased Pacific Railroad created Missouri Pacific Railway; 1879 - Jay Gould acquired controlling interest; 1881 - Missouri Pacific gained control of St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern.

June 4, 1876 - Transcontinental Express train arrived in San Francisco 83 hours after leaving New York City (vs. four days).

February 12, 1877 - U.S. railroad builders strike against wage reduction.

July 14, 1877 - Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers (suffered through two pay cuts since the start of the Panic of 1873) walked off the job to agitate for higher pay and fairer work conditions; July 20, 1877  - Maryland militia, called in to break the strike, opened fire on a crowd of strikers, killing nine of the workers. Along with sparking four days of riots in Baltimore, the deaths of the rail strikers unleashed a torrent of labor activity: workers at other rail lines, as well as in other industries, called massive sympathy strikes, some of which were also marred by violence between strikers and State troopers. In the end, this summer of strikes had mixed results: while the wave of walkouts helped refuel the once-flagging labor movement, some workers--most notably the strikers at the Baltimore and Ohio company--were cowed into signing agreements that did little, if anything, to help their plight.

July 21, 1877 - Workers in rail-heavy Pittsburgh hit picket line to stage sympathy strike with Baltimore and Ohio railroad strike (nine strikers dead and touching off a round of riots that engulfed Baltimore); rail workers ultimately signed an agreement that did little to ameliorate their conditions.

July 23, 1877 - Cincinnati Southern, first U.S. municipal railroad, began operations; ran from Cincinnati through central and eastern Kentucky to Chattanooga, TN; to the Norfolk Southern Railroad.

May 31, 1879 - First electric railway opened at the Berlin Trades Exposition.

June 14, 1881 - Ephraim Shay, of Haring, MI, received a patent for a "Locomotive-Engine" ("to work on tramways and light rails with reduced wear on the track"); geared, small steam locomotive to haul heavy logging trains at low speeds over rough terrain with poorly-laid, uneven track, sharp curves, grades up to 14 percent.

February 5, 1883 - Southern Pacific Railroad (the "Espee") completed its transcontinental "Sunset Route" from New Orleans to California by gaining full control of a number of smaller railroads; consolidated its dominance over rail traffic to the Pacific; 1869 - Big Four's (Crocker, Hopkins, Huntington, Stanford) western-based Central Pacific had linked up with the eastern-based Union Pacific in Utah, creating the first transcontinental American railway; 1870 - "Big Four" conceived plan to increase their control over West Coast shipping); 1877 - Southern Pacific controlled 85 percent of California's railroad mileage; 1881 - Huntington linked the Southern Pacific to the Santa Fe Railroad at Deming, New Mexico, created the second American transcontinental railway; termed "the Octopus" for its tentacled stranglehold on much of the California economy, Southern Pacific inspired Californians to create some of the first strong public regulations over railroads in American history; mighty Southern Pacific Railroad played an essential role in fostering the growth of a vibrant California economy for decades to come.

June 2, 1883 - Electric Railway Company (incorporated to develop the patents and inventions of Thomas Edison and Stephen D. Field) demonstrated first electric elevated railroad in the U.S.; built around outer edge of the main exhibition building of the Chicago Railway Exposition; June 9, 1883 - The "El" began operation; July 1883 - made 1,588 trips, carried 28,805 passengers, ran overall 446 miles before exhibition closed on June 23, 1883.

September 8, 1883 - Northern Pacific Railroad drove last spike at Independence Creek, MT.

October 4, 1883 - Orient-Express train service inaugurated (from Paris to Giurgi, on Danube in Romania, via Strasbourg, Vienna, Budapest and Bucharest); 1921 - ran extended Simplon-Orient-Express route to Istanbul; May 1977 - final run consisted of one shabby sleeping compartment, three day cars; two of train's carriages acquired at Sotheby's auction in Monte Carlo by James B. Sherwood; spent $16 million, purchased, restored some 35 vintage sleepers, Pullmans, restaurant cars; May 25, 1982 - legend reborn, Venice Simplon-Orient-Express made maiden run from London to Venice.

November 18, 1883 - The American Railway Association instituted standard time in the U.S. at noon; adopted from system first proposed by Charles F. Dowd, a school principal in New York state; North America was divided into four time zones, fifteen degrees of longitude, one hour of "standard time" apart; Sir Stanford Fleming proposed extension of the Dowd system to the whole world with 24 time zones; 1918 - Congress officially adopted the railroad time zones and put them under the supervision of the Interstate Commerce Commission.

February 12, 1884 - Thomas Edison received a patent for "Insulation of Railroad-Tracks Used for Electrical Circuits" ("better insulation of lines of rails when the rails of each line of rails are electrically united and form conductors for conveying an electric current for utilization along the line of rails").

June 3, 1884 - Granville T. Woods, of Cincinnati, OH, received a patent for a "Steam-Boiler Furnace"; appliance for electric railways.

November 7, 1885 - Canada's transcontinental railway completed at remote spot called Craigellachie in mountains of British Columbia; Canadian Pacific laid 4,600 kilometers of single track, railway completed six years ahead of schedule; first train from Montreal to Vancouver averaged 24mph.

March 6, 1886 - Some 9,000 members of Knights of Labor struck to protest practices of Southwestern Railroad system; took on Wall Street financier Jay Gould; effectively halted service on 5,000 miles of track; saddled Southwestern rail with losses totaling $3 million; impeded trans-coastal trade network; forfeited $900,000 in wages, eventually began to suffer from hunger; May 1886 - strikers returned to work.

January 10, 1888 - Black American inventor, Albert B. Blackburn, of Springfield, OH, received a patent for a "Railway-Signal" ("operated by the wheel or wheels of the train".

May 1, 1888 - Trial of first electric freight locomotive in U.S. took place on Ansonia, Derby and Birmingham Electric Line, Connecticut; 17.5 ton engine could pull train of about 35 tons, at less than 10 mph; built by Pullman Car Co. of Pullman, IL.

June 19, 1888 - Thomas A. Edison and Ezra T. Gilliland received a patent for "Railway Signaling"; related to signaling systems for communicating between stations and moving trains by induction from the telegraph wires to the roofs of the cars.

July 17, 1888 - Granville T. Woods, of Cincinnati, OH, received a patent for "Tunnel Construction for Electric Railways" ("Improvements in Tunnel Constructions for Electro-Motive Railways").

September 11, 1888 - King David Kalakaua granted charter for a railroad to Benjamin Dillingham, a self-made businessman; November 16, 1889 - Oahu Railway and Land Company, 18.5 mile railroad, began operating in Hawaii; 1947 - dissolved.

April 23, 1889 - Arnold Romain, of New Orleans, LA, received a patent for a "Passenger-Register" ("Improvements in a Fare-Register...registering render such registration entirely automatic".

May 31, 1891 - Work on trans-Siberian railway began.

February 16, 1892 - Thomas A. Edison received a patent for a "Converter System for Electric Railways".

May 24, 1892 - Thomas A. Edison was issued three patents for an "Electric Locomotive" and a fourth patent relating to an "Electric Railway.

February 20, 1893 - Philadelphia and Reading Railroad (key transporter for Pennsylvania's anthracite mine industry) fell into receivership (ran up debts totaling $125 million); helped plunge America into the Panic of 1893; railroad survived in various forms before fiscal difficulties finally drove it out of business in the early 1970s.

March 2, 1893 - First federal railroad legislation passed; required safety features.

June 20, 1893 - Black American inventor Thomas W. Stewart and William E. Johnson, of Detroit, MI, received a patent for a "Station- Indicator" ("to indicate the different stations or streets which the car is approaching").

October 13, 1893 - Union Pacific, one of the nation's largest railroads, announced that it was in receivership; 1897 - sold to group of investors, including Edward H. Harriman, then-president of Illinois Central, for $110 million.

May 1, 1894 - William B. Purvis, of Philadelphia, PA, received a patent for an "Electric Railway" ("for automatically lifting portions of an electric that the current can be transmitted to a motor on a car or vehicle").

May 11, 1894 - Workers at the Pullman Palace Car Co. in Illinois went on strike with the help/support of labor leader Eugene Debs and his American Railway Union (ARU); June 1894 - sympathetic railway workers boycotted trains carrying Pullman cars nationwide; Pullman convinced  government that strikes and boycotts were inhibiting delivery of America's mail (though his trains didn't carry any); July - government banned the boycotts, swiftly shipped 2000 troops to Chicago; July 20 , 1894 - militia left Chicago, 34 men dead, AFL chief Samuel Gompers refused to lend any substantial support, workers forced to capitulate to management; many strikers barred from working in rail industry.

August 4, 1894 - Baltimore and Ohio Railroad began use of electric engines (vs. steam) in regular service for freight trains; traveled on 3.6 mile route through Baltimore tunnel.

March 26, 1895 - Henry L. Simmons, of Wickes, MT, received a patent for a "Railroad-Train" ("whereby one train may pass over another train which it meets or overtakes upon the same track"); railroad car for passing.

May 1, 1895 - Baltimore and Ohio Railroad began regular use of  electric engines (vs. steam) for passenger trains.

July 8, 1895 - Delagoa Bay Railway opened in South-Africa.

January 12, 1897 - Daniel L. White, of Cincinnati, OH, received a patent for an "Extension-Step for Cars" ("means for increasing the number of steps in a flight when required, to provide an extensible flight which will be safe in either of its positions, and to provide an automatically folding flight").

August 17, 1897 - William B. B Purvis, of Philadelphia, PA, received a patent for an "Electrical Railway System"; electric railway switch.

November 23, 1897 - Andrew Jackson Beard, of Eastlake, AL, received a patent for a "Car-Coupling" ("improvements in that class of car-couplings in which horizontal jaws engage each other to connect the cars"); "Jenny coupler" hooked railroad cars together by allowing them to bump into each other; received $50,000 for the patent rights.

March 14, 1899 - James H. Robinson, of Minneapolis, MN, received a patent for a "Life-Saving Guard for Locomotives" )"for gathering up obstacles on the track to prevent their being crushed by the wheels of the enable the engineer to gather up persons who may be walking or lying on the track without injury to them other than the shock resulting from being caught up suddenly by a rapidly-moving train").

April 23, 1899 - Arnold Romain, of New Orleans, LA, received a patent for a "Passenger-Register" ("improvements in registering devices, and its object is to render such registration entirely automatic").

April 30, 1900 - A legend born as engineer John Luther ''Casey'' Jones of Illinois Central Railroad died in train wreck near Vaughan, MS, after staying at controls in effort to save passengers.

January 29, 1901 - Black inventor, Granville T. Woods, of New York, NY, received a patent for an "Electric Railway"; applied to electric trains which take their power from conductors in road-bed; assigned to General Electric Co.

March 10, 1902 - Attorney General Philander Knox filed anti-trust suit against J. P. Morgan's Northern Securities Company, New Jersey-based holding concern for Morgan's sizable western railroad business, for violation of  Sherman Anti-Trust Act; 1904 - Supreme Court ruled against Northern Securities, handed Theodore Roosevelt, Knox high-profile victory in war on trusts; solidified Roosevelt's reputation as "trustbuster", asserted federal government's right to regulate corporate America.

June 10, 1902 - Granville T. Woods, of New York, NY, received a patent for an "Automatic Air-Brake" ("to compel a positive action of each brake when the same is expected to 'go on', to stop the car, or to 'come off', and thereby release the car"); assigned to Westinghouse Air Brake Company.

January 13, 1903 - Black American inventor, Granville T. Woods, received a U.S. patent for an "Electric Railway System" of the type that "current for the car-motor is taken from working contacts or conductors along the road bed" to "insure safety from shock at the working conductor or contacts, reduce leakage to a minimum, economize current in the operation of the system, and at the same time provide a system which can be easily constructed and perfectly controlled."

May 26, 1903 - Granville T. Woods and Lyates Woods, of New York, NY, received a patent for an "Electric Railway" ("improvements in electric railways provided with normally dead sectional conductors"; assigned to general Electric Company.

July 5, 1904 - Fletcher T. Troutman & Albert Gonzales, of Los Angeles, CA, received a patent for a "Railroad-Switch" ("to enable a switch to be thrown by an operator upon a moving car, and thereby save time of stopping the car and going ahead of the same to turn the switch, so that the car will move onto the side or switch track").

July 21, 1904 - Trans-Siberian railway completed after 13 years of work (4,607-miles), linked European Russia with the Pacific coast, opened Siberia to large-scale colonization; reduced gap between the industrial development of Russia and Europe; expanded the Russian industrial proletariat, which was concentrated in a few large cities; 1891 - construction began on the initiative of Count Sergei Yulyevich Witte, completed in 1905; longest railroad in the world.

January 1, 1905 - The Trans-Siberian Railway made maiden voyage, united Vladivostok, Manchuria with Paris, France.

April 2, 1905 - Cairo-Capetown railway opened.

1906 - Southern Pacific and the Union Pacific organized the Pacific Fruit Express, world's largest refrigerator car operator.

June 29, 1906 - Congress passed Hepburn Act; effectively created  first of the government's regulatory commissions; enlarged  Interstate Commerce Commission's jurisdiction, forbade railroads to increase rates without its approval, gave ICC the authority to set maximum rates.

December 23, 1907- Pennsylvania Railroad Co. completed first U.S. all-steel passenger railroad coach; previous design had steel underframe and superstructure, composite roof, wooden window frames and sills.

February 25, 1908 - Hudson and Manhattan Railroad trains began operations; invited dignitaries gathered at station on New York side of Hudson; telegraph operator sent message to White House, Theodore Roosevelt pushed button that turned on station's power, illuminated waiting trains; 1954 - Hudson and Manhattan Railroad filed for bankruptcy; 1962 - Port Authority Trans-Hudson Corporation (PATH) purchased tubes.

January 22, 1912 - Florida East Coast Railroad opened, ran between Key West and mainland; 1935 - railroad closed, paved road opened.

April 22, 1913 - Thomas Wright, of Jersey City, NJ, received patent for a "Side Delivery Dump Body" ("body elevating mechanism") to load ice into refrigerator railway cars; truck with an extension top that could be adjusted to any position, ice could be loaded by one man, without help, even in upper section of the railcar.

March 19, 1917 - The Supreme Court upheld eight-hour work day for railroads.

December 26, 1917 - To support the war effort President Woodrow Wilson announced nationalization of large majority of country’s railroads under  Federal Possession and Control Act; December 28 - United States Railroad Administration (USRA) seized control; railroads divided into three divisions—East, West and South; passenger services streamlined, inessential travel eliminated, over 100,000 new railroad cars, 1,930 steam engines ordered (designed to latest standards) at total cost of $380 million; March 1918 - Railroad Control Act passed into law; stated that within 21 months of peace treaty, railroads would be returned by government to their owners who would be compensated for use of their property; March 1920 - USRA disbanded, railroads became private property again.

June 6, 1919 - Canadian National Railways incorporated; longest railway system in North America, controls more than 30 000 miles of track in Canada, US.

1921 - Railway Act in Britain amalgamated companies – only four remained.

October 16, 1922 - The Simplon II railway tunnel, under Alps, linked Switzerland and Italy, completed.

May 8, 1926 - A. Philip Randolph organized Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.

May 20, 1926 - Railway Labor Act became law.

November 15, 1928 - SRS 102, first commercial service of non-destructive rail detector car to detect transverse fissures in railroad rails, began service on Wabash Railway in Montpelier, OH; tested 155 miles of track in 14 days, found average of 14 defects a day.

May 24, 1931 - B&O Railroad installed first air-conditioned train.

February 10, 1935 - Pennsylvania Rail Road began passenger service on new electric locomotive.

February 7, 1940 - British railroads nationalized.  

January 19, 1944 - Federal government relinquished control of nation's railroads after settling month-long wage dispute; December 27, 1943 - President Franklin Roosevelt had ordered government to take control of  railroads to avoid paralysis of nation's rail lines.

May 17, 1946 - President Harry S. Truman seized control of nation's railroads, delayed threatened strike by engineers, trainmen.

January 1, 1948 - British Railways nationalized.

November 15, 1948  - First gas-turbine electric locomotive in U.S., 4800 hp Alco-GE, track-tested in Erie, PA; hauled 85 loaded freight cars at speeds as high as 65 mph.

June 16, 1949 - First gas turbine-electric locomotive in U.S. publicly demonstrated in, Erie, PA; gas-turbine engine originally designed for aircraft, gave forward thrust from reaction of its exhaust stream; in the locomotive,  power from turbine used to drive generator supplied electric power to eight traction motors driving locomotive wheels.

August 25, 1950 - President Harry S. Truman ordered Army to seize control of nation's railroads to avert strike.

June 8, 1953 - Union Pacific Railroad placed first U.S. propane fuelled gas-turbine locomotive in service; delivered more than 4,800 h.p. (more than three diesel units), had advantage of clean burning, kept turbine blades free from carbon deposits with less wear; January 1954 - test considered  success, locomotive converted to burn residual fuel oil.

March 1959 - Europe's railroads offered Eurail Pass to encourage non-Europeans to use rails, not newly competitive airline, motor vehicle alternatives; allowed for travel through 13 countries during two-month period; 2001 - 30 European railway organisations established Eurail Group as organisation dedicated to marketing, management of Eurail Pass (previously jointly managed by large number of train, shipping companies).

September 1, 1960 - Disgruntled rail workers effectively halted operations at Pennsylvania Railroad for two days; first shutdown in company's 114-year history.

May 28, 1961 - The Orient Express, from Paris to Bucharest, made last journey after operating for 78 years; 1982 - route revived.

October 1, 1964 - Japanese Shinkansen (or, "bullet trains") began high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka.

April 27, 1966 - Pennsylvania and New York Central Railroads merged, formed Pennsylvania and New York Central Transportation Company (Penn Central), single biggest merger in U.S. corporate history, $4 billion in assets, one of the ten biggest non-fiscal companies in America; 1970 - mismanagement and financial difficulties pushed Penn Central to file for bankruptcy.

December 3, 1967 - The 20th Century Limited, famed luxury train, completed final run from New York City to Chicago.

February 1, 1968 - Merger of Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central Railroad completed; June 21, 1970 - Penn Central filed for bankruptcy; April 1, 1976 - Conrail begins operations; March 25, 1994 - Penn Central Corporation (non-railroad businesses, such as real estate and insurance) changed its name to American Premier Underwriters (APU); 1995 - purchased by American Financial Group (AFG).

June 21, 1970 - Penn Central Transportation Company, operated country's largest railroad system, told a Federal judge it could not pay its bills, was granted its petition for reorganization under Chapter 77 bankruptcy laws; largest corporate bankruptcy to that time; January 2, 1974 - President Nixon signed into law the Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973 to establish special procedures for restructuring rail system in Northeast and Midwest regions; defined new Consolidated Rail Corporation (incorporated October 25, 1974), formed United States Railway Association (incorporated February 1, 1974); February 19, 1975 - House voted, 270 to 137 to bail out Penn Central, other bankrupt railroads, with $347million in Government-guaranteed loans; July 26, 1975 - USRA issued Final System Plan for restructuring of Northeastern railroads; February 5, 1976 - Gerald Ford signed Railroad Revitalization & Regulatory Reform Act (Penn Central, incorporated four other bankrupt railroads; formed Consolidated Rail Corporation (Conrail); April 1, 1976 - Conrail began operations (Edward G. Jordan, former president of United States Railway Association, as first CEO); 1981 - Conrail reported first profitable year, no longer required federal subsidies (interests in energy equipment and services, real estate and recreation, electronics and telecommunications); October 21, 1986 - President Reagan signed Conrail Privatization Act of 1986; March 26, 1987 - government's sold its 85 percent share of corporation to private investors for $1.65 billion (largest stock offering in Wall Street history); completed one of more successful federal bailouts; 1997 - Conrail acquired by CSX Corporation and Norfolk Southern Corporation for more than $10 billion.

May 1, 1971 - Amtrak, combined and streamlined operations of 18 intercity passenger railroads, began service.

October 14, 1980 - President Jimmy Carter signed Staggers Rail Act of 1980 into law (named for Congressman Harley Staggers (D-WV), chaired House Interstate and Foreign Commerce Committee; believed to be first (but not last) case in which sponsor's name officially incorporated into text of Federal statute); deregulated railroad industry to significant extent, replaced regulatory structure that existed since 1887 Interstate Commerce Act; railroads  permitted to determine where they ran trains, how much to charge; followed  Airline Deregulation Act of 1978.

