2, 1670 -
Charles II granted charter to "Governor and Company of Adventurers of
England Trading into Hudson's Bay"; trading
monopoly in Hudson Bay drainage basin; March 2006
- acquired by The InterTech Group Inc. (North Charleston, SC)
for $1.1billion; taken private; 2008 - Anita
Zucker (widow) became first woman chief executive, or governor,
in company’s 338-year history; July 2008 -
acquired by NRDC Equity Partners (owners of Lord & Taylor).
- Thomas Clark established
Flint & Clark,
on Wigmore Street in London; sold expensive fabrics, bonnets,
gloves, parasols; December 25, 1813 - formed
partnership with William Debenham, named Clark and Debenham;
1851 - William Debenham Jr., Clement Freebody
(brother-in-law) joined business (Clark retired), renamed
Debenham, Son and Freebody; 1863 - renamed
Debenham and Freebody; 1905 - original draper's
shop transformed into full department store; incorporated as
Debenhams Ltd.; 1919 - merged with Marshall &
Snellgrove; 1920 - acquired Harvey Nichols
(Knightsbridge retailer); 1928 - went public;
Debenham family involvement ended; 1950 - largest
department store group in UK (84 companies, 110 stores);
1966 - introduced central buying; 1976 -
acquired Brown’s of Chester; early 1980s - holding
company renamed Debenhams Ltd. (in use since expansion in
1910s); 1985 - acquired by Burton Group;
1993 – significant increase in number of stores;
1997 - opened first international franchise store in
Bahrain; 1998 - became independent public company,
106 stores across the UK (mid-range, own-label products,
brand-name concession spots); 2003 - acquired by
Baroness Retail Ltd. (consortium of CVC Capital Partners, Texas
Pacific Group, Merrill Lynch Private Equity); May 2006
- became independent public company; September 2006
- acquired nine stores from Roches (Ireland), rebranded as
- Benjamin Harvey opened linen shop in terraced house (on the
corner of Knightsbridge and Sloane Street) in London; 1820
- Elizabeth Harvey (daughter) inherited business with
understanding that she go into partnership with Colonel Nichols
(company's silk buyer); renamed Harvey Nichols; sold Oriental
carpets, silks, luxury goods, linens; 1919 -
acquired by Debenhams; 1985 - became part of
Burton Group; October 1991 - acquired by Dickson
Concepts (International) Ltd., and embarked on major
refurbishment; April 1996 - Harvey Nichols Group
plc went public; 2000 - opened first overseas
store in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; opened first small format store
(Mailbox centre in Birmingham); January 2003 -
acquired by Dr. Dickson Poon (Hong Kong).
April 7, 1818
- Henry Sands Brooks (45) opened H. & D.H. Brooks & Co. on the
Northeast corner of Catharine and Cherry Streets in New York
City; 1833 - eldest son, Henry, Jr. assumed
control of company (after Brooks's death); 1845 -
introduced first ready-to-wear suits in America; 1850
- Henry's sons Daniel, John, and Elisha inherited family
business = Brooks Brothers;
- Golden Fleece symbol adopted as company's trademark;
1896 - John Brooks, founder's grandson, introduced
button-down polo collar shirt; April 20, 1915 -
Brooks Brothers Corporation registered "Brooks Brothers"
trademark first used in 1856 (boys and men's clothing);
acquired by Retail Brand Alliance.
Elisha, Daniel, John
September 1, 1823
- Alexander T. Stewart opened A.T. Stewart and Company at 283
Broadway in lower Manhattan in New York City (12.5 feet wide by
30 feet deep, average size at time); September 1846
- opened "The Marble Dry Goods Palace", first U.S. department
store, 280 Broadway at Chambers Street in New York City;
1862 - leased part of The Randall farm in Greenwich
Village (Broadway between 9th and 10th streets on the East
Side), built store known as the "Cast Iron Palace," all cast
iron and glass, with a large glass dome over a central court
(bought in 1896 by Wannamaker).
May 2, 1826 - Samuel Lord opened
first store at 47-49 Catherine Street
in Manhattan (gone by 1912);
1838 - George Washington Taylor (Lord's wife's cousin)
joined firm as partner; February 1914
- new store established at 38th Street and Fifth Avenue;
founding member of American Dry Goods Co.;
November 16, 1926 -
Lord & Taylor Corporation registered "Lord & Taylor" trademark
first used May 2, 1826 (dry goods consisting of piece goods of
silk, cotton, wool, or combinations therof); 1946-
first major store on Fifth Avenue to name woman as President
1986 - acquired by May Company;
August 30, 2005 - acquired by
- acquired by NRDC Equity Partners, LLC (National Realty &
acquires operating companies in retail, leisure, lodging,
commercial real estate sectors) for $1.2 billion; oldest retail
store in New York.
- Charles Henry Harrod set up wholesale grocer in Stepney, in
London’s East End, special interest in tea; 1849 -
took over small shop in new district of Knightsbridge (on site
of current store) to escape filth of inner city, to capitalize
on trade to Great Exhibition of 1851 in nearby Hyde Park;
single room, two assistants, messenger boy; Charles Digby Harrod
(son) built business into thriving store, sold medicines,
perfumes, stationery, fruit and vegetables; 1880 -
expanded into adjoining buildings, employed 100 staff;
December 1883 - burnt to ground; fulfilled all Christmas
orders, made record profit; rebuilt; 1889 -
went public; 1894 - first sale or "Winter
Clearance"; 1898 - introduced world’s first
escalator (brandy at top to revive nervous customers), shortened
working hours for 200 staff, devised plan to build world’s most
luxurious department store; 1901 - building
construction began, designed by architect of Claridge’s Hotel
C.W. Stephens; 1959 - acquired by House of Fraser;
1967 - 'Way In' boutique opened, brought Carnaby
Street to Harrods; 1971 - black marble Perfumery
Hall opened; 1972 - white marble Cosmetics Hall
counterpart opened; March 11, 1985 - Mohamed Al
Fayed acquired House of Fraser Group for £615 million.
- John Simons (17) opened dry goods store, La Maison Simons,
near Porte St-Jean in Quebec City, Quebec; sold products
imported from England, Scotland; 1870 - moved to
20 côte de la Fabrique, became fixture in heart of Old Quebec;
Gordon Simons (son) took over; 1952 - Donald
Simons took over, transformed business into department store,
leader in popularizing fashion; 1962 - opened
second store; 1965 - opened department
Contemporaine for women; 1999 - Peter and Richard
Simons (Donald's sons) took over; opened stores in Montreal.
- Eben Jordan, Benjamin L. Marsh opened Jordan Marsh in Boston;
1935 - became one of founders of Allied Stores
Corporation; 1986 - acquired by Campeau
Corporation (Montreal, QU); February 1992 - former
Allied Stores Corporation merged into a new public company,
Federated Department Stores, Inc.; 1996 - last of
Jordan Marsh stores renamed Macy's.
Eben D. Jordan
- Jordan, Marsh
- Alan Gimbel opened Palace of Trade Vincennes, IN;
- Isaac and Jacob Gimbel opened first store in Milwaukee;
1894 - opened large department store in Philadelphia;
1910 - opened store in New York City in Herald
Square near Macy's (Isaac Gimbel as manager, President);
1922 - organized Gimbel Bros., Inc.; 1923
- acquired Saks and Company; 1930 - sales of $123
million, 20,000 employees; 1973 - acquired by B.
A. T. Industries PLC for $200 million; 1987 - last
of Gimbel stores closed.
- Gimbel Brothers
- Scottish immigrant George Turnball established dry goods
business in Boston, MA; 1855 - Scotsmen Robert and
John Gilchrist, store's former clerks, took over, formed
Gilchrist Company Dry Goods Company; 1901 -
renamed Gilchrist Company; 1970s - closed.
- Aristide Boucicaut, unemployed, suggested partnership to
Videau brothers who owned a small retailing stall in rue du Bac,
called Bon Marche ('good deal'); 1863 - rebuffed
for his aggressive commercial ideas; acquired Videaus' interest
in business; September 9,1869 - first stone laid
for expansion into a department store with functional
architecture (completed 1887).
- Simon Lazarus, ordained rabbi, opened Lazarus store in
Columbus, OH with capital of less than $3000, in space less than
20 x 50 feet, staff of one clerk; 1881 - 22 clerks
employed; 1899 - name changed to F.&R. Lazarus
(after sons Fred and Ralph); 1929 - formed core of
Federated Department Stores.
Simon Lazarus -
Fred, Ralph Lazarus
- F & R Lazarus
- Frank D. Bullock, John Luther Jones became haberdashers to San
Francisco gentlemen of newfound wealth; emphasis on luxury
fabrics, finest in tailoring; 1982 - started catalog (about
$20 million in sales);
- acquired by Saks Fifth Avenue for $25 million; 2000
- closed; September 2001 - acquired by Eric
Goodwill (son of former owner Sidney Goodwill), Spencer Hays
(chairman of Individualized Apparel Group, clothing
1854 - Scottish immigrants Samuel
Carson, John T. Pirie opened dry goods store in Amboy, IL
(headquarters of Illinois Central Railroad); 1856
George and Robert Scott emigrated from
Scotland, joined Carson and Pirie in business;
name changed to
Carson Pirie Scott & Co.; 1867
- Andrew MacLeish established firm's retail department store;
September 1904 - acquired State St., Chicago store from
Schlesinger & Meyer;
1989 - acquired by P. A. Bergner & Co.,
Milwaukee-based subsidiary of a Swiss company; 1997
- acquired by Proffitt's Inc. of Knoxville, TN; March 2006
- acquired by Bon Ton Stores, Inc.
- Aaron Meier (26), German immigrant, rented 35 X 50 foot space,
began selling dry goods at 137 Front Street in Portland, OR;
1873 - Emil Frank
became partner, name changed to Meier & Frank;
1888 - Emil left
partnership; Sigmund Frank (brother) made partner;
1889 - Frank became
sole manager, company incorporated;
1910 - Abe Meier (son) assumed control;
largest retail outlet west of Mississippi, one of largest stores
in nation; 1964 -
acquired one-third interest in Meier & Frank (Oregon's largest
department-store chain); 1966
- acquired by May Company; August 30,
2005 - acquired by Federated department
Stores; 2006 - name
changed to Macy's.
1858 - Captain Rowland H. Macy (36) opened
Macy's department store in New York City, with financial backing
of Caleb Dustin Hunking, on corner of 14th Street and 6th Avenue
(had started Rowland Hussey's Wholesale and Retail Dry Goods
Store in 1851 in Haverhill, MA, hosted first parade on July 4,
1854, store failed); immediate success after string of seven
business failures - first day sales totaled $11.06; $90,000.00
gross sales in first year; 1887
- Isidore and Nathan Straus became part owners;
1898 - bought full
control; 1902 -
built new store at Herald Square (9 stories, 33 elevators, 4
escalators, pneumatic tube system); proclaimed "the largest
store on earth"; June 7, 1910
- R. H. Macy & Co. registered "Macy's trademark first used in
1858 (men's [youths' and boys'] coats, vests, trousers and
overcoats, ladies' [misses' and children's] coats, cloaks,
raincoats, inner and outer suits, outer skirts and trimmed hats,
etc.); 1924 -
Macy's Herald Square location became largest store in world,
following completion of Seventh Avenue addition.
