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INDUSTRIES: Business History of Oil Drillers, Refiners
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( business/20080304_OIL600x275_GRAPHIC.gif; March 3, 2008 - intraday trading high of $103.95 per barrel on Mercantile Exchange; July 3, 2008 - high of $145.29/barrel).



July 18, 1627 - French explorers noticed oil seeping out of ground near Cuba, NY; Franciscan Missionary Joseph DeLa Roch D'Allion described phenomenon; first recorded mention of oil on North American Continent (Seneca Oil Spring located near spillway end of Cuba Lake on Oil Spring Indian Reservation). 1769 - Spanish expedition of Gaspar de Portola (first Spanish governor of Californias) first noticed The La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles, CA (La Brea from Spanish word for "tar"); 1975 - scientific publication first recorded work of Professor William Denton on fossils found there; evidence existed that prehistoric native Americans used, traded asphalt.

1769 - Spanish expedition of Gaspar de Portola (first Spanish governor of Californias) first noticed The La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles, CA (La Brea from Spanish word for "tar"); 1975 - scientific publication first recorded work of Professor William Denton on fossils found there; evidence existed that prehistoric native Americans used, traded asphalt.

1833 - Shopkeeper Marcus Samuel expanded London business from antiques to oriental shells for interior design; began importing shells from Far East, laid foundations for import/export business; 1886 -Marcus Samuel Junior, Sam  (sons) took over; exported British machinery, textiles, tools to newly industrializing Japan, Far East; imported rice, silk, china, copperware to Middle East, Europe; traded in commodities (sugar, flour, wheat worldwide); 1892 - entered oil exporting business, maiden voyage of 'Murex', first bulk tanker commissioned by Samuels brothers to carry oil in bulk through Suez Canal; revolutionized oil transportation - bulk transport substantially cut cost of oil, enormously increased volume that could be carried; called company The Tank Syndicate; 1897 - renamed Shell Transport and Trading Company.

March 27, 1855 - Abraham Gesner, of Williamsburg, NY, received a patent for an "Improvement in Processes for Making Kerosene"; assigned to American Kerosene Gas Light Company; process to obtain oil from bituminous shale and cannel coal for purpose of illumination, called kerosene; fuel extracted by dry distillation at controlled temperature in large cast-iron retorts set in suitable furnaces for evaporation and metal pipes surrounded by water for condensation of vapor; light volatile liquid obtained is redistilled, treated with acid and peroxide of manganese to precipitate impurities; freshly calcined lime then mixed with the distillate to remove water and neutralize the acid; further distillation yields kerosene.

August 27, 1859 - Edwin Drake (Seneca Oil Co.), William A. "Uncle Billy" Smith, blacksmith and driller, using old steam engine to power the drill, struck oil on leased land at 69 feet, 6 inches in Venango Oil Field near Titusville, PA; noticed dark film floating on water below derrick floor; started producing about 40 barrels of oil/day; world's first successful oil well; beginning of American oil industry.

Edwin Drake - discovered first oil in US (

April 17, 1861 - First oil well fire occurred at Little and Merrick well at Oil Creek, near Rouseville, PA; ignited shortly after gushing, burned for three days, resulted in 19 deaths.

1863 - John D. Rockefeller, Maurice, James and Richard Clark, Sam Andrews formed Andrews, Clark & Company, small petroleum refinery on south bank of Kingsbury Run in Cleveland, OH (three acres on track of Atlantic & Great Western Railroad); Rockefeller bought out Clark brothers for $72,500, renamed company Rockefeller & Andrews; 1867 - combined refineries of William Rockefeller & Co., Rockefeller & Andrews, Rockefeller & Co., S. V. Harkness, H. M. Flagler, renamed Rockefeller, Andrews & Flagler; January 10, 1870 - reorganized, renamed Standard Oil Company of Ohio; January 2, 1882 - formed Standard Oil Trust (nine trustees) to unify about 40 companies; formed Standard Oil Company of New Jersey, Standard Oil Company of New York (soon became two of Trust’s larger concerns); 1889 - amassed companies responsible for all aspects of petroleum industry – exploration, production, refining, transportation, marketing (vertically integrated organization); took advantage of New Jersey law allowing single corporation to own stock in other companies, Standard Oil Company of New Jersey became holding company for Standard Oil Interests.

January 21, 1865 - Col. E.A.L. Roberts shot Ladies Well oil well (near Titusville, PA) by torpedo for first time in U.S.; used 8 pounds of black powder in iron case lowered into well; object: 1) clean out all deposits at bottom of well (gravel, pieces of seed-bag, etc.), 2) open fissures where oil came through.

April 25, 1865 - Col. Edward A.L. Roberts, of New York, NY, received a patent for a "Torpedo" ("Improvement in Exploding Torpedoes in Artesian Wells"); used in oil well drilling; January 1865 - successfully used to open obstructed well bore at Ladies' Well on Watson Flats, near Titusville, PA.

1866 - Dr. John Ellis, Binghamton, NY, formulated petroleum-based lubricant; 1873 - named Valvoline; May 29, 1906 - Valvoline Oil Company registered "Valvoline" trademark first used in July 1873 (lubricating-oils); 2009 - $1.4 billion in sales; serving American motorists longer than any other motor oil marketer.

Dr. John Ellis - Valvoline (

September 11, 1866 - Matthew P. Ewing, carpenter and part-time inventor, of Rochester, NY, received a patent for an "Improved Material for Lubricating and Other Purposes" ('New and Improved Product from Petroleum for Lubricating, Currying, etc."); new method of distilling kerosene in vacuum that produced high-quality lubricant; October 4, 1866 - with partner Hiram Bond Everest founded Vacuum Oil Company in Rochester, NY; 1879 - Standard Oil Co. acquired three-quarters interest for $200,000; introduced Gargoyle 600-W-Steam Cylinder Oil; May 5, 911 - Standard Oil broken into 34 unrelated companies; January 27, 1920 - registered "Mobil Oil" trademark first used May 1, 1904 (lubricating oils); August 1931 - merged with Standard Oil Co. of New York (SOCONY), named Socony-Vacuum Corp.; 1955 - renamed Socony Mobil Oil Co.; 1966 - name changed to Mobil Oil Corporation; November 30, 1999 - merged with Exxon Corporation.

Hiram Bond Everest - Vacuum Oil  ( ACfU3U2JuGDqsQqOlWgkFhRc9suF1SytQA&w=575)

November 25, 1875 - Isaac Elder Blake founded Continental Oil and Transportation Co. in Ogden, UT to distribute coal, oil, kerosene, grease,  candles; one of first petroleum marketers in West; based on belief that if kerosene were imported from eastern refineries by railroad tank cars, sold in bulk, prices would drop, demand would rise; 1885 - acquired by Standard Oil; 1909 - built the West's first filling station  1913 - independent, top marketer of petroleum products in Rocky Mountain region; 1929 - merged with Marland Oil Co.; renamed the Continental Oil Company; nearly 3,000 wells, thousands of retail outlets in 30 states; September 15, 1929 - stock traded on the New York Stock Exchange; 1972 - more than $2.3 billion in assets; September 30, 1981 -  DuPont  acquired Conoco for $7.4 billion; became wholly owned DuPont subsidiary; October 22, 1998 - went public again, largest IPO in history, nearly $4.4 billion; August 2002 - merged with Phillips Co. created sixth-largest publicly traded oil company in world, third-largest in United States.

September 26, 1876 - Charles Alexander Mentry drilled first commercially successful oil well in western United States for California Star Oil Works at 617 feet in Pico Canyon ('Pico Number 4') in Santa Clarita area of Southern California (35 miles northeast of Los Angeles); Frederick Taylor, native of New York, kerosene distiller, became involved with company; Demetrius Scofield, junior partner; 1877 - Mentry put in charge of drilling, later made superintendent; longest producing oil well in world (1876-1989).

Charles Alexander Mentry - First Successful Oil Well in Western U.S. in 1876 (

September 10, 1879 - Charles N. Felton, Lloyd Tevis, George Loomis and others formed Pacific Coast Oil Co.; acquired assets of California Star Oil Works (Newhall Refinery and oil properties in Pico Canyon in Los Angeles); George Loomis first President; Taylor and Scofield join company's board; 1900 - acquired by Standard Oil Company (New Jersey); 1906 - Standard Oil Company of California formed to take over Pacific coast marketing area of Pacific Coast Oil, Iowa Standard; 1984 - acquired Gulf Oil Corp., name changed to Chevron Corp.; 2001 - merged with Texaco, created ChevronTexaco, second- largest U.S. oil company; 2005 - name changed to Chevron.

An Enterprising Trio Charles N. Felton  (

An Enterprising Trio Lloyd Tevis  (

An Enterprising Trio George Loomis (first President) - Pacific Coast Oil Co. (

May 11, 1880 - Solomon Robert Dresser, of Bradford, PA, received a patent for "Packing for Artesian Wells"; Dresser Cap Packer, cylindrical packer, using rubber for a tight fit, that sealed crude oil from water and other elements; founded S.R. Dresser Manufacturing Co.; 1885 - built coupling, using rubber for a tight fit,  to join pipes together so they would not leak natural gas; permitted long-range transmission of natural gas from fields to faraway cities; converted to public company;

January 2, 1882 - John D. Rockefeller officially united Standard Oil Company with its various producing, refining, marketing affiliates; formed  Standard Oil Trust, nation's first sanctioned monopoly; $70 million trust controlled 14,000 miles of underground pipeline, all oil cars of Pennsylvania Railroad; (eventually acquired 90 percent of the world's oil refining capacity. Under the terms of the Standard Oil Trust Agreement, brokered by Rockefeller and eight other trustees, the oil giant could be acquired, sold, combined, divided as necessary; August 1, 1882 - Standard Oil of New York incorporated; August 5, 1882 - Standard Oil Company of New Jersey established; 1892 - Ohio Supreme Court ruled in favor of splitting Standard Oil's monopoly (Rockefeller maintained company's choke-hold on industry; shifted its holdings to companies located in other states; 1899 - Rockefeller formally reunited these companies under New Jersey-based Standard Oil Company; 1890 - Sherman Antitrust Act passed; 1911 - U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Standard Oil was illegal under terms of the Sherman Act; forced company to shed primary holdings.

September 5, 1885 - Sylvanus Bowser, inventor of first U.S. gas pump (built in his barn), sold first pump to Jake Gumper, owner of service station in Fort Wayne, IN; pump held one barrel of gasoline, used marble vales and a wooden plunger; patented in 1887.

March 27, 1886 - Joseph Newton Pew, Edward O. Emerson, partners in The Peoples Natural Gas Company in Pittsburgh, PA, paid $4,500 for two oil leases near Lima, OH; March 17, 1890 - became The Sun Oil Company of Ohio to produce, transport, store oil as well as refine, ship,  market petroleum products; 1899 - Pew bought out Emerson's interest; May 1901 - incorporated in New Jersey as Sun Company; 1912 - J. Howard Pew (son) took over; 1920 - opened first service station in Ardmore, PA; 1922 - name changed to Sun Oil Company; November 12, 1925 - went public; 1956 -  introduced Custom Blending Pump (choice of several octane grades of gasoline from single pump); 1975 -  organized into 14 operating units, 2 property companies, non-operating parent company; 1976 - renamed Sun Company; 1980 -  Sun acquired U.S. oil and gas properties of Texas Pacific Oil Company, Inc., subsidiary of The Seagram Company, Ltd., for $2.3 billion (second largest acquisition in history of U.S. business at time); 1988 - spun off all domestic oil and gas exploration,  production through distribution of Sun Exploration and Production Company to shareholders; focused 'downstream' (refining, marketing); 1990s - focused on branded gasoline marketing in northeastern U.S., lubricants, chemicals,  logistics.

April 24, 1886 - Petroleum discovered in Middle East, on  Egyptian shore of the Red Sea.

1890 - Baptiste August Kessler, Henri Deterding, Hugo Loudon founded Royal Dutch Petroleum when Dutch king Willem III granted Royal charter to small oil exploration company known as "Royal Dutch Company for the Exploration of Petroleum Wells in the Dutch Indies".

October 17, 1890 - Lyman Stewart and Wallace Hardison (Hardison & Stewart Oil), Thomas Bard (Sespe Oil, Torrey Canyon Oil) merged properties, formed  Union Oil of California in Santa Paula, CA; 1901 - only Stewart remained; moved offices to Los Angeles; 1914 - Will Stewart (son) took over; March 1922 -  fended off hostile takeover from Shell Oil; 1925 - more than 400 service stations on West Coast; February 28, 1950 - registered "76" trademark first used January 2, 1932 (gasoline, lubricating oils and greases, and diesel fuel oils); 1965 - merged with The Pure Oil Company (lL), from regional to national status with operations in 37 states; 1983 - reorganized, became operating subsidiary of holding company, Unocal Corporation; 1985 - fended off takeover bid by Mesa Petroleum (T. Boone Pickens, Jr.);  August 10, 2005 - acquired by Chevron for $17 billion.

1892 - Edward L. Doheny,  unsuccessful gold and silver prospector, and Charles A. Canfield, his mining partner, struck oil in Los Angeles along Glendale Boulevard between Beverly Boulevard and Colton Avenue; set off major land boom; April 20, 1893 - Doheny discovered oil at State and Patton Streets at a depth of about 200 feet - first free-flowing oil well ever drilled in the city of Los Angeles.

Edward L. Doheny (right), Charles Canfield at first Los Angeles oil well 1892 (

January 10, 1901 - Lucas Gusher at Spindletop Hill (near Beaumont, TX) blew, rose over 200 feet above derrick, seen for 10 miles; January 19, 1901 - gusher cut off, after 800,000 barrels of oil; March 1901 - Joseph S. "Buckskin Joe" Cullinan, Arnold Schlaet (managed oil interests of H.P. Lapham and Co.) formed Texas Fuel Co., in three rooms in corrugated iron building in Beaumont, TX (12 employees), for purchase, transfer of oil from Spindletop field; 1902 - more than 285 actives wells at Spindletop, estimated 500 oil, land companies operating in area; April 7, 1902 - Texas Fuel Co. renamed The Texas Company (Texaco) for storage, transportation of oil, marketed products under Texaco brand name; 1903 - struck oil at Sour Lake, TX, turned company into major oil producer overnight; November 1903 - first Texaco Company refinery started operations in Port Arthur Works, TX, processed 318,364 barrels of oil in first year; October 9, 1906 - Texas Company registered "Texaco" trademark first used January 1, 1903 (petroleum products); 1911 - opened first filling station on street corner in Brooklyn, NY.

  Joseph S. Cullinan, Arnold Schlaet - co-founders Texaco  (

May 1901 - Englishman, William Knox D'Arcy, obtained 60-year oil concession from Shah of Persia to explore, exploit oil resources of country (excluding five northern provinces which bordered Russia), employed engineer George Reynolds to explore for oil.; 1905 - almost bankrupt, sold  interest to Burmah Oil Company (founded in Glasgow, Scotland in 1886) which provided new funds for exploration; May 26,  1908 - Reynolds struck oil in commercial quantities at Masjid-i-Suleiman in southwest Persia; first commercial oil discovery in Middle East, signaled emergence of region as oil producing area; 1909 - Anglo-Persian Oil Company (as BP was first known) formed to develop oilfield, work concession (97% of shares owned by Burmah Oil Company, balance by Lord Strathcona, company's first chairman).

May 17, 1901 - J. M. Guffey organized J. M. Guffey Petroleum Company to buy out developers of first high-volume oil well in Texas, Lucas Gusher, 100-foot drilling derrick named Spindletop; first major oil discovery in the United States, marked the beginning of the American oil industry; owned 7/15 of company, members of Mellon family and their associates owned remainder; Gulf Refining Company organized to refine and market the crude oil produced by Guffey Petroleum; 1907 - Andrew Mellon bought out Guffey's stake in entire enterprise,  reorganized it as Gulf Oil Company.

1903 - Shell Transport and Trading Company and Royal Dutch Petroleum formed Asiatic Petroleum Company, joint venture sales organization in Far East, to protect themselves against Standard Oil; 1904 - scallop shell (pecten) replaced Shell Transport’s first marketing logo, mussel shell.

May 23, 1905 - Henry Wehrhahn, of New York, NY, received a patent for a "Metal Barrel" ("having a detachable head simple and durable in construction and effective in operation, adapted to be readily secured to and detached from the body of the barrel, and so constructed and arranged as to protect the locking mechanism of the head and permit the barrel when desired to stand on the end having the detachable head"); assigned to Iron Clad Manufacturing Company (founded by Robert L. Seaman, husband of Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman); December 26, 1905 - Henry Wehrhahn, of New York, NY, received a patent for a "Metal Barrel"; assigned to Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman (aka Nellie Bly); 55-gallon oil drum; received a second patent for a "Metal Barrel" ("means for readily detaching and securing the head of a metal barrel"); assigned to Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman; marketed first steel barrel produced in United States.

Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman (aka Nellie Bly - 55 gal. drum (

1906 - Pacific Coast Oil acquired assets of Standard Oil Company (Iowa), changed name to Standard Oil Company (California); 1911 - Supreme Court forced spin-off of company [one of 34] from Standard Oil Trust under Sherman Antitrust Act; December 1911 - Denetrius Scofield first president of company; 1926 - reincorporated as Standard Oil Co. of California, or Socal.

1907 - John McLean, manager of Standard Oil (California) Co.'s sales plant in Seattle, WA, opened world's first gasoline service station at Holgate Street and Western Avenue in Seattle; fastened 30-gallon water heater on platform, attached garden hose with valve control to dispense gasoline, added glass gauge to measure amount of fuel that flowed into customer's tank; other amenities included canvas canopy, shelves to display Zerolene oils and greases.

February 26, 1907 - Shell Transport and Trading Company merged with Royal Dutch Petroleum; formed Royal Dutch Shell Group (Royal Dutch took 60% of earnings, Shell Transport took 40%) under management of Henry Deterding.

April 9, 1907 - Havemeyer Oil Company registered "Havoline" trademark first used in 1904 (oils [and greasses] for gas-engines and automobiles).

May 26, 1908 - First major Middle East oil strike made at Masjid-i-Suleiman, Persia, two days short of 7 years since Shah Muzaffar al-Din had signed the concession agreement with William Knox D'Arcy; January 1908 - drilling began under chief engineer George B. Reynolds; April 14, 1909 - Anglo-Persian Oil Company formed in London to develop the oil field, forerunner of British Petroleum (BP).

August 10, 1909 - Howard R. Hughes, Sr., of Houston, TX, received a patent for a "Drill" ("relates to boring drills, and particularly to roller drills such as are used for drilling holes in earth and rock"); twin-cone roller bit; withWalter Benona Sharp, business associate, established Sharp-Hughes Tool Company to manufacture and market the bit; 1912 - 50% of company acquired from Estelle Sharp (widow) by Hughes Sr.; renamed Hughes Tool Company; 1924 - inherited by Howard Hughes, Jr.; 1932 - formed Hughes Aircraft.

Howard R. Hughes, Sr. - Hughes Tool  (

1910 - Henry L. Dougherty created Cities Service Company to supply gas, electricity to small public utilities; 1931 - billion dollar corporation with 25,000 employees; 1940 - Cities Service erected landmark sign in Kenmore Square in Boston (replaced with CITGO sign in 1965); September 4, 1956 - Cities Service Oil Company registered "Cities Service" trademark first used in May 1921; May 16, 1965 - Cities Service Company introduced name CITGO; October 26, 1965 - registered "Citgo" trademark first used February 4, 1965 (gasoline); 1982 - acquired by Occidental Petroleum; August 1983 - acquired by The Southland Corporation to assure supply of gasoline to Southland's 7-Eleven convenience store chain; September 1986 - 50% interest acquired by Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA), national oil company of Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela; January 1990 - remaining half acquired (total purchase price of $951 million).

March 14 or 15, 1910 - Union Oil Company's Lakeview well in Taft, CA blew (2,200 feet below surface); 18,000 barrels per day flowed, later reached uncontrolled peak of 100,000 barrels per day (destroyed the derrick); produced 9 million barrels of oil in 18 months (about 378 million gallons); continued for year and a half; biggest oil spill in U.S.

Lakeview Gusher (Taft, CA) - 1910 (

1911 - Shell Canada incorporated in Montreal (startup capital of $50,000, six employees; 34,000 cars registered in entire country, consumed less than 22 million litres of gasoline per year; 1939 - opened exploration office in Calgary, Alberta to hunt for oil in Western Canada (competed against ]Imperial Oil, Gulf, Sun Oil for next big discovery after Turner Valley); made important natural gas discoveries in Foothills at Jumping Pound, Waterton, Caroline that established it as country's leading gas producer; 1963 - went public; 1999 - developed Athabasca Oil Sands Project, made it one of country's largest oil producers; 2007 - taken private by Royal Dutch in 2007 in $8.7-billion deal.

February 1911 - Ross S. Sterling, Walter William Fondren, Robert L. Blaffer, William Stamps Farish and others formed Humble Oil and Refining Company in Humble, TX; June 21, 1917 - incorporated as Humble Oil and Refining Company; 1919 - sold 50 percent of its stock to Standard Oil Company of New Jersey; 1958 - Standard Oil owned nearly 98% of Humble; 1959 - Standard Oil, Humble consolidated U.S. operations; 1972 - Standard Oil (New Jersey) marketed products under brand name "Exxon", renamed Exxon Corporation; Humble Oil & Refining Company renamed Exxon Company, U.S.A.

May 15, 1911 - Supreme Court ordered dissolution of Standard Oil Company, ruled it was in violation of Sherman Antitrust Act on ground that it was a combination in unreasonable restraint of inter-State commerce; decree of  Circuit Court for Eighth Circuit directing dissolution of the Oil Trust was affirmed, with minor modifications in two particulars (1) period for execution of decree extended from thirty days to six months, 2) injunction against engaging in inter-State commerce on petroleum and its products pending the execution of the decree vacated in consideration of serious injury to public which might result from absolute cessation of that business for such a time);  judgment of the court unanimous, but Justice Harlan dissented from argument on which judgment was based; Standard Oil broken into 34 unrelated companies.

January 7, 1913 - William M. Burton, of Chicago, IL, received a patent for the "Manufacture of Gasoline"; thermal "cracking" process to convert oil to produce gasoline (doubled production of gasoline); assigned to Standard Oil Company of Indiana; first 15 years of use saved more than 1 billion barrels of crude oil; 1937 - process superseded by catalytic cracking.

December 1, 1913 - Gulf Refining Company opened first U.S. drive-in automobile service station at high traffic intersection of Baum Boulevard (known as "automobile row") and St. Clair Street, Pittsburgh, PA; brick, pagoda-style station featured free air, water, crankcase service, restrooms, lighted sign for "Good Gulf Gasoline"; open all night; first day sales were 30 gallons at 27 cents each; December 6, 1913  - sold over 350 gallons.

1914 - First commercial production of Venezuelan oil began when first heavy oil commercial well, Zumaque I, was drilled in Mene Grande field on the eastern edge of Lake Maracaibo (700 million barrels recoverable reserves); 1922 - Los Barrosos-2 well (near Cabimas, 50 kilometers southeast of Maracaibo) signaled existence of huge resources in region.

May 1, 1916 - Harry F. Sinclair established Sinclair Oil & Refining Corporation (assemblage of depressed properties, five small profitable refineries, many untested production leases); first operating year: produced six million barrels of crude oil worth $7.5 million; sold 252 million gallons of products through wholesalers and 87 bulk plants, for revenues of almost $17 million, net income of almost $9 million, paid dividends of $5 a share, assets employed in business increased 40 percent; 1918 - stated value of the corporation exceeded $110 million; 1959 - pentagon border and apatosaurus figure logo registered; 1969 - acquired by ARCO.

Harry F. Sinclair - founder Sinclair Oil  (

June 13, 1917 - Frank, L. E. Phillips incorporated Phillips Petroleum Company, $3 million in assets, 27 employees; August 30, 2002 - merged with Conoco Inc., formed ConocoPhillips.

March 20, 1919 - American Petroleum Institute established in New York City; 1920 - began to issue weekly statistics (first with crude oil production); 1924 - developed, published industry-wide standards for oil field equipment; 1969 - moved offices to Washington, DC; 400 corporate members, one of country's largest national trade associations, only one that represents all aspects of America’s oil and natural gas industry.

May 27, 1919 - Oil struck at England's first inland oilwell at Hardstoft, near Tibshelf, in a Derbyshire coalfield; bore was 3070-ft deep in a sandy limestone horizon near the top of a faulted dome in the main carboniferous limestone measures; June 7, 1919 - oil flowed from well; December 1927 - 2500 tons of oil had been produced; average production of 6 barrels a day compared favorably with US oil wells of the period; 1945 -production ceased; 1952 - well capped.

December 9, 1921 - Thomas Midgley, Jr., of General Motors Research Laboratories in Dayton, OH, invented  tetraethyl lead (made from alcohol and lead), after seven years of testing at least 33,000 compounds as additives to influence the combustion rate of the fuel; first tested as an anti-knock additive to gasoline fuel (sapped power, could damage the engine); February 2, 1923 - Ethyl, world's first anti-knock gasoline containing a tetra-ethyl lead compound, went on sale at Willard Talbott's service station on S. Main Street in Dayton, Ohio; February 2, 1926 - Midgley, of Dayton, OH, received a patent for "Prevention of Fuel Knock" "prevention of so-called fuel knock in internal-combustion engines...relates more specifically to a composition of matter for injection or addition to the fuel mixture of an internal-combustion engine before the combustion of the same"); assigned to General Motors Corporation; February 23, 1926 -received a patent for a "Method and Means for Using Motor Fuels" ("relates to fuels, such for example as kerosene and gasoline, employed in the operation of internal-combustion engines and to the art of burning the fuels in an engine"); tetraethyl lead gasoline additive; assigned to general Motors Corporation; 1970s - toxic lead has been gradually replaced with unleaded gasoline due to toxicity of the lead present in automobile emissions.

1923 - New Zealander, Major Frank Holmes, acting on behalf of  "Eastern and General", British syndicate, paid 2,000 pounds sterling per year to acquire first Saudi Arabian (exclusive) oil concession from King Abdul Aziz (Ibn Saud) to explore for oil, other minerals in area of more than 30,000 square miles in Eastern Region; found nothing; 1928 - King revoked concession; 1933 - one-half of concession interest acquired by Texas Oil Company; July 1933 - Kingdom broke virtual British monopoly of oil concessions in that part of world, negotiated with Lloyd Hamilton, Socal representative, for exclusive rights (60-year life) to oil in eastern region; Socal operated through its subsidiary, Californian Arabian Standard Oil Company (Casoc, re-named the Arabian American Oil Company - Aramco in 1944); 1938 - oil production began, vast extent of oil reserves became apparent; 1948 - 30% interestacquired by Standard Oil of New Jersey , 10% interest acquired by Socony Vacuum; 1973 - Saudi Arabian government took 25% stake in Aramco; 1974 - share increased to 60%; 1980 - amicably agreed that Aramco should become 100% Saudi-owned (ownership back-dated to 1976.

Mining engineer Frank Holmes, seen here with Shaikh ... Mining engineer Frank Holmes (at right)  (

November 27, 1923 - Standard Oil Company (New Jersey) registered "Esso" trademark first used May 21, 1923 (Refined, Semirefined, and Unrefined Oils Made from Petroleum, Both With and Without Admixture of Animal, Vegetable, or Mineral Oils, for Illuminating, Burning, Power, Fuel, and Lubricating Purposes, and Greases); phonetic spelling of the abbreviation "S.O." (Standard Oil).

1924 - Ernest Mercier created Compagnie Francaise des Petroles (CFP) as result of 1923 request of Raymond Poincarre, president of Conseil de la IIIe Republique; 1929 - went public; 1933- built first refinery; 1936 - began exploration in Abu Dhabi; 1947 - formed Compagnie Francaise de Distribution des Petroles en Afrique (CFDPA); July 14, 1954 - launched Total gas stations, began use of Total logo; 1968 - began exploration in Indonesia; 1970 - formed Total Petroleum North America (Denver; sold to Ultramar Diamonds Shamrock in 1997); 1988 - acquired CSX Oil & Gas; 1991 - began trading on the NYSE; 1999 - merged with PetroFina (founded February 25, 1920), formed Totalfina; 2000 - merged with d'Elf Aquitaine (dates to July 14, 1939), formed TotalFinaElf, world's fourth largest oil company; France's biggest company; 2003- renamed Total; February 12, 2009 - announced highest annual net profit in French corporate history; made 13.9 billion euros ($18.0 billion) in 2008 due to to record oil prices in first half of year. 

Ernest Mercier - Total petroleum (

November 22, 1932 - Robert J. Jauch, Ivan R. Farnham and Ross H. Arnold, of Fort Wayne, IN, received a patent for a "Liquid Dispensing Apparatus" ("which itself registers both the amount of liquid dispensed and also registers the total price of such liquid dispensed"); motorized computer pump metered, displayed exact gallons of gasoline or other liquid dispensed, accurately computed, showed price in dollars and cents as delivery made; internal totalizer easily reset for any new price per gallon; solved problems of 1) inaccurate delivery of volume from visible type dispenser, 2) necessary ready-reckoning card with quantity and cost tables (new card needed when prices changed); assigned to Wayne Company.

March 18, 1938 - President Cardena of Mexico nationalized U.S. and British oil companies; created Petróleos Mexicanos (PEMEX), largest public enterprise in world, largest oil and gas exploration company in Western Hemisphere.

1941 - John W. Nichols, F.G. "Blackie" Blackwood established Blackwood and Nichols Co., oil company focused in northeast New Mexico's San Juan Basin; 1950 - registered world's first public oil and gas drilling fund (tax shelter investment program to deduct oil-drilling expenses against ordinary income - about 80% of investment deductable from income, retain stake in well) with Securities and Exchange Commission; 1971 - Nichols and son (Larry) founded Devon Energy Corp.; created first international royalty fund to help generate capital necessary to purchase Devon's first assets; nation's largest independent oil and natural gas producer (2007 proven reserves of 2.5 billion barrels of oil equivalent, revenues of $11.5 billion, enterprise value of about $59 billion); 2001- among "100 Most Influential People of the Petroleum Century" (Oil and Gas Investor magazine).

December 1, 1942 - Nationwide gasoline rationing went into effect in United States.

August 12, 1944 - First fuel-carrying Pluto (pipe line under the ocean) between England and France became operational.

August 29, 1945 - President Harry Truman issued Executive Order No. 9639, gave Secretary of the Navy the power to seize control of, operate list of petroleum refineries, transportation companies in order to counteract strikes by oil workers. The list of plants seized by the Navy included those owned by industry giants: Gulf, Shell, Standard, Union oil companies;  September 2, 1945 - Japanese signed  unconditional surrender agreement;  Knowing that vast amounts of oil would be required to enable demobilization and return of military equipment, personnel to U.S., Truman forced to intervene between oil workers and management to avoid crippling shutdown of industry. Oil, gas and chemical workers had worked longer and harder than usual during the war to meet production demands and now wanted to return to a 40-hour work week. They resented the amount of money oil-industry CEOs were making off of their labor while they simultaneously threatened to lower workers’ wages after the war.

October 19, 1948 - Donald L. Campbell, of Short Hills, NJ, Homer Z. Martin, of Elizabeth, NJ, Eger V. Murphree and Charles W. Tyson, of Summit, NJ, inventors working for Exxon, received a patent for a "Method of and Apparatus for Contacting Solids and Gases"; first efficient, continuous way to refine crude oil; known as fluid cat cracking; revolutionized petroleum industry; used to manufacture heating oil, propane, butane, chemicals that are instrumental in products such as plastics, synthetic rubbers; assigned to Standard Oil Development Company.

March 15, 1951 - Persia nationalized Anglo-Iranian Oil Company.

April 23, 1952 - Oil pipeline from Kirkuk to Banias completed.

1954 - Socony-Vacuum Corporation [Standard Oil Company of New York] officially adopted Mobil name.

March 24, 1955 -C.G. Glasscock Drilling Co. placed first seagoing oil drill rig (for drilling in over 100 feet of water) in service; built by Bethlehem Steel, able to drive piles with a force of 827 tons, pull a pile with force of 942 tons.

1956 - Pacific Western Oil Corp. (PWO) changed name to Getty Oil Co.; 1984 - acquired by Texaco.

February 27, 1960 - Oil pipeline from Rotterdam to Ruhrgebied opened.

July 1, 1960 - Fidel Castro nationalized Esso, Shell and Texaco in Cuba.

June 27, 1960 - Oil pipe line from Rotterdam-Ruhrgebied opened.

September 14, 1960 - Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela formed OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries), as permanent, intergovernmental Organization, at Baghdad Conference on September 10–14, 1960; later joined by: Qatar (1961); Indonesia (1962); Socialist Peoples Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1962); United Arab Emirates (1967); Algeria (1969); Nigeria (1971); Ecuador (1973–1992), Gabon (1975–1994); objective: to co-ordinate, unify petroleum policies among Member Countries, to secure fair and stable prices for petroleum producers; efficient, economic, regular supply of petroleum to consuming nations; fair return on capital to those investing in industry.