February 26, 1981 - French Train, Grande Vitesse, averaged 380 kph on trial run; September 22, 1981 - took inaugural run from Paris to Lyons.

July 3, 1996 - Surface Transportation Board cast unanimous vote in favor of proposed $3.9 billion merger of Union Pacific Railroad's bid to acquire Southern Pacific; Departments of Justice, Transportation and Agriculture had recommended that both companies sell some rail lines to prevent negative impact on industry.

October, 2005 - Jitong Railway, 567-mile line in province of Inner Mongolia, closed - last mainline coal-fired, steam-powered railroad in world (replaced by diesel).

May 10, 2008 - Amtrak (National Railroad Passenger Corporation) held first National Train Day, 139 years after golden spike connected east and west in Promontory Summit, Utah when "golden spike" was driven into final tie that joined 1,776 miles of the Central Pacific and Union Pacific railways, ceremonially creating nation’s first transcontinental railroad and transforming America; coast-to-coast celebration of way trains connect people and places; simultaneous National Train Day festivities in New York’s Penn Station, Union stations in Washington DC, Chicago and Los Angeles.

(Alleghany Corp.), Ian S. Haberman (1979). The Van Sweringins of Cleveland: The Biography of an Empire. (Cleveland, OH: Western Reserve Historical Society, p.). Van Sweringen, Mantis James, 1881-1935; Van Sweringen, Oris Paxton, 1879-1936; Erie Railroad Company--History; Businesspeople--United States--Biography.

(Alleghany Corp.) , Herbert H. Harwood, Jr. (2003). Invisible Giants: The Empires of Cleveland's Van Sweringen Brothers. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 342 p.). Van Sweringen, Oris Paxton, 1879-1936; Van Sweringen, Mantis James, 1881-1935; Businessmen--Ohio--Biography; Real estate development--Ohio--Cleveland--History; Railroads--Ohio--History; Cleveland (Ohio)--History.

(American Locomotive Company), O.M. Kerr (2001). Illustrated Treasury of the American Locomotive Company, 1837 to 1969: Includes Continued Bombardier Production in Montreal Canada until 1979. (St. David’s, ON: DPA-LTA Enterprises, 224 p?). American Locomotive Company; Locomotives --United States --Pictorial works; Locomotives --Canada --Pictorial works.

(Amtrak), Joseph Vranich (1997). Derailed: What Went Wrong and What To Do about America's Passenger Trains. (New York: St. Martin's Press, 258 p.). Former President of the High Speed Rail Association. Former Executive Director of the National Association of Railroad Passengers. Amtrak; Railroads--United States; Railroads and state--United States.

--- (2004). End of the Line: The Failure of Amtrak Reform and the Future of America's Passenger Trains. (Washington, DC: AEI Press, 264 p.). Amtrak; Railroads--United States--Passenger traffic; Railroads--Government policy--United States. 

(Amtrak), Craig Sanders (2006). Amtrak in the Heartland. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 232 p.). Teaches Journalism and Mass Media Communications (Cleveland State University). Amtrak--History; Railroads--United States--Passenger traffic--History. Conditions that led to passage of Rail Passenger Service Act of 1970, formation and implementation of Amtrak in 1970–71, major factors that have influenced Amtrak operations since its inception. 

(Antofagasta and Bolivia), Harold Blakemore (1990). From the Pacific to La Paz: The Antofagasta (Chili) and Bolivia Railway Company, 1888-1988. (London, UK: Antofagasta Holdings: Lester Crook Academic, 34 p.). Antofagasta (Chili) and Bolivia Railway Company--History; Railroads--Chile--History; Railroads--Bolivia--History.

(Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe), Glenn Danford Bradley (1920). The Story of the Santa Fe. (Boston, MA: R.G. Badger, 435 p., rev. ed.). Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company.

Cyrus K. Holliday - Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail Road Company (

(Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe), James Leslie Marshall (1945). Santa Fe, the Railroad That Built an Empire. (New York, NY: Random House, 465 p.). Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company.

(Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe), L. L. Waters (1950). Steel Trails to Santa Fe. (Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press, 500 p.). Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company.

(Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe), Joseph A. Noble (1964). From Cab to Caboose. (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 205 p.). Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company; Railroad engineering.

(Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe), E. D. Worley (1965). Iron Horses of the Santa Fe Trail: A Definitive History, in Fact and Photograph, of the Motive Power of One of America's Great Railroads. (Dallas, TX: Southwest Railroad Historical Society, 479 p.). Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company; Locomotives--History.

(Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe), Keith L. Bryant, Jr. (1974). History of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. (New York, NY: Macmillan, 398 p.). Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company.

(Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe), Victoria E. Dye (2005). All Aboard for Santa Fe: Railway Promotion of the Southwest, 1890s to 1930s. (Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 163 p.). Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company--History; Railroad travel--New Mexico--Santa Fe--Marketing--History; City promotion--New Mexico--Santa Fe--History; Tourism--New Mexico--Santa Fe--History; Santa Fe (N.M.)--History. Comprehensive study of AT&SF's early involvement in establishment of western tourism.

(Atlantic & Great Western Railroad), William Reynolds; edited by Peter K. Gifford and Robert D. Ilisevich (2002). European Capital, British Iron, and an American Dream: The Story of the Atlantic & Great Western Railroad. (Akron, OH: University of Akron Press, 288 p.). Reynolds, William, 1820-1911; Atlantic and Great Western Railway Company--History--Sources; Railroads--United States--History--Sources.

(B.C. Electric Railway), Henry Ewert (1986). The Story of the B.C. Electric Railway Company. (North Vancouver, BC: Whitecap Books, 336 p.). British Columbia Electric Railway Company -- History; Street-railroads -- British Columbia -- Vancouver -- History; Street-railroads -- British Columbia -- New Westminster -- History; Street-railroads -- British Columbia -- Nanaimo -- History; Street-railroads -- British Columbia -- Victoria -- History.

(Baldwin Locomotive Works), Samuel M. Vauclain, with Earl Chapin May (1973). Steaming up! The Autobiography of Samuel M. Vauclain, with Earl Chapin May. (San Marino, CA: Golden West Books, 320 p. [orig. pub. 1930]). Vauclain, Samuel Matthews, 1856-1940; Mechanical engineers--United States--Biography.

Matthias Baldwin - Baldwin Locomotive Works  (

(Baldwin Locomotive Works), Eric Hirsimaki (1986). Lima: The History. (Edmonds, WA: Hundman Pub., 351 p.). Baldwin-Lima-Hamilton Corporation; Locomotives--United States--History.

(Baldwin Locomotive Works), John K. Brown (1995). The Baldwin Locomotive Works, 1831-1915: A Study in American Industrial Practice. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 328 p.). Teaches history of engineering in the School of Engineering and Applied Science (University of Virginia). Baldwin Locomotive Works -- History. Largest maker of heavy machinery in Gilded Age America , important global exporter.

(Baldwin Locomotive), The Company (2007). A History of the Baldwin Locomotive Works 1831-1920. (Philadelphia, PA: Baldwin Locomotive Works, 172 p. [orig. pub. 1920]). Baldwin Locomotive Works--History. Origins, growth of one of America’s greatest industrial-era corporations.

(Baltimore & Ohio), Paul Winchester (1927). The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad; Sketches from the History of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. (Including much heretofore unpublished matter regarding the work and life of the late John Work Garrett, as well as other facts concerning that great enterprise, and a detailed account of the tragic contest between John K. Cowen ... and Arthur Pue Gorman ... Vol. I.). (Baltimore, MD: The Maryland County Press Syndicate, 337 p.). Garrett, John W. (John Work), 1820-1884; Cowen, John Kissig, 1844-1904; Gorman, Arthur Pue, 1839-1906; Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. 

(Baltimore & Ohio), Edward Hungerford (1972). Daniel Willard Rides the Line; the Story of a Great Railroad Man. (Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 301 p. [Reprint of 1938 ed.]). Willard, Daniel, 1861-1942; Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company.

--- (1972). The Story of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, 1827-1927. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 365 p. [Reprint of 1928 ed.]). Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company.

(Baltimore & Ohio), Herbert H. Harwood, Jr. (1979). Impossible Challenge: The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in Maryland. (Baltimore, MD: Barnard, Roberts, 497 p.). Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company.

(Baltimore & Ohio), John Krause and Ed Crist (1986). Baltimore & Ohio Heritage, 1945-1955. (Newton, NJ: Carstens Publications, 48 p.). Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company; Locomotives --United States. 

(Baltimore & Ohio), John F. Stover (1987). History of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. (West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 419 p.). Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company--History.

(Baltimore & Ohio), David M. Vrooman (1991). Daniel Willard and Progressive Management on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 218 p.). Willard, Daniel, 1861-1942; Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company--Management--History; Railroads--United States--Management--History; Corporate culture--United States--History; Organizational effectiveness--History.

(Baltimore & Ohio), James D. Dilts (1993). The Great Road: The Building of the Baltimore and Ohio, the Nation's First Railroad, 1828-1853. (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 472 p.). Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company -- History.

(Baltimore & Ohio), H. Roger Grant (2008). Visionary Railroader: Jervis Langdon Jr. and the Transportation Revolution. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 280 p.). Kathryn and Calhoun Lemon Professor of History (Clemson University). Langdon, Jervis; Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company --Biography; Railroads --United States --History --20th century --Biography; Railroads --United States --History --20th century; Executives --United States --Biography. Life of president of Baltimore & Ohio Railroad; put progressive concepts into practice; 1964 - took charge of Rock Island; 1970 - left after spearheaded major improvements; became lead trustee for bankrupt Penn Central; 1973 - assumed presidency; role in passing Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973, work on creating quasi-public Conrail.

(Bay of Quinte Railway), Donald M. Wilson (1983). Lost Horizons: The Story of the Rathbun Company and the Bay of Quinte Railway, Its Inception, Its Rise to Prominence, a Period of Growth and Stability and the Decline. (Belleville, ON: Mika, 200 p.). Rathbun Company -- History; Bay of Quinte Railway Company -- History; Railroads -- Ontario -- History; Deseronto (Ont.) -- History.

(Bellefonte Central Railroad), Michael Bezilla and Jack Rudnick (2007). Rails to Penn State: The Story of the Bellefonte Central. (Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 310 p.). Bellefonte Central Railroad--History; Railroads, Local and light--Pennsylvania--History. Operated in central Pennsylvania from 1880s until 1982; classic story of rise, decline of short line railroads nationwide; connected with Pennsylvania Railroad; played important role in developing  region's limestone, hot-blast iron-making industries.

(Boston & Albany), Stephen Salsbury (1967). The State, the Investor, and the Railroad; the Boston & Albany, 1825-1867. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 404 p.). Boston and Albany Railroad Co.; Boston and Worcester Railroad Corporation; Western Rail-Road Corporation.

(Brill Company), Debra Brill (2001). History of the J. G. Brill Company. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 272 p.). J.G. Brill Company; Railroads--United States--Cars--Design and construction. Series: Railroads past and present.

(British Railways), Stewart Joy (1973). The Train That Ran Away: A Business History of British Railways, 1948-1968. (London, UK: Allan, 160 p.). British Railways; Railroads and state--Great Britain.

(British Railways), Terence R. Gourvish (1986). British Railways, 1948-73: A Business History. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 781 p.). British Railways--History. First twenty-five years of nationalized railways in Britain.

--- (2002). British Rail, 1974-97: From Integration to Privatisation. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 705 p.). British Rail (Firm)--History--20th century; Railroads and state--Great Britain--History--20th century; Privatization--Great Britain--History--20th century. Last fifteen years of nationalized railways in Britain.

(British Railways), Charles Loft (2006). Government, the Railways, and the Modernization of Britain: Beeching’s Last Trains. (New York, NY: Routledge, 214 p.). Beeching, Richard, Baron Beeching, 1913- ; British Railways Board. Reshaping of British railways; Railroads--Great Britain--History--20th century; Railroads--Government policy--20th century; Transportation and state--Great Britain--History--20th century; Great Britain--Economic policy--20th century. Complexities of transport (government railway) policy and political pitfalls of implementing massive changes. 

(Burlington Lines), Richard C. Overton (1941). Burlington West; A Colonization History of the Burlington Railroad. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 583 p.). Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company; Burlington and Missouri River Railroad Company; Railroad land grants--United States; West (U.S.).

Charles Perkins - Burlington Lines  (

(Burlington Lines), Richard C. Overton (1965). Burlington Route; A History of the Burlington Lines. (New York, NY: Knopf, 623 p.). Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company.

(Burlington Lines), Richard C. Overton (1982). Perkins/Budd, Railway Statesmen of the Burlington. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 271 p.). Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad; Railroads -- United States. 

(California Western Railroad), Spencer Crump (1998). The California Western "Skunk" Railroad. (Corona del Mar, CA: Zeta Publishers Co., 111 p.). California Western Railroad--History; Railroads--California--History.

(California Western Railroad), Mark McLaughlin (2003). Western Train Adventures: The Good, the Bad & the Ugly. (Lake Tahoe, CA: Mic Mac Publishing, 208 p.). California Western Railroad--History; Railroads--California--History. Collection of true, railroad-themed adventure stories, from train robberies, wrecks, wild days at Lake Tahoe and the Comstock.

(Callander and Oban Railway Company), John Thomas (1990). The Callander & Oban Railway. (Newton Abbot, Devon, UK: David St. John Thomas, 208 p. [exp. ed.]). Callander and Oban Railway Company--History; Railroads--Scotland--History.

(Canadian National Railways), G. R. Stevens (1973). History of the Canadian National Railways. (New York, NY: Macmillan, 538 p.). Canadian National Railways--History; Railroads--Canada--History.

(Canadian National Railways), Joseph Schull (1979). The Great Scot: A Biography of Donald Gordon. (Montreal, QU: McGill-Queen's University Press, 291 p.). Gordon, Donald, 1901-1969; Capitalists and financiers--Canada--Biography. 

(Canadian National Railways), Donald MacKay (1992). The People's Railway: A History of Canadian National. (Vancouver, BC: Douglas & McIntyre, 328 p.). Canadian National Railways--History; Railroads--Canada--History.

(Canadian Northern Railway), T.D. Regehr (1976). The Canadian Northern Railway: Pioneer Road of the Northern Prairies, 1895-1918. (Toronto, ON: Macmillan of Canada, 543 p.). Canadian Northern Railway Company -- History.

Sir William Mackenzie Sir William Mackenzie - Canadian Northern  ( 250px-WilliamMackenzie_CNoR.jpg)

(Canadian Northern Railway), Rae B. Fleming (1991). The Railway King of Canada: Sir William Mackenzie, 1849-1923. (Vancouver, BC: UBC Press, 301 p.). Mackenzie, William, Sir, 1849-1923; Railroads--Canada--History; Canadian Northern Railway Company -- History; Industrialists--Canada--Biography.

(Canadian Pacific -formed in 1881), Walter Vaughan (1920). The Life and Work of Sir William Van Horne. (New York, NY: Century, 388 p.). Van Horne, William Cornelius, Sir, 1843-1915; Canadian Pacific Railway Company.

van horne Sir William Van Horne  - Canadian Pacific  (

(Canadian Pacific), J.H.E. Secretan (1924). Canada's Great Highway: From the First Stake to the Last Spike. (London, UK: John Lane, 252 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company.

(Canadian Pacific), Alan Sullivan (1935). The Great Divide: A Romance of the Canadian Pacific Railway. (Toronto, ON: Macmillan Company of Canada, 417 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company.

(Canadian Pacific), John Murray Gibbon (1935). Steel of Empire: The Romantic History of the Canadian Pacific, the Northwest Passage of Today. (Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 423 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company; Canada -- History.

(Canadian Pacific), Peter Turner Bone (1947). When the Steel Went Through, Reminiscences of a Railroad Pioneer. (Toronto, ON: Macmillan Co. of Canada, 180 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company; Northwest, Canadian -- History.

(Canadian Pacific), D. H. Miller-Barstow. (1951). Beatty of the C.P.R.: A Biography. (Toronto, ON: McClelland and Stewart, 187 p.). Beatty, Edward Wentworth, Sir, 1878-1943; Canadian Pacific Railway Company.

(Canadian Pacific), Leonard Bertram Irwin (1969). Pacific Railways and Nationalism in the Canadian-American Northwest, 1845-1873. (New York, NY: Greenwood Press, 246 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company; Northern Pacific Railroad Company; Pacific railroads -- Early projects; Railroads and state -- Canada; Northwest, Canadian.

(Canadian Pacific), Pierre Berton (1970). The National Dream: The Great Railway, 1871-1881. (Toronto, ON: McClelland and Stewart, 439 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company; Railroads and state -- Canada; Canada -- History -- 1867-1914.

--- (1971). The Last Spike: The Great Railway 1881-1885. (Toronto, ON: McClelland and Stewart, 478 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company.

(Canadian Pacific), Harold A. Innis (1971). A History of the Canadian Pacific Railway. (Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 365 p. [orig. pub. 1923]). Canadian Pacific Railway Company -- History.

(Canadian Pacific), Illustrated, Written and Edited by Pierre Berton; designed by Frank Newfeld (1972). The Great Railway. (Toronto, ON: McClelland and Stewart, 336 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company.

(Canadian Pacific), Robert Chodos. (1973). The CPR: A Century of Corporate Welfare. (Toronto, ON: J. Lewis & Samuel, 178 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company.

(Canadian Pacific), Omer Lavallée (1974). Van Horne's Road: An Illustrated Account of the Construction and First Years of Operation of the Canadian Pacific Transcontinental Railway. (Toronto, ON: Railfare Enterprises, 304 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company -- History; Railroads -- Canada -- History.

(Canadian Pacific), W. Kaye Lamb (1977). History of the Canadian Pacific Railway. (New York, NY: Macmillan, 491 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company -- History.

(Canadian Pacific), Susan Goldenberg (1983). Canadian Pacific: A Portrait of Power. (New York, NY: Facts on File, 316 p.). Canadian Pacific Limited.

(Canadian Pacific), Bill McKee and Georgeen Klassen (1983). Trail of Iron: The CPR and the Birth of the West, 1880-1930. (Vancouver, BC: Glenbow-Alberta Institute in association with Douglas & McIntyre, 192 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company -- History; Canada -- History.

(Canadian Pacific), Edited by Hugh A. Dempsey (1984). The CPR West: The Iron Road and the Making of a Nation. (Vancouver, BC: Douglas & McIntyre, 333 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company -- History; Canada, Western -- History.

(Canadian Pacific), David Cruise and Alison Griffiths (1988). Lords of the Line. (Markham, ON: Viking, 486 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company -- History; Railroads -- Canada -- History.

(Canadian Pacific), John A. Eagle (1989). The Canadian Pacific Railway and the Development of Western Canada, 1896-1914. (Kingston, ON: McGill-Queen's University Press, 325 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company -- History; Railroads -- Canada, Western -- History; Canada, Western -- Economic policy; Canada, Western -- Economic conditions; Northwest, Canadian -- Economic policy; Northwest, Canadian -- Economic conditions.

(Canadian Pacific), Valerie Knowles (2004). From Telegrapher to Titan: The Life of William C. Van Horne. (Tonawanda, NY: Dundurn Press, 501 p.). Van Horne, William Cornelius, Sir, 1843-1915; Canadian Pacific Railway Company--Presidents--Biography; Railroads--Canada--History; Railroads--Cuba--History; Capitalists and financiers--Canada--Biography; Art--Collectors and collecting--Canada--Biography. 

(Canadian Pacific), Tom Murray (2006). Canadian Pacific Railway. (St. Paul, MN: MBI Pub. Co., 160 p.). Canadian Pacific Railway Company--History; Railroads--Canada, Western--History. National icon began as railway, became global transportation system, evolved into diversified industrial conglomerate. 

(Canadian National Railways), G. R. Stevens (1973). History of the Canadian National Railways. (New York, NY: Macmillan, 538 p.). Canadian National Railways--History; Railroads--Canada--History.

(Central of Georgia Railway), Jackson McQuigg, Tammy Galloway and Scott McIntosh for the Atlanta History Center (2003). Central of Georgia Railway. (Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 128 p. [orig. pub. 1998]). Central of Georgia Railway; Railroads--Georgia. Connected Savannah to interior of state, boosted coastal city's seaport; 1843 -  extended to outskirts of Macon; 1982 -  acquired by Southern Railway. 