- David Hausemann founded business to manufacture mirrors,
mantels and fine wood work and to import European paintings and
art novelties; 1863
- Solomon Gump (brother-in-law) acquired an interest;
1864 - acquired
entire business; 1871
- Gustave Gump (brother) joined company, renamed S. & G. Gump;
1906 - Abraham
Livingston ("A. L.") Gump (son) took over as head of business;
March 1947 -
Richard Benjamin Gump (43), artist and entrepreneur, assumed
control; oldest continuously operating gallery in northern
- John Wanamaker, Nathan Brown (brother-in-law) opened Oak Hall
Clothing Bazaar, men's clothing store in Philadelphia, PA;
1876 - converted
abandoned Pennsylvania Railroad freight depot into multipurpose
clothing, specialties store called Grand Depot (intended to
resemble central market like London's Royal Exchange or Paris'
Les Halles); featured 129 circular counters that ringed central
gas-lighted tent for demonstration of women's ballroom fashions;
1874 - printed
first-ever, copyrighted store advertisement;
1976 - opened
in-store restaurant; December 26,
1878 - installed first electric
lights in an American store; 1889 - added elevators;
1896 - acquired
A.T. Stewart Cast Iron Palace in New York.
1862 - Quakers
Justus Clayton Strawbridge, Isaac Hallowell Clothier founded dry
goods business in Philadelphia;
1868 - opened first store at northeast corner of
Market and 8th Streets in Center City Philadelphia;
1996 - 13
department stores acquired by May Department Stores Company.
- Strawbridge & Clothier
opened first shop on Oxford Street; first day sales = 16
shillings and fourpence.
1864 - J
Hepworth & son, Gentleman's Tailors, established in Leeds;
1981 - bought the chain of Kendalls rainwear shops to
develop a Womenswear group of shops called NEXT; 1986
- company changes name to NEXT plc.
Benjamin Altman opened B. Altman & Co. dry goods store on Third
Avenue and 10th Street, New York; later acquired his
brother Morris's business on Sixth Ave; 1906 -
moved to Fifth Ave. and 34th St.; formed firm of B. Altman
& Co. with Michael Friedsam; first large-scale department store
on Fifth Avenue (created August 2, 1824); building (architects
Trowbridge and Livingston) designed to blend into grand
residential structures that dominated area at that time; no
outside signs for 25 years in deference to high-class
residential neighbors; 1913 - Col. Friedsam became
Benjamin Altman established Altman
Foundation; $20,000,000 represented by his art collection given
to Metropolitan Museum, New York;
1987 - controlling interest acquired by L. J.
its CEO, George Herscu; August
1989 - filed for bankruptcy; 1995 -
Oxford University Press moved into building; 1996
- New York Public Library’s Science, Industry, and Business
Library took over space.
- B. Altman & Co.
- Ferdinando Bocconi opened Alle Città d'Italia, first emporium
of Italian clothes made for men, in Via Santa Radegonda in
Milan; 1877 -
moved next to Piazza del Duomo, Bocconi brothers (Luigi and
Ferdinando) opened Aux Villes d'Italie, Italy's first department
store, focused exclusively on ready-to-wear dresses; sold
Italian textiles, clothing, furniture, opened branches in
several Italian cities; 1887
- opened first department store in Rome; exposed clothes in
plain sight, allowed customers to walk around shop and "watch
and desire"; 1917 -
chain of stores about to go out of business; acquired by
entrepreneur Senatore and Romualdo Borletti; renamed La
Rinascente ("she who is born again") to symbolize rebirth of
store, rebirth of Italy at end of war which caused widespread
poverty; 1961 -
launched Supermercati Sma, supermarket chain;
late 1960s -
majority interest acquired by Agnelli family (Fiat);
1972 - pioneered
hypermarket format in Italy, launched Citta Mercati, or City
Market; 1981 -
majority interest acquired by construction group De Angeli Frua;
1984 - interest
re-acquired by Agnelli family (transferred to IFIL holding);
1988 - acquired
supermarket rival Sigros e Sagea;
early 1990s - about 800 stores;
1996 -food sales
represented more than 70% of total sales;
1997 - IFIL transferred ownership stake
to Eurofind, joint venture with France's Auchan; 2002
- IFIl, Auchan bid to take full
control of La Rinascente; 2004
- food operations, including supermarket chains,
acquired by Auchan; March 2005
- acquired by investment consortium led by Borletti
family (under Maurizio Borletti, grandson of Romualdo Borletti)
for $1.2 billion; 2011
- top luxury department store in Italy, chain of 12 department
stores located in Italian major cities;
May 27, 2011 - acquired by Central
Retail Corporation, Thailand's largest retail chain, for 10
billion baht (260 million euros, $291 billion).
- La Rinascente
1865 - Marshall Field, junior partner at Cooley,
Wadsworth & Company, Levi Leiter became business partners with
Potter Palmer, prosperous dry-goods merchant in Chicago; formed
Field, Palmer, & Leiter; 1867
- Palmer's interests acquired by Field, Leiter; name changed to
Field, Leiter & Company; October
12, 1868 - opened first store on State Street
(in building built by Potter); 1871
- destroyed in Great Chicago Fire;
1879 - acquired new Singer Building at State and
Washington Streets; 1881
- Leiter retired, renamed Marshall Field and Company;
1990 - acquired by
Dayton Hudson; 2004
- acquired by May Department Stores;
2005 - acquired by Federated Department
- Field, Palmer, & Leiter
February 14, 1865
- Abraham Abraham, 22 year old Bavarian immigrant, opened 25
foot wide dry goods store, with friend, Joseph Wechsler, on
Fulton St., Brooklyn; named Wechsler & Abraham;
September 1, 1893 - Weschsler interest acquired by
Isidor and Nathan Straus, renamed retail dry goods firm Abraham & Straus (Simon F. Rothschild
also a partner); January 18,
1995 - Federated Department Stores announced merger of Abraham &
Straus with Macys, Bloomingdales, Sterns chains;
April 30, 1995 - all of remaining A&S
stores coverted to Macy's stores.
Isadore and Nathan Straus
Andrew Saks, street peddler from Philadelphia, and Isador Saks
opened Saks & Company, men's clothing shop in Washington, DC;
1902 - opened store in New York City on Broadway and
Sixth Avenue, between 34th and 33rd Streets (closed in 1965);
1912 - Horace Saks (son) became president; 1923
- merged with Gimbel Brothers for $8 million in Gimbel’s
Brothers stock; created one of earliest regional department
store chains in United States; September 15, 1924
- Horace Saks, Bernard Gimbel opened Saks Fifth Avenue, uptown
store next to St. Patrick's Cathedral; 1925 - Adam
Long Gimbel (32, grandson of Adam Gimbel) took control;
February 7, 1956 - Saks & Company registered "Saks Fifth
Avenue" trademark first used September 15, 1924 (all articles of
wearing apparel for men and boys, and for women, misses,
children and infants, exclusive of boots and shoes and other
items of outer footwear); 1973 - acquired by
B.A.T. Industries PLC; 1990 - acquired by
1992 - created first outlet store known as
Clearinghouse; 1995 - renamed "Off 5th"; Saks
Holdings, Inc. made public stock offering; September 1998
- acquired by Proffitt’s (Birmingham, AL); renamed Saks,
Incorporated; 2004 - 63 Saks stores; May
2005 - Proffitt’s and McRae’s department store chains
for $622 million sold to Belk, Inc.
May 28, 1867
- Morris Rich founded M. Rich Dry Goods
general store in Atlanta, GA; 1871 - renamed M.
Rich & Co.; 1876 - renamed M. Rich & Bros. (3
brothers); 1924 - became simply Rich's.
October 16, 1868
- America's first department store "ZCMI" (Zion's Co-Operative
Mercantile Institution) opened in Salt Lake City, UT;
owned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints;
December 1999 - acquired by May Department Stores.
Timothy Eaton opened T. Eaton Co. Limited, dry goods store
at 178 Yonge Street, Toronto, ON; 1884 - launched mail-order
catalogue; 1889 - opened first Eaton’s factory in
Toronto store; 1930 - generated 60% of all
department store sales in Canada (10.6% in 1997); 1999
- went bankrupt; assets acquired by Sears.
- Colonel Henry Mansfield Cook, Mississippi veteran of Civil
War, opened Cook Mercantile Company in Centerville, TX;
1874 - Cook, Thomas
W. Cochran (son-in-law) established H.M. Cook & Company;
1876 - sold dry
goods, hardware, drugs, coffins, lumber;
1884 - moved to Belton, TX;
1896 - Thomas A.
Cook (son) joined business, renamed Cook, Cochran, & Company;
1904 - Thomas
Cook's interest acquired by Harry T. Cochran (son), Jesse S.
Blair (son-in-law); renamed T.W. Cochran and Company;
1910 - Arthur H.
Potts (Cochran son-in-law) became a partner;
1917 - renamed
Cochran, Blair and Potts Department Store;
1938 - dissolved; became partnership
owned by members of Cochran, Blair, Potts families;
1970 - acquired by
Roy and Jean Potts; 1977
- incorporated; 2011
- sixth generation of family ownership; seventh generation
- Lyman and Joseph Bloomingdale founded Bloomingdale
Brothers Great East Side Bazaar on 56th Street and Third Avenue,
sales were $3.68; 1886 - moved to new store at
59th Street and Lexington Avenue; 1929 - store
covered an entire city block.
1875 - Arthur
Lasenby Liberty opened shop selling ornaments, fabric and objets
d'art from Japan and the East; 1884
- introduced costume department;
1939 - Liberty of London Prints, wholesale
Liberty of London
July 13, 1875 -
David Brown of Lebanon , NJ received a U.S. patent for
"Improvement in Apparatus for Transmission of Goods, Packages,
etc." (first cash carrier system);
February 1879 - first installed at ladies'
furnishing store of William S. Lamson in Lowell, MA; two
overhead wires with endless rope pulleys moved small basket
between sales clerk and cashier;
1881 - Lamson began manufacturing cash carrier
systems; January 1882 - incorporated Lamson Cash
Edward and George Butler established Butler Brothers in Boston
as a wholesaler selling general and variety-store merchandise by
mail; 1878 - inaugurated the "five cent" counter
plan to attract customers to buy all lines of wares under one
roof (beginning of department store concept), issued
comprehensive catalogue, sent to its customers instead of
employing traveling salesman; early 20th century -
served about 100,000 customers through the United States,
largest firm of its type in country; 1927 - formed
Ben Franklin Stores, chain of franchised variety stores (Sam
Walton bought store in Newport, AR in 1945); 1936
- about 2,600 Ben Franklin stores, mostly in small towns;
1950s - Butler Bros. approached $120 million a year in
wholesale, retail sales;1959 - divested Ben
Franklin stores to City Products Corporation (OH; acquired by
Household Finance Corp. in 1965).
- Butler Brothers
David May opened first store (The May Department Stores Company)
in Leadville, CO, a silver-mining boom town;
- moved headquarters to St. Louis, MO; 1910 -
May Department Stores
Company incorporated; 1986 - acquired Associated Dry Goods
Corporation (Lord & Taylor); 1988 - acquired
Foley's (Houston), Filene's (Boston); 1999 - 25th
year of record sales, earnings;
2004 - acquired 62-store
Marshall Field's chain from Target Corporation for $3.2 billion
deal (included nine Mervyn's locations in Minneapolis, MN);
acquired by Federated Department Stores
for $11 billion in stock; nation's second largest department
store chain with over 1,000 stores, $30 billion in annual sales.
