- Andrew Meikle invented threshing machine.
Eli Whitney, of New Haven, CT, received a patent for "Ginning
Cotton"; cotton gin to separate inland cotton (vs. long-staple
cotton grown only along coast) from its sticky green seeds;
made growing of cotton profitable, especially with declining
tobacco profit due to over-supply, soil exhaustion; reduced
labor-intensity of harvesting cotton, which quickly spread as a
newly valuable cash crop for farmers across the southern states;
replaced much processing by hand labor, revolutionized textile
Whitney - inventor of cotton gin
26, 1797 - Charles Newbold, Chesterfield, NJ,
received first US patent for "Ploughs", cast-iron plow; farmers
won't buy it, fear effects of iron on soil.
January 25, 1799
- Eliakim Spooner, of Vermont, received patent for a
"Machine for Planting Corn and Beans"; seed-planting device
(seeds fed by gravity); also received patent for a "Machine for
Cutting Corn, Beans"; August 25, 1840 - Joseph
Gibbons, of Adrian MI, received a patent for a "Grain Drill"
("Improvement in Seed Planters"); first truly practical seeding
machine (combined a grain drill with cavities to deliver seed
and a device for regulating the volume).
May 17, 1803
- John Hawkins and Richard French received patent for a
machine for "Cutting Grain and Grass";
March 31, 1814
- John Lineback. of Salem, NC, received a patent for a "Machine
for Hulling Cotton Seed".
July 1, 1814
- Jethro Wood, of Scipio, NY, received a patent for "Ploughs";
1819 - sold almost 4,000/year.
February 3, 1819
- Stephen McCormick, of Faquier Court House, VA, received a
patent for a "Plough"; cast iron plow with detachable
components; introduced concept of replaceable and standardized
parts; January 28, 1826 - received second patent
for a "Plough"; December 1, 1837 - received third
patent for a "Plow"; cast-iron mould board had an adjustable
wrought-iron point mounted beneath, able to decrease the draft,
while deepening the furrow, and breaking up the soil more
June 13, 1831 -
Cyrus Hall McCormick (22), of Rockbridge County, VA received a
patent for a "Side-Hill Plow";
July 1831 - demonstrated reaping machine at
public trial in a field near Walnut Grove, VA - did work of six
men, cut six acres in half a day;
November 19, 1833 - received a patent for a
"Self-Sharpening Plow; June 21,
1834 - received a patent for an "Improvement in
Machines for Reaping Small Grain";
1841 - sold first two machines;
liberated farm workers from hours of back-breaking labor; first
step in a transition from hand labor to the mechanized farming;
eventually replaced by the self-propelled combine;
1846 - formed
partnership with William, Leander McCormick (brothers), formed
C. H. & L. J. McCormick & Bros.; October
23, 1847 - received a second patent for an
"Improvement in Reaping-Machines" ("placing the driving-wheel
farther back than heretofore");
1848 - renamed McCormick Harvesting Machine
May 3, 1831 -
William Manning (Plainfield, NJ) received a patent for a reaper
(mowing machine), though designed by Ann Harned Manning, his
wife; first to mechanize harvesting of hay and grain.
December 31, 1833
- Obed Hussy, of Cincinnati, OH, received a patent for a
"Improvement in Machine for Reaping and Cutting Grain" ("for
reaping or cutting all kinds of small grain and grasses"); drawn
by horses hitched in front, and had a side cut and a platform on
which the operator stood who raked off the grain.
October 14, 1834
- Henry Blair, of Glenross, MD, received a patent for a "Seed
first black man to receive a patent.
November 23, 1835
- Henry Burden, of Troy, NY, former superintendent of the Troy
Iron and Nail Factory, recieved a patent for "Making Horsehoes";
horseshoe manufacturing machine capable of making sixty
horseshoes a minute, produced shoes more rapidly and uniformly
than the hand production method which had been used prior to
this invention; made nearly all the horseshoes used by the Union
calvary during the Civil War.
August 31, 1836
- African-American inventor, Henry Blair of Glenross, MD,
received a patent for a "Cotton-Planter"; cotton seed planter.
- John Deere developed, manufactured first cast-steel plow in
Grand Detour, IL; 1855 - sold more than 10,000
plows; February 21, 1865
- John Deere, of Moline, IL, received a patent for "Improvement
in Plows" ("Improvements in Landside and Share Plates for
- John Deere's business incorporated under the name Deere &
Company; September 21, 1897 - Deere and Company
registered "John Deere" trademark first used in 1847 (wagons);
September 10, 1912 - registered logo first used in
1873 (deer leaping over log, "John Deere" arching above,
"Moline, Ill." below).