(Central Pacific), Cerinda W. Evans (1954). Collis Potter Huntington. (Newport News, VA: Mariners’ Museum, 2 vols., 775 p.). Huntington, Collis Potter, 1821-1900.

(Central Pacific), Helen Hinckley (1969). Rails from the West; A Biography of Theodore D. Judah. (San Marino, CA: Golden West Books, 207 p.). Judah, Theodore D. (Theodore Dehone), 1826-1863; Central Pacific Railroad Company.

(Central Pacific), John J. Stewart. (1969). The Iron Trail to the Golden Spike. (Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book Co., 297 p.). Central Pacific Railroad Company.

(Central Pacific), David Lavender (1970). The Great Persuader. (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 444 p.). Huntington, Collis Potter, 1821-1900.

(Central Pacific), Oscar Lewis (1981). The Big Four: The Story of Huntington, Stanford, Hopkins, and Crocker, and of the Building of the Central Pacific. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 418 p. [orig. pub. 1938]). Huntington, Collis Potter, 1821-1900; Stanford, Leland, 1824-1893; Hopkins, Mark 1813-1878; Crocker, Charles, 1822-1888; Central Pacific Railroad Company--History; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography.

(Central Pacific), Mead B. Kibbey (1996). The Railroad Photographs of Alfred A. Hart, Artist. (Sacramento, CA: California State Library Foundation, 238 p.). Hart, Alfred A., 1816-1908; Central Pacific Railroad Company--Pictorial works; Photographers--United States--Biography.

(Central Pacific), Richard Rayner (2008). The Associates: Four Capitalists Who Created California. (New York, NY: Norton, 224 p.). Huntington, Collis Potter, 1821-1900; Stanford, Leland, 1824-1893; Hopkins, Mark, 1813-1878; Crocker, Charles, 1822-1888; Central Pacific Railroad Company--History; Railroads--United States--History; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography; California--History. Collis Huntington, Leland Stanford, Charles Crocker, Mark Hopkins ("The Big Four", "The Associates") - rose from middle-class merchants in Sacramento, CA to force behind transcontinental railroad; became very wealthy; epic drive for money.

(Central Railroad of New Jersey), Elaine Anderson (1984). The Central Railroad of New Jersey's First 100 Years, 1849-1949: A Historical Survey. (Easton, PA: Center for Canal History and Technology, 238 p.). Central Railroad of New Jersey-History.

(Charleston & Savannah Railroad), H. David Stone, Jr. (2008). Vital Rails: The Civil War History of the Charleston & Savannah Railroad. (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 369 p.). Physician. Charleston and Savannah Railroad --History --19th century; Railroads --South Carolina --History --19th century; South Carolina --History --Civil War, 1861-1865 --Transportation; United States --History --Civil War, 1861-1865 --Transportation. Line's history, valuable role in Civil War; completed in 1860  as means to stave off commercial isolation in Charleston, Savannah, revolutionize economy of South Carolina's low country by linking key port cities; became integral part of Confederacy's military, economic, communications efforts along coast, frequent military objective of Union assaults; after war - in financial ruin; series of bankruptcies; routes eventually incorporated into Plant System (eventually CSX Transportation).

(C & O), Charles Wilson Turner (1956). Chessie's Road. (Richmond, VA: Garrett & Massie, 286 p.). Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company.

(Chicago and Illinois Midland Railway), Richard R. Wallin, Paul H. Stringham, John Szwajkart (1979). Chicago & Illinois Midland. (San Marino, CA: Golden West Books, 240 p.). Chicago and Illinois Midland Railway--History.

(Chicago and North Western Railway Company), Robert J. Casey and W.A.S. Douglas (1948). Pioneer Railroad: The Story of the Chicago and North Western System. (New York, NY: Whittley House, 334 p.). Chicago and North Western Railway Company.

(Chicago and North Western Railway Company), H. Roger Grant (1996). The North Western: A History of the Chicago & North Western Railway System. (DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, 292 p.). Chicago and North Western Transportation Company--History; Railroads--Illinois--History.

(Chicago and North Western Railway Company), P.L. Behrens (2002). Steam Trains to Geneva Lake: C & NW’s Elgin-Williams Bay Branch. (Hebron, IL: P.L. Behrens, 156 p.). Chicago and North Western Railway Company--History; Railroads--Illinois--History; Railroads--Wisconsin--History; Elgin (Ill.)--History; Williams Bay (Wis.)--History; Fontana (Wis.)--History; Lake Geneva (Wis.)--History.

(Chicago Burlington and Quincy Railroad), John Tettemer O'Neil (1956). Policy Formation in Railroad Finance; Refinancing the Burlington. 1936-1945. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 234 p.). Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company; Railroads--United States--Finance--Case studies.

(Chicago Great Western Railroad), H. Roger Grant (1984). The Corn Belt Route: A History of the Chicago Great Western Railroad Company. (Dekalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, 231 p.). Chicago Great Western Railroad -- History.

(Chicago Great Western Railroad Company), David J. Fiore Sr. (2006). The Chicago Great Western Railway. (Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 128 p.). Member of the Chicago and North Western Historical Society. Chicago Great Western Railway Company (1892-1909)--Pictorial works; Chicago Great Western Railroad Company--Pictorial works; Chicago Great Western Railway Company (1940-1968)--Pictorial works; Railroads--Middle West--Pictorial works. Territory served by much larger systems, CGW able to retain its share of passenger, freight business for 83 years through aggressive management, dedicated employees, innovations, efficient operations. 

(Chicago, Milwaukee), John W. Cary (1981). The Organization and History of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Company. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 392 p. [orig. pub. 1893]). Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul Railway Company--History.

(Chicago, Milwaukee), Augustus J. Veenendaal, Jr. (1999). The Saint Paul & Pacific Railroad: An Empire in the Making, 1862-1879. (Dekalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, 178 p.). Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad Company--History--19th century.

(Chicago, Milwaukee), August Derleth; foreword by H. Roger Grant (2002). The Milwaukee Road: Its First Hundred Years. (Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa Press, 330 p. [orig. pub. 1948]). Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul, and Pacific Railroad Company--History; Railroads--United States--History.

(Chicago, Milwaukee), Tom Murray (2005). The Milwaukee Road. (St. Paul, MN: MBI Pub. Co., 160 p.). Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul, and Pacific Railroad Company--History; Railroads--United States--History. From railroad’s late-nineteenth-century beginnings to its purchase by onetime rival Soo Line in 1985.

(Chicago Milwaukee), Stan Johnson (2007). The Milwaukee Road's Western Extension: The Building of a Transcontinental Railroad. (Coeur d'Alene, ID: Museum of North Idaho Publications, 548 p.). Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad Company--History--19th century; Railroads--United States--History. 1905 - Milwaukee Road decided to build to the Pacific Coast; estimated to cost about $ 60 million (ran over $ 220 million, electrification added another $ 23 million); 1925 - went bankrupt.

(Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad), Ed. Ronald D. Cohen and Stephen G. McShane; foreword by Victor Margolin (1998). Moonlight in Duneland: The Illustrated Story of the Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad. (Bloomington, IN: Quarry Books, 139 p.). Chicago, South Shore and South Bend Railroad--History; Railroads--Illinois--Chicago Region--History. 

(CNW), Robert J. Casey and W.A.S. Douglas (1948). Pioneer Railroad: The Story of the Chicago and North Western System. (New York, NY: Whittley House, 334 p.). Chicago and North Western Railway Company.

(Cincinnati Southern Railway), Henry Paine Boyden (1901). The Beginnings of the Cincinnati Southern Railway; A Sketch of the Years, 1869-1878. (Cincinnati, OH: The R. Clarke Co., 122 p.). Cincinnati Southern Railway Company.

(Cincinnati Southern Railway), Charles Gilbert Hall (1902). The Cincinnati Southern railway; A History. (Cincinnati, OH: The McDonald Press, 231 p.). Cincinnati Southern Railway.

(Cincinnati Southern Railway), Edward Alexander Ferguson (1905). Founding of the Cincinnati Southern Railway with an Autobiographical Sketch. (Cincinnati, OH: The R. Clarke Co., 163 p.). Cincinnati Southern Railway.

(Colorado and Southern), Richard C. Overton (1953). Gulf to Rockies; the Heritage of the Fort Worth and Denver-Colorado and Southern Railways, 1861-1898. (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 410 p.). Fort Worth and Denver City Railway Company; Colorado and Southern Railway.

(Colorado and Wyoming Railway), William H. McKenzie (1982). Mountain to Mill: The Colorado and Wyoming Railway. (Colorado Springs, CO: MAC Pub., 199 p.). Colorado and Wyoming Railway --History; C F & I Steel Corporation --History.

(Conrail), Richard Saunders (1978). The Railroad Mergers and the Coming of Conrail. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 389 p.). ConRail; Railroads--United States--Mergers.

(CSX Transportation), Jerry Taylor & Ray Poteat (2008). The CSX Clinchfield Route in the 21st Century. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 165 p.). operating official of several railroads; retired railroader. Clinchfield Railroad; CSX Transportation (Firm); Railroads --Appalachian Region. Mile-by-mile trip through tunnels, over bridges of Clinchfield's route; finished in 1915; one of most scenic routes in country, most rugged mountain barriers in eastern United States; built by more than 3,000 laborers, construction standards unheard of at time; engineers have yet to enlarge its tunnels, strengthen its bridges.

(Cyprus Government Railway), B. S. Turner (1979). The Story of the Cyprus Government Railway. (London, UK: Mechanical Engineering Publications, 178 p.). Kypriakos Kyverne¯tikos Side¯rodromos--History; Railroads--Cyprus--History--20th century.

(Delaware and Hudson), Delaware and Hudson Company (1925). A Century of Progress, History of the Delaware and Hudson Company, 1823-1923. (Albany, NY: J.B. Lyon Company, printers, 755 p.). Delaware and Hudson Company; Railroads -- United States -- History; Transportation -- United States -- History.

(Delaware, Lackawanna), Robert J. Casey and W. A. S. Douglas (1951). The Lackawanna Story; The First Hundred Years of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 223 p.). Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad Company.

(Delaware Lackawanna and Western Railroad), John Krause and Ed Crist (1986). Lackawanna Heritage, 1947-1952. (Newton, NJ: Carstens Publications, 48 p.). Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad Company.

(Dells & Northeastern Railway), Harvey Huston (1972). The Roddis Line; The Roddis Lumber & Veneer Co. Railroad and the Dells & Northeastern Railway. (Winnetka, IL: Harvey Huston, 150 p.). Dells & Northeastern Railway; Roddis Plywood Corporation; Logging railroads--Wisconsin; Lumbering--Wisconsin.

(Denver and Rio Grande), Robert G. Athearn (1962). Rebel of the Rockies; A History of the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 395 p.). Denver and Rio Grande Railroad Company; Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad Company.

(Denver and Rio Grande), John S. Fisher; with a chapter on General Palmer's work in Mexico by Chase Mellen (1981). A Builder of the West: The Life of General William Jackson Palmer. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 332 p. [orig. pub. 1939]). Palmer, William Jackson, 1836-1909; Railroads--United States--Employees--Biography; Railroads--Mexico--Employees--Biography.

(East Branch & Lincoln Railroad Company), Bill Gove (1998). J.E. Henry's Logging Railroads: The History of the East Branch & Lincoln and the Zealand Valley Railroads. (Littleton, NH: Bondcliff Books, 187 p.). Henry, James E., 1831-1912; Zealand Valley Railroad Company; East Branch & Lincoln Railroad Company; Logging railroads--New Hampshire--History; Logging--New Hampshire.

(Erie Lackawanna), H. Roger Grant (1994). Erie Lackawanna: Death of an American Railroad, 1938-1992. (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 284 p.). Erie-Lackawanna Railroad Company -- Management -- History.; Erie Lackawanna Railway Company -- Management -- History; Erie Lackawanna Inc. -- Management -- History; ConRail -- Management -- History; Railroads -- Northeastern States -- Management -- History.

(Erie Railroad Company), Edward Harold Mott (1908). Between the Ocean and the Lakes; The Story of Erie. (New York, NY: Ticker, 524 p. [orig. pub. 1899]). Erie Railroad Company.

Daniel Drew - Erie Railroad  (

James Fisk - Erie Railroad  (

Jay Gould   1872 -  President of Erie  Railroad  (

(Erie Railroad Company), Robert H. Fuller (1928). Jubilee Jim; The Life of Colonel James Fisk, Jr. (New York, NY: Macmillan, 566 p.). Fisk, James, 1835-1872. 

(Erie Railroad Company), Edward Hungerford (1946). Men of Erie, a Story of Human Effort. (New York, NY: Random House, 346 p.). Erie Railroad.

(Erie Railroad Company, W. A. Swanberg (1959). Jim Fisk; The Career of an Improbable Rascal. (New York, NY: Scribner, 310 p.). Fisk, James, 1835-1872. 

(Erie Railroad Company - President of Erie Railroad in 1872), Julius Grodinsky (1981). Jay Gould, His Business Career, 1867-1892. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 627 p. [orig. pub. 1957]). Gould, Jay, 1836-1892; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography; Railroads--United States--History.

(Erie Railroad Company), R. W. McAlpine (1981). The Life and Times of Col. James Fisk, Jr. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 504 p.). Fisk, James, 1835-1872; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography.

(Erie Railroad Company), John Stuart Ogilvie (1981). Life and Death of Jay Gould, and How He Made His Millions. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 208 p.x). Gould, Jay, 1836-1892; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography; United States--Biography. 

(Erie Railroad Company), Marshall P. Stafford (1981). The Life of James Fisk, Jr.: A Full and Accurate Narrative of all the Enterprises in Which He Was Engaged. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 300 p. [orig. pub. 1871]). Fisk, James, 1835-1872; United States--Biography. 

(Erie Railroad Company), Maury Klein (1986). The Life and Legend of Jay Gould. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 595 p.). Gould, Jay, 1836-1892; Businesspeople--United States--Biography; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography; Railroads--United States--History.

(Erie Railroad Company), John Steele Gordon (1988). The Scarlet Woman of Wall Street: Jay Gould, Jim Fisk, Cornelius Vanderbilt, the Erie Railway Wars, and the Birth of Wall Street. (New York, NY: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 421 p.). New York Stock Exchange--History--19th century; Erie Railway--History--19th century; Wall Street--History--19th century; Capitalists and financiers--United States--History--19th century.

(Erie Railroad Company), Aileen Sallom Freeman (1998). Canadensis. (Paupack, PA: Fosi, 315 p.). Gould, Jay, 1836-1892; Erie Railroad Company--History; Erie Railway--History; Canadensis (Pa.)--History.

(Ferrocarril Sud Pacifico de Mexico), Daniel Lewis (2007). Iron Horse Imperialism: The Southern Pacific of Mexico, 1880-1951. (Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 192 p.). Dibner Senior Curator for the History of Science and Technology at the Huntington Library in San Marino, California. Ferrocarril Sud Pacifico de Mexico--History; Railroads--Mexico--History. Southern Pacific of Mexico operated between 1898 - 1951; transported millions of passengers, tons of freight, rarely turned a profit; decades-long dance between oblivious U.S. entrepreneurs, wary Mexican officials.

(Florida East Coast Railway), Les Standiford (2002). Last Train to Paradise: Henry Flagler and the Spectacular Rise and Fall of the Railroad That Crossed the Ocean. (New York, NY: Crown, 272 p.). Flagler, Henry Morrison, 1830-1913; Florida East Coast Railway--History.; Railroads--Florida--History.

(Fonda, Johnstown & Gloversville Railroad), Randy L. Decker (1998). The Fonda, Johnstown & Gloversville Railroad : Sacandaga Route to the Adirondacks. (Charleston, SC Arcadia 128 p.). Fonda, Johnstown & Gloversville Railroad --Pictorial works --History. Upstate New York railroad - 130 miles of operation.

(Fonda, Johnstown & Gloversville Railroad), Paul K. Larner (2009). Our Railroad: The History of the Fonda, Johnstown & Gloversville Railroad (1867-1893). (Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse, 492 p.). Retired Amtrak engineer. Fonda, Johnstown & Gloversville Railroad; Railroads --New York (State) --Fulton County --History; Railroads --New York (State) --Montgomery County --History. Years from 1867 to 1893.

(GATX), Ralph C. Epstein (1981). GATX, A History of the General American Transportation Corporation, 1898-1948. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 198 p. [orig. pub. 1948]). General American Transportation Corporation--History; Railroads--United States--Freight-cars--History.

(GE), Brian Solomon (2003). GE Locomotives: 110 Years of General Electric Motive Power. (St. Paul, MN MBI, 168 p.). Railway Historian. General Electric Company; Diesel locomotives --United States. General Electric entered railroad industry in early 20th century; GE's locomotive history, from first electric S motors to colossal, 6,000-horsepower diesel-electrics; electrical legends (Pennsylvania Railroad's E44s, Amtrak's E60s, Milwaukee Road's "Little Joes"); locomotives, terrain they covered, pioneering GE efforts, marketplace competition, power race that fueled development of these machines.

(Georgia and Florida Railroad Co.), H. Roger Grant (2006). Rails Through the Wiregrass: A History of the Georgia & Florida Railroad. (DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, 239 p.). Kathryn and Calhoun Lemon Professorof History & Geography (Clemson University). Georgia and Florida Railroad Co.--History. 57-year lifespan - did much to bring about agricultural diversification, relative prosperity in wiregrass region of southern Georgia, northern Florida.

(German National Railway), Alfred C. Mierzejewski (1999). The Most Valuable Asset of the Reich: A History of the German National Railway, Volume 1, 1920-1932. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 512 p.). Associate Professor of Modern European History (Athens State University in Alabama). Deutsche Reichsbahn (Germany)--History--20th century; Railroads and state--Germany--History--20th century. Largest enterprise in capitalist world between 1920 and 1945.

(German National Railway), Alfred C. Mierzejewski (2000). The Most Valuable Asset of the Reich: A History of the German National Railway, Volume 2, 1933-1945. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 280 p.). Associate Professor of Modern European History (Athens State University in Alabama). Deutsche Reichsbahn (Germany)--History--20th century; Railroads and state--Germany--History--20th century. National Railway under Hitler's regime.

(Grand Trunk), Henry Almon Lovett (1981). Canada and the Grand Trunk, 1829-1924. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 241 p. [orig. pub. 1924). Grand Trunk Railway of Canada--History; Railroads--Canada--History.

(Grand Trunk), Frederick A. Talbot (1981). The Making of a Great Canadian Railway. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 349 p. [orig. pub. 1912]). Grand Trunk Pacific Railway--History.

(Grand Trunk), Don L. Hofsommer (1995). Grand Trunk Corporation: Canadian National Railways in the United States, 1971-1992. (East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press, 219 p.). Grand Trunk Corporation; Canadian National Railways; Railroads--United States.

(Great Canadian Railtour Company), Paul Grescoe (2000). Trip of a Lifetime: The Making of the Rocky Mountaineer. (Vancouver, BC: Hurricane Books, 256 p.). Rocky Mountaineer Railtours--History; Railroad travel--British Columbia--History; Railroad travel--Alberta--History; Railroads--British Columbia--History; Railroads--Alberta--History.

(Great Northern), James J. Hill (1910). Highways of Progress. (New York, NY: Doubleday, Page & Company, 353 p.). Natural resources--United States; Railroads--United States; United States--Economic conditions--1865-1918. 

  James J. Hill - Great Northern (; May 30, 1916 Obituary: learning/ general/onthisday/ bday/0916.html)

(Great Northern), Joseph Gilpin Pyle, authorized (1917). The Life of James J. Hill. (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Page & Co., 2 Vols.). Hill, James Jerome, 1838-1916. 

(Great Northern), Albro Martin (1976). James J. Hill and the Opening of the Northwest. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 676 p.). Hill, James Jerome, 1838-1916; Great Northern Railway; Businessmen -- United States -- Biography

(Great Northern), Ralph W. Hidy (1988). The Great Northern Railway : A History. ( Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 360 p.). Great Northern Railway (U.S.)--History.

(Great Northern), Michael P. Malone (1996). James J. Hill: Empire Builder of the Northwest. (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 306 p.). Hill, James Jerome, 1838-1916; Hill, James Jerome, 1838-1916; Great Northern Railway Company (U.S.); Great Northern Railway (U.S.); Businesspeople--United States--Biography.