October 1960 - Kuwait government, private sector established Kuwait National Petroleum Company as shareholder company; May 1968 - shipped first refined petroleum products from Shuaiba Refinery (world's first all hydrogen refinery, capacity is 195,000 barrels per day); 1975 - became fully owned state company; 1980 - became fully owned by Kuwait Petroleum Company (owned by State of Kuwait); responsible for oil refining, gas liquefication, distribution of petroleum products in local market; in charge of three oil refineries (Mina Al-Ahmadi, Mina Abdulla and Shuaiba, LPG plant in Mina Al-Ahmadi); December 1994 - 84 operating filling stations.

February 8, 1964 - Iraqi National Oil Company incorporated in Baghdad; fear of losing access to Arab oil drove U.S. government to heavily support Iraq's war effort against Iran during the 1980s; 1990 - support ended with the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

1966 - Richfield Oil Corporation (founded 1905), Atlantic Refining Company (incorporated 1870) merged, formed Atlantic Richfield (ARCO); after 1892 - eastern company of Standard Oil Trust until Standard Oil Group dissolved in 1911); 2000 - Arco acquired by British Petroleum (BP).

March 4, 1966 - British Petroleum first pumped North Sea Gas ashore.

August 24, 1969 - Peru nationalized U.S. oil interests.

October 7, 1970 - BP's Sea Quest drilling platform made first big oil find (light crude with low wax and sulphur content) in  British sector of North Sea; found oil 2,135 meters below  seabed in 170 meter layer in water depth of 128 meters. November 3, 1975 - Queen inaugurated production.

October 17, 1973 - Arab-dominated Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC - founded in 1960 by Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Venezuela with principle objective of raising price of oil) announced decision to cut oil exports to United States, other nations that provided military aid to Israel in Yom Kippur War of October 1973; exports to be reduced by 5 percent every month until Israel evacuated  territories occupied in the Arab-Israeli war of 1967; December, 1973 - full oil embargo imposed against United States and several other countries, prompted serious energy crisis in nations dependent on foreign oil; price of oil quadrupled; result = price gouging, gas shortages, rationing; March 1974 -  embargo against the United States lifted after Secretary of State Henry Kissinger negotiated military disengagement agreement between Syria and Israel; by 1980  - price of crude oil 10 times higher than in 1973; influence of OPEC on world oil prices declined;  alternate sources of energy (coal, nuclear power, new oil fields) tapped in United States, other non-OPEC oil-producing nations.

November 8, 1973 - Right ear of John Paul Getty III delivered to newspaper in Rome with ransom note; convinced his father to pay $2.9 million.

November 16, 1973 - President Richard M. Nixon signed  Alaska Pipeline measure into law.

December 15, 1973 - Jean Paul Getty III, grandson of American billionaire J. Paul Getty, found alive near Naples, five months after his kidnapping by an Italian gang. J. Paul Getty, richest man in world in 1957, had initially refused to pay his 16-year-old grandson's $17 million ransom, finally agreed to cooperate after boy's severed right ear sent to newspaper in Rome; eventually paid $2.7 million, the maximum amount that he claimed he was able to raise.

March 13, 1974 - Five-month oil embargo by Arab countries  lifted; embargo in retaliation for US support of Israel during 1973 Middle East war.

March 9, 1975 - Work began on Alaskan oil pipeline.

November 3, 1975 - Queen Elizabeth II opened North Sea pipeline, Firth of Forth; October 1970 - drilling rig Sea Quest discovered Forties reservoir; oil produced through some 55 producing wells through pipe which ran 110 miles along the seabed, then 130 miles to oil refinery at Grangemouth.

June 20, 1977 - Trans-Alaska pipeline (799 miles) began carrying oil from Arctic Ocean to Prince William Sound (oil arrived 38 days later); world's largest privately funded construction project to that date, cost $8 billion, took three years to build; July 28, 1977 - 799 mileegan full operation; 1968 - massive oil field (10,000-to-20,000 feet deep) discovered on north coast of Alaska near Prudhoe Bay (ice-packed waters of Beaufort Sea inaccessible to oil tankers); 1972 - Department of the Interior authorized drilling there, moved quickly to begin construction of a pipeline (after Arab oil embargo of 1973); Alyeska Pipeline Service Co. formed by consortium of major oil companies, April 29, 1974 - construction began; under pressure, Alyeska agreed to extensive environmental precautions, including building 50 percent of the pipeline above the ground to protect the permafrost from the naturally heated crude oil and to permit passage of caribou underneath; May 31, 1977 - Trans-Alaska oil pipeline completed; August 1977 - first oil tanker left Valdez en route to lower 48 states; March 24, 1989 - worst fears of environmentalists realized when Exxon Valdez ran aground in Prince William Sound after filling up at port of Valdez - 10 million gallons of oil dumped into water, devastated hundreds of miles of coastline; 2001 - President George W. Bush proposed opening portion of 19-million-acre Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, east of Prudhoe Bay, to oil drilling; 2006 - Senate voted 51-49 in favor of budget resolution that included billions for Arctic drilling; about 800,000 barrels move through pipeline each day. Altogether, pipeline has carried more than 14 billion barrels of oil in its lifetime.

April 1980 - Crude-oil closed at inflation-adjusted record price of $101.70 per barrel.

April 2, 1980 - President Jimmy Carter signed Crude Oil Windfall Profits Tax Act (one year after Carter eliminated controls on oil prices) to take advantage of oil industry's rising profits; generated roughly $227 billion dollars in new taxes. 

1984 - Standard Oil Company of California merged with Gulf Oil; largest  merger in U. S. history at time; name changed to Chevron Corp.

November 19, 1985 - Pennzoil won $10.53 billion verdict in case against Texaco; stemmed from Pennzoil's attempted acquisition of Getty Oil (had agreed to pay $5.3 billion for  family-run oil company without written contract signed by both parties; Texaco doubled Pennzoil's bid, Getty accepted, Pennzoil sued); state-court jury ruled that Pennzoil and Getty had engaged in binding contract, handed down single biggest civil verdict in court history.

April 1, 1986 - World oil prices dipped below $10 a barrel.

February 12, 1987 - Texas court upheld initial 1985 decision against Texaco ($10.5 billion fine) for having initiated illegal takeover bid for Getty Oil after Pennzoil had already made a $5.3 billion bid for company, a legally binding contract to which Getty had consented (despite never signing a formal contract); April 12, 1987 - Texaco filed for bankruptcy.

November 15, 1996 - Texaco announced what was believed to be $ 175 million settlement of racial-discrimination lawsuit (six Texaco employees initially filed $520 million suit in 1994) after Jesse Jackson threat of Texaco boycott, revelation of "secret" audio tape that captured Texaco executives making racial slurs, plotting to derail lawsuit; settlement included one-time salary boost for minority employees, establishment of "diversity training and sensitivity programs".

August 11, 1998 - British Petroleum acquired Amoco for $49 billion, biggest foreign takeover of U.S. company.

October 9, 2001 - Chevron, Texaco merged, formed ChevronTexaco; May 9, 2005 - name changed to Chevron.

November 18, 2001 - Phillips Petroleum Co. and Conoco Inc. announced merger, created third-largest U.S. oil and gas company.

February 3, 2003 - Venezuela's workers returned to work in all sectors but oil industry after 2-month-long general strike that failed to oust President Hugo Chavez.

August 10, 2005 - Chevron acquired Unocal $17 billion.

January 30, 2006 - Exxon Mobil reported fourth-quarter earnings of $10 billion on revenue of $99.66 billion = rate of profit of $80,842 per minute; biggest quarterly profit of any company in history (no accounting adjustments); total return to shareholders over last 5 years averaged under 8% (industry average).

May 1, 2006 - Evo Morales, leftist President of Bolivia, nationalized oil, ordered troops to secure installations of private energy companies; second-largest gas reserves in Latin America; Petrobras, Brazilian state energy company, had most at risk.

November 7, 2007 - Gas and Oil


December 30, 2007 - Federal government's long-term projections for U. S. sources of energy:


April 29, 2008 -


August 23, 2008 - Domestic crude oil production down 40% since 1985; number of exploratory, developmental wells has almost doubled (Source: Energy Information Division of US Dept. of Energy):


December 31, 2008 - Crude-oil futures ended year ( $44.60/barrel for February delivery on New York Mercantile Exchange) with biggest yearly loss since oil futures started trading in New York in 1983; down 54%.

March 23, 2009 - Suncor Energy Inc., world’s second-largest oil-sands producer, Canada’s third-biggest oil and gas producer by market value, agreed to buy Petro-Canada (nation’s second-largest refiner) for $15.6 billion, record takeover to create biggest Canadian energy company; biggest deal in history for Canadian oil company, industry’s largest worldwide since January 2007; combined company will have proved, probable reserves equivalent to 7.5 billion barrels of oil.

June 8, 2009 - Gas prices have risen 41 days in a row, to national average of almost $2.62/gallon (vs. low of $1.62/gallon at end of 2008); increased 62% since December 2008, lagged behind increase in price of oil, (doubled in same period, to more than $68/barrel).


July 6, 2009 - Volatile Swings in Price of Oil - not seen since energy shocks of late 1970s, early 1980s; summer 2008 - prices surged to record high above $145/barrel, gasoline prices rose above $4/gallon; December 2008 - tumbled to $33/barrel; July 2009 -up 55%, to $70/barrel, gas prices up to $2.60/gallon.


February 28, 2011 - Libya in turmoil as pro-democracy protests disrupt country (after deposing of dictators in Tunisia, Egypt): politics of crude oil have not loomed so large since Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990; about 80% of Libya's oil production lies in rebel-held territory; spare capacity, amount of extra oil that OPEC members can quickly produce, is about 5 million barrels/day (about 6% of oil world consumes every day; had been 2% in 2008).

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(Abu Dhabi National Oil Company), Atef Ibrahim Suleiman (2007). The Petroleum Experience of Abu Dhabi. (Abu Dhabi, U.A.E.: The Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research, 224 p.). General Counsel and Manager of the Legal Department of the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company. Abu Dhabi National Oil Company; petroleum--United Arab Emirates. Structure of Abu Dhabi oil industry built around Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC), principal producer of oil and gas in United Arab Emirates; link between government institutions (establish petroleum policy), operating companies responsible for executing approved projects; nature of ADNOC operations, its ability to innovate, develop in order to successfully ride new trends in oil industry.

(American Petroleum Institute), Leonard M. Fanning (1959). The Story of the American Petroleum Institute; A Study and Report, with Personal Reminiscences. (New York, NY: World Petroleum Policies, 168 p.). American Petroleum Institute; Petroleum industry and trade--United States.

(American Petroleum Institute), Stephen P. Potter (1990). The American Petroleum Institute: An Informal History (1919 – 1987). (Washington, DC: API).

(American Refining Group), Sally Ryan Costik; foreword by Harvey L. Golubeck (2006). The Bradford Oil Refinery. (Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub., 128 p.). American Refining Group (Firm); Petroleum industry and trade--Pennsylvania; Petroleum refineries--Pennsylvania--Bradford. Oldest continuously operating petroleum refinery in United States (125 years); important supplier of lubricants, refinery specialties.

Peter McKenzie-Brown (Amoco) (1998). Richness of Discovery: Amoco's First 50 Years in Canada, 1948-1998. (Calgary, AB: Amoco Canada Petroleum Co., 61 p.). Amoco Canada Petroleum Company --History; Petroleum industry and trade --Canada --History.

(Amoco), Joseph A. Pratt (2000). Prelude to Merger: A History of Amoco Corporation, 1973-1998. (College Station, TX: Texas A & M Press, 308 p.). Amoco Corporation --History; Petroleum industry and trade --U.S. --History.

(Aramco), Wallace Stegner (1971). Discovery; The Search for Arabian Oil. (Beirut, Lebanon: Printed by Middle East Export Press, 190 p.). Pulitzer-Prize Winner. Arabian American Oil Company; Petroleum industry and trade--Saudi Arabia--History. History of oil venture's early days of Middle Eastern oil drilling, construction of first wells (disappointing yields), political and corporate skirmishes (occasional bombing) that followed, World War II, end of "frontier" in 1945.

(Aramco), Irvine H. Anderson (1981). Aramco, the United States, and Saudi Arabia: A Study in the Dynamics of Foreign Oil Policy, 1933-1950. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 259 p.). Arabian American Oil Company; Petroleum industry and trade -- Saudi Arabia; Petroleum industry and trade -- United States; United States -- Foreign economic relations -- Saudi Arabia; United States -- Foreign relations -- Saudi Arabia.

(Aramco), Anthony Cave Brown (1999). Oil, God, and Gold: The Story of Aramco and the Saudi Kings. (Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 420 p.). Arabian American Oil Company; Petroleum industry and trade--Saudi Arabia. How Saudi oil reserves--one-quarter of the world's total--were prospected for, fought over, and finally won by the U.S.

(Aramco), Edited by Kyle L. Pakka (2006). The Energy Within: A Photo History of the People of Saudi Aramco. (Dammam, Saudi Arabia: Printed by Afkar Promoseven, 153 p.). Saudi Aramco--Employees--History--Pictorial works; Petroleum workers--Saudi Arabia--History--Pictorial works; Petroleum industry and trade--Saudi Arabia--History--Pictorial works.

(Aramco), Robert Vitalis (2006). America’s Kingdom: Mythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier. (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 353 p.). Associate Professor of Political Science (University of Pennsylvania). Arabian American Oil Company--History; Saudi Aramco--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Saudi Arabia--History; United States--Foreign relations--Saudi Arabia; Saudi Arabia--Foreign relations--United States. Oil led U.S. government to follow company to  kingdom. Covers more than seventy years, three continents, true story of events on Saudi oil fields.

(ARCO), (Richfield Oil Corporation), Jones, Charles S. Jones; Foreword by Robert O. Anderson (1972). From the Rio Grande to the Arctic; The Story of the Richfield Oil Corporation. (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 364 p.). Richfield Oil Corporation.

Robert O. Anderson




Robert O. Anderson - CEO ARCO  ( people/289/000167785/robert-o-anderson.jpg)

(ARCO), Kenneth Harris (1987). The Wildcatter: A Portrait of Robert O. Anderson. (New York, NY: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 180 p.). Anderson, Robert O., 1917- ; Atlantic Richfield Co.--History; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History.

(ARCO), Paul E. Patterson (1999). Hardhat and Stetson: Robert O. Anderson, Oilman and Cattleman. (Santa Fe, NM: Sunstone Press, 206 p.). Anderson, Robert O., 1917- ; Atlantic Richfield Co.--History; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History.

(Ashland), Jeffrey L. Rodengen (1998). New Horizons : The Story of Ashland, Inc. (Fort Lauderdale, FL: Write Stuff Enterprises, 223 p.). Ashland Oil, inc.--History; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History; Petroleum chemicals industry--United States--History.

(Ashland), Joseph L. Massie (1960). Blazer and Ashland Oil : A Study in Management. (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 253 p.). Blazer, Paul G.; Ashland Oil and Refining Company (Ashland, Ky.)

(Ashland), Otto J. Scott (1968). The Exception; the Story of Ashland Oil & Refining Company. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 450 p.). Blazer, Paul G.; Ashland Oil and Refining Company, inc., Ashland, Ky.

(Aurora Gasoline), Peter Golden (1992). Quiet Diplomat: A Biography of Max M. Fisher. (New York, NY: Cornwall Books, 564 p.). Fisher, Max M.; Jews--United States--Biography; Zionists--United States--Biography; United States--Foreign relations--Israel; Israel--Foreign relations--United States.

(Boral Limited), Stephanie King (1996). From the Ground Up: Boral’s First 50 Years. (Sydney, AU: State Library of New South Wales Press, 104 p.). Boral Limited --History; Petroleum industry and trade --Australia --History; Building materials industry --Australia --History; Conglomerate corporations --Australia --History. Incorporated in 1946 as Bitumen and Oil Refineries (Australia) Limited; 1963 - changed name to Boral Limited.

(Bow Valley Industries), Sydney Sharpe (2008). Staying in the Game: The Remarkable Story of Doc Seaman. (Tonawanda, NY: Dundurn, 315 p.). Seaman, Daryl Kenneth (Doc); Bow Valley Industries Limited -- Biography. One of last of breed of postwar entrepreneurs, sportsmen who forged modern Canada, struck deals on handshake, always kept his word; turned small Alberta drilling business into global giant; 1994 - Bow Valley Energy Inc.  acquired by Talisman Energy for C$1.82 billion, Canada's largest financial transaction time.

(British Petroleum), Henry Longhurst with a foreword by Winston Churchill (1959). Adventure in Oil: The Story of British Petroleum. (London, UK: Sidgwick and Jackson, 286 p.). British Petroleum Company; Petroleum industry and trade -- Middle East.

William Knox D'Arcy - original risk-taking investor in BP (

(British Petroleum), John Rowland and Basil, second baron Cadman (1960). Ambassador for Oil: The Life of John, First Baron Cadman. (London, UK: H. Jenkins, 191 p.). Cadman, John Cadman, baron, 1877-1941; British Petroleum Company; Petroleum industry and trade -- Middle East.