- Mary Ann Cohen Magnin, an accomplished seamstress and lace
maker, opened department store in San Francisco (named for
husband, Isaac Magnin, former wood carver and gilder in a
picture-framing shop in London); successfully promoted 'salon'
concept of retailing (no racks, couches for customers,
saleswomen brought dresses on hangers);
1948 - opened in Timothy
Pflueger-designed "The Marbe Lady" at Stockton and Geary Streets
in San Francisco (now Macy's); 1944
- merged with Bullock's; 1964
- acquired by Federated Department Stores;
January 15, 1995
- business ceased.
Everett Wilber Hale, Prentiss Cobb Hale founded The Criterion,
dry goods business, in Sacramento, CA; name changed to Hale
Bros.; 1898 - incorporated;
- merged Broadway Stores, formed Broadway-Hale Stores;
1965 - West's largest department-store group (1964 sales
of $219 million); 1974 - name changed to Carter
1881 - Joseph
Lowthian Hudson (35) opened mens' and boys' clothing store in
Detroit in direct competition with his former employer, C.R.
Mabley; 1950s -
third largest retailer in country;
March 22, 1954 - opened world's first shopping
center in Southfield, MI (complex grew to more than 125 stores
); January 1983 -
downtown Detroit store closed after 102 years.
William Filene (born Wilhelm Katz) founded clothing store at 10
Winter Street in Boston, MA; 1882 - opened the
Guillaume Glove Store at 4 Winter Street; 1890 -
consolidated Winter Street stores in five story building at
445-447 Washington Street; specialized in women’s ready-to-wear
apparel, accessories; renamed William Filene and Sons Company;
1899 - organized Filene Cooperative Association
(FCA) for employees; 1904 - expanded to half city
block (445-463 Washington Street), carried ready-to-wear
garments for women, young girls; September 3,
1912 - opened purpose-built store (designed by
Daniel Burnham, nationally prominent architect), carried
ready-to-wear garments, accessories for all ages of both sexes;
drew over 235,000 people; 1929 - took up whole
city block; became internationally regarded model of
employer/employee relations (engaged employees as
collaborators), innovative merchandizing; became one of founding
members of Federated Department Stores, Inc.;
April 1988 -
acquired by May Department Stores;
August 30, 2005 - May merged with Federated
Department Stores; September 2006
- dissolved, replaced by Macy's.
May 14, 1881 -
Rudolph Karstadt opened first Tuch-, Manufaktur- und
Konfektionsgeschäft (Cloth, Manufacture, and Mass Production
Business Karstadt) in his father's name in Wismar, Germany;
1884 - became sole
owner, opened second store in Lübeck;
1900 - acquired 13 stores from brother
(in financial difficulty); 1906
- 24 department stores in northern Germany;
1912 - opened first store in major city,
Hamburg; May 19,
1920 - went public; owned over 30 shops in whole
of Germany; merged with Theodor Althoff AG (founded 1885);
Rudolph Karstadt AG owned 89 stores throughout German Reich;
1939 - pre-war
peak: 67 stores (about 260,000 sq. meters of sales space), sales
of 299.7 million Reichsmark; 1948
- became part of Intercontinentale Warenhausgruppe (Lausanne,
- sales exceeded 1 billion DM for first time;
1963 - renamed
Karlstadt AG; 1977
- acquired 51.2% of Neckermann Versand AG;
1988 - sales of 14.3 billion DM;
acquired department store chain Hertie Waren- und Kaufhaus GmbH
(80 stores, including KaDeWe);
1999 - merged with
Schickedanz Handelswerte GmbH & Co. KG, formed KarstadtQuelle
July 1, 2007 - renamed Arcandor AG.
Rudolph Karstadt - Tuch-, Manufaktur- und
1884 - Michael
Marks opened stall at Leeds Kirkgate Market;
1894 - 12
locations; formed partnership with Thomas Spencer, former
cashier from wholesale company Isaac J. Dewhirst; invested £300;
1903 - Marks and
Spencer Ltd registered as firm with capital of 30,000 £1 shares
(split equally between two founders);
July 1905 - Spencer died;
October 1907 -
Simon Marks (son) joined company; William Chapman, executor of
Spencer estate, named Chairman;
February 1914 - bought London Penny Bazaar
Company; 1915 -
Israel Sieff, very close friend of Simon Marks, elected to Board
of Directors; 1916
- Simon Marks (28) became Chairman;
1926 - started buying goods directly
from manufacturers; November 1930
- flagship store opened at Marble Arch, London (located in
basement, ground floor of newly erected office block);
1931 - introduced
food department, sold produce and canned goods;
1934 - established
Scientific Research Lab to pre-test garments, research
innovative new fabrics; first research lab of any British
retailer; 1935 -
opened first Cafe Bar in Leeds (82 cafe bars by 1942; gradually
phased out in 1950s); Marcus Sieff (son) joined company;
1939 - 234 stores;
1948 - established
Food Technology department; 1956
- all goods sold under St Michael label;
1959 - first retailer to introduce No
Smoking rules in stores; 1964
- Israel Sieff became Chairman;
1970 - 'Sell By Dates' introduced;
1972 - Marcus Sieff
became Chairman; 1975
- opened store on Boulevard Haussman in Paris, first in Europe
(closed in 2001); 1985
- Christmas Hampers tested for first time in 30 stores;
1988 - acquired
Brook Brothers, American clothing company (sold in 2002), Kings
Supermarkets, American food chain (sold in 2006);
May 17, 2004 -
Phillip Green (Revival Acquisitions Limited) launched takeover
attempt; May 31, 2004
- Stuart Rose appointed Chief Executive; pushed business forward
with focus on quality, value, service, innovation, trust (named
Chairman in June 2008).
1885 - Linton
Miller, Webster Rhoads, Simon Gerhart opened Miller, Rhoads, &
Gerhart, dry goods store, in Richmond, VA;
1890 - name changed to Miller & Rhoads;
marked all goods with set, fixed price; shoppers could return
items for any reason, no questions asked;
1906 - incorporated; became Richmond's
largest department store; first Richmond store to install
electric lighting, electric elevator, escalator;
1930s - first large
store in America to be completely air-conditioned;
1967 - merged with
Julius Garfinkel & Co. ( Washington, DC), specialty chain Brooks
Brothers, formed Garfinckel, Brooks Brothers, Miller & Rhoads,
Inc.; 1982 -
acquired by Allied Stores; 1987
- Miller & Rhoads (21 stores) acquired by Philadelphia developer
Kevin Donohue, store management; began to renovate stores, plan
major expansion; 1989
- filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection;
1990 - 4 stores
acquired by May Department Stores Company for about $22.7
million; remaining stores closed.
1885 - Theodor
Althoff, fabric merchant, took over Kurz-, Woll- und
Weibwarengeschaft (haberdashery, linens, woolen goods shop) from
widoewed mother in Dulmen; 1890
- introduced central purchasing;
1910 - 11 stores;
1920 - merged with Rudolph Karstadt AG.
1887 - Henry
Siegel, Frank H. Cooper, Isaac Keim established Siegel, Cooper &
Co. in Chicago; 1900
- employed about 2,000 people; 1901
- formed syndicate of stores (Siegel-Cooper's stores,
Simpson-Crawford-Simpson in Manhattan, Schlesinger and Mayer in
- reorganized, with John Claflin's 40 stores (H.B. Claflin and
Co., Lord & Taylor, Stewart & Co., Hengerer's), into Associated
Dry Goods Corp. (Lord & Taylor largest, most profitable
division); October 1986
- acquired by May Department Stores.
May 29, 1888 -
William Henry Belk (26) opened New York Racket, small bargain
store (22 by 70 feet, about 1,500 square feet total), in Monroe,
NC; started with $750 in savings, $500, 10% interest loan from
local widow, about $3,000 worth of goods taken on consignment
from bankrupt store; paid off debts, netted $3,300 profit in
less than seven months; 1891
- Dr. John Belk, brother, left medical profession, became
partner in the store, became Belk Brothers Company;
May 2005 - acquired
Proffitt's and McRae's department store chains for $622 million;
2007 - operated
under third generation Belk family leadership; nation's largest
privately-owned department store company (more than 310 stores
in 16 states in southeast, southwest, mid-Atlantic regions).
William Henry Belk
- Belk Brothers
- Edward and Josephine Nordhoff invested life savings of $1,200,
started department store, christened "The Bon Marche", in homage
to inspiration in Paris (first experience in retail business at
Louvre department store); early
1920s - annual sales of $8 million;
1928 - acquired by
Hahn Department Stores.
- Donald Edward (D. E.) Frederick arrived in Seattle; with James
Mecham, started second-hand furniture business; named J.G.
Mecham and Company; Nels B. Nelson (Swedish) purchased one-third
interest in business for cash; months later - Mecham sold his
interest because of ill health; name changed to Frederick &
Nelson; 1891 -
acquired Queen City Furniture Company, began selling new
furniture; 1907 -
Nelson died at sea; September 3,
1918 - opened new six story building;
1929 - acquired by
Marshall Field Company for $6 million;
1980 - 15 stores;
1982 - Marshall Field acquired by BATUS
Inc. (Louisville, KY); January 1986
- F & N acquired by local investors; May 1992 - closed.
1891 - Samuel
H. and Salmon P. Halle established Halle Brothers Co. on Euclid
Avenue in Cleveland, OH; became one of Cleveland's largest
department stores; 1970 - acquired by Marshall
Field; overexpanded, lost money; 1982 - closed.
June 4, 1892
- David T. Abercrombie opened
David T. Abercrombie Co.,
small waterfront shop at No.36 South Street in lower Manhattan;
1900 - Ezra H. Fitch, former lawyer, acquired part
of company; 1904 - incorporated as Abercrombie &
Fitch Co.; 1907 - Fitch bought Abercrombie out;
1909 - created mail-order catalog; 1910
- first store in New York to supply clothing to women, men;
1977 - filed for bankruptcy; acquired by Oshman's
(Houston, TX), sporting goods retailer; 1988 -
acquired The Limited, Inc.; September 26, 1996 -
went public; 1998 - introduced "abercrombie" brand
for young audience; July 2000 - introduced
Hollister brand for teenagers ages 14 through 18 (preppy
California surfing image); September 6, 2004 -
introduced RUEHL No.925 brand for 22 through 35 customers.