(Great Northern), Claire Strom (2007). Profiting from the Plains: The Great Northern Railway and Corporate Development of the American West. (Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 228 p.). Assistant Professor of History (North Dakota State University). Hill, James Jerome, 1838-1916; Great Northern Railway Company (U.S.) History; Railroads Great Plains History; Businessmen Great Plains Biography; Agriculture Economic aspects Great Plains History; West (U.S.) Economic conditions; United States Economic conditions 1865-1918. Economic impact of Gilded Age; effect of development of railroads, agricultural, minerals industries on Northern Plains, Pacific Northwest, southern Canada.

(Great Western Bengal Railway Company), Blair B. Kling (1976). Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India. (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 276 p.). Tagore, Dwarkanath, 1794-1846; Businesspeople--Bengal--Biography; Entrepreneurship; Bengal (India)--Economic conditions.

(Great Western Railway - Great Britain), General Editors, Patrick Whitehouse & David St John Thomas; foreword by Bill Bradshaw (1984). The Great Western Railway: 150 Glorious Years. (Newton Abbot, UK: David & Charles, 207 p.). Great Western Railway (Great Britain); England Railways British Rail Western Region, to 1983.

(Great Western Railway), Andrew Roden (2010). Great Western Railway: A History. (London, UK: Aurum, 320 p.). Former Associate Editor of International Railway Journal. Great Western Railway (Great Britain) --History. How England's Great Western Railway was built, ran great main line from London to West Country and Cornwall (first Great Western franchise); how Isambard Kingdom Brunel engineered it; designers of its steam locomotives (from Churchward to Hawkesworth); stations (Paddington and Bristol Temple Meads, innumerable idyllic country halts with little more thanpagoda shelter, couple of milk churns).

(Hocking Valley Railway), Edward H. Miller; foreword by Thomas W. Dixon, Jr.; historical introduction by H. Roger Grant (2007). The Hocking Valley Railway. (Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 312 p.). Retired from Hocking Valley Successor, CSX. Hocking Valley Railway--History; Hocking River Valley (Ohio)--History. Once Ohio's longest rail line, began in 1867 to haul coal from Athens to Columbus; 345-mile railway, from Lake Erie port of Toledo through Columbus, to Ohio River port of Pomeroy. 

(Hudson Bay Railway), Howard A. Fleming (1957). Canada's Arctic Outlet; A History of the Hudson Bay Railway. (Berkeley, CA: Univ. of California Press, 129 p.). Hudson Bay Railway.

(Illinois Central), Howard Gray Brownson (1915). History of the Illinois Central Railroad to 1870. (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois, 182 p.). Illinois Central Railroad.

(Illinois Central Railroad), Paul Wallace Gates (1934). The Illinois Central Railroad and Its Colonization Work. (New York, NY: Johnson Reprint Corp., 374 p.). Illinois Central Railroad Company; Railroad land grants -- Illinois; Illinois -- History.

(Illinois Central), Carlton Jonathan Corliss (1950). Main Line of Mid-America; The Story of the Illinois Central. (New York, NY: Creative Age Press, 490 p.). Illinois Central Railroad Company.

(Illinois Central), John F. Stover (1975). History of the Illinois Central Railroad. (New York, NY: Macmillan, 575 p.). Illinois Central Railroad.

(Illinois Central), Robert Mize Sutton (1981). The Illinois Central Railroad in Peace and War, 1858-1868. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 240 p. [orig. pub. 1948]). Illinois Central Railroad--History.

(Indiana Railroad), Christopher Rund (2006). The Indiana Rail Road Company: America’s New Regional Railroad. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 253 p.). Creative Director, Hirons & Company. Indiana Railroad; Railroads--Indiana--History. Deregulated independent short line, regional railroad success story.

(Indian Railways), V. Nilakant, S. Ramnarayan (2009). Changing Tracks: Reinventing the Spirit of Indian Railways. (Noida, Uttar pradesh, India Collins Business, 219 p.). Railroads -- India -- Management; Railroads -- India -- Finance; Technological innovations -- Economic aspects -- India; Indian Railways -- Management. 2004-2008 - Indian Railways dramatically improved performance, administrative efficiency; four aspects of innovation: 1) developed perspectives to do right things at right time; 2) aimed change at thinking about costs, revenues, investment, business models; 3) fostered positive emotions about change; 4) persistently, patiently saw change to completion, focused on results.

(Iowa Central Railway), Don L. Hofsommer (2005). The Hook & Eye: A History of the Iowa Central Railway. (Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 160 p.). Professor of History (St. Cloud State University). Iowa Central Railway--History.

(Jaffa-Jerusalem Railway), Anthony S. Travis (2008). On Chariots with Horses of Fire and Iron: The Excursionists and the Narrow Gauge Railroad from Jaffa to Jerusalem. (Jerusalem, Israel: Magnes Press, 236 p.). Deputy Director of the Sidney M. Edelstein Center for the History and Philosophy of Science, Technology and Medicine (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Jacques Loeb Centre for the History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences (Ben Gurion University of the Negev). Jaffa-Jerusalem Railway--history. First railroad in Holy Land (first passenger train arrived in Jerusalem on August 27, 1892; 86 km narrow-gauge Jaffa-Jerusalem Railway inaugurated in September 1892;  largest civil engineering project ever undertaken in modern Holy Land; built to exploit tremendous growth of pilgrim traffic, tourism during second half of nineteenth century.

(Jewitt Car Company), Lawrence A. Brough and James H. Graebner (2004). From Small Town to Downtown: A History of the Jewett Car Company, 1893-1919. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 254 p). Jewett Car Company--History; Railroads--Cars--History.  

(Jonesboro, Lake City and Eastern Railroad Company), Lee A. Dew (1968). The JLC&E; The History of an Arkansas Railroad. (State University, AR: Arkansas State University Press, 121 p.). Jonesboro, Lake City and Eastern Railroad Company.

(Kansas City Southern), Keith L. Bryant, Jr.(1971). Arthur E. Stilwell, Promoter with a Hunch. (Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press, 256 p.). Stilwell, Arthur Edward, 1861-1928. Up and down career of a railroad visionary. Port Author, TX named after Stilwell.

(Kansas Pacific), William Robinson Petrowski (1981). The Kansas Pacific: A Study in Railroad Promotion. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 281 p. [orig. pub. 1966]). Kansas Pacific Railway--History.

(Kaslo & Slocan Railway), Robert D. Turner and David S. Wilkie (1994). The Skyline Limited: The Kaslo and Slocan Railway: An Illustrated History of Narrow Gauge Railroading and Sternwheelers in the Kootenays. (Victoria, BC: Sono Nis Press, 296 p.). Kaslo & Slocan Railway--History; Kaslo & Slocan--History--Pictorial works; Narrow gauge railroads--British Columbia--History; Narrow gauge railroads--British Columbia--History--Pictorial works.

(Lackawanna and Wyoming Valley Railroad), James N.J. Henwood and John G. Muncie (2005). Laurel Line: An Anthracite Region Railway. (Eynon, PA: Tribute Books, 211 p. [2nd ed.]). Lackawanna and Wyoming Valley Railroad.

(Lake Shore Electric Railway Company), Harry Christiansen (1978). New Lake Shore Electric. (Cleveland, OH: Western Reserve Historical Society, 199 p.). Lake Shore Electric Railway--History.

(Lake Shore Electric Railway Company), Herbert H. Harwood, Jr. and Robert S. Korach (2000). The Lake Shore Electric Railway Story. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 297 p.). Lake Shore Electric Railway Company; Electric railroads--Ohio--History.

(Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company), John Marshall (1969-1972). The Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway. (Newton Abbot, UK: David & Charles, 3 vols.). Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company.

(Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company), Seymour Broadbridge (1970). Studies in Railway Expansion and the Capital Market in England, 1825-1873. (London, UK: Cass, 215 p.). Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company; Railroads -- Great Britain -- Finance -- History.

(Lehigh & Hudson River), Jim Boyd, Tracy Antz (2001). Lehigh & Hudson River in Color: History and Operations of the L&HR 1860-1976. (Scotch Plains, NJ: Morning Sun Books, 128 p.). Lehigh and Hudson River Railway --History; Railroads --United States --History.

(Lehigh Valley Railroad), Robert F. Archer (1977). The History of the Lehigh Valley Railroad: "The Route of the Black Diamond". (Berkeley, CA: Howell-North Books, 371 p.). Lehigh Valley Railroad.

(Lehigh Valley Railroad), William T Greenberg, Robert F Fischer (1997). The Lehigh Valley Railroad: East of Mauch Chunk. (Warren, NJ: Gingerbread Stop, 192 p.). Lehigh Valley Railroad Company --History; Railroads --Middle Atlantic States --History.

(Lehigh Valley Railroad), Chuck Yungkurth (1999). Trackside Around Scranton, PA, 1952-1976, with Edward S. Miller. (Scotch Plains, NJ Morning Sun Books, 128 p.). Miller, Edward Stokes, 1917-; Lehigh Valley Railroad Company --History; Lackawanna and Wyoming Valley Railroad --History: Delaware and Hudson Company --History: Railroads --Pennsylvania --History --Pictorial works; Street-railroads --Pennsylvania --History --Pictorial works.

(Lewiston and Auburn Railroad Company), Douglas I. Hodgkin (2010). The Lewiston and Auburn Railroad Company, 1872-2009. (Lewiston, ME:  Lewiston-Auburn Economic Growth Council, 136 p.). Professor Emeritus of Political Science (Bates College). Maine --railroads --history; Lewiston and Auburn Railroad Company -- history. Branch line of 5.4 miles of track leased to Grand Trunk Railway, then to Canadian National Railway; began with its controversial charter adoption; initiated by local textile manufacturers, ultimately opposed by those same textile companies and Maine Central Railroad; how railroad has been key player in economic development of region through intermodal transportation technology.

(London, Midland and Scottish Railway Company), Patrick Whitehouse and David St John Thomas (1987). LMS 150: The London Midland & Scottish Railway: A Century and a Half of Progress. (Newton Abbott, UK: David & Charles, 208 p.). London, Midland and Scottish Railway Company -- History; Railroads -- Great Britain -- History; Great Britain Railways.

(London and North Eastern Railway), Patrick Whitehouse & David St John Thomas (2002). LNER 150: The London and North Eastern Railway: A Century and a Half of Progress. (Newton Abbot, UK: David & Charles, 208 p.). London and North Eastern Railway -- History; Railroads -- Great Britain -- History.

(London & North Western), Terence R. Gourvish (1972). Mark Huish and the London & North Western Railway: A Study of Management. (Leicester, UK: University of Leicester, 319 p.). Huish, Mark, 1808-1867; London and North-Western Railway; Railroads--Management--Case studies.

(London and South Western Railway), R. A. Williams (1968). London and South Western Railway: Formative Years v. 1. (London, UK: David & Charles, 258 p.). South-west England Railways; London & South Western Railway history.

(London and South Western Railway), B.K. Cooper & R. Antell (1988). A Tribute to the London & South Western Railway. (London, UK: Ian Allan, 125p.). London & South Western Railway -- History -- Pictorial works; Southern England Railways London & South Western Railway.

(London and South Western Railway), J.N. Faulkner and R.A. Williams. (1988). The London & South Western Railway in the 20th Century. (Abbot, UK: David & Charles, 224p.). London & South Western Railway; Southern England Railways London & South Western Railway 1900-1923.

(London and South Western Railway), Ed. Roger Hardingham (1988). Celebrating 150 Years of the LSWR. (Southampton: Kingfisher Railway Productions, 52p.).South-west England Railways; London & South Western Railway history.

(London and South Western Railway), Alan Postlethwaite (1996). The Last Days of Steam on the Southern: London and South Western. (Stroud, UK: Sutton, 144p.). London & South Western Railway -- History -- Pictorial works; Railroads -- England -- London -- History -- Pictorial works; Railroads -- England -- West Country -- History -- Pictorial works.

(Long Island Railroad), Ron Ziel and George H. Foster (1975). Steel Rails to the Sunrise. (New York, NY: Hawthorn Books, 320 p.). Long Island Railroad Company.

(Long Island Railroad), Ron Ziel (1984). The Pennsy Era on Long Island. (Bridgehampton, NY: Sunrise Special, 115 p.). Long Island Railroad Company; Pennsylvania Railroad; Locomotives--New York (State).

(Long Island Railroad), James E. Haas (2004). Conrad Poppenhusen: The Life of a German-American Industrial Pioneer. (Baltimore, MD Gateway Press, 164 p.). Author. Poppenhusen, Conrad, 1818-1883; Long Island Railroad Company --History; Businessmen --United States --Biography. Made fortune manufacturing hard rubber combs; founded College Point, NY, much-loved philanthropist funding churches, libraries and educational institution; innovator in education, introduced first free kindergarten for his workers, eople of town; used fortune (equivalent of  $125 million), to consolidate what is now known as Long Island Railroad

(Long Island Railroad), Stan Fischler (2007). Long Island Rail Road. (St. Paul, MN: MBI, 160 p.). Former Color Analyst for the New York Islanders. Long Island Railroad Company; Railroads--New York (State)--New York. 1832 - origins with Brooklyn & Jamaica Railroad; 1834 - chartered; early attempts to reach Boston via Long Island,  ferry service to Connecticut; 1900 - acquired by Pennsylvania Railroad; Penn Station constructed, tunnels into Manhattan built, LIRR's diesel, electric rolling stock and passenger cars manufactured.

(Los Angeles & San Pedro Railroad), John W. Robinson (1978). Southern California’s First Railroad: The Los Angeles & San Pedro Railroad, 1869-1873. (Los Angeles, CA: Dawson’s Book Shop, 111 p.). Los Angeles & San Pedro Railroad--History. October, 1869 - began operations as LA's first rail line; financed through sale of $150,000 in county bonds, $75,000 in city bonds; depot located on corner of Commercial and Alameda Streets; November 1872 - acquired by Southern Pacific.

(Louisiana and Arkansas Railway), James R. Fair (1997). The Louisiana and Arkansas Railway: The story of a Regional Line. (DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, 158 p.). Louisiana and Arkansas Railway Co.; Railroads--Louisiana; Railroads--Texas.

(Louisiana and Texas Railroad and Steamship Company), James P. Baughman (1968). Charles Morgan and the Development of Southern Transportation. (Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press, 302 p.). Morgan, Charles, 1795-1878; Transportation--Southern States--History.

(Louisville & Nashville Railroad), Kincaid A Herr (1964). The Louisville & Nashville Railroad, 1850-1963. (Louisville, KY: The Company, 402 p.). Louisville & Nashville Railroda -- History.

(Louisville & Nashville), Maury Klein (1972). History of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. (New York, NY: Macmillan, 572 p.). Louisville and Nashville Railroad Company--History.

(Manistique and Lake Superior Railroad), Hugh A. Hornstein (2004). The Haywire: A Brief History of the Manistique and Lake Superior Railroad. (East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press, 122 p.). Manistique and Lake Superior Railroad Company--History; Railroads--Michigan--History. 

(Marietta and Cincinnati), John Pixton (1966). The Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad, 1845-1883; A Case Study in American Railroad Economics. (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 94 p.). Cutler, William Parker, 1812-1889; Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad.

(Marietta and Cincinnati), John R. Grabb (1989). The Marietta & Cincinnati Railroad and Its Successor, the Baltimore & Ohio: A Study of This Once Great Route across Ohio. (Cincinnati, OH: J. R. Grabb, 152 p.). Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad Company; Railroads--Ohio.

(Maryland and Pennsylvania Railroad Company), George W. Hilton (1999). The Ma & Pa: A History of the Maryland & Pennsylvania Railroad. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 228 p. [2nd rev. ed.]). Professor Emeritus of Economics (UCLA). Maryland and Pennsylvania Railroad Company--History. 

(McCloud River Railroad Company), Robert M. Hanft (1971). Pine Across the Mountain; California’s McCloud River Railroad. (San Marino, CA: Golden West Books, 224 p.). Professor of Business Administration (California State University, Chico). McCloud River Railroad Company.

(Mexico Northwestern Railway), J. F. Hulse (1986). Railroads & Revolutions: The Story of Roy Hoard. (El Paso, TX: Mangan Books, 126 p.). Hoard, Louis Roy, 1886-1973; Mexico Northwestern Railway Company; Madera Company; Railroads--Mexico--Employees--Biography; Businesspeople--Mexico--Biography.

(Michigan Central Railroad), Henry Greenleaf Pearson (1911). An American Railroad builder, John Murray Forbes. (Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 196 p.). Forbes, John Murray, 1813-1898; Railroads -- United States.


John Murray Forbes - acquired Michigan Central in 1846  (

(Michigan Central Railroad), Charles Hirschfeld (1953). The Great Railroad Conspiracy; The Social History of a Railroad War. (East Lansing, MI: Michigan State College Press, 128 p.). Michigan Central Railroad Company; Railroads--Michigan--History. 1846 - John Murray Forbes acquired control of the moribund Michigan Central Railroad, a state-owned project that typified the internal improvement mania that had arisen before the Panic of 1837.

(Michigan Central Railroad), Edited by Sarah Forbes Hughes (1981). Letters and Recollections of John Murray Forbes. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 2 vols. [orig. pub. 1900]). Forbes, John Murray, 1813-1898; Railroads--United States--History; Politicians--United States--Biography; Businesspeople--United States--Biography; United States--Politics and government--1849-1877; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Finance; United States--Commerce; Milton (Mass.); Naushon Island (Mass.).

(Michigan Central Railroad), John Lauritz Larson, Jr.; foreword by Alfred D. Chandler (1984). Bonds of Enterprise: John Murray Forbes and Western Development in America's Railway Age. (Cambridge, MA: Division of Research, Graduate School of Business Administration, Harvard University, 257 p. [expanded in 2001 version]). Associate Professor of History (Purdue). Forbes, John Murray, 1813-1898; Railroads -- United States -- Biography; Businessmen -- United States -- Biography; Railroads -- United States -- History.

(Michigan Central Railroad), William Taylor, Jr. (1995). An American Colossus: A Small Town, a River and a Railroad Yard. (Niles, MI: Niles Railroad Historical Assoc., 352 p.). Michigan Central Railroad Company--History; Railroads--Michigan--Niles--History; Niles (Mich.)--History; Niles (Mich.)--Social life and customs. 1846 - John Murray Forbes acquired control of the moribund Michigan Central Railroad, a state-owned project that typified the internal improvement mania that had arisen before the Panic of 1837.

(Midland Railway), Richard S. Lambert ... (1934). The Railway King, 1800-1871; A Study of George Hudson and the Business Morals of His Time. (London, UK: G. Allen & Unwin Ltd., 320 p.). Hudson, George, 1800-1871; Railroads--Great Britain--History.

George Hudson - Midland Railway  ( 41095000/jpg/_41095331_george_hudson_203.jpg)

(Midland Railway), Brian Bailey (1995). George Hudson: The Rise and Fall of the Railway King. (Phoenix Mill, Far Thrupp, Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton Pub., 186 p.). Hudson, George, 1800-1871; Railroads--Great Britain--Biography; Businesspeople--Great Britain--Biography; Railroads--Great Britain--History.

(Midland Railway), Robert Beaumont (2002). The Railway King: A Biography of George Hudson. (London, UK: Review, 274 p.). Hudson, George, 1800-1871; Businesspeople--Great Britain--Biography; Railroads--England--History--19th century.

(Minneapolis & St. Louis Railway), Don L. Hofsommer (2005). The Tootin' Louie: A History of the Minneapolis & St. Louis Railway. (Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 396 p.). Professor of History (St. Cloud State University). Minneapolis & St. Louis Railway--History. 

(Missouri Pacific), H. Craig Miner (1983). The Rebirth of the Missouri Pacific, 1956-1983. (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 236 p.). Missouri Pacific Railroad Company--History.

(Missouri-Kansas-Texas), Donovan L. Hofsommer; foreword by John W. Barriger; introduction by Fred W. Frailey (1999). Katy Northwest: The Story of a Branch Line Railroad. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 305 p. [orig. pub. 1976]). Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad; Railroads--United States--Branch lines--History; Southwest, Old--History.