(British Petroleum), J. R. L. Anderson (1969). East of Suez: A Study of Britain's Greatest Trading Enterprise. (London, UK: Hodder & Stoughton, 288 p.). British Petroleum Company; Petroleum industry and trade -- Middle East.

(British Petroleum), John W. Williamson (1977). In a Persian Oil Field. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 192 p. [orig. pub. 1930]). British Petroleum Company; Petroleum industry and trade -- Iran; Iran -- Economic conditions -- 1918-.

(British Petroleum), R.W. Ferrier (1982). The History of the British Petroleum Company: Volume 1, The Developing Years, 1901-1932. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 698 p.). British Petroleum Company.--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Great Britain--History.

(British Petroleum), James H. Bamberg (1994). The History of the British Petroleum Company: Volume 2, The Anglo-Iranian Years 1928-1954. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 667 p.). British Petroleum Company.--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Great Britain--History. 

(British Petroleum), James Bamberg and R.W. Ferrier (2000). British Petroleum and Global Oil, 1950-1975: Volume 3, The Challenge of Nationalism. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 666 p.). British Petroleum Company--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Great Britain--History. Volume 3.

(BP), John Browne (2010). Beyond Business: An Inspirational Memoir from a Visionary Leader. (London, UK, Weidenfeld & Nicolson 336 p.). BP CEO for 12 years. Browne, John; British Petroleum -- history. Britain’s most admired business leader for several years; his “adventure in oil” (as BP rose from state-controlled middleweight to first rank of international oil companies); invented oil 'supermajor', led way on climate change, human rights, transparency; what he learned about leadership in tough industry; insights gained as he transformed national company, challenged entire industry, prompted political, business leaders to change; how his private, public lives collided, prompted May 2007 abrupt resignation as CEO of BP.

Lord John Browne Sir John Browne - British Petroleum

(BP), Mike Magner (2011). Poisoned Legacy: The Human Cost of BP's Rise to Power. (New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 432 p.). Investigative Reporter.British Petroleum Company; Petroleum industry and trade --Moral and ethical aspects; Petroleum refineries --Accidents --United States; Petroleum workers --Health and hygiene --United States. Deepwater Horizon oil rig explosion - first time British Petroleum, its cost-cutting practices destroyed parts of natural world; not first time that BP’s negligence resulted in loss of human life, ruined family businesses, shattered dreams; from Alaska to Kansas to Gulf - BP’s almost unparalleled corporate gree: 1) 1998 - BP acquired abandoned Kansas refinery, discovered one of most contaminated groundwater plumes in U.S; declared there was no cause for concern; former schoolteacher, alarmed by cancer cases in town, pushed community to take BP to court; 2) 2005 - explosion at BP’s Texas City refinery, operating with raft of safety problems because of neglected maintenance, killed 15 people, including mother and father of young woman who was driving there to spend Easter holidays with her parents.; 3) 2006 - thousands of gallons of oil spilled onto Alaska’s North Slope from corroded BP pipeline; 4) BP’s Thunder Horse rig almost san, after hurricane, because of flaw in its construction; repair work exposed more serious problems; rise and fall of BP, company that went from being green maverick promising world “Beyond Petroleum” to one of most notorious corporate villains in history.

(Burmah Oil Company), T.A.B. Corley (1983). A History of the Burmah Oil Company, Vol.: 1 1886-1924. (London, UK: Heinemann, 331 p.). Burmah Oil Company -- History.

(Burmah Oil Company), T.A.B. Corley (1988). A History of the Burmah Oil Company, Vol. 2: 1924-1966. (London, UK: Heinemann, 416 p.). Burmah Oil Company -- History.

(Chevron), Robert Spector (1995). On Course: Chevron's Century at Sea. (Documentary Book Publishers Corporation, 80 p.). Chevron Corporation -- history; Chevron Maritime. 1895 - Launch of George Loomis, world's first steel-hulled tanker; investment, risk, growth over span of 100 years.

(Conoco), John Joseph Mathews (1989). Life and Death of an Oilman: The Career of E.W. Marland. (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 259 p. [orig. pub. 1951]). Marland, Ernest Whitworth, 1874-1941; Industrialists--United States--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History. Founder of Marland Oil Company.

Isaac Elder Blake Isaac Elder Blake - founder Conoco  (

(Conoco), Russ Banham (2000). Conoco: 125 Years of Energy. (Lyme, CT: Greenwich Pub. Co., 276 p.). Conoco Inc.; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History.

(Creole Petroleum Corporation), Wayne C. Taylor and John Lindeman (1955). The Creole Petroleum Corporation in Venezuela. (Washington, DC: National Planning Association, 105 p.). Creole Petroleum Corporation.

(Cromarty Petroleum), George Rosie (1978). The Ludwig Initiative: A Cautionary Tale of North Sea Oil. (Edinburgh, Scotland: Mainstream Publishing Co., Ltd., 148 p.). Ludwig, Daniel Keith, 1897-1992; Cromarty Petroleum Company; Petroleum industry and trade--Scotland; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography.

(DeGolyer and MacNaughton), Lon Tinkle; With a foreword by Norman Cousins (1970). Mr. De; A Biography of Everette Lee DeGolyer. (Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 393 p.). DeGolyer, E. (Everette), 1886-1956. 

(Delta Drilling), James Presley (1981). Never in Doubt: A History of Delta Drilling Company. (Houston, TX: Gulf Pub. Co., 543 p.). Delta Drilling Company--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Texas--History; Wealth--Texas--History.

(Dome Petroleum), Peter Foster (1983). Other People's Money: The Banks, the Government, and Dome. (Toronto, ON: Collins, 286 p.). Dome Petroleum Limited--History--20th century; Petroleum industry and trade--Canada--Finance--History--20th century.

(Dome Petroleum), Jim Lyon (1983). Dome Petroleum: The Inside Story of Its Rise and Fall. (New York, NY: Beaufort Books, 227 p.). Dome Petroleum Limited--History--20th century; Petroleum industry and trade--Canada--History--20th century.

(Dresser Industries), Darwin Payne (1979). Initiative in Energy: Dresser Industries, Inc., 1880-1978. (New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, 415 p.). Dresser Industries, inc. -- History.

Solomon Robert Dresser - Dresser Industries  (

(Elf-Aquitaine), Pierre Péan et Jean-Pierre Séréni (1982). Les Emirs de la République: l'Aventure du Pétrole Tricolore. (Paris, FR: Seuil, 224 p.). Elf-Aquitaine (Company); Petroleum industry and trade--France.

(Elf-Aquitaine), Elf-Aquitaine Company (1998). Elf Aquitaine: Des Origines À 1989. (Paris, FR: Fayard, 366 p.). Elf-Aquitaine (Company); Petroleum industry and trade--France; Petroleum products--France.

(ENSCO), Carolyn Barta (2007). ENSCO: The First Twenty Years: Offshore Driller of Choice. (Houston, TX: Gulf Pub., 264 p.). ENSCO--History; Offshore oil well drilling--United States--History; Offshore oil industry--United States--History.

(Esso Standard Oil Company), Erasmo Dumpierre (1984). La Esso en Cuba: Monopolio y Republica Burguesa. (La Habana, Cuba: Editorial de Ciencias Sociales, 148 p.). Esso Standard Oil Company (Cuba)--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Government policy--Cuba--History.

(Gate Petroleum Co.), Herbert Hill Peyton (1997). Newboy: The Autobiography of Herbert Hill Peyton. (Jacksonville, FL: Gate Petroleum Co., 221 p.). Peyton, Herbert Hill, 1932-; Gate Petroleum Company --History; Businessmen --United States --Biography; Petroleum industry and trade --United States --History.

(Getty), J. Paul Getty (1941). The History of the Oil Business of George F. and J. Paul Getty from 1903 to 1939. (Los Angeles, CA: J. Paul Getty, 501 p.). Getty, George Franklin, 1855-1930; Petroleum industry and trade--United States.

J. Paul Getty  (

(Getty), Ralph Hewins (1960). The Richest American: J. Paul Getty. (New York, NY: Dutton, 404 p.). Getty, J. Paul (Jean Paul), 1892-1976.

(Getty), J. Paul Getty (1976). As I See It: The Autobiography of J. Paul Getty. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 360 p.). Getty, J. Paul (Jean Paul), 1892-1976.

(Getty), Russell Miller (1985). The House of Getty. (London, UK: M. Joseph, 361 p.). Getty, J. Paul (Jean Paul), 1892-1976; Getty family; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Millionaires--United States--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History; Rich people--United States--Biography.

(Getty), Robert Lenzner (1986). The Great Getty: The Life and Loves of J. Paul Getty, Richest Man in the World. (New York, NY: Crown Publishers, 283 p.). Getty, J. Paul (Jean Paul), 1892-1976; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Millionaires--United States--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History; Rich people--United States--Biography.

(Getty), Steve Coll (1987). The Taking of Getty Oil: The Full Story of the Most Spectacular--& Catastrophic--Takeover of All Time. (New York, NY: Atheneum, 528 p.). Getty family; Getty Oil Company; Petroleum industry and trade -- United States -- History.

(Gulf), Craig Thompson (1951). Since Spindletop: A Human Story of Gulf's First Half-Century. (Pittsburgh, PA: Gulf Oil Corporation, 110 p.). Gulf Oil Corporation.








James McClurg (J. M.) Guffey - founder of Gulf Oil Co. ( ACfU3U1498SSVKsN4v5NrMqdZ4OHBlIRQA&w=575)

Mother William Mellon - Andrew Mellon's nephew, sent to run Gulf Oil  (

(Gulf), William S. Hoffman (1974). Paul Mellon: Portrait of an Oil Baron. (Chicago, IL: Follett Pub. Co., 204 p.). Mellon, Paul; Gulf Oil Corporation.

(Gulf), Chris Eipper (1989). Hostage to Fortune: Bantry Bay and the Encounter with Gulf Oil. (St. John's, Nfld: Institute of Social and Economic Research, 193 p.). Gulf Oil Exploration and Production Co.; Petroleum industry and trade -- Social aspects -- Ireland -- Bantry; Economic development -- Social aspects -- Ireland -- Bantry; International business enterprises -- Social aspects -- Ireland -- Bantry; Bantry (Ireland) -- Social conditions.

(Home Oil), Philip Smith (1978). The Treasure-Seekers: The Men Who Built Home Oil. (Toronto, ON: Macmillan of Canada, 310 p.). Home Oil Company -- History; Petroleum industry and trade -- Canada -- History.

(Hughes Tool), Michael R. Botson, Jr. (2005). Labor, Civil Rights, and the Hughes Tool Company. (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 265 p.). Hughes Tool Company; Labor unions--Texas--History--20th century; Labor movement--Texas--History--20th century; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Civil rights. July 12, 1964 - National Labor Relations Board decertified racially segregated Independent Metal Workers Union as collective bargaining agent at Hughes Tool Company; first ruling in Labor Board's history that racial discrimination by union violated National Labor Relations Act.

(Humble Oil & Refining), Henrietta M. Larson and Kenneth Wiggins Porter (1959). History of Humble Oil & Refining Company; A Study in Industrial Growth. (New York, NY: Harper, 769 p.). Harvard Business School, University of Oregon. Humble Oil and Refining Company.

Ross S. Sterling - Humble Oil  (

(Humble Oil & Refining), Ross S. Sterling and Ed Kilman; edited and revised by Don Carleton; foreword by Dolph Briscoe, Jr. (2007). Ross Sterling, Texan: A Memoir by the Founder of Humble Oil and Refining Company. (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 280 p. [rev. ed.]). Principal Founder of the Humble Oil and Refining Company. Sterling, Ross S., 1875-1949; Humble Oil and Refining Company (Incorporated in Tex.)--Biography; Houston post-dispatch--History; Governors--Texas--Biography. Businessmen--Texas--Biography; Bankers--Texas--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--Texas--History--20th century; Texas--Politics and government--1865-1950; Texas--Economic conditions--20th century; Houston (Tex.)--Biography. History of Houston, growth of American oil industry.

(Hunt), Jerome Tuccille (1984). Kingdom: The Story of the Hunt Family of Texas. (Ottawa, IL: Jameson Books, 384 p.). Hunt family; Businesspeople--United States--Biography; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography.

(Hunt), Hunt Oil Company (1995). The History of Hunt Oil Company: Our 60th Year, 1994. (Dallas, TX: Hunt Oil Company, 128 p.). Hunt Oil Company--History; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History.

(Imperial Oil), Hope Morritt (1993). Rivers of Oil: The Founding of North America's Petroleum Industry. (Kingston, ON: Quarry Press, 194 p.). Imperial Oil Limited -- History; Petroleum industry and trade -- Ontario -- Oil Springs -- History; Oil Springs (Ont.) -- History; Petrolia (Ont.) -- History.

(Irving Oil), Russell Hunt and Robert Campbell (1973). K.C. Irving: The Art of the Industrialist. (Toronto, ON: McClelland and Stewart, 197 p.). Irving, K. C. (Kenneth Colin), 1899-; New Brunswick -- Economic conditions -- 1945-.

KC Irving K. C. Irving - founder Irving Oil (

(Irving Oil), John DeMont (1991). Citizens Irving: K.C. Irving and His Legacy: The Story of Canada's Wealthiest Family. (Toronto, ON: Doubleday Canada, 253 p.). Irving, K. C. (Kenneth Colin), 1899- ; Irwin family; Industrialists -- New Brunswick -- Biography; Capitalists and financiers -- New Brunswick -- Biography.

(Irving Oil), Douglas How & Ralph Costello (1993). K.C.: The Biography of K.C. Irving. (Toronto, ON: Key Porter Books, 400 p.). Irving, K. C. (Kenneth Colin), 1899- ; Industrialists -- New Brunswick -- Biography; Capitalists and financiers -- New Brunswick -- Biography. 

(Julian Petroleum), Jules Tygiel (1996). The Great Los Angeles Swindle: Oil, Stocks, and Scandal During the Roaring Twenties. (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 398 p. [orig. pub. 1994]). Julian Petroleum Corporation; Julian Petroleum Corporation; Petroleum industry and trade--Corrupt practices--California--Los Angeles.

(Koch Industries), J. Howard Marshall II; edited with an introduction by Robert L. Bradley, Jr. (1994). Done in Oil: An Autobiography. (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 282 p.). Marshall, J. Howard (James Howard), 1905- ; Businesspeople--United States--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History--20th century. 

(Kuwait Petroleum Corporation), Mary Ann Tétreault (1995). The Kuwait Petroleum Corporation and the Economics of the New World Order (Westport, CT: Quorum Books, 232 p.). Kuwait Petroleum Corporation; Petroleum industry and trade -- Kuwait; Petroleum industry and trade -- Government policy -- Kuwait; Investments -- Kuwait; Kuwait -- Foreign economic relations.

(Mapco), Rufus Jarman (1977). The Energy Merchant. (New York, NY: R. Rosen Press, 279 p.). Thomas, Robert E., 1914- ; Mapco--History; Businesspeople--United States--Biography.

(Marathon), Hartzell Spence (1962). Portrait in Oil, How the Ohio Oil Company Grew to Become Marathon. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 357 p.). Marathon Oil Company.

(Marland Oil Company), John Joseph Mathews (1989). Life and Death of an Oilman: The Career of E.W. Marland. (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 259 p. [orig. pub. 1951]). Marland, Ernest Whitworth, 1874-1941; Industrialists--United States--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History.

(McMan Oil Company), Carl N. Tyson, James H. Thomas, Odie B. Faulk (1977). The McMan: The Lives of Robert M. McFarlin and James A. Chapman. (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press for the Oklahoma Heritage Association, 224 p.). McFarlin, Robert Martin, 1866-1942; Chapman, James Allen, 1881-1966; McMan Oil Company--History; McMan Oil and Gas Company--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Oklahoma--History; Businesspeople--Oklahoma--Biography.

(Mesa Petroleum), T. Boone Pickens, Jr. (1987). Boone (Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 304 p.). Pickens, T. Boone (Thomas Boone); Mesa Petroleum Co.--History; Industrialists--Texas--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History.

T. Boone Pickens - Mesa Petroleum (

(Mesa Petroleum), T. Boone Pickens, Jr. (2000). The Luckiest Guy in the World. (Washington, DC: BeardBooks, 388 p.). Founder (Mesa Petroleum). Pickens, T. Boone (Thomas Boone); Businessmen--United States--Biography; Success in business--United States; Entrepreneurship; Petroleum industry and trade--United States; Petroleum industry and trade--Management.

(Mesa Petroleum), T. Boone Pickens (2008). The First Billion Is the Hardest: How Believing It’s Still Early in the Game Can Lead to Life’s Greatest Comebacks. (New York, NY: Crown, 260 p.). Pickens, T. Boone (Thomas Boone); Petroleum industry and trade --United States; Success in business. Started with $2,500 investment, built Mesa Petroleum into one of largest independent oil companies in United States (left at age 68 after steep decline in company’s profits); turned remaining $3 million investment fund’s into $8 billion (world’s second-highest-paid hedge fund manager at 77); comprehensive plan for American energy independence, glimpse into key resources where he is putting billions.