January 9, 1838
- Julius Hatch, of Great Bend, PA, received patent for a "Grain
August 25, 1840
- Joseph Gibbons, of Adrian, MI, received patent for a "Grain
Drill" ("new and useful improvement in the manner of
constructing a machine for the planting or sowing of seeds of
various kinds...the manner in which I determine and regulate the
capacity of the cavities in the cylinders for the reception of
- Jerome Increase Case founded the J I Case Company; gained
recognition as the first builder of a steam engine for
agricultural use; known in manufacturing circles as the
"Threshing Machine King"; 1964 - bought by
- Edward P. Allis began as small burr millstone maker;
1861 - acquired Milwaukee’s Reliance Works; produced
steam engines, flour-milling
1863 - changed name to Edward P. Allis and Company;
1889 - employed nearly 1500 men; 1890s
- Milwaukee’s largest industrial employer; built heavy machinery
for factories, mines, power plants, public utilities (heating
plants; pumps, pipes for Milwaukee Water Works);
1901 - merged with Fraser & Chalmers Company, Gates
Ironworks, Dickson Manufacturing Company, formed Allis-Chalmers
Manufacturing Company; 1985 - acquired by Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz
of the Deutz Corporation of Germany.
- Daniel Massey opened workshop in Newcastle ON, to build simple
farm implements; 1857 - Alanson Harris established
A. Harris and Son implement works at Beamsville, ON to make,
repair farm machinery; 1891 - Massey, Harris
merged; 1938 - produced world’s first commercially
successful self-propelled combine; 1953 -
Massey-Harris merged with Harry Ferguson Limited of Coventry,
England; twin skills in harvesting machinery, tractor -
produced one of world’s most powerful forces in farm equipment;
1995 - acquired by AGCO Corporation.
October 21, 1852
- John Fowler of Temple Gate, Bristol, UK, received Royal
Letters Patent for "Improvements in Machinery for Draining Land";
first steam cultivation of land, commercialized land drainage
(had exhibited Mole Drainage Plough,
horse-drawn mole-draining tackle to drain subsoil, in 1851;
helped Irish peasants drain peat bogs).
May 8, 1855
- George W. Brown, of Galesburg, IL, received a patent for a
"Seed Planter"; April 5, 1864 - received a patent
for a "Corn-Planter"; first successful mechanical corn planter.
December 1, 1857
- Ephraim Ball, of Canton, OH, received a patent for a
"Harvester" ("Improvement in Mowing-Machines"); known as "Ball's
Improved Ohio Mower" (grass harvester); first widely successful
of two-wheeled flexible or hinged bar mowers; influenced change
from single driving-wheel machines to double drivers.
December 3, 1861
- Wilkenson Furnas, of Ononwa, IA, received a patent for a
"Wheel-Cultivator" ("Improvement in Plows...designed for
cultivating growing plants in bilts or drills-such as corn,
potatoes, etc."); riding cultivator; first John Deere plow
adapted to riding; February 16, 1864 - received a
patent for a "Wheel-Cultivator" ("Improvement in Cultivators").
June 17, 1862
- W.H. Fancher and C.M. French of Waterloo, NY, received patent
for a "Plow" ("Improvement in Combined Plow and Gun");
combination proposed to give those in agribusiness an "efficient
weapon of defense at very slight expense in addition" to that of
a plow; added elements of light ordinance, designed for
"especially when used in border localities, subject to savage
feuds and guerrilla warfare" to metal plow with wooden handles
of ordinary construction; share served as anchor in the ground
to resist recoil; wooden handles used to set direction.
January 12, 1864
- John Deere, of Moline, IL, received a patent for Improvement
in Molds for Casting Steel" ("to cast in a perfect manner the
shares, moldboards, landslides, and other articles of steel");
casting steel in shapes in dry-sand molds; April 5, 1864
- received patent for "Improvement in Cast-Steel Molds" ("for
coating the interior surfaces of molds of dry sand to be used in
casting steel into shapes").
February 16, 1864
- Jacob Behel, of Earleville, IL, received a patent for
"Improvement in Grain-Binders" ("to bind gavels of grain or
other materials into sheaves or bundles with cord bands, and to
knot the ends of the bands together").
February 2, 1869
- James Oliver, of South Bend, IN, received a patent for
"Casting Mould Boards" ("new arrangement of mould-board pattern
and chill for plows"); removable tempered steel plow blade.