(Missouri-Kansas-Texas), V.V. Masterson; with a new foreword by Donovan L. Hofsommer (1988). The Katy Railroad and the Last Frontier. (Clumbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 312 p. [orig. pub. 1952]). Frontier and pioneer life--Southwest, Old; Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad--History; Southwest, Old--History.

(Monon Railroad), David E. Longest (2008). The Monon Railroad in Southern Indiana. (Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub., 128 p.). Monon (Railroad) --History --Pictorial works; Railroads --Indiana --History --Pictorial works. Spring 1847 - James Brooks, six associates established The New Albany and Salem Rail Road Company, most often called Monon; real purpose of railroads as movers of people, products they devoted their lives to producing.

(Mount Low Railway), Charles Seims (1976). Mount Lowe, The Railway in the Clouds. (San Marino, CA: Golden West Books, 234 p.). Mount Lowe Railway; Electric railroads--California.

--- (1999). Last Days of Mount Lowe. (Los Angeles, CA: Pacific Electric Railway Historical Society, 60 p.). Mount Lowe Railway; Electric railroads--California.

(Mt. Tamalpais and Muir Woods Railroad Co.), Theodore G. Wurm and Alvin C. Graves (1983). The Crookedest Railroad in the World; A History of the Mt. Tamalpais and Muir Woods Railroad of California. (Glendale, CA: Trans-Anglo Books, 135 p. [rev. end enl. ed.]). Mt. Tamalpais and Muir Woods Railroad Co.

(Nashua and Lowell), Richard K. Darr (1976). A History of the Nashua and Lowell Rail-Road Corporation, 1835-1880. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 389 p. (Originally presented as the author's thesis, University of Nebraska, 1956)). Nashua and Lowell Railroad.

(Newfoundland Railway Company), A.R. Penney (1988). A History of the Newfoundland Railway. (St. John's, Nfld.: H. Cuff Publications, v. 1. 1881-1923 -- v. 2. 1923-1988). Newfoundland Railway Company -- History; Railroads -- Newfoundland and Labrador -- History.

(Newfoundland Railway Company), Clayton D. Cook (1989). The End of the Line: the Newfoundland Railway in Pictures. (St. John's, Nfld.: Harry Cuff Publications, 133 p.). Newfoundland Railway Company -- History -- Pictorial works; Railroads -- Newfoundland and Labrador -- History -- Pictorial works.

(Newfoundland Railway), Les Harding (2008). The Newfoundland Railway, 1898-1969: A History. (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 230 p.). Former Academic Librarian. Newfoundland Railway Company --History; Railroads --Newfoundland and Labrador --History. Building of narrow-gauge trans-island railway in 19th century Newfoundland was reckless, desperate experiment;  began operation on June 29, 1898, operated relatively successfully for well over half century.

(New York Central), Frank Walker Stevens (1926). The Beginnings of the New York Central Railroad; A History. (New York, NY: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 408 p.). New York Central Railroad Company -- History; New York central railroad company (1853-1869); Railroads -- New York (State) -- History.

  Cornelius Vanderbilt - New York Central  ( Cornelius_Vanderbilt_Daguerrotype2.jpg)

(New York Central), Alvin F. Harlow (1947). The Road of the Century; The Story of the New York Central. (New York, NY: Creative Age Press, 447 p.). New York Central Railroad.

(New York Central), Edward Hungerford (1976). Men and Iron: The History of New York Central. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 424 p. [Reprint of 1938 ed.]). New York Central Railroad--History; Railroads--New York (State)--History.

(New York Central), Irene D. Neu (1977). Erastus Corning, Merchant and Financier, 1794-1872. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 212 p. [orig. pub. 1960]). Corning, Erastus, 1794-1872; Businesspeople --United States --Biography. Creator, first president of New York Central Railroad; pattern of domestic mercantile activity in early, middle years of 19th century.

(New York Central), Edward J. Renehan Jr. (2007). Commodore: The Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt. (New York, NY: Basic Books, 364 p.). Vanderbilt, Cornelius, 1794-1877; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Railroads--United States--History. Initial fortune building ferry, cargo routes for sailing vessels; moved into steamboats,  railroads - New York Central; established nation's first major integrated rail system, linked New York with Boston, Montreal, Chicago, St. Louis; played a key role in establishing New York as financial center of United States.

(New York Central Railroad), Brian Solomon with Mike Schafer (2007). New York Central Railroad. (St. Paul, MN: MBI Pub. Co. and Voyager Press, 160 p.). Railway Historian; Long-Time Rail Photographer. New York Central Railroad Company --History. 1853 - consolidation of group of fledgling railways formed route from Buffalo to Albany; New York Central, under Vanderbilt dynasty, grew into powerhouse transportation company with more than 10,000 route miles; 1968 - merged with longtime rival Pennsylvania Railroad, eventually merged with Penn Central's successor, Conrail, into Norfolk Southern and CSX.


 New York Central - 1853 (

(New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad), Taylor Hampton (1947). The Nickel Plate Road: The History of a Great Railroad. (Cleveland, OH: World Pub. Co., 366 p.). New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad.

(New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad.), John A. Rehor (1967). The Nickel Plate Story. (Milwaukee, WI: Kalmbach Pub. Co.,, 483 p.). New York, Chicago, and St. Louis Railway Company; New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad; New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad.

(New York Chicago & St. Louis Railroad), Eric E. Hirsimaki (1989). The Nickel Plate Years. (N. Olmsted, OH: Mileposts, 144 p.). New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad.

(New York, New Haven and Hartford), John L. Weller (1969). The New Haven Railroad: Its Rise and Fall. (New York, NY: Hastings House, 248 p.). New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad.

(New York, New Haven and Hartford), George H. Foster & Peter C. Weiglin (1989). Splendor Sailed the Sound: The New Haven Railroad and the Fall River Line. (San Mateo, CA: Potentials Group, 384 p.). Fall River Line--History; New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad Company--History.

(New York Ontario and Western Railway Co.), John Krause & Ed Crist (1977). The Final Years: New York, Ontario & Western Ry (Fredon, NJ: Carstens Publications, 98 p.). New York, Ontario, and Western Railway Co. 

(New York Susquehanna and Western Railroad), John Krause and Ed Crist (1991). Susquehanna: New York, Susquehanna & Western RR. (Newton, NJ: Carstens Publications, 98 p.). New York, Susquehanna, and Western Railroad; Railroads --New Jersey. 

(New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad), Robert E. Mohowski (2003). The New York, Susquehanna & Western Railroad. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 205 p.). New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad--History. 

(New York Westchester & Boston Railway), Herbert H. Harwood, Jr. (2008). The New York, Westchester & Boston Railway: J.P. Morgan’s Magnificent Mistake. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 155 p.). Former Executive, Chesapeake & Ohio and the Baltimore & Ohio. Morgan, J. Pierpont (John Pierpont), 1837-1913; New York, Westchester & Boston Railway --History; Railroads --New York (State) --History. Opened in 1912 as high-speed, high-capacity electric line designed to develop, serve upper-income communities in one of New York City's most rapidly growing suburban areas; financed by J. Pierpont Morgan; cost top construct - $2 million a mile (almost $40 million a mile in 2005 dollars); designed to carry more than 100,000 people a day efficiently and comfortably, ran through virtually undeveloped territory, duplicated line of parent company that built it; 1927 - discontinued.

(Norfolk Southern Railway), Robert C. Reisweber and Dalton P. "Billy" McDonald (2007). The Original Norfolk Southern Railway 1883-1974. (Laurys Station, PA: Garrigues House,   p.). Norfolk Southern Railway Company --History; Railroads --United States --History.

(Norfolk Southern Railway), Richard C. Borkowski (2008). Norfolk Southern Railway. (Minneapolis, MN: MinVoyageur Press, 160 p.). Norfolk Southern Railway Company --History. One of oldest Class 1 railroads operating in North America; how Norfolk Southern rose to one of worlds leading transportation companies, from merger of  Southern Railway, Norfolk and Western.

(North Carolina Railroad Company), Allen W. Trelease (1991). The North Carolina Railroad, 1849-1871, and the Modernization of North Carolina. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 486 p.). North Carolina Railroad Company--History; Railroads--North Carolina--History--19th century.

(North Eastern Railway Company), William Weaver Tomlinson (1967). Tomlinson's North Eastern Railway: Its Rise and Development. (Newton Abbot, UK: David & Charles, 820 p.). North-Eastern Railway (England); Railroads -- Great Britain -- History.

(North Eastern Railway Company), R. J. Irving (1976). The North Eastern Railway Company, 1870-1914: An Economic History. (Leicester, UK: Leicester University Press, 320 p.). North Eastern Railway (England) -- History.

(Northern Alberta Railways Company), Ena Schneider (1989). Ribbons of Steel: The Story of the Northern Alberta Railways. (Calgary, AB: Detselig Enterprises, 312 p.). Northern Alberta Railways Company; Railroads--Alberta, Northern.

(Northern Pacific - Villard, aka Ferdinand Heinrich Gustav Hilgard, became President in early 1880's), James B. Hedges (1930). Henry Villard and the Railways of the Northwest. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 224 p.). Villard, Henry, 1835-1900; Northern Pacific Railroad Company; Pacific railroads--History; Railroads--Northwest, Pacific.

Henry Villard - Northern Pacific  (

Jay Cooke - Northern Pacific (

Frederick Billings Frederick Billings - Northern Pacific  (

(Northern Pacific), Charles R. Wood (1968). The Northern Pacific, Main Street of the Northwest; A Pictorial History. (Seattle, WA: Superior Pub. Co., 208 p.). Northern Pacific Railroad Company.

(Northern Pacific), Henry Villard (1969). Memoirs of Henry Villard; Journalist and Financier, 1835-1900. (New York, NY: Da Capo Press, 2 vols. [orig. pub. 1904]). Villard, Henry, 1835-1900; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives. Contents: v. 1. 1835-1862.--v. 2. 1863-1900.

(Northern Pacific), Dietrich G. Buss (1978). Henry Villard: A Study of Transatlantic Investments and Interests, 1870-1895. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 296 p.). Villard, Henry, 1835-1900; Railroads--United States--Finance--History; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography; Investments, German--United States--History.

(Northern Pacific), John L. Harnsberger (1981). Jay Cooke and Minnesota: The Formative Years of the Northern Pacific Railroad, 1868-1873. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 348 p. (Originally presented as the author's thesis, University of Minnesota, 1956)). Cooke, Jay, 1821-1905; Northern Pacific Railroad Company--History.

(Northern Pacific), Robin W. Winks (1991). Frederick Billings: A Life. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 398 p.). Billings, Frederick, 1823-1890; Northern Pacific Railway Company -- History; Businessmen -- United States -- Biography.

(Northern Pacific), Sig Mickelson (1993). The Northern Pacific Railroad and the Selling of the West: A Nineteenth-Century Public Relations Venture. (Sioux Falls, SD: Center for Western Studies, 232 p.). Northern Pacific Railroad Company--History; Advertising--Real estate business--History--19th century; Land settlement--West (U.S.)--History--19th century.

(Northern Pacific), Peter J. Lewty (1995). Across the Columbia Plain: Railroad Expansion in the Interior Northwest, 1885-1893. (Pullman, WA: Washington State University Press, 326 p.). Northern Pacific Railroad Company -- History -- 19th century; Oregon and Transcontinental Company -- History -- 19th century; Oregon Railway and Navigation Company -- History -- 19th century; Union Pacific Railroad Company -- History -- 19th century'; Railroads -- United States -- History -- 19th century.

(Northern Pacific), Alexandra Villard de Borchgrave and John Cullen (2001). Villard: The Life and Times of an American Titan. (New York, NY: Doubleday, 414 p.). Villard, Henry, 1835-1900; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography; Journalists--United States--Biography; Railroads--United States--History--19th century.

(Northern Pacific), M. John Lubetkin (2006). Jay Cooke’s Gamble: The Northern Pacific Railroad and the Panic of 1873. (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 380 p.). rFormer Cable Television Executive. Cooke, Jay, 1821-1905; Northern Pacific Railroad Company; Financial crises--United States--History--19th century. Soldiers, engineers, businessmen, politicians, Native Americans who tried to build or block the Northern Pacific.

Northern Pacific Railroad map circa 1900

( Northern_Pacific_Railroad_map_circa_1900.jpg/800px-Northern_Pacific_Railroad_map_circa_1900.jpg)

(Northwestern Pacific Railroad), Fred Codoni, Paul C. Trimble, Northwestern Pacific Railroad Historical Society (2006). Northwestern Pacific Railroad. (Mount Pleasant, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 144 p.). Northwestern Pacific Railroad; Railroad companies--United States--History. "Redwood Empire Route" once stretched from Humboldt Bay to San Francisco Bay. 

(NOT&L), James M. Blower and Robert S. Korach (1966). The NOT&L Story. (Chicago, IL: Central Electric Railfans' Association, 268 p.). Northern Ohio Traction and Light Company; Street-railroads--Ohio--History; Local transit--Ohio--History.

(Ocean Shore Railroad Company), Barbara VanderWerf (1992). Granada, A Synonym for Paradise: The Ocean Shore Railroad Years. (El Granada, CA: Gum Tree Lane Books, 208 p.). Ocean Shore Railroad Company--History--20th century; Landscape--California--El Granada--History--20th century; Landscape--California--San Mateo County--History--20th century; El Granada (Calif.)--History; San Mateo County (Calif.)--History, Local.

(Ontario Northland Railway), Albert Tucker (1978). Steam into Wilderness: Ontario Northland Railway 1902-1962. (Totonto, ON: Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 214 p.). Ontario Northland Railway -- History; Ontario -- History -- 20th century.

(Ontario & Quebec Railway), Donald M. Wilson (1984). The Ontario & Quebec Railway: A History of the Development of the Canadian Pacific System in Southern Ontario. (Belleville, ON: Mika Pub. Co., 262 p.). Ontario and Quebec Railway Company -- History; Canadian Pacific Railway Company -- History; Railroads -- Ontario -- History.

(Oregon Pacific & Eastern Railway), Peter J. Lewty (1987). To the Columbia Gateway: The Oregon Railway and the Northern Pacific, 1879-1884. (Pullman, WA: Washington State University Press, 202 p.). Northern Pacific Railroad Company -- History -- 19th century; Oregon Pacific & Eastern Railway -- History -- 19th century; Railroads -- United States -- History -- 19th century.

(PACCAR), Alex Groner and Barry Provorse (2005). PACCAR: The Pursuit of Quality. (Seattle, WA: Documentary Media LLC, 328 p. [4th ed.]). PACCAR--History; Railroad equipment industry--United States--History; Truck industry--United States--History.

(Pacific Electric Railway), Spencer Crump (1970). Henry Huntington and the Pacific Electric; A Pictorial Album. (Los Angeles, CA: Trans-Anglo Books, 112 p.). Huntington, Henry Edwards, 1850-1927; Pacific Electric Railway; Street-railroads--California, Southern--Pictorial works; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography.

(Pacific Fruit Express Co.), Anthony W. Thompson, Robert J. Church, Bruce H. Jones (2000). Pacific Fruit Express. (Berkeley, CA: Signature Press, 464 p.). Pacific Fruit Express Co.; Refrigerator cars. 

(Panama Railroad), Fessenden N. Otis (1867). Isthmus of Panama. History of the Panama Railroad; and of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company. Together with a travellers' guide and business man's hand-book for the Panama railroad and the lines of steamships connecting it with Europe, the United States, the north and south Atlantic and Pacific coasts, China, Australia, and Japan. By F. N. Otis. (New York, NY: Harper & Brothers, 317 p.). Panama Railroad; Panama -- Description and travel; Pacific mail steamship company.

(PATH), Lorett Treese (2006). Railroads of New Jersey: Fragments of the Past in the Garden State Landscape. (Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 228 p.). Archivist (Bryn Mawr College). Railroads--New Jersey--History. History of PATH, Newark City Subway, NJ Transit, Secaucus Junction, Hudson-Bergen Light Rail.

(Penn Central), Joseph R. Daughen and Peter Binzen (1971). The Wreck of the Penn Central. (Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 365 p.). Pennsylvania Central Transportation Company.

(Penn Central), Robert Sobel (1977). The Fallen Colossus. (New York, NY: Weybright & Talley, 370 p.). Penn Central Transportation Company; Railroads--United States--Finance; Capital--United States.

(Penn Central), Stephen Salsbury (1982). No Way to Run a Railroad: The Untold Story of the Penn Central Crisis. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 363 p.). Penn Central Transportation Company.

(Pennsylvania Railroad), William Bender Wilson (1899). History of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company with Plan of Organization, Portraits of Officials, and Biographical Sketches. (Philadelphia, PA: H. T. Coates & Company, 2 vols.). Pennsylvania Railroad Company.

Alexander Cassatt Alexander Cassatt - President Pennsylvania Railroad. opened Penn Station ( Alexander_Cassatt.jpg/225px-Alexander_Cassatt.jpg)

(Pennsylvania Railroad), H.W. Schotter (1927). The Growth and Development of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company: A Review of the Charter and Annual Reports of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 1846 to 1926, Inclusive. (Philadelphia, PA: Allen, Lane & Scott, 518 p. (2nd ed.)). Pennsylvania Railroad Company.

(Pennsylvania Railroad), Edwin P Alexander (1971). On the Main Line: The Pennsylvania Railroad in the 19th Century. (New York, NY: C. N. Potter, 310 p.). Pennsylvania Railroad.

(Pennsylvania Railroad), George H. Burgess and Miles C. Kennedy (1976). Centennial History of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 1846-1946. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 835 p. [Reprint of 1949 ed.]). Pennsylvania Railroad

(Pennsylvania Railroad), Patricia T. Davis (1978). End of the Line: Alexander J. Cassatt and the Pennsylvania Railroad. (New York, NY: Neale Watson Academic Publications, 208 p.). Cassatt, Alexander J. (Alexander Johnston), 1839-1906; Pennsylvania Railroad; Businessmen--United States--Biography.

(Pennsylvania Railroad), James A. Ward (1980). J. Edgar Thomson: Master of the Pennsylvania. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 265 p.). Thomson, J. Edgar (John Edgar), 1808-1874; Pennsylvania Railroad--History; Businesspeople--United States--Biography.

(Pennsylvania Railroad), Patricia Talbot Davis (1994). The Railroad General: William Wallace Atterbury. (Atlanta, GA: Metro Printing, 205 p.). Atterbury, William Wallace, 1866-1935; Pennsylvania Railroad--History; Railroads--Pennsylvania--Employees--Biography; Executives--Pennsylvania--Biography.

(Pennsylvania Railroad), Jill Jonnes (2007). Conquering Gotham: A Guilded Age Epic: The Construction of Penn Station and Its Tunnels. (New York, NY: Viking, 368 p.). Pennsylvania Station (New York, N.Y.)--History--History--20th century; Tunneling--New York (State)--New York--History--20th century; Railroad stations--New York (State)--New York--History--20th century; Historic buildings--New York (State)--New York--History--20th century. 1901-1910: PRR's monumental effort to build system of electrified tunnels under  Hudson River, Manhattan, East River to Long Island, all meeting at Pennsylvania Station; then nation's biggest, most difficult, important civil engineering project. 

(Peto, Brassey and Betts), John G. Cox; edited and with a foreword by David Brooke (2008). Samuel Morton Peto (1809-1889): The Achievements and Failings of a Great Railway Developer. (Oxford, UK: Railway & Canal Historical Society, 128 p.). Railroad engineering -- History; Railroad engineers -- Biography; Businesspeople -- Biography. Prominent figure in worlds of business, transport for three decades in mid-Victorian age; partner in Grissell and Peto (managed construction firms that built many major buildings, monuments in London; dissolved in 1846); became major contractor, built rapidly expanding railways; involvement in railway development outside Britain, particularly in Denmark and Canada, unique Crimean Railway.

(Peto, Brassey and Betts), Adrian Vaughn (2009). Samuel Morton Peto: A Victorian Entrepreneur. (Leicestershire, UK: Ian Allan Publishing Ltd, 192 p. ). Railroad engineering -- History; Railroad engineers -- Biography; Businesspeople -- Biography. Entrepreneur in 1830s.

(Plant System), G. Hutchinson Smythe (1898). The Life Of Henry Bradley Plant: Founder And President Of The Plant System Of Railroads And Steamships And Also Of The Southern Express Company. (New York, NY: Putnam, 344 p.). Plant, Henry Bradley, 1819-1899; Plant family.