Ezra H. Fitch
Abercrombie & Fitch
December 13, 1893 -
Theophile Bader, Alphonse Kahn (cousins) opened novelty store at
corner of La Fayette and Chausee d'Antin near Opera in Paris to
appeal to travellers from suburbs, Provinces passing through
Saint-Lazare train station;
December 21, 1896 - acquired 1 rue La Fayette;
named store Galeries Lafayette;
September 1, 1899 - created Societe Anonyme des
Galeries Lafayette; 1905
- acquired 38, 40, 42 Boulevard Haussmann, 15 rue Chaussee
d'Antin; 1906 -
commissioned Roman award-winning architect Georges Chedanne
(later his student Ferdinand Chanut) to design new layout of
Haussmann store; October 1912
- Belle Epoque store opened with neo-Byzantine stained-glass
cupola, art-nouveau atrium; grew to 96 departments; Kahn
retired, sold shares to Bader; primary positioning point:
fashion, novelty; 1926
- Max Heilbronn (son-in-law) joined company;
1931 - Societe
Anonyme des Monoprix; 1947
- Etienne Moulin (Heilbronn's son-in-law) joined company;
1965 - Georges
Meyer (Meyer's son-in-law) joined company;
1971 - completed acquisition of
Inno-France; opened department stores in regional shopping
centers; 1991 -
acquired Nouvelles Galeries, largest chain of provincial
department stores in France; initiated global expansion plan;
December 2004 -
15.6% stake acquired by Credit Mutuel;
March 2005 - went private in $3 billion
deal: 29.5% stake, owned by Leone-Noelle Meyer (Bader's
granddaughter), acquired by BNP Paribas (already owned almost
half of Lafayette's consumer-credit business; combined with
Moulin family's 32% ownership).
- Galeries Lafayette
1896 - Arthur
Letts, Sr. founded The Broadway, mid-level department store
chain in Los Angeles, CA; 1950 - merged with Hale
Brothers, formed Broadway-Hale Stores with Edward W. Carter as
president (former president of The Broadway); 1972
- acquired Bergdorf Goodman, Holt Renfrew (Montreal, QU);
1974 - name changed to Carter Hawley Hale Stores, Inc.
(reflected contributions from Carter, Philip Hawley - with
company since 1958); 1977 - attempted hostile
takeover of Marshall Field's; April 1978 -
acquired John Wanamaker's (Philadelphia); 1984 -
sixth largest department store chain in United States; takeover
attempted by The Limited; 1986 - second takeover
attempted by The Limited; 1985 - sold Waldenbooks
to Kmart; April 1986 - sold Holt Renfrew to Weston
Family; January 1987 - sold Wanamaker's to
Woodward & Lothrop; spun off splitting off specialty store
business as Neiman-Marcus Group, Inc. (Neiman-Marcus, Bergdorf
Goodman, Contempo Casuals stores); 1991 - filed
for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection; 1992 -
Zell/Chilmark Fund completed reorganization, renamed Broadway
Stores, Inc.; August 1995 - acquired by Federated
Department Stores (dissolved in 1996).
- William Burdine, retired Confederate army officer, Henry
Payne, opened dry goods store in Bartow, FL;
1897 - Burdine lost
his partner, struggled to stay open;
1898 - he, sons opened satellite store
South Florida store on Flagler Street in Miami, FL;
1912 - became
full-fledged department store; 1926
- hurricane hurt business, closed one store under financial
strain of Great Depression; 1956 - merged with Federated
Department Stores, (Macy's, Bloomingdale's, other major stores);
2003 - no Burdine
family members involved in company, all Federated stores renamed
Macy's; March 6, 2005
- Burdines name officially terminated.
1899 - David
Lowenstein purchased little store in Pagosa Springs, CO; 12 1/2
X 35 feet and sold "Gent’s Furnishings," and called it
Lowenstein’s Gent’s Furnishings; developed "odorless socks" to
counter continuous problem of strong foot odor;
November 1922 -
Hortense Lowenstein Goodman, Louis Goodman took over operation
of family business; later renamed Goodman’s;
1929 - expanded;
1946 - Dave Goodman
(son) joined business; 1977
- Robert Goodman (grandson) joined company;
1981 - assumed control.
1900 - Austin
Reed opened men's tailoring store on Fenchurch Street in London;
1911 - opened flagship store on Regent Street;
dedicated to tailoring, ready-to-wear clothing, grooming;
1925 - introduced quality, value-for-money ready-to-wear
suit; 1929 - selected by Cunard to open shop on
transatlantic liner, Aquitania; 1936 - opened
concession on Queen Mary; WW II - developed one-piece siren suit
for Winston Churchill; 1946 - opened concession on
Queen Elizabeth; 1980s - developed collection to
meet needs of career women; 1990s - opened first
tax-free shop, sold shirts, accessories at Terminal 4, Heathrow;
2007 - 70 outlets in UK, international licensees
- Carl Wallin, owner of Seattle shoe repair shop, and John W.
Nordstrom opened Wallin & Nordstrom, shoe store, in downtown
- opened second store;
- Wallin retired, sold out to Nordstrom's sons; 1966
clothing, children's wear added; 1968 - third
Nordstrom generation took over; 1973 - sales
passed $100 million (largest-volume West Coast fashion specialty
store); changed to Nordstrom, Inc.
1902 - George D.
Dayton, banker and real estate investor, became partner in
Goodfellow's Dry Goods Company, fourth largest department store
in Minneapolis, MN; 1903
- took over company, renamed Dayton Dry Goods Company;
1911 - renamed The
Dayton Company (known as Dayton's Department Store);
1918 - created
Dayton Foundation with $1 milion endowment (renamed
Dayton-Hudson Foundation in 1969, renamed Target Foundation in
2000); 1938 -
George N. Dayton (son) named President; 1950 - Donald C. Dayton,
grandson, named President (six grandsons in leadership positions
in company); 1956 -
expanded to suburbs in Southdale mall (nation's first fully
enclosed shopping center); May 1,
1962 - opened first Target store, mass market
discount, in Roseville, MN;
September 6, 1967 - Dayton went public;
1969 - merged with
J. L. Hudson Company (Detroit, MI), renamed Dayton-Hudson
Corporation (one of 15 largest non-food retailers in U.S.);
1975 - Target
became largest revenue source for company;
1978 - acquired Mervyn's (California);
1979 - Target
generated $1 billion in annual sales (74 stores in 11 states);
1983 - last Daytons
involved with company; 1988
- Target became first mass merchandiser to introduce UPC
scanning at all stores; 1990
- DH acquired Marshall Field's from Batus Inc., American
division of B.A.T. Industries P.L.C.;
1995 - SuperTarget store opened in
Omaha, NB; 2000 -
Dayton Hudson Corporation renamed Target Corporation;
2001 - Target
opened 1000th store (47 states);
2004 - sold Marshall Field's (to May Department
Stores for $3.2 billion), Mervyn's;
2005 - sales exceed $50 billion;
2007 - $3
million/week in giving to local communities (5% of income since
1946); 2008 -
opened in Alaska; 2009
- opened in Hawaii.
1904 - German
immigrant Emil Gottschalk opened 10,000-square-foot dry goods
store in downtown Fresno, CA; 1956
- Joe Levy (great-nephew of store founder's wife) joined
company; annual sales nearly $4 million; Fresno's first retailer
to install air conditioner; among first retailers in area to
accept bank credit cards; 1961
- opened first branch store; 1976
- America's first department store to totally automate sales
transactions; installed electronic point-of-sale (POS) "wands"
that read bar codes, store credit cards;
1980s - Levy became chairman;
1986 - went public;
1989 - annual sales
surpassed $200 million; 1998
- annual sales exceeded $500 million; November 2006 - 66-store
chain; March 2008 - first annual loss in five
years ($12.4 million); October 24,
2008 - delisted from New York Stock Exchang
because of company's low market value (<$1/share);
December 18, 2008 - sale of majority ownership for $30
million to Everbright Development Overseas Ltd., Chinese
investor, fell through; January 14,
2009 - filed for bankruptcy protection; operated
58 department stores, three specialty apparel stores in six
1905 - Moses Hartz
opened store in Baltimore, MD; 1922
- Anna Hartz, traveling saleswoman, married Jose[h A. Bank;
formed L. Hartz & Bank; sold suits to retailers throughout
region; 1945 - Bank
and son bought out Hartz, formed Joseph A. Bank & Co.;
1954 - son Howard
took over; 2006 -
more than 300 stores.
- Three immigrant Harris brothers opened store with only 25 feet
of frontage in San Bernardino, CA;
1927 - opened palatial four-story Harris store
in downtown San Bernardino; first in region to enhance shopping
experience with introduction of elevators, electric signs,
escalators; became known as one of swankiest stores in Southern
California; grew to 9 stores; 1981
- acquired by Spanish retailer El Corte Ingles, S.A (Spain's
largest retailer, sales over $8 billion in 1996); ;
1998 - acquired by
Gottschalks; 1999 -
flagship store closed.
March 2, 1907
- John Gillespie Bullock (36), Percy Glen Winnett opened
Bullock's in Los Angeles; backed by former employer, Arthur
Letts, English-born merchant whose dry goods store at Broadway
and 4th Street became The Broadway Store; 1912 -
erected 10-story building on Broadway; 1944 -
merged with I. Magnin (twelve stores blanketing the West Coast,
1943 combined sales of $63,000,000 [three-quarters of which was
Bullock's], profits of $2,600,000); 1964 -
acquired by Federated Department Stores.
March 27, 1907 -
Adolf Jandorf, Councillor of Commerce,
opened Kaufhaus des Westens in Berlin, Germany (five floors over
24,000 square meters, huge range of goods, services);
1927 - taken over by Hermann Tietz, incorporated
into Hertie group of department stores;
- National Socialist era, banking group forced Jewish owners to
sell Hertie chain (withheld credits), appointed "Aryan" managing
director; July 3, 1950
- first two floors reopened after war;
1956 - all seven floors completed;
1976-1978 - sales
space extended to around 44,000 square meters;
November 1989 -
biggest boom in its history after fall of Berlin Wall;
1991-1996 - sales
space expanded to around 60,000 sqm;
1994 - Hertie acquired by Karstadt AG
(today Arcandor AG), flagship store of Karstadt Warenhaus Group;
February 2006 -
Arcandor AG combined highest profile department stores, formed
Premium Group (KaDeWe Managing Director Patrice Wagner took over
leadership); second largest department store in Europe (behind
September 10, 1907
- A. L. Neiman,, advertising agency president, Carrie Marcus
Neiman (his wife) and Herbert Marcus, Sr. (her brother) founded
Neiman-Marcus retail establishment in Dallas, TX; store offered
women's clothing, "presenting wider varieties and more exclusive
lines than any other store in the South...Only the finest
productions of the best garment makers are good enough for us";
1926 - Stanley Marcus (son) left Harvard Graduate
School of Business, began long and legendary career at the
store; 1928 - Marcus family acquired A.L. Neiman's
interest in company; 1929 - began offering
menswear (fine French ties, European shirts, other furnishings)
previously available only in New York; 1934 -
first retail establishment outside New York City to run national
advertisements in Vogue, Harper's Bazaar magazines; 1950
- Stanley Marcus elected president and chief executive officer;
1968 - merged into Broadway-Hale Stores, Inc.;
1971 - opened first store outside Texas, Bal Harbour,
FL; June 2, 1987 - spun off as publicly traded
firm, called The Neiman Marcus Group, Inc., in response to
second hostile takeover attempt by The Limited (60% owned by
white knight General Cinema Corporation); 1988
- acquired Horchow Collection of fine furniture, linens, and
decorative objects for the home.
1911 - Solomon
Boscov established Boscov's at 9th and Pike Streets in Reading,
PA; 1954 - Albert
(son), Edwin Lakin (son-in-law) joined business;
August 1972 -
expanded to Lebanon, PA; grew to 49 stores in mid-Atlantic
region; August 4, 2008
- filed for bankruptcy (sales of $1.25 billion).
1912 - John
Wanamaker opened 24-story department store in Philadelphia.