(Mitchell Energy & Development), Joseph W. Kutchin (2001). How Mitchell Energy & Development Corp. Got Its Start and How It Grew: An Oral History and Narrative Overview. (Woodlands, TX: Universal Publishers, 658 p. [updated]). Mitchell Energy & Development Corp.; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History.; Petroleum industry and trade--Texas--History; Gas industry--United States--History; Gas industry--Texas--History; Woodlands (Tex.)--History.

(Mobil Oil - originally SOCONY - Standard Oil Company of New York; 1954 Socony-Vacuum Corporation officially adopts Mobil name), Howard Bird, Jr. (1990). Were Grandfathers Always Old?: Autobiography. (New Canaan, CT: H. Bird, Jr., 357 p.). Bird, Howard, 1916- ; Mobil Oil Company--Biography; Executives--United States--Biography.

(Mobil Oil - Philippines), The Company (1991). Mobil, 100 Years in the Philippines, 1892-1992. (Manila, Phiippines: The Company, 108 p.). Mobil Oil Philippines--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Philippines; Natural gas--Philippines.

(Mobil Oil), Robert L. Kerr (2005). The Rights of Corporate Speech: Mobil Oil and the Legal Development of the Voice of Big Business. (New York, NY: LFB Scholarly Pub., 212 p.). Mobil Oil Corporation--Political activity; Corporate speech--United States; Corporations--Political activity--Law and legislation--United States. 

(Moncrief Oil), Charlie Moncrief (2002). Wildcatters: The True Story of How Conspiracy, Greed and the IRS Almost Destroyed a Legendary Texas Oil Family. (Washington, DC: Regnery, 260 p.). Moncrief Oil; Tax evasion--Texas--Fort Worth--Case studies. 

(Murchison), Jane Wolfe (1989). The Murchisons: The Rise and Fall of a Texas Dynasty. (New York,. NY: St. Martin's Press, 505 p.). Murchison, Clinton Williams, 1895-1969; Murchison family; Dallas Cowboys (Football team); Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography; Texas--Biography.

(National Petroleum Council), Joseph A. Pratt, William H. Becker, & William M. McClenahan, Jr. (2002). Voice of the Marketplace: A History of the National Petroleum Council. (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 292 p.). National Petroleum Council--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Government policy--United States--History; Gas industry--Government policy--United States--History; Energy policy--United States--History; Environmental policy--United States--History; Energy advisory committees--United States--History; Executive advisory bodies--United States--History; National security--United States. 

(Occidental), Bob Considine (1975). The Remarkable Life of Dr. Armand Hammer. (New York, NY: Harper & Row, 287 p.). Hammer, Armand, 1898-1990.

Armand Hammer - Occidental Petroleum  (

(Occidental), Joseph Finder (1983). Red Carpet. (New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 372 p.). Businesspeople--United States--Biography; United States--Commerce--Soviet Union; Soviet Union--Commerce--United States. 

(Occidental), Armand Hammer, with Neil Lyndon (1987). Hammer. (New York, NY: Putnam, 544 p.). Hammer, Armand, 1897- ; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography; Statesmen--United States--Biography; United States--Relations--Soviet Union; Soviet Union--Relations--United States.

(Occidental), Steve Weinberg (1989). Armand Hammer: The Untold Story. (Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 501 p.). Hammer, Armand, 1897- ; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Millionaires--United States--Biography; Rich people--United States--Biography.

(Occidental), Carl Blumay with Henry Edwards (1992). The Dark Side of Power: The Real Armand Hammer. (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 494 p.). Hammer, Armand, 1897- ; Businessmen--United States--Biography; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography; Statesmen--United States--Biography; United States--Relations--Soviet Union; Soviet Union--Relations--United States.

(Occidental), Edward Jay Epstein (1996). Dossier: The Secret History of Armand Hammer. (New York, NY: Random House, 418 p.). Hammer, Armand, 1897- ; Businesspeople--United States--Biography; Capitalists and financiers--United States--Biography; Statesmen--United States--Biography; United States--Relations--Soviet Union; Soviet Union--Relations--United States.

(Okalta Oil Limited), Ed. David H. Breen (1984). William Stewart Herron: Father of the Petroleum Industry in Alberta. (Calgary, AB: Alberta Records Publication Board, Historical Society of Alberta, 359 p.). Herron, William Stewart, 1870-1939 --Correspondence; Petroleum industry and trade--Alberta--History--Sources.

(OPEC), Mary Ann Tetreault (1981). The Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries: History, Policies, and Prospects (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 215 p.). Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries. Series Contributions in economics and economic history.

(Pennsylvania), Paul H. Giddens (1947). Pennsylvania Petroleum, 1750-1872: A Documentary History. (Titusville, PA: Drake Well Memorial Park, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 420 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Pennsylvania; Petroleum--History.

(Petro-Canada), Peter Foster (1992). Self Serve: How Petro-Canada Pumped Canadians Dry. (Toronto, ON: Macfarlane Walter & Ross, 323 p.). Petro-Canada; Petroleum industry and trade--Government ownership--Canada.

(Petroleum Club of Houston), Jack Donahue (1984). The Finest in the Land: The Story of the Petroleum Club of Houston. (Houston, TX: Gulf Publishing Co., 336 p.). Petroleum Club of Houston--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Texas--History.

(Petroleum Development Co.), Dan La Botz (1991). Edward L. Doheny: Petroleum, Power, and Politics in the United States and Mexico. (New York, NY: Praeger, 202 p.). Doheny, Edward L. Edward Laurence), 1856-1935; Industrialists--United States--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Mexico--History.

Edward L. Doheny - Petroleum Development Co. ( doheny290x385.gif)

(Petroleum Development Co.), Margaret L. Davis (1998). Dark Side of Fortune: Triumph and Scandal in the Life of Oil Tycoon Edward L. Doheny. (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 339 p.). Doheny, Edward L. (Edward Laurence), 1856-1935; Industrialists--United States--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History; Petroleum industry and trade--California, Southern--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Mexico--History; Teapot Dome Scandal, 1921-1924.

(Petroleum Development Co.), Martin R. Ansell (1998). Oil Baron of the Southwest: Edward L. Doheny and the Development of the Petroleum Industry in California and Mexico. (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 302 p.). Doheny, Edward L. (Edward Laurence), 1856-1935; Industrialists--United States--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--California, Southern--History; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Mexico--History.

(Petroleum Intelligence Weekly), Anna Rubino (2008). Queen of the Oil Club: The Intrepid Wanda Jablonski and the Power of Information. (Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 346 p.). Investigative Reporter for OTR Global; reported for Jablonski in the 1980s. Jablonski, Wanda, 1920-1992; Journalists --United States --Biography; Petroleum industry and trade --Press coverage --United States. Journalistic pioneer, power of information. Gutsy journalist, for Journal of Commerce and other New York publications, who challenged power—and succeeded; 1961 - started newsletter, Petroleum Intelligence Weekly; soon dubbed "bible" of oil world; investigative reporter, publisher, power broker who came to wield exceptional influence on 20th-century geopolitics; shed light on secretive world of oil from 1950s through 1980s; unveiled many mysteries of oil club;  nicknamed midwife of OPEC; helped shape debate that led to creation of OPEC, oil shocks of 1970s, largest transfer of wealth in history.

Wanda Jablonski - Petroleum Intelligence Weekly (

(Phillips Petroleum), Michael Wallis with a foreword by John Gibson Phillips, Jr. (1995). Oil Man: The Story of Frank Phillips and the Birth of Phillips Petroleum. (New York, NY: St. Martin's, 480 p.). Phillips, Frank, 1873-; Phillips Petroleum Company--History; Industrialists--United States--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History.

Frank Phillips - Phillips Petroleum  ( gmeador/images/ carrels/phillips.jpg)

Lee Eldas (L. E.) Phillips - Phillips Petroleum  (

(Pinal Dome), Richard C. Schwarzman (1976). The Pinal Dome Oil Company: An Adventure in Business, 1901-1917. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 328 p. Pinal Dome Oil Company, Santa Maria, Calif.

(Quintana Petroleum), Ed Kilman and Theon Wright (1954). Hugh Roy Cullen: A Story of American Opportunity. (New York, NY: Prentice-Hall, 376 p.). Cullen, Hugh Roy, 1881-1957.

(Refining Associates, Inc.), Sir Eldon Griffiths, Roberta Lessor, and Myron Yeager (1998). The Hutton Story. (Orange, CA: Chapman University Press, 454 p.). Former Conservative Member of Parliament, Former Minister in the British government, Founding Director of Chapman's Schmid Center for International Business. Hutton, Betty, 1913-1995; Hutton, Harold, 1904-1975; Refining Associates, Inc.; Refican (Corporation); Businesspeople--United States--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--Asia; Petroleum industry and trade--Indonesia.

(Robinson & Son Oil Company), Paul J. Bunnell (1995). The House of Robinson: The Robinsons of Rhode Island: Their Genealogy and Letters and the History of the Robinson & Son Oil Company of Baltimore, Maryland. (Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, Inc., 226 p.). Robinson family; Robinson, Rowland, 1654-1716 --Family; Robinson & Son Oil Company--History; Rhode Island--Genealogy; Maryland--History. 

(Royal Dutch Shell Group - dates to 1833, created in 1907), Frederik Carel Gerretson (1953-1957). History of the Royal Dutch. (Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 4 vols.). Koninklijke Nederlandsche Petroleum Maatschappij; Petroleum industry and trade--Indonesia.

Marcus Samuel - founder, Shell Transport  (

Vraag 1 - Made in Holland Henri Deterding - Royal Dutch Shell  (

(Royal Dutch Shell Group), Kendall Beaton (1957). Enterprise in Oil; A History of Shell in the United States. (New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 815 p.). Shell Oil Company.

(Royal Dutch Shell Group), Ralph Hewins (1958). Mr. Five Per Cent, The Story of Calouste Gulbenkian. (New York, NY: Rinehart, 261 p.). Gulbenkian, Calouste Sarkis; Petroleum industry and trade. 

(Royal Dutch Shell Group), John Lodwick in collaboration wih D. H. Young (1958). Gulbenkian: An Interpretation of "The Richest Man in the World". (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 289 p.). Gulbenkian, Calouste Sarkis.

(Royal Dutch Shell Group), Robert David Quixano Henriques (1960). Bearsted; A Biography of Marcus Samuel, First Viscount Bearsted, and Founder of ’Shell’ Transport and Trading Co. (New York, NY: Viking, 676 p.). Bearsted, Marcus Samuel, First Viscount, 1853-1927; "Shell" Transport and Trading Company, ltd., London.

(Royal Dutch Shell Group), Barbara Wells (1979). Shell at Deer Park: The Story of the First Fifty Years. (Houston, TX: Shell Oil Co., 139 p.). Shell Oil Company--History; Deer Park (Tex.)--History.

(Royal Dutch Shell Group), Nicky Moey (1991). The Shell Endeavour: First 100 Years in Singapore. (Singapore: Designed and published for Shell Companies in Singapore by Times Editions Pte. Ltd., 128 p.). Shell Companies in Singapore--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Singapore--History.

(Royal Dutch Shell Group), Paul Hendrix (1996). Henri Deterding: de Koninklijke, de Shell en de Rothschilds. (Den Haag (the Hague), Netherlands: Sdu Uitgevers, 368 p.). Deterding, Henri, 1866-1939; Koninklijke Nederlandsche Petroleum Maatschappij--History; Businesspeople--Netherlands--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--Netherlands--History.

(Royal Dutch Shell Group), Paul Hendrix (2002). Sir Henri Deterding and Royal Dutch-Shell: Changing Control of World Oil, 1900-1940. (Bristol, UK: Bristol Academic, 275 p.). Deterding, Henri, 1866-1939; Koninklijke Nederlandsche Petroleum Maatschappij History; Petroleum industry and trade Netherlands History; Businesspeople Netherlands Biography. English version based upon the original Dutch text and completed from drafts left after the authors death in 1999.

(Royal Dutch Shell Group), Ian Cummins and John Beasant (2005). Shell Shock: The Secrets and Spin of an Oil Giant. (Edinburgh, Scotland: Mainstream Pub., 256 p.). Former Employee of Shell. Shell Oil Company--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Netherlands--History. 

(Royal Dutch Shell Group), Tyler Priest (2007). The Offshore Imperative: Shell Oil’s Search for Petroleum in Postwar America. (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 336 p.). Director of Global Studies, College of Business (University of Houston). Shell Oil Company--History; Petroleum industry and trade--United States. Company pioneered drilling  in deepwater fields of Gulf of Mexico; engineers built on half-century of accumulated knowledge, improvements to technical systems to create methods for finding, producing oil and gas from astounding water depths.

(Royal Dutch Shell Group), Jan Luiten van Zanden, Joost Jonker, Stephen Howarth and Keetie Sluyterman (2007). A History of Royal Dutch Shell. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1,050 p.). Professor of Economic and Social History (University of Utrecht); Lecturer and Researcher (University of Utrecht); Fellow of the Royal Historical Society; Professor of Business History (Utrecht University). Royal Dutch Shell. World of oil, tireless efforts to ascertain energy supplies for future generations.

(Royal Dutch Shell Group), John Hofmeister (2010). Why We Hate the Oil Companies: Straight Talk from an Energy Insider. (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 256 p.). Former President of Shell Oil. Petroleum industry and trade --Political aspects --United States; Petroleum industry and trade --United States. What’s behind energy companies’ posturing, how politicians use energy misinformation, disinformation, lack of information to get, stay elected; framework for solving difficult problems, identifying solutions that will lead to future of comfortable lifestyles, affordable, clean energy, environmental protection, sustained economic competitiveness.

(Sibneft), Ilya Gerol (2006). Roman o Romane. (Sankt-Peterburg, Russia: Lenizdat,, 446 p.). Abramovich, Roman Arkadievich, 1966- ; Businesspeople--Russia (Federation)--Biography. Acquired Sibneft below market value after series of oil deals in 1990s; 2005 - acquired by Gazprom for $13 billion.

(Signal Oil and Gas Company), Walker A. Tomlins (1964). Little Giant of Signal Hill: An Adventure in American Enterprise. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall,258 p.). Signal Oil and Gas Company.

(Simmons Royalty Co.), Jonathan D. Greenberg (1990). Staking a Claim: Jake Simmons and the Making of an African-American Oil Dynasty. (New York, NY: Atheneum, 311 p.). Simmons, Jake, 1901-1981; African American businesspeople --Biography; Petroleum industry and trade --United States --History; Petroleum industry and trade --Africa, West --History; Civil rights movements --United States --History. World's first internationally recognized black oilman; most recognizable black entrepreneur in history of petroleum industry; first black appointed to National Petroleum Council; opened oil trading with emerging independent African states, served as intermediary between white American oil executives, politicians on both continents.

(Skelly Oil Company), Roberta Louise Ironside (1970). An Adventure Called Skelly; A History of Skelly Oil Company Through Fifty Years, 1919-1969. (New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 147 p.). Skelly Oil Company.

(Standard Oil Company), Wayne Henderson & Scott Benjamin (1996). Standard Oil: The First 125 Years. (Osceola, WI l: Motorbooks International, 128 p.). Standard Oil Company --History; Petroleum industry and trade --United States --History.

(Standard Oil Company), Roger M. Olien & Diana Davids Olien (2000). Oil and Ideology: The Cultural Creation of the American Petroleum Industry. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 305 p.). Rockefeller, John D. (John Davison), 1839-1937 --Public opinion; --Public opinion; Petroleum industry and trade--Moral and ethical aspects--United States--Historiography; Petroleum industry and trade--Government policy--United States--Historiography; Petroleum industry and trade--Moral and ethical aspects--United States--Public opinion; Public interest--United States--Public opinion; Public opinion--United States.

(Standard-CA), Gerald T. White (1976). Formative Years in the Far West: A History of Standard Oil Company of California and Predecessors through 1919. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 694 p. [Reprint of 1962 ed.]). Standard Oil Company (California); Petroleum industry and trade--California--History.

A petroleum pioneer in the 1870s when he co-founded ... Demetrius Scofield (first president Standard Oil of California in December 1911)  (

(Standard-IN), Paul Henry Giddens (1976). Standard Oil Company (Indiana): Oil Pioneer of the Middle West. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 741 p. [Reprint of 1955 ed.]). Chair of History and Political Science Department (Allegheny College), First Curator of the 1934 Drake Well Museum. Standard Oil Company (Indiana); Petroleum industry and trade--Middle West--History.

(Standard-IN), Emmett Dedmon (1984). Challenge and Response: A Modern History of the Standard Oil Company (Indiana). (Chicago, IL: Mobium Press, 324 p.). Standard Oil Company (Indiana)--History; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History.