Henry Bradley Plant - Plant System (

(Plant System), Gregg M. Turner and Seth H. Bramson (2004). The Plant System of Railroads, Steamships and Hotels: The South’s First Great Industrial Enterprise. (Laurys Station, PA: Garrigues House Publishers, 144 p.). Former National Director of the Railway & Locomotive Historical Society (Harvard Business School). Plant, Henry Bradley, 1819-1899; Plant System -- History; Business enterprises -- Southern States -- History; Railroads -- Southern States -- History; Steamboats -- Southern States -- History; Hotels -- Southern States -- History; Industrialists -- Southern States -- Biography.

(Plant System), Kelly Reynolds (2003). Henry Plant: Pioneer Empire Builder. (Cocoa, FL: Florida Historical Society Press, 234 p.). Plant, Henry Bradley, 1819-1899; Transportation -- Florida -- Biography; Transportation -- Florida -- History -- 19th century; Florida -- History -- 19th century.

(Portland Company), David H. Fletcher (2002). The Portland Company: 1846-1982. (Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub., 128 p.). Former President of the Sandy River Railroad Museum, Founder of the Maine Narrow Gauge Railroad & Museum. Portland Company. Manufactured railroad locomotives for Atlantic & St. Lawrence Railroad; later diversified; played major role in economy, development of Maine state.

(Pullman), Liston E. Leyendecker (1992). Palace Car Prince: A Biography of George Mortimer Pullman. (Niwot, CO: University Press of Colorado, 323 p.). Pullman, George Mortimer, 1831-1897; Pullman's Palace Car Company--History; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Industrialists--United States--Biography.

George Pullman ( illinoisreview/images/pullman77.jpg)

(Pullman), David D. Perata (1996). Those Pullman Blues: An Oral History of the African American Railroad Attendant. (New York, NY: Twayne Publishers, 178 p.). Pullman Company -- History; Pullman porters -- Interviews; African American train attendants -- Interviews.

(Pullman), David Ray Papke (1999). The Pullman Case: The Clash of Labor and Capital in Industrial America. (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 118 p.). R. Bruce Townsend Professor of Law (Indiana University School of Law-Indianapolis), Professor of Liberal Arts (Indiana University/Purdue University-Indianapolis). Debs, Eugene V. (Eugene Victor), 1855-1926 --Trials, litigation, etc.; Pullman, George Mortimer, 1831-1897; Trials (Conspiracy)--Illinois; Strikes and lockouts--Railroads--Law and legislation--United States--History; Chicago Strike, 1894.

(Quanah Acme & Pacific), Don L. Hofsommer (1991). The Quanah Route: A History of the Quanah, Acme & Pacific Railway. (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 215 p.). Quanah, Acme, and Pacific Railway Company; Railroads--Texas.

(Rahway Valley Railroad), Donald A. Maxton (2002). The Rahway Valley Railroad. (Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub., 128 p.). Rahway Valley Railroad--History. One of shortest yet most prosperous of American railroads; helped transform rural region into one of New Jersey's most vital and populous areas.

(Rome, Watertown), Edward Hungerford (1922). The Story of the Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburgh Railroad. (New York, NY: R.M. McBride & Company, 269 p.). Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburgh Railroad.

(Ruston and Hornsby Ltd.), Bernard Newman (1957). One Hundred Years of Good Company: Published on the Occasion of the Ruston Centenary 1857-1957. (Lincoln, UK: Ruston & Hornsby, 272 p.). Ruston & Hornsby Ltd.; Locomotive industry--Great Britain--Management--History--20th century. 1840 - Proctor and Burton established; 1857 - Joseph Ruston joined company; name changed to Ruston, Proctor and Company; September 11, 1918 - merged with Richard Hornsby & Sons ( world leaders in vaporizing oil engines, built them since 1891, eight years before Rudoph Diesel's engine commercially produced); renamed Ruston and Hornsby Ltd. Hornsbys.

(San Diego & Arizona Eastern Railway Company), Robert M. Hanft (1984). San Diego & Arizona: The Impossible Railroad. (Glendale, CA: Trans-Anglo Books, 224 p.). San Diego & Arizona Eastern Railway Company.

(San Diego & Southeastern Railroad), Ralph Forty (1986). San Diego’s South Bay Interurban. (Glendale, CA: Interurban Press, 95 p.). San Diego & Southeastern Railroad; Street-railroads--California--San Diego.

(Santa Fe), Donald Duke (1995). Santa Fe: The Railroad Gateway to the American West. (San Marino, CA: Golden West Books. Santa Fe Pacific Railroad Company--History; Railroads--West (U.S.)--History.

(Severn Valley Railway), Michael A. Vanns (2006). Severn Valley Railway. (Shepperton, UK: Ian Allan, 96 p.). Severn Valley Railway -- History; Severn Valley Railway -- History -- Pictorial works.

(South Eastern Railways), R.R. Bhandari (1988). The Blue Chip Railway, 1887-1987. (Calcutta, IN: C.P.R.O., S.E. Railways, 142 p.). Railroads--India--History.

(Southern England Railways), David St John Thomas & Patrick Whitehouse (1988). SR 150: A Century and a Half of the Southern Railway. (Newton Abbot, UK: David & Charles, 207 p.). Southern England Railways history.

(Southern Express), G. Hutchinson Smyth (1898). The Life of Henry Bradley Plant: Founder and President of the Plant System of Railroads and Steamships and also of the Southern Express Company. (New York, NY: Putnam, 344 p.). Plant, Henry Bradley, 1819-1899; Plant family (John Plant 1691).

(Southern Pacific), Neill C. Wilson and Frank J. Taylor (1952). Southern Pacific: The Roaring Story of a Fighting Railroad. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 256 p.). Southern Pacific Company.

Collis P. Huntington - Southern Pacific  ( photos10/cphunt.gif)

(Southern Pacific), Stuart Daggett (1966). Chapters on the History of the Southern Pacific. (New York, NY: A.M. Kelley, 470 p. [orig. pub. 1922]). Southern Pacific Railroad.

(Southern Pacific), John R. Signor (1985). Donner Pass: Southern Pacific’s Sierra Crossing. (San Marino, CA: Golden West Books, 290 p.). Southern Pacific Railroad Company--History; Donner Pass (Calif.)--History.

(Southern Pacific), Don L. Hofsommer; foreword by Richard C. Overton (1986). The Southern Pacific, 1901-1985. (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 373 p.). Southern Pacific Railroad--History.

(Southern Pacific), Loren Nicholson (1993). Rails Across the Ranchos: Celebrating the Southern Pacific Railroad Coastal Line. (San Luis Obispo, CA: California Heritage Pub. Associates, 197 p.). Railroads--California--San Luis Obispo County--History; San Luis Obispo County (Calif.)--History.

(Southern Pacific), Jim A. Loveland (1996). Dinner Is Served: Fine Dining Aboard the Southern Pacific. (San Marino, CA: Golden West Books, 241 p.). Southern Pacific Railroad Company; Railroads--United States--Dining-car service.

(Southern Pacific), Richard J. Orsi (2005). Sunset Limited: The Southern Pacific Railroad and the Development of the American West, 1850-1930. (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 647 p.). Professor Emeritus of History (California State University, Hayward). Southern Pacific Railroad Company--History; Southern Pacific Company--History; Railroads--California--History; Water resources development--West (U.S.); Land use--West (U.S.)--History; West (U.S.)--Economic conditions--20th century; West (U.S.)--Economic conditions--19th century; West (U.S.)--Environmental conditions--History. One of largest, most important corporations during crucial phase of development of American West in late 19th, early 20th centuries - only major U.S. railroad operated by westerners, only railroad built from west to east; railroad's development and influence--especially as it affected land settlement, agriculture, water policy, environment; role in shaping American West, relationship between company's propserity with population growth and social and economic development in railroad's hinterland; railroad's little-known promotion of land distribution, small-scale farming, scientific agriculture, less wasteful environmental practices and policies (water conservation, wilderness and recreational parklands preservation).

(Southern Pacific), Monte George Kim (2006). The Southern Pacific Railroad and the Making of Place and Community in California. (Ann Arbor, MI: ProQuest/UMI, 387 p.). Southern Pacific Company--History; California--development. Transformative role of railroad in California during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; role of Southern Pacific Railroad in making (and remaking) of places and communities throughout the state.  

(South Pennsylvania Railroad), Herbert H. Harwood, Jr. (2010). The Railroad That Never Was: Vanderbilt, Morgan, and the South Pennsylvania Railroad. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press 165 p.). 30 years in various management positions at the Chesapeake & Ohio and the Baltimore & Ohio as well as their successor, CSX Transportation. South Pennsylvania Railroad; Railroads --Design and construction. Conceived in 1881 by William H. Vanderbilt, Andrew Carnegie, group of Pittsburgh and Philadelphia industrialists, 200-mile line through Pennsylvania's most challenging mountain terrain was intended to: 1) form heart of new trunk line from East Coast to Pittsburgh and Midwest, 2) break Pennsylvania Railroad's near-monopoly in region; J. P. Morgan brokered peace treaty that aborted project, bolstered his position in world of finance; railroad right of way, its tunnels sat idle for 60 years; came to life in late 1930s as original section of Pennsylvania Turnpike.

(Southern Railway), Burke Davis (1985). The Southern Railway: Road of the Innovators. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 309 p.). Southern Railway (U.S.).

(Southern Railway), Charles O. Morgret (1996). Brosnan: The Railroads' Messiah. (New York, NY: Vantage Press, 2 vols.). Brosnan, Dennis William, 1903-1985; Railroads--United States--Biography; Railroads--United States--History.

(Spokane, Portland, and Seattle Railway), Charles and Dorothy Wood (1974). Spokane, Portland and Seattle Ry; The Northwest’s Own Railway. (Seattle, WA: Superior Pub. Co., 159 p.). Spokane, Portland, and Seattle Railway.

(St. Louis-San Francisco), H. Craig Miner (1972). The St. Louis-San Francisco Transcontinental Railroad; the Thirty-Fifth Parallel Project, 1853-1890. (Lawrence, KS: Unicersity of Kansas Press, 236 p.). St. Louis-San Francisco Railway Company; Railroads--United States--History.

(Stockton and Darlington Railway), John Thomas (1952). The Story of George Stephenson. (London, UK: Oxford University Press, 173 p.). Stephenson, George, 1781-1848; Railroads--Great Britain.

George Stephenson - Stockton and Darlington  (

(Stockton and Darlington Railway), John Rowland (1971). Railway Pioneer: The Story of George Stephenson. (New York, NY: Roy Publishers, 121 p.). Stephenson, George, 1781-1848; Stephenson, George, 1781-1848; Railroads--Great Britain--Biography. Biography of the English inventor whose pioneer work in railway engineering marked the beginning of England's railroad network.

(Stockton and Darlington Railway), Samuel Smiles (1971). The Life of George Stephenson, Railway Engineer. (Ann Arbor, MI: Plutarch Press, 557 p. [5th ed.; orig. pub. 1858]). Stephenson, George, 1781-1848; Railroads--Great Britain--History; Locomotives--History.

(Stockton and Darlington Railway), J. S. Jeans (1974). History of the Stockton and Darlington Railway: Jubilee Memorial of the Railway System. (Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Graham, 315 p. [orig. pub. 1875]). Stockton and Darlington Railway; Railroads--Great Britain--History.

(Stockton and Darlington Railway), P. W. B. Semmens (1975). Stockton & Darlington: One Hundred & Fifty Years of British Railways. (London, UK: New English Library, 160 p.). Stockton and Darlington Railway; Railroads--Great Britain--History.

(Stockton and Darlington Railway), P. J. Holmes (1975). The Stockton and Darlington Railway, 1825-1975. (Ayr, UK: First Avenue Pub. Co., 194 p.). Stockton and Darlington Railway--History.

(Stockton and Darlington Railway), L. T. C. Rolt (1977). George and Robert Stephenson: The Railway Revolution. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 356 p. [orig. pub. 1960]). Stephenson, George, 1781-1848; Stephenson, Robert, 1803-1859; Railroad engineers--England--Biography.

(Stockton and Darlington Railway), Maurice W. Kirby (1993). The Origins of Railway Enterprise: The Stockton and Darlington Railway, 1821-1863. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 223 p.). Stockton and Darlington Railway--History; Railroads--Great Britain--History.

(Stockton and Darlington Railway), Charlie Emett (2000). The Stockton & Darlington Railway: 175 Years. (Stroud, UK: Sutton, 130 p.). Stockton and Darlington Railway.--History; Railroads--England--Darlington--History; Railroads--England--Stockton--History.

(Terre Haute & Indianapolis Railroad Company), Richard T. Wallis (2001). The Pennsylvania Railroad at Bay: William Riley McKeen and the Terre Haute & Indianapolis Railroad. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 189 p.). McKeen, William Riley, b. 1829; Terre Haute & Indianapolis Railroad Company--History; Pennsylvania Railroad--History; Railroads--Indiana--History; Railroads--Illinois--History.

(Texas & Pacific Railway), Virginia H. Taylor (1969). The Franco-Texan Land Company. (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 331 p.). Texas & Pacific Railway; Memphis, El Paso, and Pacific Railroad Company; Franco-Texan Land Company; French -- Texas.

(Toledo, Peoria & Western Railroad), Paul H. Stringham (1993). Toledo, Peoria & Western: Tried, Proven & Willing. (Peoria, IL: Deller Archive, 149 p.). Toledo, Peoria & Western Railroad; Railroads--Middle West.

(Transcontinental Railroad), Robert West Howard (1962). The Great Iron Trail; The Story of the First Transcontinental Railroad. (New York, NY: Putnam, 376 p.). Central Pacific Railroad Company; Union Pacific Railroad Company.

(Transcontinental Railroad), Julius Grodinsky (1962). Transcontinental Railway Strategy, 1869-1893; A Study of Businessmen. (Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 443 p.). Railroads--United States--History.

(Transcontinental Railroad), Wesley S. Griswold (1962). A Work of Giants; Building the First Transcontinental Railroad. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 367 p.). Central Pacific Railroad; Union Pacific Railroad Company.

(Transcontinental Railroad), James McCague (1964). Moguls and Iron Men; The Story of the First Transcontinental Railroad. (New York, NY: Harper & Row, 392 p.). Central Pacific Railroad; Union Pacific Railroad[ Railroads--West (U.S.).

(Transcontinental Railroad), Enid Johnson (1965). Rails Across the Continent; The Story of the First Transcontinental Railroad. (New York, NY: J. Messner, 190 p.). Central Pacific Railroad Company; Union Pacific Railroad Company; Central Pacific Railroad Company; Union Pacific Railroad Company. 

(Transcontinental Railroad), John Debo Galloway (1983). The First Transcontinental Railroad: Central Pacific, Union Pacific. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 319 p. [orig. pub. 1950]). Central Pacific Railroad Company--History; Union Pacific Railroad Company--History.

(Transcontinental Railroad), John Hoyt Williams (1996). A Great and Shining Road: The Epic Story of the Transcontinental Railroad. (Lincoln, NB: University of Nebraska Press, 341 p. [orig. pub. 1988]). Pacific railroads--History; Railroads--West (U.S.)--History.

(Transcontinental Railroad), David Haward Bain (1999). Empire Express: Building the First Transcontinental Railroad. (New York, NY: Viking, 797 p.). Teaches at Middlebury College. Railroads--United States--History; West (U.S.)--History. 

(Transcontinental Railroad), Stephen E. Ambrose (2000). Nothing Like It in the World : The Men Who Built the Transcontinental Railroad, 1863-1869. (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 431 p.). Professor, University of New Orleans. Central Pacific Railroad Company--History; Union Pacific Railroad Company--History; Railroads--United States--History--19th century; Railroad construction workers--United States--History--19th century. 

(Transcontinental Railroad), Walter R. Borneman (2010). Rival Rails: The Race To Build America’s Greatest Transcontinental Railroad. (New York, NY: Random House, 432 p.). President of the Walter V. and Idun Y. Berry Foundation. Railroads --United States --History --19th century; Railroads --United States --History --20th century. Battle to build America’s transcontinental rail lines; sectional rivalries, contested routes, political posturing, ambitious business dealings as increasing number of lines pushed across country; legendary business geniuses, so-called robber barons who made millions, fought the elements, one another, to move America; herculean efforts to construct roads: laborers, brakemen, tracklayers, backroom deals in Washington, DC, armed robberies of trains in the wild deserts, glorified cattle cars to streamliners and Super Chiefs.

(Union Pacific), George Kennan (1922). E. H. Harriman: A Biography. (Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 2 vols.). Harriman, Edward Henry, 1848-1909; Boys--Societies and clubs; Businessmen--Biography; Railroads--United States.

E.H. Harriman Edward H. Harriman - bought bankrupt UP in 1897  (


Grenville M. Dodge - Union Pacific  (

(Union Pacific), Robert W. Fogel (1960). The Union Pacific Railroad; A Case in Premature Enterprise. (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 129 p.). Union Pacific Railroad Company (1862-1880).

(Union Pacific), Stanley P. Hirshson (1967). Grenville M. Dodge, Soldier, Politician, Railroad Pioneer. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 334 p.). Dodge, Grenville Mellen, 1831-1916.

(Union Pacific), John P. Davis (1973). The Union Pacific Railway; A Study in Railway Politics, History, and Economics. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 247 p. [orig. pub. 1894]). Union Pacific Railroad.

(Union Pacific), J. R. Perkins (1981). Trails, Rails, and War: The Life of General G. M. Dodge. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 371 p. [orig. pub. 1929]). Dodge, Grenville Mellen, 1831-1916; Capitalists and financiers--West (U.S.)--Biography; Railroads--West (U.S.)--History; Pacific railroads--History; Union Pacific Railroad--History.

(Union Pacific), Lloyd J. Mercer (1985). E. H. Harriman, Master Railroader. (Boston, MA: Twayne Publishers, 188 p.). Harriman, Edward Henry, 1848-1909; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography.

(Union Pacific), Maury Klein (1987). Union Pacific. (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 2 vols.). Union Pacific Railroad Company. v. 1. Birth of a railroad, 1862-1893 -- v. 2. The rebirth, 1894-1969.

(Union Pacific), Maury Klein (2000). The Life & Legend of E. H. Harriman. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 521 p.). Harriman, Edward Henry, 1848-1909; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography; Railroads--United States--History.

(Union Pacific), Maury Klein (2011). Union Pacific: The Reconfiguration; America's Greatest Railroad from 1969 to the Present. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 528 p.). Professor of History Emeritus (University of Rhode Island). Union Pacific Railroad Company --History; Railroads --United States --History. 1969 - same company that century earlier had triumphantly driven golden spike into Promontory Summit (to immortalize nation's first transcontinental railway) seemed dinosaur destined for financial ruin; survived, thrived (even as passenger train travel has disappeared); inside  great railroad (boardrooms, along its tracks) - how company adapted to rapidly changing world of modern transportation; portraits of men who have run railroad: challenges they faced, strategies they developed. 

(Virginia and Truckee Railroad), Lucius Beebe and Charles Clegg (1957). Steamcars to the Comstock; The Virginia & Truckee Railroad, the Carson & Colorado Railroad: Their Story in Picture and Prose. (Berkeley, CA: Howell-North, 74 p.). Virginia and Truckee Railroad; Carson and Colorado Railroad.

(Virginia and Truckee Railroad), Lucius Beebe and Charles Clegg (1963). Virginia & Truckee, A Story of Virginia City and Comstock Times. (Berkeley, CA: Howell-North, 67 p.). Virginia and Truckee Railroad.

(Virginia and Truckee Railroad), Ted Wurm and Harre W. Demoro (1982). The Silver Short Line: A History of the Virginia & Truckee Railroad. (San Diego, CA: Howell-North Books). Virginia and Truckee Railroad--History.

(Virginia and Truckee Railroad), Ted Wurm (1992). Rebirth of the Virginia & Truckee R.R.: Amazing Revival of a Steam Railroad. (Ross, CA: May-Murdock Publications, 78 p.). Virginia and Truckee Railroad; Railroads--Nevada.

(Wabash Railroad), H. Roger Grant (2004). Follow the Flag: A History of the Wabash Railroad Company. (DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, 291 p.). Centennial Professor of History (Clemson University). Wabash Railroad History. 