- Barney Pressman sold wife's ring, opened Barney's, off-price
men's suit store on 17th St. at Seventh Avenue in Manhattan;
1980s - sons (Bob, Gene) expanded in U. S., formed
partnership with Isetan Company (Japan); 1996 -
filed for bankruptcy, control shifted to creditors, Whippoorwill
Associates, Bay Harbour Management; 2004 -
acquired by Jones Apparel for $400 million; June 22, 2007
- acquired by Istithmar, investment arm of Dubai government, for
November 27, 1924
- New York City's Macy's
department store held its first Thanksgiving Day parade down a
two-mile stretch of Broadway from Central Park West to Herald
Square; featured large performing "theme" platforms that,
because they were attached to specially outfitted automobiles
concealed beneath them, seemed to float down Broadway;
event was created to boost holiday sales and to bring customers
to Macy's new flagship store at Herald Square; 1927
- new Macy's tradition began with introduction of large
balloons in shape of animal, cartoon characters. Felix the Cat
was Macy's first parade balloon.
- Lew Hahn organized Hahn Department Stores, Inc. as holding
company of 22 department stores (Boston's Jordan Marsh, L.S.
Donaldson - Minneapolis, Bon Marche - Seattle) to acquire,
operate large, well-known department stores throughout United
States with annual sales between $1-$10 million, good earnings
records, dominant in their regions; chain store advantages to
independent, family-owned department stores; capitalized at
$60,000,000, aggregate 1927 sales of more than $100,000,000;
1933 - reorganized as Allied Stores.
1929 - Fred
Lazarus, Jr. formed Federated Department Stores, Inc. as holding
company for several family-owned department stores: Shillito's
(founded 1830 in Cincinnati, acquired by Lazarus in 1928), F & R
Lazarus & Company (founded 1851 in in Columbus, OH); Abraham &
Strauss (originally Wechsler and Abraham, founded 1865 in
Brooklyn, NY); 1930
- Bloomingdales joined company; corporate offices established in
Columbus, OH; 1945
- headquarters moved to Cincinnati, OH.
Fred Lazarus, Jr.
- Federated Department Stores
December 8, 1946
- First test in U.S. of snow-melting apparatus embedded in
sidewalk made in New York City. Best & Co. department store
installed 15 coils made up from 4,530 feet of pipe through which
circulated with a mixture of about 67% water with 33% Zerex,
effective to prevent freezing to as low as -5 deg. F;
December 26, 1946 - first put to use during a blizzard.
1949 - Mervin
Morris opened family store in San Lorenzo, CA; used first name
to distinguish it from his father's Morris Department Store.;
architect spelled name with a "y", explained it gave name more
aesthetically pleasing appearance; invented mid-range department
store; first to offer customers revolving credit, advertise
sales in newspaper, focus on young families;
April 12, 1977 -
registered "Mervyn's" trademark first used June 16, 1954 (retail
department store services); 2007
- 177 stores.
1963 - Amancio
Ortega Gaona founded Confecciones Goa (his initials in reverse);
made bathrobes; 1975
- opened first Zara store on street in downtown A Coruna, Spain
(second largest city in Galicia in northwestern Spain); grew
into enormously popular chain of fashion stores;
1985 - created
Industrias de Diseno Textil Sociedad Anonima (Inditex Group) as
holding company (brands Zara, Massimo Dutti, Oysho, Zara Home,
Kiddy's Class, Tempe, Stradivarius, Pull and Bear/Often,
Bershka; owns 59.29%); December
1988 - opened first Zara store outside of Spain
(Oporto, Portugal); 1989 - opened store in New York;
1991 - launched
Pull & Bear, acquired 65% of Massimo Dutti Group;
1995 - acquired
100% of Massimo Dutti; 1998
- launched Bershka (retailer aimed at young women, teen girls);
1999 - acquired
Stradivarius (Group's fifth retailer);
2001 - launched Oysho (lingerie
retailer); 2004 -
opened 2,000th store (in Hong Kong), operated in 56 countries;
more than 14,000 employees.
May 15, 1992 -
Alexanders, New York department store chain, announced closing
of all 11 stores.
July 2002 - Only 53
single-location department stores remained in U.S.; 1993
- 281 single-location department stores generated collective
sales of $533.6 million. (Source: Chain Store Guide).
February 28, 2005
- Federated Department Stores acquired May Department Stores for
$17.5 billion; planned to expand Macy's brand name (replace
Marshall Field-Chicago, Filene's-Boston, Meier & Frank-
Portland, OR , Kaufmann's-Pittsburgh).
May 2, 2005
- Texas Pacific Group/Warburg Pincus acquired Neiman Marcus
Group for $5.1 billion.
August 30, 2005
- Federated Department Stores, Inc. completed $17 billion merger
with The May Department Stores Company; biggest acquisition in
department-store history; first national department store-chain
(end of independent department stores in home cities).
2005 - U.S.
Census Bureau estimated that department store sales have fallen
14 percent to $86.7 billion since 1999; sales in warehouse
chains, membership clubs have grown 128 percent; clothing stores
sales have grown 31 percent.
- Hudson's Bay Company acquired by The InterTech Group Inc.
(North Charleston, SC) for $1.1billion;
2008 - Anita Zucker (widow) became first woman to be
chief executive, or governor, in company’s 338-year history
July 30, 2006
- Marshall Field renamed Macy's.
September 30, 2006
- "Unwrapping Macy's", first of eight 30-minute reality TV shows
focused on a major American retailer, debuted on WE (Women's
Entertainment Network). behind-the-scenes look at how retailer
operates stores, selects merchandise, creates catalog, runs
events (Thanksgiving Day Parade); depicts daily life of
March 2007 -
Bon Ton Stores Inc., parent of Carson Pirie Scott department
stores, closed original downtown Chicago store because of
continuing operating losses; designed by Louis H. Sullivan,
store built in 1898-1899 for retail firm Schlesinger and Meyer;
1904 - expanded, sold to Carson Pirie Scott.
June 22, 2007
- Barneys New York, Inc. acquired from Jones Apparel (acquired
in 2004 for $400 million) by Istithmar, investment arm of Dubai
government, for $825 million.
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George Draper Dayton: A Man of Parts. (Minneapolis, MN:
B. B. Dayton, 527 p.). Dayton, George Draper, 1857-1938; Dayton
family; Dayton Corporation--History; Businessmen--United
States--Biography; Philanthropists--United States--Biography;
(Dayton's), Mary Firestone (2007).
Dayton’s Department Store. (Charleston, SC: Arcadia
Pub., 127 p.). Dayton’s (Department store)--History--Pictorial
works. Originally called Goodfellows; 1902
- real estate investor, banker George Draper Dayton became
silent partner; took over company; became vibrant
self-contained community (post office, newspaper, infirmary,
laundry, bakery, college); grew into neighboring states,
developed nation’s first indoor mall.
(Debenhams), Maurice Corina (1978).
Fine Silks and Oak Counters: Debenhams, 1778-1978.
(London, UK: Hutchinson Benham, 200 p.). Debenhams Ltd.
(De Gruchy's), Beth Lloyd; foreword by Frank
De Gruchy's: The History of Jersey's Department Store of
Distinction. De Gruchy (Firm)--History; Department
(Dillard's), Leon Joseph Rosenberg; with a
foreword by Sam Walton (1988).
Dillard's, The First Fifty Years. (Fayetteville, AR:
University of Arkansas Press, 141 p.). Dillard, William Thomas,
1914- ; Dillard's Department Stores -- History; Department
stores -- United States -- History; Businessmen -- United States
(Dupuis Freres), Josette Dupuis-Leman (2001).
Dupuis Frères, Le Magasin du Peuple: Plus d'un Siècle de
Fierté Québécoise. (Montreal, QU: Stanke, 290 p.). Dupuis
Frères limitée--History; Department
(Eaden Lilley & Co.), Ian Ormes (2000).
Eaden Lilley: 250 Years of Retailing. (Saffron Walden,
UK: W. Eaden Lilley & Co., 120 p.). Eaden Lilley & Co. --
(Eatons), Eugene Scribe (1919). Golden
Jubilee, 1869-1919: A Book To Commemorate the Fiftieth
Anniversary of the T. Eaton Co. Limited. (Toronto, ON: T.
Eaton Co., Ltd., 289 p.). T. Eaton Co. -- History; Department
stores -- Canada -- History.
(Eatons), George G. Nasmith (1923).
Timothy Eaton. (Toronto, ON: McClelland and Stewart, 312
p.). Eaton, Timothy, 1834-1907; Retail trade--Toronto. Special
edition - limited to four hundred copies.
(Eatons), Flora McCrea Eaton (1956).
Memory’s Wall, Autobiography. (Toronto, ON: Clarke,
Irwin, 214 p.). Wife of Eaton's Pesident Sir John Craig Eaton
(Timothy Eaton's youngest Son). Eaton, Flora McCrea; Eaton
family; Eaton, Sir John Craig; Eaton's Department Store.
(Eatons), Mary Etta Macpherson (1963).
Shopkeepers to a Nation: The Eatons. (Toronto, McClelland
and Stewart: Toronto, McClelland and Stewart, 122 p.). Eaton
(T.) Company, ltd. [from old catalog].
(Eatons), William Stephenson (1969).
The Store That Timothy Built. (Toronto, ON: McClelland
and Stewart, 255 p.). T. Eaton Co. -- History.
(Eatons), Eileen Sufrin (1982).
The Eaton Drive: The Campaign To Organize Canada's Largest
Department Store 1948 to 1952. (Toronto, ON: Fitzhenry
and Whiteside, 240 p.). T. Eaton Co. -- History; Retail,
Wholesale and Department Store Union. Local 1000 (Toronto,
Ont.); Retail trade -- Ontario -- Toronto -- Employees --
History -- 20th century; Labor unions -- Ontario -- Toronto --
History -- 20th century.
(Eatons), Joy L. Santink (1990).
Timothy Eaton and the Rise of His Department Store.
(Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 319 p.). Eaton,
Timothy, 1834-1907; Businesspeople--Canada--Biography;
(Eatons), Rod McQueen (1999).
The Eatons: The Rise and Fall of Canada's Royal Family.
(Toronto, ON: Stoddart, 322 p. [rev. ed.]). Eaton family; T.
Eaton Co.--History; Department stores--Canada--History.
(Eatons), Patricia Phenix (2002).
Eatonians: The Story of the Family Behind the Family.
(Toronto, ON: McClelland & Stewart, 312 p.). Eaton family;
Eaton's Department Store; Employees.
(Eatons), Russ Gourluck (2004).
A Store Like No Other: Eaton’s of Winnipeg. (Winnipeg :
Great Plains Publications: Winnipeg : Great Plains Publications,
208 p.). T. Eaton Co.--Manitoba--Winnipeg--History; T. Eaton
magasins--Manitoba--Winnipeg--Histoire. Icon for generations of
(Farmers' Trading Company Ltd. - founded
1909), Malcolm Kay (1954).
Inside Story of Farmers'; First Complete Record of the
Marvellous Growth of Laidlaw Leeds and the Farmers' Trading Co.,
Ltd., Auckland, N. Z. (Auckland, NZ: Framers Trading
Co., 335 p.). Farmers' Trading Company, ltd.; Laidlaw Leeds and
Company, Auckland, N.Z.