1872 - Thomas
Chalmers founded Fraser & Chalmers Company (Chicago, IL),
manufacturer of mining machinery, boilers, and pumps; 1890
- headed by William Chalmers, one of world's largest
manufacturers of mining equipment.
April 7, 1874
- Edward H. Sutton, of Edenton, NC, received a patent for
"Improvement in Cotton-Cultivators"; plows.
June 29, 1875
- Gilpin Moore, of Rock Island,. IL, received a patent for
"Sulky-Plows" ("simple in structure, free from complicated
systems of gearing, or levers being operated by a single lever,
and which will possess strength, durability, and ease in
operation...the wheels will be exactly balanced in their
movements...the driver, in raising or lowering the plow, does
not raise or support any portion of his own weight...with a
given movement of the single operating-lever, a greater degree
of vertical movement or travel of the wheel-centers of the axle
is secured than is accomplished in ordinary plows, maintaining
the plow at all times in a level of horizontal position...angle
of the bottom of the sole-plate may be readily adjusted"); one
of most outstanding 19th-century sulky plows; April 4,
1882 - received a patent for a "Cultivator"
("shovel-beams arranged in pairs and each pair manipulated by a
single handle"); a power-lift; assigned to Deere and Company.
- James Porteous established Fresno Agricultural Works in
Fresno, CA; manufactured, sold construction and farm equipment;
July 25, 1882 -
received a patent for a "Dirt-Scraper" ("...buck-scraper, in
which the power of horses is applied to drag along the ground a
vertical or slightly-inclined board, which scrapes the dirt and
carries it before it to any required place...");
April 3, 1883 -
received a second patent for a "Dirt Scraper" ("...simple,
light, and effective scraper for leveling land");
January 31, 1889 -
acquired 1883 scraper patent from William Deidrick;
February 7, 1896 -
acquired 1885 scraper patent from Frank Dusy and Abijah McCall;
gained sole rights to 'Fresno Scraper' - basis for modern
earthmoving equipment, able to scrape, move load of soil,
discharge it at controlled depth with blade which ran along
bottom of C-shaped bowl, adjustable to alter angle of bucket to
soil so that dirt could be dumped into low spots; sold
throughout West; developed reputation for efficiency,
reliability, ease of operation; shipped to practically every
state, South America, India, The Orient, South Africa,
Australia, Europe; played vital role in construction of Panama
Canal; transformed labor of land leveling, ditch digging, road
and railroad building (designated as International Historic
Engineering Landmark in 1991 by American Society of Mechanical
Engineers); focus shifted to retail hardware; name changed to
Fresno Ag Hardware; 2010
- full-service hardware store with 86,000 square feet under
roof; largest independently owned hardware store in area.
- Fresno Scraper
February 18, 1879
- John F. Appleby, of West Depere, WI, received a patent for
"Improvement in Grain-Binding Harvesters"; established a class
of binding machines.
March 23, 1880
- John Stevens, of Neenah, WI, received patent for a
"Grain-Crushing Roll"; flour rolling mill.
July 4, 1882
- Sylvanus D. Locke, of Hoosick Falls, NY, received a patent for
a "Grain-Binder" ("devices for holding the binding material and
governing it in its passage as it is payed out in the operation
Holt, Benjamin Holt established Stockton Wheel Company in
Stockton, CA (Charles had formed C.H. Holt and Co. in 1869 in
San Francisco, a West Coast branch of family’s New
Hampshire-based wagon-making business; William Harrison Holt,
Ames Frank Holt joined Charles in 1871, formed Holt Brothers
Manufacturing; produced wagon wheels made from imported,
seasoned Eastern hardwood but climate too cold, damp for wheel
fabrication; William and Ames Holt sold ownership to brothers);
expanded into agricultural, mechanical implements;
1886 - produced
'Link Belt Combined Harvester', first combine (used flexible
chain belts rather than gears to transmit power from ground
wheels to working parts of machine);
1892 - incorporated as Holt
24, 1904 - Benjamin Holt invented first
successful track-type tractor (crawler track, with tracks to
disperse weight, provide better traction; used later for tanks,
moving heavy artillery); made first 'caterpillar' tractor
(chosen because motion of track as it traveled resembled
movement of caterpillar); December
17, 1907 - received a patent for a "Traction
Engine" ("improvement in vehicles, and especially of the
traction engine class; and included endless traveling platform
supports upon which the engine is carried");
-Stockton, CA plant manager, Clarence Leo Best, left Holt,
resurrected his father's (Daniel Best) tractor company, acquired
by Holt in 1908 (had acquired rights to manufacture Remington
steam engine, produced range of steam-driven farm machinery,
including steam tractors and combine harvesters); named
reestablished company C.L. Best Gas Traction Company;
February 16, 1910
- Holt Caterpillar accepted deed to bankrupt Colean
Manufacturing Company plant in East Peoria (10 1/2 acres of
field on which plant stood, later became Caterpillar's first
proving ground, selected by Pliny Holt, nephew of Holt
Manufacturing founder Benjamin Holt); 12 employees began
building track-type tractors; 1913
- introduced crawler tractor patterned after Holt design;
restructured, renamed C. L. Best Tractor Company; April 15,
1925 - Chickering
and Gregory (law firm) filed articles of incorporation for
merger of Holt Caterpillar and C. L. Best Gas Traction Company
of San Leandro, CA; name changed Caterpillar Tractor Co.