(Washington-Virginia Railway Company), John E. Merriken (1987). Old Dominion Trolley Too: A History of the Mount Vernon Line. (Dallas, TX: L.O. King, Jr., 142 p.). Washington-Virginia Railway Company; Street-railroads--Virginia.

(James Watt and Company), Sir Eric Roll. With an introd. by J. G. Smith (1968). An Early Experiment in Industrial Organisation; Being a History of the Firm of Boulton & Watt, 1775-1805. (New York, NY: A.M. Kelley, 320 p. [reprint of 1930 ed.]). James Watt and Company (Birmingham, England); Steam-engines--History.

(Western Maryland Railway Company), Edward M. Killough (1940). History of the Western Maryland Railway Company. (Baltimore, MD: The Author, 128 p. [rev. ed.]). Western Maryland Railway Company; Railroads --United States --Biography. 

(Western Maryland Railway Company), Harold A. Williams (1952). The Western Maryland Railway Story; A Chronicle of the First Century, 1852-1952. (Baltimore, MD: Author, 152 p.). Western Maryland Railway Company. 

(Western Maryland Railway Company), Ross Grenard and John Krause (1988). Steam in the Alleghenies: Western Maryland. (Newton, NJ: Carstens Publications, 82 p.). Western Maryland Railway Company; Railroads --United States. 

(Western Maryland Railway Company), Roger Cook and Karl Zimmermann (1992). The Western Maryland Railway: Fireballs and Black Diamonds. (Laurys Station, PA:  Garrigues House, 332 p. [2nd ed.]). Western Maryland Railway --History. Illustrated history, particular emphasis on 40-year period following Western Maryland’s Centennial in 1952.

(Western Maryland Railway Company), Jeremy F. Plant (2002). Western Maryland Trackside with George M. Leilich. (Scotch Plains, NJ : Morning Sun Books, Scotch Plains, NJ : Morning Sun Books, 128 p.). Western Maryland Railway Company; Railroads --United States. History of the Western Maryland in its last three decades, through camera lens of Vice President of Operations, George M. Leilich.

(Western Maryland Railway Company), Carroll F. Spitzer (2002). Western Maryland Railway: A Pictorial History of the Men, Women, and Machines that Made It Famous: 1872-1999.  (Hagerstown, MD: Copyquik Printing & Graphics, 303 p.). Western Maryland Railroad Company --History; Western Maryland Railroad Company --Pictorial works; Railroads --Maryland --History.

(Western Pacific Railway Company), Spencer Crump (1963). Western Pacific; The Railroad That Was Built Too Late. (Los Angeles, CA: Trans-Anglo Books, 48 p.). Western Pacific Railway Company; Western Pacific Railroad Company.

(Western Pacific Railway Company), Norman W. Holmes (1996). My Western Pacific Railroad: An Engineer’s Journey. (Reno, NV: Steel Rails West Publishing, 128 p.). Western Pacific Railroad Company--History; Railroads--California--History; Railroads--California--Pictorial works.

(Westinghouse Air Brake Company), Wilmerding World Wide (2002). Wilmerding and the Westinghouse Air Brake Company. (Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub., 128 p.). Promotes History of George Westinghouse. Wilmerding and the Westinghouse Air Brake Company.  Story of company and company town, both built by George Westinghouse, grew up hand in hand; how citizens lived.

(Wisconsin Central Ltd.), Otto P. Dobnick and Steve Glischinski (1997). Wisconsin Central: Railroad Success Story. (Waukesha, WI: Kalmbach Books, 160 p.). Wisconsin Central Ltd.; Railroads--United States.

Charles F. Adams, Jr. (1878). Railroads: Their Origins and Problems. (New York, NY: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 230 p.). Railroads.

Mark Aldrich (2006). Death Rode the Rails: American Railroad Accidents and Safety, 1828-1965. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 464 p.). Marilyn Carlson Nelson Professor of Economics (Smith College). Railroads--United States--Accidents--History; Railroads--United States--Safety measures--History. Evolution of railroad safety in the United States-interplay of market forces, science and technology, legal and public pressures.

Robert G. Angevine (2004). The Railroad and the State: War, Politics, and Technology in Nineteenth-Century America. (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 351 p.). Research Analyst at the Strategic Assessment Center. United States. Army--History--19th century; Railroads and state--United States--History--19th century; Railroads--Military aspects--United States--History--19th century; Industrial mobilization--United States--History--19th century.

Gerald Berk (1994). Alternative Tracks: The Constitution of American Industrial Order, 1865-1917. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 243 p.). Associate Professor of Political Science (University of Oregon). Railroads and state --United States --History; Railroads --Political aspects --United States --History; Railroad law --United States --History; Corporations --Political aspects --United States --History; Corporation law --United States --History; Industrial policy --United States --History. Constitutional choices, not technological imperatives or economic interests, determined outcome in 20th century.

Ed. Stuart Bruchey (1981). Memoirs of Three Railroad Pioneers. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 104 p.). Hill, James Jerome, 1838-1916; Harriman, Edward Henry, 1848-1909; Hopkins, Mark, 1813-1878; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography; Railroads--United States--History. Hill, J. J. The Great Northern and the Northwest.--Kahn, O. H. Edward Henry Harriman.--Redding, B. B. 

Brian Carroll (1976). Australia’s Railway Days: Milestones in Railway History. (Melbourne, AU: Macmillan, 111 p.). Railroads--Australia--History.

Compiled and edited by Alfred D. Chandler, Jr. (1965). The Railroads, The Nation's First Big Business; Sources and Readings. (New York, NY: Harcourt, Brace & World, 213 p.). Railroads--United States--History--Addresses, essays, lectures.

Ed. Alfred D. Chandler (1979). The Railroads, Pioneers in Modern Management. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 295 p.). Railroads--United States--Management--Addresses, essays, lectures; Management--Addresses, essays, lectures. 

Albert J. Churella (1998). From Steam to Diesel: Managerial Customs and Organizational Capabilities in the Twentieth-Century American Locomotive Industry. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 215 p.). Locomotive industry--United States--Management--History--20th century. Transformation of specialty production trade into standard-product industry; how leading locomotive producers in United States during 20th century responded to radical technological change from steam locomotives to diesels; business practices, dramatic shifts in innovation patterns.

John E. Clark, Jr. (2001). Railroads in the Civil War: The Impact of Management on Victory and Defeat. (Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 275 p.). United States. Army--Management--History--19th century; Confederate States of America. Army--Management; United States. Army--Transportation--History--19th century; Confederate States of America. Army--Transportation; Railroads--United States--History--19th century; Railroads--Confederate States of America--History; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Transportation; United States--Politics and government--1861-1865; Confederate States of America--Politics and government. 

Thomas C. Cochran (1953). Railroad Leaders, 1845-1890: The Business Mind in Action. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 564 p.). Railroads--United States--Biography. Harvard University Research Center Series in Entrepreneurial History.

John G. Cox; edited and with a foreword by David Brooke (2008). Samuel Morton Peto (1809-1889): The Achievements and Failings of a Great Railway Developer. (Oxford, UK: Railway & Canal Historical Society, 128 p.). Railroad engineering -- History; Railroad engineers -- Biography; Businesspeople -- Biography. Prominent figure in worlds of business, transport for three decades in mid-Victorian age; developed railways outside Britain, in Denmark and Canada, unique Crimean Railway. 

William Deverell (1994). Railroad Crossing: Californians and the Railroad, 1850-1910. (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 278 p.). Professor of History (University of Southern California), Director of the Huntington-USC Institute on California and the West. Railroads -- California -- History; Southern Pacific Company--History. Chaos that was industrial America from middle of nineteenth century through first decade of the twentieth. Americans clamored for progress, prosperity that railroads would surely bring, and no railroad was more crucial for California than the transcontinental line linking East to West;  Californians looked to railroad as state's new savior; social upheaval,  economic disruption came down tracks along with growth, opportunity; contradictory roles of technology, industrial capitalism in lives of Americans.

Colleen A. Dunlavy (1994). Politics and Industrialization: Early Railroads in the United States and Prussia. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 303 p.). Professor of History (University of Wisconsin-Madison). Railroads and state--United States--History--19th century; Railroads and state--Germany--Prussia--History--19th century; Railroads--United States--History--19th century; Railroads--Germany--Prussia--History--19th century. How two distinctive political structures (federal, legislative in U.S., centralized, bureaucratic in Prussia) shaped contours of early railroad industry.

Eds. Bruce A. Elleman and Stephen Kotkin (2010). Manchurian Railways and the Opening of China: An International History. (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 235 p.). Railroads --China --Manchuria --History --20th century; Manchuria (China) --History --20th century; China --Economic conditions --20th century. International history of northeast Asia; control of 1) route from Imperial Russian capital of St. Petersburg to Pacific port of Vladivostok through Manchuria, 2) spur line from Manchurian city of Harbin to ice-free Port Arthur gave Imperial Russia military, economic, political advantages that prompted rivalry by Japan, unease for China; effort to defend, retain strategic hold against rising Japanese power strained Moscow; control of Manchurian railways contested in: a) Russo-Japanese War of 1904-5; b) Japan's 1931 invasion, establishment of puppet state of Manchukuo; c) second Sino-Japanese War, World War II in Asia; d) Chinese civil war that culminated in Communist victory over Nationalists; railways - critical to plans for development of China's sparsely populated interior.

Saul Engelbourg and Leonard Bushkoff (1996). The Man Who Found the Money: John Stewart Kennedy and the Financing of the the Western Railroads. (East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press, 257 p.). Kennedy, John S. (John Stewart), 1830-1909; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography; Philanthropists--United States--Biography; Railroads--United States--History--19th century; Railroads--Canada--History--19th century; Public libraries--New York (State)--New York--History.

Albert Fishlow (1965). American Railroads and the Transformation of the Antebellum Economy. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 452 p.). Railroads--United States--History; United States--Economic conditions. Transition from the "Old Economic History" to the "New Economic History."

Robert William Fogel (1964). Railroads and American Economic Growth: Essays in Econometric History. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press, 296 p.). Charles R. Walgreen Professor of American Institutions, Director for the Center for Population Economics (University of Chicago), Winner - Nobel Prize for Economics in 1993. Railroads--United States--History; United States--Economic conditions. Disagreed that railroads constituted "the greatest technological innovation of the 19th-century, the engine that pushed forward the whole American economy." Used data on 19th-century agricultural commodities, transport costs, land value, canal usage. Argued that railroads made relatively small contribution to U.S. economic growth in 1890; claimed that even if first rail had never been laid, per capita income reached in U. S. on January 1, 1890 would have been delayed by only about 3 months; dismantled concept of "axis of indispensability". 

William B. Friedricks (1992). Henry E. Huntington and the Creation of Southern California. (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 229 p.). Huntington, Henry Edwards, 1850-1927; Businesspeople--California, Southern--Biography; Entrepreneurship--California, Southern--History--20th century.

A. F. Garnett (2005). Steel Wheels: The Evolution of the Railways and How They Stimulated and Excited Engineers, Architects, Artists, Writers, Musicians and Travellers. (Waldenbury, Chailey, East Sussex, UK: Cannwood, 266 p.). Railroads--History. Evolution of railways, engineers and architects who made them possible.

Stephen B. Goddard (1996). Getting There: The Epic Struggle between Road and Rail in the American Century. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 366 p.). Lawyer, Board President of the Hartford Public Library. Transportation, Automotive --United States --History --20th century; Automobiles --Social aspects --United States --History --20th century; Roads --United States --History --20th century; Railroads --United States --History --20th century. How transportation has shaped nation, its economy; how highways, interstate highway system, steadily became dominant mode of transportation in US.

Sarah H. Gordon (1996). Passage to Union: How the Railroads Transformed American Life, 1829-1929. (Chicago, IL: Ivan R. Dee, 403 p.). Railroads--United States--History; United States--Economic conditions; United States--Social conditions.

H. Roger Grant (2005). The Railroad: The Life Story of a Technology. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 182 p.). Kathryn and Calhoun Lemon Professor of History & Geography (Clemson University). Railroads--United States--History. 200 years of the growth and development of historically significant technology; linked to broader social developments.

Dolores Greenberg (1980). Financiers and Railroads, 1869-1889: A Study of Morton, Bliss & Company. (Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press, 286 p.). Morton, Bliss & Company--History; Railroads--United States--Finance--History.

Derek Hayes (2010). Historical Atlas of the North American Railroad. (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 224 p.). Railroads -- United States -- History; Railroads -- routes. History of railroad in North America, from origins in Britain in 1820s, short lines connecting Eastern Seaboard rivers in 1830s to Amtrak, modern intermodal freights driving modern railroad revival; array of types of railroad maps (purely utilitarian to gorgeously promotional; how railroad transformed economic, social life of continent, changed two North American nations it linked from Atlantic to Pacific.

Don L. Hofsommer (2005). Minneapolis and the Age of Railways. (Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 337 p.). Professor of History (St. Cloud State University). Railroads--Minnesota--Minneapolis--History; Minneapolis (Minn.)--History. Author presents Minneapolis from the 1860s into the 1950s, when railroads served as unique link between city and countryside.

--- (2005). Steel Trails of Hawkeyeland: Iowa’s Railroad Experience. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 353 p.). Professor of History (St. Cloud State University). Railroads--Iowa--History. Critically important element in state’s history; tight symbiotic relationship between Iowa and its railways.

Stewart H. Holbrook (1981). The Story of American Railroads. (New York, NY: American Legacy Press, 469 p. [orig. pub. 1947]). Railroads--United States--History.

Kakizaki Ichiro (2004). Laying the Tracks: The Thai Economy and Its Railways 1885-1935. (Kyoto, Japan: Kyoto University Press, 327 p.). Railroads--Economic aspects--Thailand; Railroads--Thailand--History; Thailand--Economic conditions--1782-1945.

Arthur M. Johnson and Barry E. Supple (1967). Boston Capitalists and Western Railroads; a Study in the Nineteenth-Century Railroad Investment Process. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 392 p.). Railroads--United States--Finance.

Ian Kennedy and Julian Treuherz (2008). The Railway: Art in the Age of Steam. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 287 p.). Louis L. and Adelaide C. Ward Curator, European Painting and Sculpture at The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City; formerly Keeper of Art Galleries, National Museums Liverpool. Railroads in art --Exhibitions; Railroad travel in art --Exhibitions; Art, Modern --19th century --Exhibitions; Art, Modern --20th century --Exhibitions. One of industrial age’s defining achievements - artistic response to steam locomotion within its social setting via paintings, photography, prints, posters;  wide variety of themes (landscape painting, conquest of West, Impressionism, issues of social class, Modernism, aesthetics of machine, environmental concerns).

Ian J. Kerr (2006). Engines of Change: The Railroads That Made India. (Westport, CT: Praeger, 224 p.). Retired Professor of History and Senior Scholar in the Department of History (University of Manitoba). Railroads--India--History. Railway networks brought people together as colony; fostered nationalism (Britain's downfall); remade physical landscape, brought social-cultural cohesion to diverse, wide-ranging populace.

Vivek Khare (2008). The Turnaround Story of Indian Railways: Beginning-- Challenges--. (Pune : Ameya Prakashan, 128 p.). Railroads -- India -- Management; Railroads -- India -- Finance; Technological innovations -- Economic aspects -- India; Indian Railways.

Robert A. King (2003). Trails to Rails: A History of Wyoming’s Railroads. (Casper, WY Endeavor Books, 125 p.). Railroads --Wyoming --History.

M. W. Kirby (1984). Men of Business and Politics: The Rise and Fall of the Quaker Pease Dynasty of North-East England, 1700-1943. (Boston, MA: Allen & Unwin, 167 p.). Pease family; Businesspeople--Great Britain--Biography; Politicians--Great Britain--Biography; Great Britain--Economic conditions.

Maury Klein (1994). Unfinished Business: The Railroad in American Life. (Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 226 p.). Railroads--United States--History.

Gabriel Kolko (1965). Railroads and Regulation, 1877-1916. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 273 p.). Emeritus Professor of History (York University). Railroad law --United States; Railroads and state --United States.

Theodore Kornweibel, Jr. (2010). Railroads in the African American Experience: A Photographic Journey. (Baltimore, MD, Johns Hopkins University Press, 557 p.). Professor Emeritus in African American History (San Diego State University). Railroads --United States --Employees; African Americans --Employment; African Americans --Segregation. Illustrated tour of black railroad experience from slavery to Amtrak; significant contributions of African Americans to building, maintenance, operation, profitability of American railway system; for over century, railroading provided most important industrial occupation for blacks (brakemen, firemen, porters, chefs, mechanics, laborers) - essential to daily operation, success of American railroads.

Ginette Kurgan-van Hentenryk (1982). Rail, Finance et Politique: Les Entreprises Philippart, 1865-1890. (Bruxelles, Belgique: Editions de l’Universite´ de Bruxelles, 392 p.). Professor in History, Centre d'Études Canadiennes (Université Libre de Bruxelles). Philippart, Simon, 1827-1900; Railroads--Belgium--History--19th century; Business enterprises--Belgium--History--19th century; Railroads--Luxembourg--History--19th century; Railroads--France--History--19th century.

Rush Loving, Jr. (2006). The Men Who Loved Trains: The Story of Men Who Battled Greed To Save an Ailing Industry. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 248 p.). Former Director of the Office of Management and Budget under President Jimmy Carter. Railroads--United States--Biography; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography; Railroad companies--United States--History. Chiefs who have run railroads; intrigue, greed, lust for power, boardroom battles, takeover wars.

Albro Martin (1971). Enterprise Denied; Origins of the Decline of American Railroads, 1897-1917. (New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 402 p.). Railroads and state -- United States.

--- (1992). Railroads Triumphant: The Growth, Rejection, and Rebirth of a Vital American Force. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 428 p.). Railroads -- United States -- History.

Charles McKean (2006). Battle for the North: The Tay and Forth Bridges and the 19th-Century Railway Wars. (London, UK: Granta Books, 390 p.). Railroads--Scotland--Design and construction--History; Tay Bridge Disaster, Dundee, Scotland, 1879; Forth Bridge (South Queensferry, Scotland : Railroad bridge)--History; Tay Bridge (Dundee, Scotland : Railroad bridge)--History. 1879 - longest railway bridge in the world collapsed in a violent storm; folly of trusting in market forces to run railways. 

David F. Myrick (1990). New Mexico’s Railroads: A Historical Survey. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 276 p., rev. ed.).Railroads --New Mexico --History.

David F. Myrick (1992). Railroads of Nevada and Eastern California - Volume 1: The Northern Roads. (Reno, NV: University of Nevada Press, 472 p., orig. pub. 1962). Railroads --Nevada --History; Railroads --California --History.

David F. Myrick (1992). Railroads of Nevada and Eastern California - Volume 2: The Southern Roads. (Reno, NV: University of Nevada Press, 496 p., orig. pub. 1962). Railroads --Nevada --History; Railroads --California --History.

Craig Miner (2010). A Most Magnificent Machine: America Adopts the Railroad, 1825-1862. (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 325 p.). Willard Garvey Distinguished Professor of Business History (Wichita State University). Railroads --United States --History --19th century; Railroads --Social aspects --United States --History --19th century. How railroads were perceived by, shaped, communities across country; growth of railroads from origins in 1820s to onset of Civil War; how ordinary Americans experienced this innovation at grass roots, from boosters' dreams of get-rich schemes to naysayers' fears of soulless corporations; initial burst of enthusiasm accompanied early railroading; Mauch Chunk Railway, tourist sensation of mid-1820s, mixed reactions to trains as Baltimore's city fathers envisioned tracks to Ohio River, how Pennsylvanians wrestled with efficacy of railroads versus canals, intense rivalry of cities competing for trade as new rail technology replaced old transportation patterns; how it became quintessentially American business (how Panic of 1837 significantly slowed railways as major engine of growth for many years); impact of railroads on different regions (Central of Georgia as one of best-managed, most profitable lines in country); country's first big business triumphed over cultural concerns; citizens' hopes, fears sparked by railroads.

John Moody (1919). The Railroad Builders; A Chronicle of the Welding of the States. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 257 p.). Railroads--United States--History.

Ed. Patrick O'Brien (1981). Railways and the Economic Development of Western Europe, 1830-1914. (New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 243 p.). Railroads--Europe--History; Europe--Economic conditions.