(Standard-NJ), Ida M. Tarbell (1925). The History of the Standard Oil Company. (New York, NY: Macmillan, 2 vols.). Standard Oil Company; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History.

(Standard-NJ), Charles S. Popple (1952). Standard Oil Company (New Jersey) in World War II. (New York, NY: Standard Oil Co., 340 p.). Standard Oil Company.

(Standard-NJ), Ralph W. Hidy, Muriel E. Hidy (1987). History of Standard Oil Company (New Jersey): Pioneering in Big Business, 1882-1911 - Volume 1  (Ayer Pub. Co. ). Standard Oil Company.

(Standard-NJ), George S. Gibb and E. H. Knowlton (1955-71). History of Standard Oil Company (New Jersey): The Resurgent Years, 1911-1927 - Volume 2.  (New York, NY: Harper, 754 p.). Standard Oil Company. 

(Standard-NJ), Henrietta M. Larson, E. H. Knowlton, and C. S. Popple  (1955-71). History of Standard Oil Company (New Jersey): New Horizons, 1927-1950 - Volume 3. (New York, NY: Harper, 3 vols.). Standard Oil Company.

(Standard-NJ), Henrietta M. Larson and Kenneth Wiggins Porter (1959). History of Humble Oil & Refining Company; A Study in Industrial Growth. (New York, NY: Harper, 769 p.). Harvard Business School, University of Oregon. Humble Oil and Refining Company.

(Standard-NJ), Bennett H. Wall and George S. Gibb (1974). Teagle of Jersey Standard. (New Orleans, LA: Tulane University, 386 p.). Teagle, Walter Clark, 1878-1962; Standard Oil Company.

(Standard-NJ), Bruce Bringhurst (1979). Antitrust and the Oil Monopoly: The Standard Oil Cases, 1890-1911. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 296 p.). Standard Oil Company; Antitrust law--United States; Petroleum law and legislation--United States.

(Standard-NJ), Bennett H. Wall with assistance from Gerald C. Carpenter and Gene S. Yeager (1988). Growth in a Changing Environment: A History of Standard Oil Company (New Jersey), Exxon Corporation, 1950-1975. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1020 p.). Standard Oil Company--History; Exxon Corporation--History; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History.

(Standard-NJ), Steve Weinberg (2008). Taking on the Trust: The Epic Battle of Ida Tarbell and John D. Rockefeller. (New York, NY: Norton, 256 p.). Professor of Magazine Journalism (University of Missouri Journalism School). Tarbell, Ida M. (Ida Minerva), 1857-1944; Rockefeller, John D. (John Davison), 1839-1937. Progressive Era confrontation which  forever altered landscape of modern American industry; revelations by Ida Minerva Tarbell, muckraking reporter at McClure's magazine, about Standard Oil, Rockefeller led to landmark 1911 Supreme Court antitrust decision breaking up the monopolies.

(Standard-Vacuum Oil Company), Irvine H. Anderson, Jr. (1975). The Standard-Vacuum Oil Company and United States East Asian Policy, 1933-1941. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 260 p.). Standard-Vacuum Oil Company; Corporations, Foreign -- Indonesia; United States -- Foreign relations.

(Sun), Compiled by Mary Sennholz (1975). Faith and Freedom: The Journal of a Great American, J. Howard Pew. (Grove City, PA: Grove City College, 179 p.). Pew, J. Howard (John Howard), 1882-1971; Businesspeople--United States--Biography; Free enterprise; Petroleum industry and trade--United States.

(Sun), August W. Giebelhaus (1980). Business and Government in the Oil Industry: A Case Study of Sun Oil, 1876-1945. (Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 332 p.). Sun Oil Company--History; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History; Industrial policy--United States--History.

(Sun), Arthur M. Johnson (1983). The Challenge of Change: The Sun Oil Company, 1945-1977. (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 481 p.). Sun Oil Company--History.

(Syncrude Canada Ltd.), Larry Pratt (1976). The Tar Sands: Syncrude and the Politics of Oil. (Edmonton, AB: Hurtig, 197 p.). Syncrude Canada Ltd.

(Texaco), Marquis James (1953). The Texaco Story; the First Fifty Years, 1902-1952, Written for the Texas Company. (New York?: The Company, 118 p.). Texaco, inc.

(Texaco), James Shannon (1988). Texaco and the $10 Billion Jury. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 545 p.). Pennzoil Company--Trials, litigation, etc.; Texaco, inc.--Trials, litigation, etc.; Getty Oil Company; Petroleum industry and trade--Mergers--United States; Consolidation and merger of corporations--Law and legislation--United States.

(Texaco), Thomas Petzinger, Jr. (1999). Oil & Honor: The Texaco-Pennzoil Wars: Inside the $11 Billion Battle for Getty Oil (Washington, DC: Beard Books, 495 p. [orig. pub. 1987]). Reporter (Wall Street Journal). Texaco, inc.; Getty Oil Company; Petroleum industry and trade--Mergers--United States; Consolidation and merger of corporations--United States.

(Texas International), Harlan D. Platt (1994). The First Junk Bond: A Story of Corporate Boom and Bust. (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 236 p.). Milken, Michael; Drexel Burnham Lambert Incorporated; Securities industry -- Corrupt practices -- United States; Junk bonds -- United States.

(Trans-Alaska Pipeline), James P. Roscow (1977). 800 Miles to Valdez: The Building of the Alaska Pipeline. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 227 p.). Trans-Alaska Pipeline (Alaska)--History.

(Trans-Alaska Pipeline), Robert Douglas Mead (1978). Journeys Down the Line: Building the Trans-Alaska Pipeline. (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 609 p.). Trans-Alaska Pipeline (Alaska).

(Trans-Alaska Pipeline), Potter Wickware (1979). Crazy Money: Nine Months on the Trans-Alaska Pipeline. (New York, NY: Random House, 228 p.). Trans-Alaska Pipeline (Alaska).

(Trans-Canada Pipe Lines), William Kilbourn (1970). Pipeline; Transcanada and the Great Debate, A History of Business and Politics. (Toronto, ON: Clarke, Irwin, 222 p.). Trans-Canada Pipe Lines, ltd.

(Trans Mountain Pipe Line Company), Neill C. Wilson and Frank J. Taylor (1954). The Building of Trans Mountain, Canada's First Oil Pipeline across the Rockies. (Vancouver, BC: Trans Mountain Oil Pipe Line Co., 107 p.). Trans Mountain Pipe Line Company.

(Ultramar), Paul Atterbury and Julia MacKenzie (1985). A Golden Adventure: The First 50 Years of Ultramar. (London, UK: Hurtwood Press,, 287 p.). Ultramar (Firm); Petroleum industry and trade--Great Britain; International business enterprises--Great Britain.

(Union Oil), Frank J. Taylor and Earl M. Welty (1950). Black Bonanza; How an Oil Hunt Grew into the Union Oil Company of California. (New York, NY: Whittlesey House, 280 p.). Union Oil Company of California.

Lyman Stewart





Lyman Stewart - Union Oil  (

(Union Oil), W.H. Hutchinson (1965). Oil, Land, and Politics; The California Career of Thomas Robert Bard (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 2 vols.). Bard, Thomas Robert, 1841-1915; Union Oil Company of California.

(Union Oil), Earl M. Welty and Frank J. Taylor (1976). Sign of the 76: The Fabulous Life and Times of the Union Oil Company of California. (Los Angeles, CA: The Company, 424 p.). Union Oil Company of California. 

(Westcoast Transmission Ltd.), Earle Gray (1982). Wildcatters: The Story of Pacific Petroleums and Westcoast Transmission. (Toronto, On: McClelland and Stewart, 306 p.). McMahon, Frank, 1902- ; Pacific Petroleums Ltd.--History; Westcoast Transmission Ltd.--History.

(Westcoast Transmission Ltd.), Ed Phillips; foreword by Richard J. Doyle (1990). Guts & Guile: True Tales from the Backrooms of the Pipeline Industry. (Vancouver, BC: Douglas & McIntyre, 222 p.). Westcoast Transmission Ltd.--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Canada, Western--History; Petroleum pipelines--Canada--History; Gas industry--Canada, Western--History; Natural gas pipelines--Canada, Western--History.

Morris A. Adelman (1995). The Genie Out of the Bottle: World Oil Since 1970. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 350 p.). Petroleum products--Prices--History; Petroleum industry and trade--History.

Paul Adomites (2009). Pennsylvania Crude: Boomtowns and Oil Baron. (Oil City, PA, Oil Region Alliance, 141 p.).Book Review Editor, Base Ball.Oil industry -- Pennsylvania -- history. People, jobs, companies, events that happened locally, changed the world: ancient Asian drillers, native American medicine men, oil barons, boomtowns of 19th century, families and companies who still ply oil trade.

Max Ball, Douglas Ball [and] Daniel S. Turner (1965). This Fascinating Oil Business. (Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill, 464 p. [rev. ed., orig. pub. 1940]). Petroleum industry and trade.

Brian Black (2000). Petrolia: The Landscape of America's First Oil Boom (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 235 p.). Petroleum--Pennsylvania--Oil Creek Valley (Crawford County and Venango County, Pa.)--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Pennsylvania--Oil Creek Valley (Crawford County and Venango County, Pa.)--History; Oil Creek Valley (Crawford County and Venango County, Pa.)--Environmental conditions--History.

Edwin Black (2006). Internal Combustion: How Corporations and Governments Addicted the World to Oil and Derailed the Alternatives. (New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press, 432 p.). New York Times. Internal combustion engines--History; Petroleum as fuel; Automobiles--History; Power resources; Fossil fuels--Environmental aspects. Corruption, manipulation that subjected U.S. and world to an oil addiction that could have been avoided, was never necessary, could be ended today. 

John M. Blair (1976). The Control of Oil. (New York, NY: Pantheon Books, 441 p.). Petroleum industry and trade; Petroleum industry and trade--United States; Energy policy--United States.

Tom Bower (2010). Oil: Money, Politics, and Power in the 21st Century. (New York, NY: Grand Central Publishing, 490 p.). Petroleum industry and trade -- History -- 20th century; Petroleum industry and trade -- History -- 21st century; Petroleum industry and trade -- Political aspects; Petroleum industry and trade -- Economic aspects; Petroleum products -- Prices. 20-year history of hunt, speculation in oil; oil companies lost market share, pricing power to OPEC, government oil monopolies, commodities markets; scramble for reserves; high stakes, extreme risk; oil companies, people who run them, roles of politicians and governments, commodities traders, wars fueled by competition for it, role it plays in regional, global instability.

William R. Brice; foreword by Dr. Brent D. Glass (2009). Myth, Legend, Reality: Edwin L. Drake and the Early Oil Industry. (Oil City, PA: Oil Region Alliance, 600 p.). Professor Emeritus of Geology & Planetary Science (University of Pittsburgh, Johnstown); Director of the National Museum of American History within the Smithsonian Institution. Former railroad conductor drilled successful oil well in wilderness of western Pennsylvania in 1859, launched modern petroleum industry, changed the world.

George W. Brown (1910). Old Times in Oildom, Being a Series of Chapters in Which Are Related the Writer’s Many Personal Experiences, During Fifty Years of Life in the Oil Regions. (Youngsville, PA: The Author, 172 p.). Brown, George Washington, 1828- ; Petroleum industry and trade--Pennsylvania.

Robert Bryce (2010). Power Hungry: The Myths of "Green" Energy and the Real Fuels of the Future. (New York, NY PublicAffairs, 416 p.). Senior Fellow at the Manhattan Institute. Clean energy industries; Power resources --Forecasting. Oil, coal, natural gas are here to stay; carbon-based fuels provide horsepower we crave; why renewables are not green, carbon capture and sequestration won’t work, U.S. is leading world in energy efficiency; amazing growth of fuels of future: natural gas, nuclear.

Bryan Burrough (2009). The Big Rich: The Rise and Fall of the Greatest Texas Oil Fortunes. (New York, NY: Penguin, 464 p.). Petroleum industry and trade --Texas --Biography. Rise, fall of Texas oil, one of great economic, political powerhouses of 20th century; Big Four oil dynasties - H.L. Hunt, Roy Cullen, Clint Murchison, Sid Richardson, their cronies, rivals, families (known as Big Rich); shifted wealth, power in America from East Coast; sent three Texas native sons to White House; largely bankrolled rise of modern conservatism in America; fortunes came to an end in swirl of bitter family feuds, scandals, bankruptcies; late 1980s - era of Big Rich over; profound economic, political, cultural influence of Texas oil still keenly felt.

Paul Chastko (2004). Developing Alberta's Oil Sands: From Karl Clark to Kyoto. (Calgary, AB: University of Calgary Press, 320 p.). Oil sands--Alberta--History; Oil sands industry--Alberta--History; Sables bitumineux--Alberta--Histoire; Sables bitumineux--Industrie--Alberta--Histoire; Athabasca Tar Sands (Alta.)--History; Sables bitumineux de l'Athabasca (Alb.)--Histoire.

Allen Chesterfield (1980). The Alaskan Kangaroo. (Seattle, WA: Adelaide Press, 318 p.). Trans-Alaska Pipeline (Alaska).

William R. Childs (2005). The Texas Railroad Commission: Understanding Regulation in America to the Mid-Twentieth Century. (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 323 p.). Associate Professor of Law (Western New England College School of Law). Railroad Commission of Texas--History; Independent regulatory commissions--Texas--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Government policy--Texas--History; Gas companies--Government policy--Texas--History; Business and politics--Texas--History. Credited with controlling excess production in East Texas during 1930s; often called  most important institution in setting national, even global oil prices during four decades spanning mid-century.

James A. Clark & Michel T. Halbouty (1972). The Last Boom. (New York, NY: Random House, 305 p.). Petroleum--Texas--History.

--- (2000). Spindletop. (Houston, TX: Gulf Pub., 306 p.[Centennial ed.]). Petroleum industry and trade--Texas--History.

James A. Clark with C. A. Warner and H. E. Walton (1963). The Chronological History of the Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries. (Houston, TX: Clark Book Co., 317 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--History; Gas manufacture and works--History; Natural gas--History.

T.K. Clark (1983). Regional History of Petrolia and the Mattole Valley. (Eureka, CA: Miller Press, 191 p.). Clark, T. K.; Petrolia Region (Calif.) --History; Petrolia Region (Calif.) --Biography.

Duncan Clarke (2007). The Battle for Barrels: Peak Oil Myths & World Oil Futures. (London, UK: Profile Books Ltd, 224 p.). Chairman and CEO of Global Pacific & Partners. Petroleum industry and trade;; Energy policy; National security. Why global angst over end of oil is misplaced - rising crude oil prices, new/future technologies, potential improved exploration acreage, access to restricted world oil zones, changes in government policies, new corporate strategies, development in unconventional oils, more.

Duncan Clarke (2009). Crude Continent: The Struggle for Africa's Oil Prize. (London, UK: Profile Books, 720 p.). Chairman and CEO of Global Pacific & Partners. Oil exploration--Africa; Petroleum industry and trade--Africa. African oil issues in historical context; power, nationalism, different parties’ strategies for control; definitive account of issues, misunderstandings in Africa’s oil, gas game.

Alan Cockrell (2005). Drilling Ahead: The Quest for Oil in the Deep South, 1945-2005. (Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 301 p.). Pilot for United Airlines, Certified Petroleum Geologist in the Gulf Coast Oil Industry for Twelve Years. Petroleum industry and trade--Mississippi; Petroleum industry and trade--Alabama; Petroleum industry and trade--Florida. History of the petroleum industry in the region from that time to the present.

Gerald Colby and Charlotte Dennett (1995). Thy Will Be Done: The Conquest of the Amazon: Nelson Rockefeller and Evangelism in the Age of Oil (New York, NY: HarperCollins, 960 p.). Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979; Townsend, William Cameron, 1896-; Wycliffe Bible Translators; Petroleum industry and trade--Amazon River Region--History--20th century; Indians of South America--Missions--Amazon River Region; South America--Politics and government--20th century; Amazon River Region--History.

David Crane (1982). Controlling Interest: The Canadian Gas and Oil Stakes. (Toronto, ON: McClelland and Stewart, 336 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Canada--Foreign ownership; Gas industry--Canada--Foreign ownership; Petroleum industry and trade--Government policy--Canada; Gas industry--Government policy--Canada.

Kenneth S. Deffeyes (2005). Beyond Oil: The View from Hubbert's Peak. (New York, NY: Hill and Wang, 224 p.). Emeritus Professor of Geology (Princeton University), Former Researcher for Shell Oil Company. Petroleum industry and trade--United States; Energy policy--United States; National security--United States. 