(Clarence Leo Best as CEO, headquarters in East Peoria; both
businesses had suffered after WW I because military flooded
market with used tractors, competition from Fordson,
agricultural machinery division of Ford Motor Co.);
2010 - more than 16,000
employees in Peoria area (more than 90,000 employees).
Tractor - 1904;
first successful crawler tractor, equipped with a pair
of tracks rather than wheels
May 20, 1884
- Lockrum Blue, of Washington, DC, received a patent for a "Hand
Corn-Shelling Device" ("for rapidly and effectually removing the
grain from ears of corn").
May 11, 1886
- Black Inventor Willis Marshall, of Chicago, IL, received a
patent for a "Grain-Binder" for grain harvesters; designed to
remedy objections to the "construction of the tripping-dog and
spring and their mode of connection".
June 1, 1886
- Black American inventor W. H. Richardson, of Baltimore, MD,
received a patent for a "Cotton Chopper".
February 23, 1892
- Black American inventor, Peter D. Smith of Springfield, OH,
received patent for a "Grain-Binder", way to form a binding-rope
for sheaf from wisp or portion of cut grain and mechanism to be
applied to reaper to perform this, knot the rope around the
sheaf and eject it.
September 6, 1892 -
John Froelich of Froelich, IA, built, sold first gasoline
tractor in U.S. to Langford, SD (lacked easy access to a
wood or coal supply for steam-powered unit); geared for both
forward and reverse motion; powered by a Van Duzen vertical
single-cylinder gasoline engine mounted on wooden beams upon a
Robinson running gear - powered a J.I. Case threshing machine
and propelled the vehicle; January 10, 1893 -
formed the Waterloo Gasoline Tractor Engine Company; 1918
- taken over by the John Deere Plow Co. (mass-produced
gasoline-powered tractors based on Froelich's designs).
April 10, 1894
- George W. Murray, of Sumter, SC, received a patent for a
"Combined Furrow-Opener and Stalk-Knocker" ("to open center
furrows, and simultaneously therewith knock or break stalks at
each side thereof, said stalks being left upon the ground for
the purpose of enriching the same"); received second patent for a "Cultivator and Marker" ("improvements in
cultivators and to that particular class thereof employed for
opening furrows for the reception of seed").
June 5, 1894
- George W. Murray, of Rembert, SC, received six patents: for a
"Planter"; for a "Cotton Chopper"; for a "Fertilizer
Distributor"; for a ""Planter" ("to discharge broadcast various
kinds of seed; to provide for a regulation of the discharge; and
for a feed for the hopper"); for a "Combined Cotton-Seed
Planter and Fertilizer Distributer"; and a patent for a "Reaper"
"(machine adapted to reap small grain, to gather the same into
bundles, and to automatically dump the bundles at proper
intervals upon the ground, whereby said grain may be readily
August 28, 1894
- Black American inventor, Robert H. Gray, of Lexington, KY,
received patent for a "Baling Press".