(Federated), John Rothchild (1991). Going
for Broke: How Robert Campeau Bankrupted the Retail Industry,
Jolted the Junk Bond Market, and Brought the Booming Eighties to
a Crashing Halt. (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 286 p.).
Campeau, Robert; Allied Stores Corporation; Federated Department
Stores; Leveraged buyouts; Department stores--Corrupt
practices--United States; Bond market.
(Filene's), Mary La Dame (1930).
The Filene Store; A Study of Employees’ Relation to Management
in a Retail Store. (New York, Russell Sage Foundation:
New York, Russell Sage Foundation, 541 p.). Filene’s, William,
Sons company; Filene Co-operative Association;
Management--Employee participation; Retail trade.
(Filene's), George E. Berkley (1998).
The Filenes. (Boston, MA: International Pocket Library,
291 p.). Filene's, Department Stores.
(Frederick & Nelson), Ann Wendell (2008).
Frederick & Nelson. (Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 128
p.). Wendell family has over 100 years of service to Frederick &
Nelson and parent store, Marshall Field & Company.
than just department store to people of Seattle; referred to as
F&N; established city’s retail core, led war-bond drive, acted
as civic booster, pioneered high level of benefits for its
workers; customer experience that made all difference.
(Georges Australia Ltd.), Keith Dunstan
The Store on the Hill. (Melbourne, Australia: Macmillan,
100 p.). Georges Australia Ltd.; Department
(Goldblatt's), Louis Goldblatt (1994).
Life Is a Game, Play To Win!!: Notes on the Game of Life by an
Immigrant Merchant, An Autobiography. (Chicago, IL:
Lindenhouse Books, 377 p.). Goldblatt, Louis, 1903- ;
Merchants--United States--Biography; Retail trade--United
(Goudchaux/Maison Blanche), Hans J. Sternberg, with James E.
Shelledy; foreword by Bobby Jindal (2009).
We Were Merchants: The Sternberg Family and the Story of
Goudchaux’s and Maison Blanche Department Stores.
(Baton Rouge, LA, Louisiana State University Press,
141p.). Chairman and co-CEO (with his brother, Josef) of
Goudchaux's/Maison Blanche Department Stores from 1965 to 1992;
Fred Jones Greer Endowed Chair at the Manship School of Mass
Communication (Louisiana State University). Sternberg, Hans J.,
1935-; Goudchaux/Maison Blanche (Firm) --History; Department
stores --Louisiana --History; Merchants --Louisiana
--Biography. Five generations of mercantile
extending to small shop in 18th-century Germany; 1939 - Erich
Sternberg bought Goudchaux's, transformed it from nondescript
apparel shop into department store; peak - 24 stores in
Louisiana and Florida, employed more than 8,000 people; early
1990s - sold business.
(Grands Magasins Decre), Andre´ Bovar; preface
de Andre´ Aumonier (1997). Emile Decre, Un Grand Commercant
Chretien. (Laval, FR: Siloe¨, 138 p.). Decre´, Emile,
1897-1973; Grands Magasins Decre´--History;
(Gump's), Carol Green Wilson (1965).
Gump's Treasure Trade: A Story of San Francisco. (New
York, NY: Crowell, 306 p.). S. & G. Gump Company, San Francisco;
(Gump's), Editor Gareth Esersky; contributing
writers, Nan Birmingham ... [et al.] (1991).
Gump's Since 1861: A San Francisco Legend. (San
Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books, 136 p.). Gump's (Department
store)--History; Department stores--California--San
(Halle Bros. Co.), James M. Wood (1987).
Halle's: Memoirs of a Family Department Store (1891-1982).
(Cleveland, OH: Geranium Press, 223 p.). Halle Bros.
Co.--History; Department stores--Ohio--Cleveland--History.
(Harris Company), Aimmee L. Rodrigueez,
Richard A. Hanks, and Robin S. Hanks (2008).
The Harris Company (Charleston, SC : Arcadia
Publishing,127 p.). Library Specialist; Former Archivist in the
Inland Empire; Graphic Artist. Department stores --California,
Southern --History; Buildings --California --San Bernardino
County --History. 'Harris Has It' - set
standard for quality merchandise, selection, personal service
for almost century.
(Paul Harris Retail Stores Inc.), Gerald Paul
with Victoria Barrett (2007).
My Business Life Cycle: How Innovation, Evolution, and
Determination Made Paul Harris Great. (West Lafayette,
IN: Purdue University Press, 111 p.). Founder of Paul Harris
Stores; Teaches Writing at Ball State University. Paul, Gerald,
1924- Harris Paul Retail Stores, Inc.--History;
Businesspeople--United States--Biography; Clothing trade--United
States; Fashion merchandising--United States.
U.S. culture, retail history, brand of
entrepreneurship. 1954 - started Paul Harris stores in
Indianapolis, grew chain to 303 stores; brought fashion,
comfort, style, functionality to millions of women in Midwest.
(Harrods), George Pottinger (1971).
The Winning Counter: Hugh Fraser and Harrods. (London,
UK: Hutchinson, 192 p.). Fraser, Hugh, Baron Fraser, 1903-1966;
Charles Henry Harrod
(Harrods), Tim Dale (1981).
Harrods: The Store and the Legend. (London, UK: Pan, 149
p.). Harrods Ltd.
(Harrods), Sean Callery (1991). Harrods,
Knightsbridge: The Story of Society's Favourite Store.
(London, UK: Ebury Press, 176 p.). Harrod's Stores,
Ltd.--History; Harrods Ltd.--History; Department
(Harzfeld's), Joe and Michele Boeckholt (2009).
Harzfeld's: A Brief History. (Charleston, SC
History Press, 142 p.). Department stores -- Missouri --
Kansas City -- History; Kansas City (Mo.) -- History;
Harzfeld's (Firm); Harzfeld's (Firm) -- History.
Founded in 1891 by Siegmund
Harzfeld, Ferdinand Siegel as Parisian Cloak
Company; 1959 - went public; 1972 - acquired for $3
million by Garfinckel, Brooks Brothers, Miller & Rhodes,
Inc. (acquired in 1981 by Allied Stores); 1984 - closed.
(Hertie Warenhaus und Kaufhaus), Friedrich W.
Ko¨hler (1997). Zur Geschichte der Warenha¨User: Seenot und
Untergang des Hertie-Konzerns. (Frankfurt am Main, Germany:
Haag + Herchen, 240 p.). Hertie Warenhaus und Kaufhaus--History;
Department stores--Germany--History; Trading
companies--Germany--History; Business failures--Germany--Case
(House of Fraser), Michael Moss and Alison
A Legend of Retailing: House of Fraser. (London, UK:
Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 384 p.). House of Fraser Holdings plc
-- History; Department stores -- Great Britain -- History.
(Hudson's), Jean Maddern Pitrone (1991).
Hudson's: Hub of America's Heartland. (West Bloomfield,
MI: Altwerger and Mandel Pub. Co., 201 p.). Hudson family; J.L.
Hudson Company--History; Hudson Motor Car Company--History;
Department stores--Michigan--Detroit--History; Automobile
industry and trade--United States--History.
(Hudson's Bay), Sir William Schooling (1920).
The Governor and Company of Adventurers of England Trading
into Hudson's Bay During Two Hundred and Fifty Years, 1670-1920.
(London, UK: The Hudson's Bay Company, 129 p.). Hudson's Bay
(Hudson's Bay), Douglas MacKay (1936).
The Honourable Company; A History of the Hudson’s Bay Company.
(Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill, 396 p.). Hudson’s Bay Company;
Fur trade--Canada; Northwest, Canadian--History.
(Hudson's Bay), W. Stewart Wallace. (1954).
The Pedlars from Quebec: And Other Papers on the Nor' westers.
(Toronto, ON: Ryerson Press, 101 p.). North West Company; Fur
(Hudson's Bay), Marjorie Wilkins Campbell
The North West Company. (New York, NY: St. Martin's
Press, 295 p.). North West Company.
(Hudson's Bay), Gordon C. Davidson (1967).
The North West Company. (New York, NY: Russell &
Russell, 349 p. [orig. pub. 1918]). North West Company (1967- );
Hudson's Bay Company; XY Company; Fur trade--Canada.
(Hudson's Bay), George Simpson; Edited with a
new introd. by Frederick Merk (1968).
Fur Trade and Empire; George Simpson's Journal Entitled Remarks
Connected with the Fur Trade in the Course of a Voyage from York
Factory to Fort George and Back to York Factory 1824-25, with
Related Documents. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University
Press, 370 p.). Simpson, George, Sir, 1786 or 7-1860; Hudson's
Bay Company; Fur trade--Northwest, Canadian--History; Northwest,
Canadian--Description and travel.
(Hudson's Bay), Lawrence Freiman (1978).
Don't Fall Off the Rocking Horse: An Autobiography.
(Toronto, ON: McClelland and Stewart, 199 p.). Freiman,
Lawrence, 1909- ; Businesspeople--Canada--Biography. Retailing
business A. J. Freiman, Ltd. was absorbed by the Hudson's Bay
Company in the early 1970s.
(Hudson's Bay), Peter C. Newman (1985-1991).
Company of Adventurers: Vol. 1. (New York, NY: Viking,
Vol. 1). Hudson's Bay Company; Fur trade--Northwest,
Canadian--History; Northwest, Canadian--History.
(Hudson's Bay), Peter C. Newman (1987).
Company of Adventurers:
Caesars of the Wilderness
. (New York, NY:
Viking, 480 p.). Hudson's Bay Company; Fur trade--Northwest,
Canadian--History; Northwest, Canadian--History.
(Hudson's Bay), Michael Payne (1989). The
Most Respectable Place in the Territory: Everyday Life in
Hudson's Bay Company Service, York Factory, 1788 to 1870.
(Ottawa, ON: National Historic Parks and Sites, Canadian Parks
Service, Environment Canada, 206 p.). Hudson's Bay
Company--History; Fur trade--Social aspects--Manitoba--York
Factory; Frontier and pioneer life--Northwest, Canadian; Fur
trade--Northwest, Canadian--History; York Factory
(Man.)--History; York Factory (Man.)--Social conditions.
(Hudson's Bay), Arthur J. Ray (1990).
The Canadian Fur Trade in the Industrial Age. (Toronto,
ON: University of Toronto Press, 283 p.). Hudson's Bay
Company--History; Fur trade--Canada--History; Indians of North
(Hudson's Bay), Peter C. Newman (1992).
Company of Adventurers:
Merchant Princes (Vol. 3). (New York, NY: Viking, 448
p.). Hudson's Bay Company; Fur trade--Northwest,
Canadian--History; Northwest, Canadian--History.
(Hudson's Bay), Isaac Cowie (1993).
The Company of Adventurers: A Narrative of Seven Years in the
Service of the Hudson's Bay Company during 1867-1874 on the
Great Buffalo Plains ...
(Lincoln, NB: University of Nebraska Press, 515 p. [orig.
pub. 1913]). Cowie, Isaac, b. 1848; Hudson's Bay Company; Fur
trade--Northwest, Canadian--History--19th century; Northwest,
Canadian--Description and travel.
(Hudson's Bay), Eleanor Stardom (1995).
A Stranger to the Fur Trade: Joseph Wrigley and the
Transformation of the Hudson's Bay Company, 1884-1891.