Douglas J. Puffert (2009). Tracks Across Continents, Paths Through History: The Economic Dynamics of Standardization in Railway Gauge. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 376 p.). Teaches Economics (The King’s College, New York). Railroad gauges --Standards --History. Global history of railway track gauge, early choices, dynamic process of diversity and standardization that resulted; economic theory of path dependence (grounded in economic, technical, institutional realities); standard track gauge (distance between two rails) enables connecting railway lines to exchange traffic; early North American railways used six different gauges extensively; breaks of gauge at national borders (India, Australia - expensive burdens on commerce; how early historical events, idiosyncratic personalities, affected choices of gauge (despite changing technology, understandings of optimal gauge);three key periods: 1) 1800s-1840s: initial experimentation; 2) 1840s-1870s: expanding diversity into broad gauges; 3) 1870s-1920s - expansion of narrow gauges from 2 ft. to 4 ft.

M. C. Reed (1975). Investment in Railways in Britain, 1820-1844: A Study in the Development of the Capital Market. (London, UK: Oxford University Press, 315 p.). Railroads--Great Britain--Finance--History; Capital investments--Great Britain--History.

Alfred Runte (2006). Allies of the Earth: Railroads and the Soul of Preservation. (Kirksville, MO: Truman State University Press, 195 p.). Railroads--United States--History; Railroads--United States--Passenger traffic. Greatest loss from decline of passenger train is alliance between technology and the land.

Walter S. Sanderlin (1976). The Great National Project: A History of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 331 p. [Reprint of 1946 ed.]). Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (Md. and Washington, D.C.).

Richard Saunders, Jr. (2001). Merging Lines: American Railroads, 1900-1970. (DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois Press, 486 p. [rev. 1978 ed.]). Teacher of History (Clemson University). ConRail--History--20th century; Railroads and state--United States--History--20th century; Railroads--Mergers--United States--History--20th century.

--- (2003). Main Lines: Rebirth of the North American Railroads, 1970-2002. (DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, 436 p.). Teacher of History (Clemson University). Railroads--Mergers--United States; Railroads--Mergers--United States--History--20th century.

Carlos A. Schwantes (1993). Railroad Signatures across the Pacific Northwest. (Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 359 p.). Railroads--Northwest, Pacific; Railroads--Northwest, Pacific--History. 

Roy V. Scott (1985). Railroad Development Programs in the Twentieth Century. (Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, 231 p.). Railroads--Economic aspects--United States--History--20th century.

Brian Solomon (2001). The Heritage of North American Steam Railroad: From the First Days of Steam Power to the Present. (Pleasantville, NY: Reader’s Digest, 256 p.). Railway Historian, Former Editor of Pacific Railnews Railroads --North America --History; Railroads --United States --History; Railroads --Canada --History. Beginnings of railroads in North America; how they became dominant mode of transportation, went into decline after World War II; development, operation of various steam, early diesel engine types; electrification, stations, trolleys, interurban systems.

Brian Solomon (2009). Railroads of California. (Minneapolis, MN: MBI Pub.: Voyageur Press, 160 p.). Railway Historian. Railroads --California --History; Railroad trains --California --History. California’s legendary railroads, men who built and ran them, engineering feats that made them possibl; railroad’s legacy of historic tourist roads and museums (Railtown 1897 State Historic Park, California State Railroad Museum in Sacramento); excursion roads, museums, modern “real” railroad sites and operations from Donner Pass, Barstow hub to iconic Los Angeles Union Station.

Brian Solomon & Patrick Yough (2009). Coal Trains: The History of Railroading and Coal in the United States. (Minneapolis, MN: MBI Pub. Company, 160 p.). Railway Historian; Environmental Consultant in the Utility Industry. Mine railroad trains --United States --History; Mine railroads --United States --History; Coal mines and mining --United States --History. How unique demands of coal (America’s demand for coal) prompted new railroad technologies for 150 years; mid-19th century to present - U.S. railroads carried coal from mines to docks, steel mills, power plants across country; railroads, hardware that have transported fossil fuels that made America work.

John R. Stilgoe (2007). Train Time: Railroads and the Imminent Reshaping of the United States Landscape. (Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 281 p.). Robert and Lois Orchard Professor in the History of Landscape (Harvard University). Railroads--United States--History; Landscape--United States; Railroads--United States--Traffic; Railroads--United States--Freight; Railroads--Social aspects--United States--History. Spatial consequences of railways; train is returning, "an economic and cultural tsunami about to transform the United States;" future for railways as powerful shapers of American life.

John F. Stover (1955). The Railroads of the South, 1865-1900; A Study in Finance and Control. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 310 p.). Railroads--Southern States.

--- (1997). American Railroads. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 306 p. [2nd ed.]). Railroads--United States--History.

William R. Summerhill (2003). Order Against Progress: Government, Foreign Investment, and Railroads in Brazil, 1854-1913. (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 297 p.). Railroads--Brazil--History--19th century; Railroads--Economic aspects--Brazil; Railroads and state--Brazil--History--19th century. 

James Thorpe (1994). Henry Edwards Huntington: A Biography. (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 623 p.). Huntington, Henry Edwards, 1850-1927; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography.

Gregg Turner (2003). A Short History of Florida’s Railroads. (Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub., 128 p.). Railroads--Florida--History; Florida--History. Linked practically every town and city, carried tourists and locals, conveyed wealth of Florida's mines, factories, forests, groves, and farms. 

--- (2005). Florida Railroads in the 1920's. (Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 128 p.). Former Director of the Railway and Locomotive Historical Society at Harvard Business School. Railroads--Florida--History; Florida--History. Florida’s biggest railroads—Atlantic Coast Line, Seaboard Air Line, Florida East Coast—were unprepared for tidal wave of traffic during colossal land boom; had to rapidly expand and increase capacity.

Gregg M. Turner; foreword by Raymond Arsenault and Gary R. Mormino (2008). A Journey into Florida Railroad History. (Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 283 p.). Former National Director of the Railway & Locomotive Historical Society (Harvard Business School). Railroads --Florida --History; Railroads --Social aspects --Florida --History; Florida --History; Florida --Social conditions. Key players and companies, every significant period in long, slow development of Florida railroads, from first tentative lines in 1830s, through boom of 1880s, to maturity of railroad system in 1920s;  decline of the industry, as automobile rose to prominence.

Steven W. Usselman (2002). Regulating Railroad Innovation: Business, Technology, and Politics in America, 1840-1920. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 398 p.). Railroads--United States--History; Railroads--Technological innovations.

Teresa Miriam Van Hoy (2008). A Social History of Mexico’s Railroads: Peons, Prisoners, and Priests. (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 237 p.). Railroads --Social aspects --Mexico --History; Railroads --Economic aspects --Mexico --History. Railroad development in nineteenth-century Mexico;  rapid economic growth greatly benefited elites, heavily impacted rural and provincial Mexican residents in communities traversed by rail; foreign investment in Mexico, largely in railroad development, connected to effects on people living in isthmus of Tehuantepec, Mexico's region of greatest ethnic diversity.

Adrian Vaughn (2009). Samuel Morton Peto: A Victorian Entrepreneur. (Leicestershire, UK: Ian Allan Publishing Ltd, 192 p. ). Railroad engineering -- History; Railroad engineers -- Biography; Businesspeople -- Biography. . story of this entrepreneur from the 1830s with the author relating his biography from a very human perspective using private letters from the Peto family archives as well as his political speeches and articles in 'The Economist' to provide a balanced picture of this controversial man.

Augustus J. Veenendaal, Jr. (1996). Slow Train to Paradise: How Dutch Investment Helped Build American Railroads. (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press,, 350 p.). Railroads--United States--Finance--History; Investments, Dutch--United States--History.

--- (2001). Railways in the Netherlands A Brief History, 1834-1994. (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 248 p.). Senior Research Historian (Institute of Netherlands History, The Hague), Corporate Historian of Netherlands Railways. Railways. Railroads --Netherlands --History. Origin, growth, decline, resurrection of railway system of Netherlands from beginnings to privatization in 1990s, in context of political, socioeconomic development of country. 

--- (2003). American Railroads in the Nineteenth Century. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 206 p.). Senior Research Scholar at the Institute of Netherlands History (Hague). Railroads --United States --History. Seven essays provide historical overview, detailed examinations of critical aspects of railroads; in-depth biographies of persons who greatly influenced history of rails.

James A. Ward (1986). Railroads and the Character of America, 1820-1887. (Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 200 p.). Railroads--United States--History--19th century; National characteristics, American.

John H. White, Jr. (1979). A History of the American Locomotive: Its Development, 1830-1880. (New York, NY: Dover Publications, 504 p. [orig. pub. 1968]). Former Curator of Transportation at the Smithsonian Institution. Locomotives --United States --History. Explosive growth of American locomotive from British imports to grand ten-wheelers of 1870s.

--- (1986). The Great Yellow Fleet: A History of American Railroad Refrigerator Cars. (San Marino, CA: Golden West Books, 186 p.). Former Curator of Transportation at the Smithsonian Institution. Refrigerator cars; Freight cars --United States.

--- (1993). The American Railroad Freight Car: From the Wood-Car Era to the Coming of Steel. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 644 p.). Former Curator of Transportation at the Smithsonian Institution. Freight cars --United States --History. Freight transportation's historical importance, technological change; lesser known developments (yard management, train operations, origins of interchange system).

Richard White (2011). Railroaded: The Transcontinentals and the Making of Modern America. (New York, NY: Norton, 736 p.). Margaret Byrne Professor of American History (Stanford University). Railroads --United States --History --19th century; Land settlement --United States --History --19th century; National characteristics, American. Corporate power, industrialization, political corruption - railroads often proved to be disaster for most, enriched few; not triumph of American entrepreneurship and ingenuity.

Christian Wolmar (2007). Fire and Steam: A New History of the Railways in Britain. (London, UK: Atlantic Books, 384 p.). Railway Technology; Engineering & Trades; Trains & Railways. Cultural, social, economical importance of invention of railway, how railway helped to form the Britain of today; from pioneering Liverpool & Manchester Railway, 90% of existing network authorized during railway mania of 1844-47, to checkered history of British Rail.

--- (2010). Blood, Iron, and Gold: How the Railroads Transformed the World. (New York, NY, PublicAffairs, 432 p.). Writer and Broadcaster Specializing in the Social History of Railways and Transport. Railroads --History; Railroads --Social aspects --History; Railroads --Economic aspects --History; Social change --History. Age of railroad construction in 19th century; most important invention of second millennium; central innovation of industrial revolution, released economic, social energies on huge scale; vision, determination of ambitious pioneers who developed railways that would dominated globe; 1830 - Liverpool and Manchester Railway opened,  beginning of transport revolution that transformed life; huge impact as they spread rapidly across entire countries, linked cities; triggered engineering feats, architectural innovation, rapid movement of people, goods across globe; unrelenting construction of railroads enriched, destroyed cultures; new technology took on vital role in civil conflicts, two world wars.

--- (2010). Engines of War: How Wars Were Won & Lost on the Railways. (New York, NY Public Affairs, 368 p.). Writer and Broadcaster Specializing in the Social History of Railroads and Transportation. Railroads -- history; railroads - war. Birth of railroad in early 1830s changed way wars were fought; how railways, fantastic generator of wealth in peacetime, became weapon of war exploited to full by governments across world; engagements in which railways played part (Crimean War and American Civil War, both world wars, Korean War, Cold War with mysterious missile trains, armored engines with swiveling guns to track sabotage by way of dynamite, railway lines constructed across frozen Siberian lakes and Boer war ambush involving Winston Churchill); 'iron road' made armies far more mobile, greatly increased scale, power of available weaponry; wars began to be fought across wider fronts, over longer timescales, with far deadlier consequences.

Rikkie Yeung (2008). Moving Millions: The Commercial Success and Political Controversies of Hong Kong’s Railways. (Hong Kong, China: Hong Kong University Press, 315 p.). Former Member of the Hong Kong Government's Central Policy Unit, Constitutional Affairs Bureau and Chief Secretary's Office. Railroads --China --Hong Kong; Railroads and state --China --Hong Kong. Governance history of Mass Transit Railway Corporation, Kowloon Canton Railway over past three decades; challenges to Hong Kong's railway after "merger"; complex relationships between railway management, government policy, politics; critical issues analyzed.

David M. Young (2005). The Iron Horse and the Windy City: How Railroads Shaped Chicago. (Dekalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, 270 p.). Former Transportation Editor (Chicago Tribune). Railroads--Illinois--Chicago; Land use--Illinois--Chicago; Chicago (Ill.)--Economic conditions.



Business History Links

Association of Railway Museums, Inc. (ARM)                                                                       

Founded in 1961 to encourage railway museums in the exchange ideas and information, and to be of assistance to one another. The purpose of ARM is to lead in the advancement of railway heritage through education and advocacy, guided by the principles set forth in "Recommended Practices for Railway Museums," and incorporating other practices generally accepted in the wider museum community.

Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Museum
Birthplace of American railroading. 1829 - first commercial long-distance track, first passenger station. National Historic Landmark, the B&O Railroad Museum collects, preserves and interprets artifacts related to early American railroading and houses one of the best collections of 19th- and 20th-century artifacts related to America's railroads.

California State Railroad Museum                                                                                                    

Opened in Sacramento, CA in 1976; California State Railroad Museum is one of Sacramento’s largest and most popular visitor destinations (over 500,000 visitors annually); primary exhibit building, the Railroad History Museum, totals 100,000 square feet; over 225,000 square feet of total exhibit space, stimulating exhibits, enthusiastic and knowledgeable docents, and beautifully restored railroad cars and locomotives to illustrate railroad history in California and the West.

Central Pacific Railroad Photographic History Museum                                                                                                          Stereoviews, engravings, maps, and documents illustrating the history of the first transcontinental railroad. This is a VIRTUAL museum. 

The Erie Railroad Glass Plate Negative Collection                                      Throughout the 19th and the first half of the 20th centuries, the railroad reigned supreme over the American transportation landscape. This digital collection from Syracuse University Digital Projects brings together over 700 images from The Erie Railroad Company collection of glass plate negatives. Visitors can look at shots of individual train stations, mile posts, new track construction, and social organizations such as the East Buffalo Car Shop Basketball Team. The collection serves as a very fine source of information for those with a penchant for early 20th century industrial landscapes, railroad construction, and the lives of railroad workers. Visitors can also browse the collection by Library of Congress subject headings, or they may wish to search these materials by entering various keywords.

The History of Railroads                                                     

Los Angeles Railroad Heritage  Foundation                                                                                   

Non-profit educational corporation established in 1999; built on three elements: preservation, adventure and education; mission is to diligently preserve and dynamically present the history of railroading in Los Angeles through its three core programs: public outreach, archival preservation, and multiple-media publishing.

Massachusetts Bay Railroad Enthusiasts                                                                  

Educational corporation, organized for the promotion of public interest and understanding of railroads.

Mid-Continent Railway Museum 
Mid-Continent Railway Historical Society--also known as Mid-Continent Railway Museum--is an outdoor, living museum and operating railroad, since 1963, recreating the small town/short line way of life during the "Golden Age of Railroading," spanning the years 1880-1916, with operating trains, educational exhibits, and displays of restored rolling stock; dedicated to preserving and interpreting the railroad legacy for the educational benefit of the general public. Its primary focus is on railroading of the Upper Midwest during the Golden Age of Railroading, 1880-1916.

National Railway Historical Society                                                                                              

Formed in 1935 (nation's largest rail historical society) - to preserve and promote railroading nationwide.

National Railway Museum
Opened in 1975, largest railway museum in the world, 300 years of history and over a million wonderful objects, attracting almost 1 million visitors per year to our sites at York and Shildo; 1994 - launched Institute of Railway Studies, joint venture between the Museum and the University of York, to develop the academic and scholarly basis of the Museum through a series of initiatives, including courses, publications and directly undertaken research; 2001 - European Museum of the Year award; one of the largest and richest collections of railway related material in the world.

New Haven Railroad - Steam and Electric Locomotives of the New Haven Railroad
Fred Otto Makowsky digital collection of railroad history photographs (acquired by the University of Connecticut in 2000) contains 460 photographs. Mr. Makowsky was quite a railroad enthusiast, and he took thousands of photographs of these locomotives and such during the first part of the 20th century. He was extremely meticulous in describing where each photograph was taken, along with compiling basic locomotive information. Here visitors can view all of the digitized images, and they can perform a keyword search across the collection. Overall, the collection provides some fascinating images of this period in American industrial history.                                                                                             

This forum is meant for the discussion of the railroads of Pennsylvania, both past and present.

Railroad History                                                                                  

This Guide was prepared with support from the National Endowment for Humanities, the Center for Global Partnership of the Japan Foundation, the University of Illinois, RPI, the Gilder-Lehrman Foundation, the Luce Foundation, and the Robert H. Michel Civic Education Grants sponsored by The Dirksen Congressional Center. Richard Jensen, retired Professor of History, University of Illinois Chicago.

Railroad History Collections                                              

Railroad History Database                                            

Railroad History Links                                                                          

Links to resources for genealogy, institutions with research collections, railroad photo collections, and other resources.

Railroad Maps 1828-1900                                                                                 

The Railroad maps represent an important historical record, illustrating the growth of travel and settlement as well as the development of industry and agriculture in the United States. They depict the development of cartographic style and technique, highlighting the achievement of early railroaders. Included in the collection are progress report surveys for individual lines, official government surveys, promotional maps, maps showing land grants and rights-of-way, and route guides published by commercial firms. All of the items presented here are documented in RAILROAD MAPS of the United States compiled by Andrew M. Modelski in 1975. The bibliography contains 623 railroad maps of the United States.

Railroading and Early Transportation                                                                                       Largest Selection of Out-of-Print Railroad Books on the Planet!

Sources of Railroad History Research                                            

Southern Museum of Civil War & Locomotive History
Collects, preserves, and interprets artifacts relating to the role of steam locomotives in the history of the American South. Civil War railroad history and the manufacture of steam locomotives during the post Civil War industrialization of the South are highlighted through the museum's Glover Steam Locomotive Collection as well as other exhibits and educational programs. The Museum offers a wide range of exhibits, including a glimpse into the daily lives of soldiers during the Civil War; a reproduction of a turn-of-the-century locomotive factory; and an exciting depiction of the Civil War's Great Locomotive Chase.

Southern Pacific Historical & Technical Society                                                                             

Dedicated to preserving and disseminating the historical record of the Southern Pacific Railroad and its affiliates. We support railfanning, industrial archeology and accurate scale modeling of this great pioneer railroad of the western United States.

Southern Pacific - A Working List of Books and Booklets on the Southern Pacific and Related Subsidiaries States.

Texas Railroad History              

1836 - Texas Rail Road, Navigation, and Banking Company was chartered to build railroads throughout the state. 1861 - nine companies were active and approximately 470 miles of track existed in Texas. Each railway company was actively for only a short time, but the contribution of each company was important for furthering the progress of railroads in the state of Texas.

Transcontinental Railroad Pictures and Exhibits                         

Visitors can get a sense of taking a transcontinental ride across the United States on the Union Pacific via this fine set of digital exhibits. The Central Pacific Railroad Museum has been online since 1999, includes thousands of stereoviews, photographs, engravings, maps, and ephemera. The different sections of the site include "steam locomotives", "Sierra Grade Construction Views", and "railroad maps". Nelson's 1871 Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR) guidebook contains a set of lovely renderings of the way west along the rails.

Union Pacific Historical Society                                                                                               

Dedicated to the preservation of the history of the Union Pacific Railroad from its beginning in 1862 to the operation as it is today.

Union Pacific History & Photos                                                                          

Union Pacific's shield is one of the nation's most respected and recognized corporate logos; a symbol of strength reflecting America's heritage. During the company's approximately 140-year history, the shield has mirrored the styles and economic trends that shaped both the railroad and the nation.

Western Railway Museum
1985 - name "Western Railway Museum" officially adopted (1946 - Bay Area Electric Railroad Association created to foster interest in streetcar, interurban, and mainline electric railroad operations, to preserve these rapidly vanishing pieces of history); 1960 - Rio Vista Junction, actual stop on electrically powered Sacramento Northern main line in Solano County, CA, selected as museum site; mission: to preserve the regional heritage of electric railway transportation as a living resource for the benefit of present and future generations.


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