March 24, 1896
- Clement A. Hardy, of Dallas, TX, received patent for a "Rotary
Disk Plow"; designed to be drawn into the earth by their own
action and by the weight of the soil lifted by the disks and
carried on their faces and have a cutting action on the bottom
of the furrow instead of scraping, thereby reduced weight of the
- Brosnahan & Olson Company began selling John Deere Plows in
Grafton, ND; 1931
- Farup Auto Company acquired John Deere line (became largest
volume John Deere dealer in nation);
early 1940s - acquired by Overbye &
Scidmore, local Chevrolet dealer;
1949 - acqiuired by Oliver Gorder and Paul
Torgeson; experimented with first rubber tires;
1975 - acquired by
Lloyd Holy,Deere & Co. Territory Manager (Minneapolis, MN);
November 1, 1975 -
formed Grafton Equipment Co. (8 employees); introducing row crop
tractors; April 1, 2006
- John Oncken, Territory Manager for Deere & Co. for 18 years,
becam shareholder and Company Vice President;
2010 - one of
largest John Deere dealers in Red River Valley, over 100
employees, sales in excess of $120 million per year.
February 16, 1897
- Peter Walker, of Friar's Point, MS, received a patent for a
"Machine for Cleaning Seed-Cotton" ("automatically delivering
cotton containing the seed, freed from dust and various foreign
matter, to the gins").
1901 - Edward P.
Allis and Company merged with Fraser & Chalmers Company (Gates
Iron Works of Chicago and Dickson Manufacturing Company); formed
Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company; 1914 - built
first farm tractor; became a leading manufacturer of farm
equipment; 1979 - $2 billion corporation;
1985 - sold farm equipment division to K-H-Deutz AG of
Germany; 1990 - acquired by AGCO Corp. (Georgia),
farm equipment maker.
August 12, 1902
C.H. McCormick & Bros.
merged with other leading farm implement manufacturers (Deering
Harvester Co., Plano Manufacturing Company, Milwaukee Harvester
Company, Warder, Bushnell and Glessner), formed International
1910 - $100 million in annual sales, over 17,000
workers; February 28, 1922 - registered
"McCormick" trademark first used in 1848;
- sold farm equipment, construction businesses; 1986
- name changed to Navistar International Corporation.
October 7, 1940
- A U.S. 1-cent stamp commemorating inventor Eli Whitney was
issued, with first-day-of-issue ceremonies in Savannah, GA.
Whitney had been employed in Savannah to tutor the children of
the owner of Mulberry Grove Plantation when he learned about the
difficulty of separating seed from the cotton fibres.
- Melroe Manufacturing Company (Gwinner, ND) introduced Melroe
Self-Propelled Loader, machine conceived by blacksmith brothers,
Cy and Louis Keller, to help a Minnesota farmer work tight areas
of his turkey barns; four-wheel drive and "Bobcat" name added
over next few years.
- J.E. Hancock established Yellowhouse Machinery Co. in Lubbock,
TX; 1991 -
acquired by John Kritser, Amarillo businessman; oldest John
Deere construction equipment dealer west of Mississippi.
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Reaping the Bounty: McCormick Harvesting Machine Company Turns
Abroad, 1878-1902. (Helsinki, Finland: Finnish
Historical Society, 319 p.). McCormick, Cyrus Hall, 1809-1884;
McCormick Harvesting Machine Company--History; Agricultural
machinery industry--United States--History.
(Harvester), Kenneth Durr and Lee Sullivan;
introduction by Hugh Downs (2007).
International Harvester, McCormick, Navistar : Milestones in the
Company that Helped Build America. (Portland, OR:
Graphic Arts Books, 252 p.). Director of the History Division
(History Associates Incorporated). International Harvester
Company--History; Agricultural machinery industry--United
1831, grain still harvested as in time of Pharaohs;
McCormick invented reaper, pioneered modern sales, marketing
techniques, created industrial powerhouse ranked with U.S.
Steel, Standard Oil.
(Hesston), Billy M. Jones (1987).
Factory on the Plains: Lyle Yost and the Hesston Corporation.
(Wichita, KS: Center of Entrepreneurship, W. Frank Barton School
of Business Administration, Wichita State University, 237 p.).
Yost, Lyle Edgar, 1913- ; Hesston Corporation--History;
Industrialists--United States--Biography; Agricultural machinery
industry--United States--History; Industrial equipment
(Massey-Ferguson), E. P. Neufeld (1969).
A Global Corporation; A History of the International Development
of Massey-Ferguson Limited. (Toronto, ON: University of
Toronto Press, 427 p.). Massey-Ferguson, ltd.
- Massey Ferguson
(Massey-Ferguson), Colin Fraser (1973).
Tractor Pioneer; The Life of Harry Ferguson. (Athens,
OH: Ohio University Press, 294 p.). Ferguson, Harry, 1884-1960.
(Massey-Ferguson), Peter Cook (1981).