--- (2010). When Oil Peaked. (New York, NY: Hill and Wang, 176 p.). Emeritus Professor of Geology (Princeton University), Former Researcher for Shell Oil Company. Petroleum reserves --Forecasting --Popular works; Petroleum industry and trade --Forecasting --Popular works.. Earthly limits of natural resources; continued depletion of existing oil fields, shortsighted cutbacks in many exploration-and-development projects virtually assures mid-decade peak in global oil production (2005) will never be surpassed; means of minimizing dangers, reducing energy consumption; efficiency of various forms of transportation; worldwide metal resources to biofuels leads (where natural resources originate); historical oil prices and Great Recession.

Linda K. Delaney (2007). The Gamble for Glory - In The Worlds First Billion Dollar Oilfield. (Oil City, PA, Oil Region Alliance, 80 p.). University of Pittsburgh, Bradford. Bradford, Pa. -- oil;  Oil industry -- Pennsylvania -- history. 1881 - Bradford Oilfield supplied more than 83% of America's oil, nearly 77% of the world's oil. 

Chester McArthur Destler (1967). Roger Sherman and the Independent Oil Men. (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 305 p). Sherman, Roger, 1839-1897; Standard Oil Company; Petroleum industry and trade--United States. 

Jonathan Di John (2009). From Windfall to Curse?: Oil and Industrialization in Venezuela, 1920 to the Present. (University Park, PA, Pennsylvania State University Press, 341 p.). Lecturer in Political Economy of Development (School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London), Research Fellow (London School of Economics). Petroleum industry and trade -- Venezuela; Industrialization -- Venezuela; Venezuela -- Economic conditions -- 1918-1958; Venezuela -- Economic conditions -- 1958- Venezuela -- Economic policy. 1920s- abundant oil resources discovered; how oil wealth (induced extraordinary corruption, rent-seeking, centralized intervention that resulted in restricting productivity and growth) has accompanied growth,  stagnation at different periods of Venezuela's history; why countries experiencing similar levels of corruption, rent-seeking produce divergent developmental outcomes; key puzzle of Venezuela's political economy in 20th century - rapid, spectacular economic development from 1920 to 1965, followed by precipitous collapse.

Jack Donahue (1979). Wildcatter: The Story of Michael T. Halbouty and the Search for Oil. (Houston, TX: Gulf Pub.,, 260 p.). Halbouty, Michel Thomas, 1909- ; Oil well drilling--United States--Biography; Prospecting--United States--Biography. 

--- (1990). War Without End: The Story of Michel T. Halbouty's Struggle for American Energy Security. (Houston, TX: Gulf Pub., 218 p.). Halbouty, Michel Thomas, 1909- ; Petroleum industry and trade--Government policy--United States; Petroleum reserves--Government policy--United States; Energy policy--United States.

Peter Foster (1979). The Blue-Eyed Sheiks: The Canadian Oil Establishment. (Don Mills, ON: Collins, 320 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Canada.

Alison Fleig Frank (2005). Oil Empire : Visions of Prosperity in Austrian Galicia. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 343 p.). Assistant Professor of History (Harvard University). Petroleum industry and trade--Galicia (Poland and Ukraine)--History; Galicia (Poland and Ukraine)--Economic conditions; Galicia (Poland and Ukraine)--Social conditions. Rise and fall of oil industry in Austrian (later Polish, now Ukrainian) region of east Galicia - third largest oil producer in world from around 1890 to 1910.   

Kenny A. Franks and Paul F. Lambert (1985). Early California Oil: A Photographic History, 1865-1940. (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 243 p.). Petroleum industry and trade --California --History.

John Ghazvinian (2007). Untapped: The Scramble for Africa’s Oil. (Orlando, FL: Harcourt, 320 p.). Visiting fellow at the University of Pennsylvania. Petroleum industry and trade--Africa; Petroleum--Africa. Travels through a dozen countries in a quest to understand the politics, hopes, corruption misery behind the continent's oil boom. 

Paul H. Giddens with an introduction by Ida M. Tarbell (1938). The Birth of the Oil Industry (New York, NY: Macmillan, 216 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--United States.

Paul H. Giddens (1941). The Beginnings of the Petroleum Industry, Sources and Bibliography. (Harrisburg, PA: Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Dept. of Public Instruction, Pennsylvania Historical Commission, 195 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Pennsylvania; Petroleum--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Bibliography. "Bibliography on the beginnings of the petroleum industry to 1871".

Compiled and Ed. Paul H Giddens (1947). Pennsylvania Petroleum, 1750-1872: A Documentary History. (Titusville, PA Drake Well Memorial Park, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 420 p.). Chair of the History and Political Science Department (Allegheny College), First Curator of the 1934 Drake Well Museum. Petroleum industry and trade --Pennsylvania; Petroleum --History. Early documents relating to petroleum, start of Pennsylvania oil industry.

--- (1948). Early Days of Oil, A Pictorial History of the Beginnings of the Industry in Pennsylvania. (Princeton , NJ: Princeton University Press, 149 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Pennsylvania; Petroleum industry and trade--History.

David Goodstein (2004). Out of Gas: The End of the Age of Oil. (New York, NY: Norton, 140 p.). Petroleum reserves; Petroleum industry and trade; Petroleum reserves--Forecasting; Petroleum industry and trade--Forecasting.

Earle Gray (1970). The Great Canadian Oil Patch. (Toronto, ON: Maclean-Hunter, 355 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Canada.

Jonathan D. Greenberg (1990). Staking a Claim: Jake Simmons and the Making of an African-American Oil Dynasty. (New York, NY: Atheneum, 311 p.). Simmons, Jake, 1901-1981; African American businesspeople--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Africa, West--History; Civil rights movements--United States--History.

Ed. Adrian Hamilton (1986). Oil: The Price of Power. (London, UK: M. Joseph/Rainbird in association with Channel Four Television Co., 191 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--History.

Charles W. Hamilton (1966). Early Day Oil Tales of Mexico. (Houston, TX: Gulf Pub. Co., 246 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Mexico; Mexico--Social life and customs; Mexico--History--1910-1946.

Christopher Harvie (1994). Fool’s Gold: The Story of North Sea Oil. (New York, NY: Penguin Books, 393 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Government policy--Great Britain; Offshore oil industry--North Sea.

Richard Heinberg (2003). The Party's Over: Oil, War and the Fate of Industrial Societies. (Gabriola, BC: New Society Publishers, 275 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Political aspects; Petroleum reserves--Political aspects; Renewable energy sources.

Sally Helgesen (1981). Wildcatters; A Story of Texans, Oil, and Money. (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 198 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Texas; Businesspeople--Texas--Biography; Oil fields--Texas.

Roger Howard (2008). The Oil Hunters: Exploration and Espionage in the Middle East 1880-1939. (London, UK: Hambledon Continuum, 210 p.). Writer, Broadcaster Specialising in the Middle East. Oil--Middle East; Oil fields --Middle East --History; Oil exploration--Middle East. Lesser-known history of explorers, spies, entrepreneurs who led hunt for oil in Middle East from 1880s to outbreak of Second World War; forgotten figures; how today's oil giants emerged; vivid adventure story of exploration, exploitation, peopled by eccentrics, adventures, magnates.

William G. Hutson (1990). My Friends Call Me C.C. (Santa Fe, NM: Sunstone Press, 126 p.). Julian, Courtney Chauncey; Industrialists--United States--Biography; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Canada--History.

Steve Isser (1996). The Economics and Politics of the United States Oil Industry, 1920-1990: Profits, Populism, and Petroleum. (New York, NY: Garland Pub., 472 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Government policy--United States--History--20th century.

Arthur Menzies Johnson (1982). The Development of American Petroleum Pipelines: A Study in Private Enterprise and Public Policy, 1862-1906. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 307 p. [orig. pub. 1956]). Petroleum pipelines--United States; Petroleum industry and trade--United States; Petroleum pipeline industry--United States.

Yelena Kalyuzhnova (2008). The Economics of Caspian Oil and Gas Wealth: Companies, Governments, Policies. (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. Director, Centre for Euro-Asian Studies; Director of Taught Master Programmes in Economics (University of Reading). Petroleum industry and trade --Caspian Sea Region; Gas industry --Caspian Sea Region; Energy policy --Caspian Sea Region; Caspian Sea Region --Economic conditions. Economic challenges involved in managing hydrocarbon wealth in Caspian region, how to design optimal energy policy.

Terry Lynn Karl (1997). The Paradox of Plenty: Oil Booms and Petro-States. (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 342 p.). Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; Petroleum industry and trade--Venezuela; Economic development; Democracy; Venezuela--Economic conditions--1958-; Venezuela--Foreign economic relations. 

Photographs by Ed Kashi, edited by Michael Watts (2008). Curse of the Black Gold: 50 Years of Oil in the Niger Delta. (Brooklyn, NY: PowerHouse Books, 223 p.). Freelance Photographer; Chancellor’s Professor and Director of African Studies (University of California, Berkeley). Petroleum engineering --Social aspects --Nigeria --Niger River Delta Region --Pictorial works; Petroleum engineering --Environmental aspects --Nigeria --Niger River Delta Region --Pictorial works; Niger River Delta Region --Pictorial works. Profound cost of oil exploitation in West Africa; 50-year history of Nigeria's oil interests, environmental degradation, community conflicts.

Aileen Keating (2005). Mirage: Power, Politics, and the Hidden History of Arabian Oil. (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 560 p.). Arab Gulf Reporter (Time, Fortune, and Life). Holmes, Frank, 1874-1947; Petroleum industry and trade--Middle East--History; Petroleum industry and trade--Government policy--Middle East; Petroleum--Prospecting--Middle East--History. History of the discovery, development, and exploitation of Middle East oil. Why  fabulously rich oilfields of Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia remained untapped for years after they were discovered by New Zealander named Frank Holmes.

Ed. William J. Kennedy (1979). Secret History of the Oil Companies in the Middle East. (Salisbury, NC: Documentary Publications, 2 vols.). Arabian American Oil Company--History--Sources; Petroleum industry and trade--Saudi Arabia--History--Sources.

Michael T. Klare (2004). Blood and Oil: The Dangers and Consequences of America's Growing Petroleum Dependency. (New York, NY: Holt, 265 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--United States; Energy policy--United States; National security--United States.

Ruth Sheldon Knowles (1978). The Greatest Gamblers: The Epic of American Oil Exploration. (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 376 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History.

--- (1983). The First Pictorial History of the American Oil and Gas Industry, 1859-1983. (Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 171 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History; Gas industry--United States--History.

Mazen Labban (2008). Space, Oil, and Capital. (New York, NY: Routledge, 179 p.). Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Regional Studies (University of Miami). Petroleum industry and trade --Economic aspects; International economic relations; Geopolitics; Petroleum industry and trade --Russia --Case studies; Petroleum industry and trade --Iran --Case studies. Relationship between production of oil, inter-capitalist competition in global economy; necessary to appreciate process of social production of space in determining access to, control of global oil production and world markets.

Steve LeVine (2007). The Oil and the Glory: The Pursuit of Empire and Fortune on the Caspian Sea. (New York: Random House, 496 p.). Former Wall Street Journal Correspondent. Petroleum industry and trade--Caspian Sea Region--History; Geopolitics--Caspian Sea Region--History; Caspian Sea Region--Politics and government--History. Caspian Sea - share of thirty billion barrels of proven oil reserves at stake (Kazakh and Azeri oilfields); contest to build, operate energy pipelines out of landlocked region, key to controlling Caspian and its oil.

Peter Maass (2009). Crude World: The Violent Twilight of Oil. (New York, NY, Knopf, 288 p.). Petroleum industry and trade History. Oil’s indelible impact on countries that produce it, people who possess it; “resource curse”—power of oil to exacerbate existing problems, create new ones; portrait of troubled world oil has created.

Valerie Marcel; John V. Mitchell, contributor (2006). Oil Titans: National Oil Companies in the Middle East. (Baltimore, MD: Brookings Institution Press, 256 p.). Principal Researcher at Chatham House (Royal Institute for International Affairs); Associate Research Fellow at Chatham House and Research Adviser at the Oxford Institute of Energy Studies. Socie´te´ nationale pour la recherche, la production, le transport, la transformation et la commercialisation des hydrocarbures (Algeria); Petroleum industry and trade--Government ownership--Middle East--Case studies; Petroleum industry and trade--Government ownership--Algeria; Government business enterprises--Middle East--Case studies. Saudi Aramco, Kuwait Petroleum Corp., National Iranian Oil Co., Sonatrach of Algeria, Abu Dhabi National Oil Co. - produce quarter of world's oil, hold half of world's known oil and gas reserves.

Issac F. Marcosson (1924). The Black Golconda; The Romance of Petroleum. (New York, NY: Harper & Brothers, 369 p.). Petroleum industry and trade.

Lisa Margonelli (2007). Oil on the Brain: Adventures from the Pump to the Pipeline. (New York, NY: Nan A. Talese/ Doubleday, 336 p.). Irvine Fellow at the New America Foundation. Petroleum industry and trade. Where gasoline comes from. One-hundred thousand mile journey up oil delivery chain - from local gas station to oil fields half a world away; complicated, often tenuous process.

J. Howard Marshall II; edited with an introduction by Robert L. Bradley, Jr. (1994). Done in Oil: An Autobiography (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 282 p.). Marshall, J. Howard (James Howard), 1905- ; Businessmen -- United States -- Biography; Petroleum industry and trade -- United States -- History -- 20th century.

John Masters with Paul Grescoe (2004). Secret Riches: Adventures of an Unreformed Oilman. (Calgary, AB: Gondolier, 270 p.). Masters, John; Oil production; Entrepreneurship.

Leonardo Maugeri (2006). The Age of Oil: The Mythology, History, and Future of the World’s Most Controversial Resource. (Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 360 p.). Group Senior Vice President, Strategies and Development, for the Italian energy company Eni. Petroleum--History--19th century; Petroleum--History--20th century; Petroleum--History--21st century; Petroleum industry and trade--History--19th century; Petroleum industry and trade--History--20th century; Petroleum industry and trade--History--21st century; Petroleum reserves. Colorful history of oil, explains fundamentals of oil production.

Jerry Mcbeath, Matthew Berman, Jonathan Rosenberg, Mary F. Ehrlander (2008). The Political Economy of Oil in Alaska: Multinationals vs. the State. (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 278 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Alaska; Petroleum industry and trade--Political aspects--Alaska; International business enterprises--Alaska.

Neil McElwee (2001). Oil Creek-- The Beginning: A History and Guide to the Early Oil Industry in Pennsylvania. (Oil City, PA, Oil Creek Press, 138 p.). Petroleum industry and trade --Oil Creek Valley (Crawford County and Venango County, Pa.) --History; Petroleum industry and trade --Oil Creek Valley (Crawford County and Venango County, Pa.) --Biography.

James McGovern (1981). The Oil Game: An Insiders Look at America's Richest Industry. (New York, NY: Viking, 239 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--United States.

Gary S. McKinney (2008 ). Oil on the Brain: The Discovery of Oil and the Excitement of the Boom in Northwestern Pennsylvania, Armstrong, Butler, Clarion, Venango Counties. (Chicora, PA Mechling Bookbindery, 512 p. [3rd ed.].Petroleum --Pennsylvania --History; Petroleum industry and trade --Pennsylvania --History. 1860s - extensive growth, development in Venango County oil fields of Pennsylvania; Clarion, Armstrong, Butler County oil region discovered; 1870s - "Lower Belt" introduced; late 1800s - northwestern Pennsylvania oil boom - early days of oil discovery in America

Ray Miles (1996). King of the Wildcatters: The Life and Times of Tom Slick, 1883-1930 (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University, 166 p.). Slick, Tom, 1883-1930; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History; Petroleum engineers--United States--Biography; Petroleum conservation--United States--History; Series: Kenneth E. Montague series in oil and business history.

Max Miller (1955). Speak to the Earth. (New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 310 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--United States.

Samuel D. Myres (1977). The Permian Basin: Petroleum Empire of the Southwest: Era of Advancement, from the Depression to the Present. (El Paso, TX: Permian Press, 624 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Texas--History; Petroleum industry and trade--New Mexico--History.

Andrew Nikiforuk (2010). Tar Sands: Dirty Oil and the Future of a Continent. (Berkeley, CA: Greystone Books, 268 p. [rev., updated]). Canadian Journalist. Oil sands industry -- Environmental aspects -- Canada; Oil sands industry -- Economic aspects -- Canada; Oil sands -- Environmental aspects -- Alberta -- Fort McMurray Region; Fort McMurray (Alta.) -- Social conditions. Disastrous environmental, social, political costs of Alberta tar sands ($200 billion energy project); bitumen, world’s most expensive hydrocarbon, made Canada number-one supplier of oil to United States (every major oil company owns lease in Alberta tar sands); most energy-inefficient tar sands projects (steam plants), controversial carbon cemeteries, nuclear proposals to accelerate bitumen production.

Harvey O'Connor (1955). The Empire of Oil. (New York, NY: Monthly Review Press, 372 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--United States.