(Winnipeg, MB: Rupert's Land Research Centre, University of
Winnipeg, 109 p.). Wrigley, J.; Hudson's Bay
Company--History--19th century; Fur trade--Northwest,
Canadian--History--19th century; Northwest, Canadian--History.
(Hudson's Bay), Edith I. Burley (1997).
Servants of the Honourable Company: Work, Discipline, and
Conflict in the Hudson's Bay Company, 1770 - 1870.
(Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 319 p.). Hudson's Bay
Company -- Employees -- History; Industrial relations -- Canada
-- History; Fur trade -- Canada -- History.
(Hudson's Bay), Dorothy N. Morrison (1999).
Outpost: John McLoughlin and the Far Northwest.
(Portland, OR: Oregon Historical Society, 641 p.). McLoughlin,
John, 1784-1857; Hudson's Bay Company--Biography;
Pioneers--Oregon--Biography; Fur traders--Oregon--Biography; Fur
trade--Northwest, Pacific--History--19th century;
Oregon--History--To 1859; Northwest, Pacific--Biography.
(Hudson's Bay), Peter C. Newman (2000).
Empire of the Bay: The Company of Adventurers That Seized a
Continent. (New York, NY: Penguin Books, 612 p.).
Hudson's Bay Company--History; Fur trade--Canada--History;
(Hudson's Bay), Donna McDonald (2002).
Lord Strathcona: A Biography of Donald Alexander Smith.
(Tonawanda, NY: Dundurn Press, 600 p.). Strathcona and Mount
Royal, Donald Alexander Smith, Baron, 1820-1914; Hudson's Bay
Company--Biography; Canadian Pacific Railway Company--Biography;
Capitalists and financiers--Canada--Biography;
Canada--History--1867-1914--Biography; Canada--Officials and
(Hutzler's), Michael J. Lisicky; Foreword by Jacques Kelly
Hutzler's: Where Baltimore Shops. (Charleston, SC:
The History Press, 160 p.). Hutzler's (Firm) -- History;
Department stores -- Maryland -- Baltimore -- History; Baltimore
(Md.) -- History. Hutzler Brother's Company, part of
Baltimore retail, cultural scene for 132 years; rise of
family-run department store, growth into Towson, other Maryland
cities, eventual passing; role that Hutzler's played in lives of
(Jacome's Department Store), June Webb-Vignery
(1989). Jacome's Department Store: Business and Culture in
Tucson, Arizona, 1896-1980. (New York, NY: Garland Pub., 209
p.). Jacome's Department Store--History; Department
stores--Arizona--Tucson--History; Mexican American business
(Fletcher Jones), Fletcher Jones with a
foreword by Sir Edmund Herring (1976).
Not by Myself: The Fletcher Jones Story. (Warrnambool,
Australia: The Author, 240 p.). Jones, Fletcher, 1895- ;
Businesspeople--Australia--Biography; Clothing trade--Australia;
(John Lewis Partnership) Keith Bradley and
Experiment in Industrial Democracy: A Study of the John Lewis
Partnership. (London, UK: Faber, 261 p.). John Lewis
Partnership, ltd.; Profit-sharing--Great Britain--Case studies.
Spedan Lewis - John
(John Lewis Partnership), Ed. Hugh Macpherson,
John Spedan Lewis 1885-1963. (London, UK: John Lewis
Partnership, 222 p.). Lewis, John Spedan; John Lewis
Partnership, ltd. Centenary tribute to John Spedan Lewis by some
of his contemporaries.
(John Lewis Partnership), Keith Bradley and
Simon Taylor (1992).
Business Performance in the Retail Sector: The Experience of the
John Lewis Partnership. (New York, NY: Oxford University
Press, 194 p.). John Lewis Partnership--History; Retail
trade--Great Britain--Case studies; Profit-sharing--Great
(Jordan Marsh), Richard H. Edwards (1950).
Tales of the Observer. (Boston, MA: Jordan Marsh Co.,
116 p.). Jordan, Marsh & Co., Boston.
(KaDeWe), Antonia Meiners (2007).
100 Jahre KaDeWe. (Berlin, Germany: Nicolaische
Verlagsbuchhandlung GmbH, 168 p.). Jandorf, Adolf; KaDeWe;
Retail trade--Germany--History; Department
stores--Berlin--History. KaDeWe is to Berlin as Galeries
Lafayette is to Paris and Harrod's is to London.
(Kirkaldie & Stains), Julia Millen (2000).
Kirkaldie & Stains: A Wellington Story. (Wellington, N.Z.:
Bridget Williams Books, 240 p.). Kirkaldie & Stains--History;
Department stores--New Zealand--Wellington--History.
(Leonard's), Victoria Buenger and Walter L.
Texas Merchant: Marvin Leonard & Fort Worth. (College
Station, TX: Texas A&M Press, 245 p.). Leonard, Marvin; Leonards
Department Stores--History; Department stores--United
States--History; Businesspeople--United States--Biography; Fort
(Liberty's), Alison Adburgham (1975).
Liberty's: A Biography of a Shop. (London, UK: Allen &
Unwin, 160 p.). Liberty's (Store).
(Lord & Taylor), The Company (2001). The
History of Lord & Taylor, 1826-2001. (New York, NY: Lord &
Taylor, p. [rev. 1926 ed.]). Lord & Taylor; Retail
(Macy's), Edward Hungerford (1922).
The Romance of a Great Store. (New York, NY: R.M.
McBride & Company, 281 p.). Macy's (Firm).
Hussey (R. H.) Macy -
founder of Macy's
glassware, china in R. H. Macy's starting in 1873;
bought company from Macy family in 1896; went down with
Titanic in 1912;
(Macy's), E. C. Riegel (1928).
Barnum and Bunk. (New York, NY: The Riegel Corporation
of New York, 147 p.). Macy’s (Firm); Credit.
(Macy's), Ralph M. Hower (1943).
History of Macy's of New York, 1858-1919; Chapters in the
Evolution of the Department Store. (Cambridge, MA:
Harvard University Press, 500 p.). Macy's (Firm).
(Macy's), Margaret Case Harriman (1958).
And the Price Is Right. (Cleveland, OH: World Pub. Co.,
318 p.). Macy's (Firm).
(Macy's), Curtis S. Johnson (1964).
The Indomitable R. H. Macy. (New York,. NY:
Vantage Press, 215 p.). Macy, Rowland Hussey, 1822-1877.
America's First Lady Boss: A Wisp of a Girl, Macy's, and Romance.
(Norwalk, CT: Silvermine Publishers, 164 p.). La Forge, Margaret
Swain (Getchell) 1841-1880; Macy's (Firm).
(Macy's), Isadore Barmash (1989).
Macy's for Sale. (London, UK: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 172
p.). Macy's (Firm); Leveraged buyouts--United States.
(Macy's), Jeffrey A. Trachtenberg (1996).
The Rain on Macy's Parade: How Greed, Ambition, and Folly Ruined
America's Greatest Store. (New York, NY: Times Books,
274 p.). Macy's (Firm); Leveraged buyouts--United States.
(I. Magnin), Devin Thomas Frick (2000). I.
Magnin & Co.: A California Legacy. (Garden Grove, CA: Park
Place Press, 117 p.). I. Magnin & Co.--History; Department
(I. Magnin), James Thomas Mullane (2006). A
Store To Remember. (San Ramon, CA: Falcon Books, 144 p.). I.
Magnin & Co.--History. How I. Magnin came
to be cultural icon, geographic landmark.
(Marks and Spencer Ltd.), Goronwy Rees (1969).
St Michael: A History of Marks and Spencer. (London, UK:
Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 261 p.). Marks and Spencer ltd.
(Marks and Spencer Ltd.), Israel Sieff (1970).
Memoirs. (London, UK: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 214 p.).
Sieff, Israel Moses, Baron Sieff, 1889- ; Marks and Spencer
ltd.; Zionists--Great Britain--Biography.
(Marks and Spencer Ltd.), Asa
Marks & Spencer 1884 - 1984: A Centenary History.
(London, UK: Octopus Books, 128 p.). Marks and Spencer
ltd.--History; Department stores--England--History.
(Marks and Spencer ltd.), K.K. Tse (1985).
Marks & Spencer: Anatomy of Britain's Most Efficiently Managed
Company. (New York, NY: Pergamon Press, 239 p.). Marks
and Spencer ltd.
(Marks and Spencer ltd.), Marcus Sieff (1988).
Don't Ask the Price: The Memoirs of the President of Marks &
Spencer. (New York, NY: HarperCollins, 354 p.). Marks
and Spencer ltd. -- Biography; Businessmen -- Great Britain --
Biography; Great Britain Multiple shops Marks & Spencer (Firm)
Sieff, Marcus Biographies.
(Marks and Spencer Ltd.), Paul
Bookbinder; foreword by Lord Sieff of Brimpton (1989). Marks
& Spencer: The War Years, 1939-1945. (London, UK: Century
Benham, 144 p.). Marks and Spencer ltd.--History; World War,
1939-1945--Great Britain; Department stores--Great
(Marks and Spencer Ltd.), Baron
Marcus Sieff (1990).
Marcus Sieff on Management: The Marks & Spencer Way.
(London, UK: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 189 p.). Marks and Spencer
(Marks and Spencer ltd.), Judi Bevan (2001).
The Rise and Fall of Marks & Spencer. (London, UK:
Profile Books, 269 p.). Marks and Spencer ltd.; Department
stores--Great Britain--History; Clothing trade--Great
Britain--History; Chain stores--Great Britain; Business
(Marks and Spencer Ltd.), Rachel Worth (2007).
Fashion for the People: A History of Clothing at Marks & Spencer.
(New York, NY: Berg, 224 p.). Principal Lecturer in Fashion
Studies (Arts Institute at Bournemouth). Marks & Spencer
plc--History; Clothing trade--Great Britain--History.
Fashion to masses; 1920s - brought
fashion to High Street; 1970s - company's contribution to
British, international fashion.
(Marks & Spencer), Helen Chislett (2009).
Marks in Time: 125 Years of Marks & Spencer. (London,
UK: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 224 p.). Journalist. Chain stores --
Great Britain -- History; Clothing trade -- Great Britain --
History; Marks and Spencer ltd -- History. History, influence,
activity, success of national treasure; technical innovations, democratisation of fashion, power of advertising (M&S can
predict what high percentage of population will eat in any given
week), war years, revolution of mass-produced food, ecommerce,
customers, staff, social history (M&S archive has bigger
collection of utility clothing than Victoria & Albert).
(Marshall Field - founded 1852), John W.
The Marshall Fields: A Study in Wealth. (New York, NY:
E.P. Dutton, 320 p.). Marshall Field (1835-1906), Marshall Field
(1893-), Marshall Field & Company.
(Marshall Field), Emily Kimbrough (1952).
Through Charley's Door. (New York, NY: Harper, 273 p.).
Marshall Field & Company.
(Marshall Field), Lloyd Wendt and Herman Kogan
Give the Lady What She Wants! ... The Story of Marshall Field &
Company. (Chicago, IL: Rand McNally, 384 p.). Marshall
Field & Company.
(Marshall Field), Robert W. Twyman (1976).
History of Marshall Field & Co., 1852-1906. (New York,
NY: Arno Press, 249 p. [Reprint of 1954 ed.]). Marshall Field &
(Marshall Field), Axel Madsen (2002).