Massey at the Brink: The Story of Canada's Greatest
Multinational and Its Struggle To Survive. (Toronto, ON:
Collins, 288 p.). Massey-Ferguson Ltd.--History; Massey-Ferguson
Ltd.--Finance--History; Agricultural machinery
(Massey-Ferguson), Merrill Dennison (1949).
Harvest Triumphant; The Story of Massey-Harris. (New York,
NY: Dodd, Mead, 351 p.). Massey-Harris Company; Harvesting
(Massey-Ferguson), James S. Duncan (1971).
Not a One-Way Street; The Autobiography of James S. Duncan.
(Toronto, ON: Clarke, Irwin, 262 p.). Duncan, James S. (James
Stuart), b. 1893; Businesspeople--Canada--Biography;
Agricultural machinery industry--Canada.
(Melroe Company), Robert F. Karolevitz (1968).
"E. G.," Inventor by Necessity; The Story of E. G. Melroe and
the Melroe Company. (Aberdeen, SD: North Plains Press,
160 p.). Melroe, E. G., 1892-1955; Agricultural machinery
industry--United States; Inventors--United States--Biography.
(Minneapolis-Moline), Norman F. Thomas (1976).
Minneapolis-Moline: A History of Its Formation and Operations
(New York, NY: Arno Press, 318 p. [Originally presented as the
author's thesis, University of Minnesota, 1953]).
(Oliver-Hart-Parr), C.H. Wendel (1993).
Oliver Hart-Parr (Osceola, WI: Motorbooks International,
(Peterson Tractor), Eileen Grafton (1998).
Peterson Tractor Co.-- the First Sixty Years (San
Leandro, CA: Peterson Tractor Co., 227 p.). Peterson Tractor
Co.--History; Tractor industry--United States--History.
November 16, 1936 - incorporated as Caterpillar Dealership for five bay area counties.
(Pratt Cotton Gin Factory),
Curtis J. Evans (2001).
The Conquest of Labor: Daniel Pratt and Southern
Industrialization. (Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State
University Press, 337 p.). Pratt, Daniel, 1799-1873;
R. L. Ardrey (1894).
American Agricultural Implements; A Review of Invention and
Development in the Agricultural Implement Industry of the United
States. (Chicago, IL: The Author, 236 p.). Agricultural
machinery; Agricultural machinery industry--United States.
Craig Canine (1995).
Dream Reaper: The Story of an Old-Fashioned Inventor in the
High-Tech, High-Stakes World of Modern Agriculture.
(Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 300 p. [orig. pub.
1995]). Underwood, Mark; Lagergren, Ralph; Harvesting
machinery--United States--History; Agriculture--United
Donald Holley (2000).
The Second Great Emancipation: The Mechanical Cotton Picker,
Black Migration, and How They Shaped the Modern South.
(Fayetteville, AR: University of Arkansas, 284 p.). Professor of
History (University of Arkansas at Monticello). Cotton
farmers--Southern States--History--20th century; African
American agricultural laborers--Southern States--History--20th
century; Farm mechanization--Social aspects--Southern
States--History--20th century; Cotton-picking
machinery--Southern States--History--20th century; Migration,
Internal--United States--History--20th century; African
Angela Lakwete (2003).
Inventing the Cotton Gin: Machine and Myth in Antebellum America.
(Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 232 p.).
Teaches History (Auburn University). Cotton gins and
ginning--United States--History--19th century;
Inventions--United States--History--19th century. Slave
labor–based antebellum South innovated, industrialized,
Arthur Pound (1931). The Reaper, A History
of the Efforts of Those Who Justly May Be Said to Have Made
Bread Cheap. (New York, NY: Greenberg, 382 p.). Harvesting
Leo Rogin (1931). The Introduction of Farm
Machinery in Its Relation to the Productivity of Labor in the
Agriculture of the United States During the Nineteenth Century.
(Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 260 p.).
Agricultural machinery; Agriculture--United States; Agricultural
laborers--United States; Wheat--United States.
Images from the McCormick-International
Cyrus McCormick was one of the great successes of the American
Industrial Revolution; invented first
commercially successful reaper in
Virginia; his real triumphs began when he moved to Chicago and
formed what would later become known as the McCormick Harvesting
Machine Company; produced
thousands of various publications, advertising materials, and
short industrial films; online
collection, created by materials donated to the Wisconsin
Historical Society, includes thousands of images that date from
the 1840s to the 1980s.
Timeline in the
Development of Agricultural Field Implements,
Apparatus, and Equipment