--- (1962). World Crisis in Oil. (New York, NY: Monthly Review Press, 433 p.). Petroleum industry and trade.

Richard O'Connor (1971). The Oil Barons; Men of Greed and Grandeur. (Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 502 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History; Petroleum industry and trade--History.

Roger M. Olien and Diana Davids Olien (1982). Oil Booms: Social Change in Five Texas Towns. (Lincoln, NB: University of Nebraska Press, 220 p.). Company towns--Social aspects--Texas--Case studies; Social change--Case studies; Petroleum industry and trade--Social aspects--Texas--Case studies.

--- (1984). Wildcatters: Texas Independent Oilmen. (Austin, TX: Texas Monthly Press, 234 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Texas--History.

--- (1986). Life in the Oil Fields. (Austin, TX: Texas Monthly Press, 263 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Texas--History--20th century; Petroleum workers--Texas--Interviews; Texas--Social life and customs.

--- (1990). Easy Money: Oil Promoters and Investors in the Jazz Age. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 216 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Finance--Corrupt practices--United States--History--20th century; Speculation--United States--History--20th century; Fraud--United States--History--20th century; United States--Economic conditions--1918-1945.

--- (2000). Oil and Ideology: The Cultural Creation of the American Petroleum Industry. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 305 p.). Rockefeller, John D. (John Davison), 1839-1937 --Public opinion; Standard Oil Company--Public opinion; Standard Oil Company--Public opinion; Petroleum industry and trade--Moral and ethical aspects--United States--Historiography; Petroleum industry and trade--Government policy--United States--Historiography; Petroleum industry and trade--Moral and ethical aspects--United States--Public opinion; Public interest--United States--Public opinion; Public opinion--United States.

--- (2002). Oil in Texas: The Gusher Age, 1895-1945. (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 307 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Texas--History; Petroleum engineering--Texas--History; Oil wells--Texas--History.

Michael Peel (2010). A Swamp Full of Dollars: Pipelines and Paramilitaries at Nigeria's Oil Frontier. (Chicago, IL: Lawrence Hill Books, 256 p.). Former West Africa Correspondent (Financial Times). Oil industry -- Nigeria -- history. Largest U.S. trading partner in sub-Saharan Africa (exports half its daily oil production to U.S.); connection between Western energy consumption, breakdown of Nigerian state; unbridled plunder eventually rebounds on those who have done the taking.

Joseph A. Pratt (1980). The Growth of a Refining Region. (Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 297 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Gulf Coast (U.S.); Petroleum--Refining--Gulf Coast (U.S.).

James Presley (1978). A Saga of Wealth: The Rise of the Texas Oilmen. (New York, NY: Putnam, 464 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Texas--History; Wealth--Texas--History; Texas--Economic conditions.

Stephen G. Rabe (1982). The Road to OPEC: United States Relations with Venezuela, 1919-1976. (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 262 p.). Professor of History (University of Texas at Dallas). Petroleum industry and trade--Venezuela--History; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History; United States--Foreign economic relations--Venezuela; Venezuela--Foreign economic relations--United States.

William Rintoul (1976). Spudding In: Recollections of Pioneer Days in the California Oil Fields. (San Francisco, CA: California Historical Society, 240 p.). Petroleum industry and trade --California --History.

Carl Coke Rister (1949). Oil! Titan of the Southwest. (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 467 p.). Petroleum--Texas.

Harold DeWitt Roberts (1956). Salt Creek, Wyoming; The Story of a Great Oil Field. (Denver, CO: Author, 211 p.). Oil fields --Wyoming; Petroleum industry and trade --Wyoming.

Victor Ross (1920). The Evolution of the Oil Industry. (New York, NY: Doubleday, Page & Company, 178 p.). Petroleum industry and trade.

Tim Russell (2007). Fill ’Er Up!: The Great American Gas Station. (St. Paul, MN: Voyageyur Press, 208 p.). One of World's Foremost Collectors, Historians of Petroliana (gas station antiques). Service stations--United States--History. Illustrated history of service stations; culture, lore of gas-pumping garage, small-town glory of compact architecture, inspired promotions, art deco pumps, endless views of American horizon.

Paul Sabin (2005). Crude Politics: The California Oil Market, 1900-1940. (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 307 p.). Teaches U.S. History (Yale University) and Serves as Executive Director of the Nonprofit Environmental Leadership Program. Petroleum industry and trade--Political aspects--California--History--20th century; Petroleum industry and trade--Government policy--California--History--20th century; Energy policy--United States--History--20th century. Struggles in legislature, courts over property rights, regulatory law, public investment during pre-World War II California determined shape of state's petroleum landscape.

Miguel Tinker Salas (2009). The Enduring Legacy: Oil, Culture, and Society in Venezuela. (Durham NC: Duke University Press, 344 p.). Professor of History and Latin American Studies (Pomona College). Petroleum industry and trade --Social aspects --Venezuela; Petroleum industry and trade --Political aspects --Venezuela; Venezuela --Civilization --20th century[ Venezuela --Social conditions --20th century. 1922- first gusher discovered along Lake Maracaibo; history of oil industry’s rise in Venezuela from beginning of  20th century; how class ambitions, corporate interests combined, reshaped many Venezuelans’ ideas of citizenship (loyalty to oil companies sometimes trumped allegiance to nation-state); oil camps (residential communities to house  workers) shaped heart, soul of generations of Venezuelans, provided access to middle-class lifestyle

Anthony Sampson (1984). The Seven Sisters : The Great Oil Companies and the World They Shaped (New York, NY: Bantam Books, 403 p. [3rd. ed.]). Petroleum Industry and Trade-History

Otto J. Scott (1976). The Professional: A Biography of J. B. Saunders (New York, NY: Atheneum, 497 p.). Saunders, Joseph Benjamin, 1901-; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--History.

Sonia Shah (2004). Crude: The Story of Oil. (New York, NY: Seven Stories Press, 232 p.). Petroleum. 

Eds. Jeffrey Share & Joseph A. Pratt (1995). The Oil Makers. (Houston, TX: Rice University Press, 417 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--United States--Forecasting; Gas industry--United States--Forecasting; Petroleum industry and trade--United States--Employees--Interviews; Gas industry--United States--Employees--Interviews.

Nicholas Shaxson (2007). Poisoned Wells: The Dirty Politics of African Oil. (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 288 p.). Associate Fellow with the Royal Institute of International Affairs. Petroleum industry and trade--Political aspects--Africa; Petroleum industry and trade--Moral and ethical aspects--Africa. Root causes of paradox of poverty from plenty; mechanisms by which oil causes grave instabilities, corruption around the globe. 

Robert Sherrill (1983). The Oil Follies of 1970-1980: How the Petroleum Industry Stole the Show (and much more besides). (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 590 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--United States; Petroleum industry and trade--Government policy--United States.

Eds. Siamack Shojai and Bernard S. Katz (1992). The Oil Market in the 1980's: A Decade of Decline. (New York, NY: Praeger, 260 p.). Petroleum industry and trade.

Vaclav Smil (1994). Energy in World History. (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 300 p.). Distinguished Professor (University of Manitoba). Power resources--History.

Paul N. Spellman (2001). Spindletop Boom Days (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 266 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Texas--Beaumont; Gushers--Texas--Beaumont; Beaumont (Tex.)--History.

John Strohmeyer (1993). Extreme Conditions: Big Oil and the Transformation of Alaska. (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 287 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Alaska; Petroleum industry and trade--Environmental aspects--Alaska.

Peter Tertzakian (2006). A Thousand Barrels a Second: The Coming Oil Break Point and the Challenges Facing an Energy Dependent World. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 240 p.). Chief Energy Economist of ARC Financial Corporation. Power resources; Petroleum industry and trade; Energy consumption--Forecasting. How world's consumption of oil is poised to forever change world economies and businesses.

Robert W. Tolf (1976). The Russian Rockefellers: The Saga of the Nobel Family and the Russian Oil Industry. (Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 269 p.). Noble family; Petroleum industry and trade--Soviet Union--History. Series: Hoover Institution publication.

Christopher Tugendhat and Adrian Hamilton (1975). Oil: The Biggest Business (London, UK: Eyre Methuen, 404 p.). Petroleum industry and trade; Petroleum industry and trade--United States.

Ray Vicker (1974). The Kingdom of Oil; The Middle East: Its People and Its Power. (New York, NY: Scribner, 264 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--Middle East; Middle East--Social conditions.

Daniel I. Vieyra; with a foreword by James Marston Fitch (1979). "Fill ’Er Up": An Architectural History of America’s Gas Stations. (New York, NY: Macmillan, 111 p.). Service stations--United States; Architecture, Commercial--United States--History.

Chris Welles (1970). The Elusive Bonanza; The Story of Oil Shale--America's Richest and Most Neglected Natural Resource. (New York, NY: Dutton, 256 p.). Oil-shale industry--United States; Petroleum industry and trade--United States.

Gerald T. White (1968). Scientists in Conflict; the Beginnings of the Oil Industry in California. (San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 272 p.). Petroleum industry and trade--California.

Harold F. Williamson, Ralph L. Andreano, Arnold R. Daum [and] Gilbert C. Klose (1963). The American Petroleum Industry; the Age of Energy, 1899-1959. (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 928 p. [orig. pub. 1959]). Petroleum industry and trade -- United States.

Harold F. Williamson and Arnold R. Daum, with research associates Ralph L. Andreano, Gilbert C. Klose, and Paul A. Weinstein (1981). The American Petroleum Industry: The Age of Illumination 1859-1899, Vol 2. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 864 p. [Reprint of 1959 ed.]). Petroleum industry and trade--United States. 

Matthew Yeomans (2004). Oil: Anatomy of an Industry. (New York, NY: Free Press, 192 p.). Petroleum industry and trade. 

Daniel Yergin (1991). The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power. (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 877 p.). Chairman, Cambridge Energy Research Associates. Petroleum industry and trade--Political aspects--History--20th century; Petroleum industry and trade--Military aspects--History--20th century; World War, 1914-1918--Causes; World War, 1939-1945--Causes; World politics--20th century. Winner of 1992 Pulitzer Prize for nonfiction.

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Business History Links

The Alaska Pipeline                                                                                                            Companion to an April 2006 Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) American Experience documentary about the impact on the "culture and society in Alaska as well as the environment" of the pipeline that carries gas from Prudhoe Bay in the Arctic Circle to Valdez on Alaska's south coast. Features a timeline, map, details about significant events, and an interactive pipeline safety activity. Also includes a transcript, a bibliography, teacher's guide, and links to related sites.

Alyeska Pipeline                                                                                                                

The Alyeska Pipeline Service Company is the operator of "the 800-mile-long Trans Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS)... one of the largest pipeline systems in the world. It stretches from Prudhoe Bay on Alaska’s North Slope, ... to Valdez." Features facts about this gas pipeline, material about safety and environmental concerns (such as oil spill prevention and response), pipeline reconfiguration, and reports and news (such as about BP's 2006 closure of its Prudhoe Bay oilfield).

Business & Economics Research Advisor (BERA): The Oil & Gas Industry                                                                                             Guide to researching topics related to the oil and gas industry, covering history, cartels and organizations, production, refining, transportation and storage, marketing and distribution, trends, and alternative energy sources. Includes resources for company research, statistical sources, and news and analysis. From the Library of Congress Business Reference Services.

Conoco Museum                                                                                                                      

Completed in May 2007, exhibits depict the growth of a company born from the early days of a kerosene distributor and the wildcat days of the Cherokee Outlet, to an international energy empire.

Drake Well Museum (Birthplace of Oil)                                                                                                        

Museum tells the story of the beginning of the modern oil industry with orientation videos, exhibits, operating oil field machinery, and historic buildings in a park setting. Visitors enjoy a variety of special events, educational programs, membership, volunteer, and shopping experiences on site.


Online game to illustrate complexities of energy supply - decide how to supply power to a city of about 4 million people. Choices have economic, environmental costs; better the balance of sources, better the score.

Gasoline Price History                                                                                                

Chart shows "how much I paid for each gallon of gas I bought over the past 26 years or so" (data from 1007 fill-ups); about everything pre-1984 was full service and everything since has been self-serve; every tank shown was "super" unleaded (92-93 octane).

Barbara Morgan Harvey Center for the Study of Oil Heritage                                                    Center offers scholars, students, and the community a place for discussion, study, and documentation of Pennsylvania’s oil region. Located in section of the Charles L. Suhr Library at Clarion University-Venango Campus in Oil City, PA.

Healdton Oil Museum                                                                                           

Story of oil development in Carter County, OK and life in the bustling oil boomtowns. 1913 - Healdton oil field opened; August 1913 - first successful well completed at depth in oil bearing sands of only 920 feet; June 1914 - estimated 120 oil companies were actively searching for oil around Healdton; shallow depth reduced amount of capital necessary to drill, gave Healdton area reputation for being a "poor man's" field; 1920s-1930s - resources began to be depleted.

Kansas Oil Museum                                                                                                               

The Kansas Oil Museum is the leading museum dedicated to the discovery and development of the oil industry in Kansas. Enjoy indoor exhibits on farming, ranching and oil; a hand-on children's area, Texaco Theater and Kansas Oil and Gas Legacy Gallery

Oil & Gas Historical Society                                                                                                      

June 2003 - Bruce Wells, award-winning oilfield photographer, established Society; dedicated to preserving the history of U.S. oil and natural gas exploration and production by providing advocacy and service for organizations that work to preserve that history through exhibition, material preservation – and especially educational programming.

Oil 150                                                                                                                                          

Official website of the 150th anniversary celebration of the oil industry (2009). The Celebration will: 1) recognize the important discoveries and innovations that span across America and around the globe; 2) acknowledge achievements in all functions of the industry including exploration & production, refining, transportation & storage, marketing, and business organization; 3)  incorporate the very close parallel development of the natural gas industry. This Celebration is about a century and a half of oil and natural gas industry development.

Oil Safari                                                                                  html,0,7894741.htmlstory?coll=chi-homepagepromo440fea                        Pulitzer Prize winner Paul Salopek traces a gallon of gasoline from its origins all the way back to a gas station in suburban Chicago. This website contains the full story in its print form, along with a marvelous documentary that features Salopek talking with a variety of key persons during his journey. Visitors can look through multimedia features for each stop on his exploration as they see fit through an interactive map, which includes stops in Nigeria, the Gulf Coast, Venezuela, and of course, South Elgin, Illinois. Finally, the site also has a ticker that counts the barrels of oil used in the US since the time the visitor first entered the site.

PETROLEUM CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS 1970 - 2000                               chronology/petroleumchronology2000                                                   Energy Information Administration of the Department of Energy.

Petroleum History Institute                                                                                         

The mission of the Petroleum History Institute is to pursue the history, heritage and development of the modern oil industry from its 1859 inception in Oil Creek Valley, Pennsylvania, to its early roots in other regions in North America and the subsequent spread throughout the world to its current global status.

The Petroleum Museum                                                                                                        

The Permian Basin's (West Texas) prized industry. The petroleum energy story and its impact on our lives.

Phillips Petroleum Company Museum                                                                                               

Phillips's transformation from a small Bartlesville business to a global energy enterprise, and the extraordinary people who made it happen. Exhibits trace the company's history from its beginnings in 1917. Why Phillips 66? Engineers had been struggling to develop a new fuel. One day, while testing one on Route 66, an engineer remarked that they were "doing 66mph on Route 66" and they chose that name for the fuel.

Platt's Global Energy                                                                                                                

Platt's is the specialist energy market reporting company of the McGraw Hill Companies. Platt's initially reported only on US petroleum markets, but in over 75 years of reporting has concentrated on covering the international energy markets. In addition Platt's also reports on oil, petrochemicals, non-ferrous metals, shipping, power and natural gas. More recently Platt's has begun to offer an analysis service for various markets.

Spindletop-Gladys City Boomtown Museum                                                                                            Dedicated in 1976, museum provides many services to the public, including school tours, adult group tours, teachers' workshops, and historical information for researchers, journalists, and the general public. Gladys City serves as a historical clearinghouse by maintaining files of business papers, maps, pertinent news items, and photos relating to the history of the Spindletop oil field and Southeast Texas.

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve: History, Perspectives, and Issues                        

April 2006 Congressional Research Service (CRS) report about the establishment and operation of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR),  which was authorized by the U.S. Congress "to help prevent a repetition of economic dislocation caused by the 1973-1974 Arab oil embargo." Topics include fill rates, drawdown options, and the SPR and Hurricanes Ivan, Katrina, and Rita.

Texas Energy Museum
Beginnings of the Texas oil industry as historical characters share their adventures of the great Spindletop Gusher of 1901. Interactive exhibits depict the unique history oil exploration, production and refining; world of petroleum science from the formation of oil to the geology surrounding it. Talking robotic characters relate the story of early oil well drilling.


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