The Marshall Fields. (New York, NY: Wiley, 367 p.).
Field family; Field, Marshall, 1834-1906 --Family; Marshall
Field & Company; Businesspeople--United States--Biography;
(Marshall Field), Gayle Soucek (2010).
Marshall Field's: The Store that Helped Build Chicago.
(Charleston, SC: History Press, 155 p.). Retail trade --
Illinois -- Chicago -- History; Merchants -- Illinois -- Chicago
-- Biography; Field, Marshall, 1834-1906. Chicago (Ill.) --
Economic conditions; Chicago (Ill.) -- Biography; Marshall
Field's (Department store) -- History.
(Mercantile Stores), William A. Newcomb
(1975). Mercantile Stores Company, Inc.: A Profile of a
Growing Retail Enterprise. (Wilmington, DE: Mercantile
Stores Co., 131 [p.). Mercantile Stores Company; Department
(Mervyn’s), Mervin G. Morris (1984).
Mervyn’s with a "y": A Story of Retailing.
(Indianapolis, IN: Curtis Pub. Co., 96 p.). Morris, Mervin G.;
Mervyn’s (Dept. store)--History; Department stores--United
States--History; Department stores--California--History.
(Miller & Rhoads), George T. Bryson and Earle Dunford (2008).
Under the Clock: The Story of Miller & Rhoads.
(Charleston, SC: History Press, 128 p.). Former 40-year
Employee. Miller & Rhoads; Department stores --Virginia
-Richmond --History; Department store Santas --Virginia
History of Miller & Rhoads department
store, 1885 - 1990.
(Muir & Mirrielees), Harvey Pitcher (1994).
Muir & Mirrielees: The Scottish Partnership That Became a
Household Name in Russia. (Cromer, UK: Swallow House,
201 p.). Mirrielees, Archibald, 1797-1877; Muir, Andrew,
1817-1899; Muir & Mirrielees (Firm); TsUM (Firm);
Department stores--Russia--History; Retail
(Myer Stores Ltd.), Ambrose Pratt; with a
foreward by Robert Menzies (1978).
Sidney Myer: A Biography. (Melbourne,AU: Quartet Books
Australia, 180 p.). Myer, Sidney Baevski, 1878-1934; Department
(Myer Stores Ltd.), Michael Liffman (2004).
Tradition of Giving: Seventy-Five Years of Myer Family
Philanthropy. (Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University
Press, 248 p.). Myer, Sidney Baevski, 1878-1934; Myer
Foundation; Philanthropists --Australia --Melbourne (Vic.);
Endowments --Australia --Melbourne (Vic.); Myers family.
History of Sidney Myer Fund, Myer
Foundation, two arms of one of largest philanthropic
organizations in Australia; altruistic ethic of three
generations of Myer family, historical and social context of
Australian philanthropy (privately donated wealth plays minor
role in building Australia's major civic, welfare, cultural
institutions, compared to U.S.); nature, shaping, consequence of
philanthrophy in Australia's market-driven, pluralistic society.
(Myer Stores Ltd.), Stella M. Barber (2005).
Sidney Myer: A Life, A Legacy. (Prahran, Vic.: Hardie
Grant Books, 259 p.). Myer, Sidney Baevski, 1878-1934; Myer
Emporium; Retail trade--Australia--Biography;
Life of courage, conviction, great passion
(Myer Stores Ltd.), Sue Ebury (2008).
The Many Lives of Kenneth Myer. (Carlton, Vic.:
Miegunyah Press, 621 p.). Research Associate in the
History Department (Hong Kong University). Myer, Ken
(Kenneth Baillieu), 1921-1992; Myer, Sidney Baevski,
1878-1934; Myer Emporium; Executives --Australia
--Biography; Department stores --Australia.
From groundwork laid by his father
for family business, purportedly illegitimate birth in
California, unfortunate role as executive chairman for
family business, scandalous divorce and remarriage to
much younger Japanese woman; immigration, anti-Semitism,
acculturation in 20th-century Australia.
(Neiman Marcus), Stanley Marcus
Minding the Store; A Memoir. (Boston, MA:
Little, Brown, 383 p.). Marcus, Stanley, 1905- ;
(Neiman Marcus), Stanley Marcus (1979).
Quest for the Best. (New York, NY: Viking, 227 p.).
Marcus, Stanley, 1905- ; Businesspeople--Biography; Commercial
products; Quality of products.
(Neiman Marcus), Stanley Marcus (1995).
The Viewpoints of Stanley Marcus: A Ten-Year Perspective.
(Denton, TX: University of North Texas Press, 261 p.). Stanley
Marcus. Notes: A compilation of the weekly articles on various
subjects written by S. Marcus for the Dallas morning news.
Stanley Marcus from A-Z: Viewpoints, Volume II. (Denton,
TX: University of North Texas Press, 242 p.). Stanley Marcus.
Notes: Additional newspaper articles to those published in
author's The viewpoints of Stanley Marcus in 1995.
(NEXT plc), David Jones; Foreword by Philip
NEXT TO ME: Luck, Leadership and Living with Parkinson's.
(London, UK: Nicholas Brealey Publishing, 256 p.). Chairman of
NEXT plc, Deputy Chairman of Wm. Morrison. Jones, David; NEXT
plc; Parkinson's Disease. Turnaround of
NEXT Plc while battling Parkinson’s Disease.
(Nordstrom), Robert Spector and Patrick D.
The Nordstrom Way: The inside Story of America's #1 Customer
Service Company. (New York, NY: Wiley, 244 p. [2nd
ed.]). Nordstrom (Firm); Customer services--United States;
Department stores--United States.
John W. Nordstrom -
(Nordstrom), Robert Spector (2001).
Lessons from the Nordstrom Way: How Companies Are Emulating the
# 1 Customer Service Company. (New York, NY: Wiley, 226
p.). Customer services--United States.
(Nordstrom), Bruce A. Nordstrom (2007).
Leave It Better Than You Found It. (Seattle, WA:
Documentary Media, 248 p.). Chairman, Nordstrom, Grandson of
Nordstrom Founder. Nordstrom, Bruce A., 1933- ; Nordstrom
(Firm)--History; Department stores--United States--History;
Family-owned business enterprises--United States--Case studies;
(Pizitz), Tim Hollis (2010).
Pizitz: Your Store. (Charleston, SC History Press,
125 p.). Department stores -- Alabama -- History; Pizitz
(Department store). 1899 - Louis Pizitz opened Louis Pizitz Dry
Goods Co. in downtown Birmingham, AL; established tradition of
giving freely to local causes; December 1986 - acquired by
McRae's; 2005 - McRae's acquired by Belk Department Stores
(Rich's), Henry Givens Baker (1953). Rich's
of Atlanta; The Story of a Store Since 1867. (Atlanta, GA:
Division of Research, School of Business Administration, Atlanta
Division, University of Georgia, 411 p.). Rich's (Retail store);
Department stores; Marketing.
(Rich's), Celestine Sibley (1990).
Dear Store: An Affectionate Portrait of Rich's.
(Atlanta, GA: Peachtree Publishers, 143 p. [orig. pub. 1967]).
Rich's (Retail store)--History; Department
(Rinascente S.p.A.), Ciro Poggiali (1945).
Ferdinando Bocconi, Mercurio in Finanziera.
(Milan, IT: Editoriale Domus, 280 p.). Bocconi, Ferdinando,
(Rinascente S.p.A.), Franco Amatori (1989).
Proprietà e Direzione: La Rinascente, 1917-1969. (Milano,
IT: F. Angeli, 328 p.). Professor of Economic History (Bocconi
University, Milan). Rinascente (Firm)--History; Department
(Rinascente S.p.A.), Enrico Resti (1990).
Ferdinando Bocconi: Dai Grandi Magazzini
all'Universita. (Milan, IT: EGEA, 124 p.). Bocconi,
Ferdinando, 1836-1908; Universita commerciale Luigi Bocconi
--History; Merchants --Italy --Milan --History; Department
stores --Italy --Milan --History.
(Rinascente S.p.A.), Rodolfo
Francesconi (1994). Azienda come Cultura: La Rinascente.
(Milano, IT: Baldini & Castoldi, 167 p.). Rinascente (Firm);
Rinascente (Firm); Corporate culture--Italy--Case studies.
(Jacob Rothberger), Andreas Lehne; mit
Beitra¨gen von Gerhard Meissl und Edith Hann (1990). Wiener
Warenha¨user, 1865-1914. (Wien, Austria: Franz Deuticke, 195
p.). Jacob Rothberger (Firm)--History; Department
Architecture--Designs and plans; Industrial
archaeology--Austria--Vienna; Vienna (Austria)--Buildings,
structures, etc.; Vienna (Austria)--Commerce--History--19th
century; Vienna (Austria)--Commerce--History--20th century.
(Saan Stores Ltd. - opened 1947 by Sam and
as a war surplus
store - Surplus Army, Airforce, Navy), Albert D. Cohen (2002).
The Saan Story: Triangle of Success. (Winnipeg, MB: Park
Mark Pub., 208 p.). Cohen, Albert D. (Albert Diamond), 1914- ;
Cohen family; Saan Stores Ltd.--History; Department
(Sakowitz Department Store), Jane Wolfe
Blood Rich: When Oil Billions, High Fashion, and Royal
Intimacies Are Not Enough. (Boston, MA: Little, Brown,
346 p.). Sakowitz, Robert; Wyatt, Lynn Sakowitz; Sakowitz
Department Store--History; Family-owned business
enterprises--Texas--History; Business failures--Southwestern
(Schocken & Co.), Anthony David (2003).
The Patron: A Life of Salman Schocken, 1887-1958. (New
York, NY: Metropolitan Books, 464.). Schocken, Salman; retail
trade--Department Stores; publishing.
(Selfridges), Lindy Woodhead (2007).
Shopping, Seduction & Mr Selfridge.
(London, UK, Profile, 310
p.). International Fashion Public Relations (25 years).
Selfridge, H. Gordon (Harry Gordon), 1856-1947; Selfridges
(Firm); Businessmen --United States --Biography; Retail trade
--Great Britain --History. What happened
before curtain fell on Harry Gordon Selfridge (1856-1947):
father of modern retailing, philanderer, gambler, dandy greatest
showman consumer world has ever known; learned trade in nascent
metropolis of Chicago; 1907 - moved to London; 1939 - ousted
after losing millions at gaming tables in France.
Harry Gordon Selfridge
(Simpsons Limited), C.L. Burton (1952).
A Sense of Urgency: Memoirs of a Canadian Merchant.
(Toronto, ON: Clarke, Irwin, 363 p.). Simpsons Limited.
(Simpsons Limited), G. Allan Burton (1986).
A Store of Memories. (Toronto, ON: McClelland and
Stewart, 330 p.). Burton, G. Allan, 1915- ; Simpsons Limited --
Biography; Businessmen -- Canada -- Biography; Directors of
corporations -- Canada -- Biography.
(A. T. Stewart and Company), Stephen N. Elias
Alexander T. Stewart: The Forgotten Merchant Prince.
(Westport, CT: Praeger, 172 p.). Stewart, Alexander Turney,
1803-1876; Merchants--New York (State)--New York--Biography;
Retail trade--New York (State)--New York--History--19th century.
(A. T. Stewart and Company), Wayne Fanebust;
foreword by John Ellis Kordes (2005).
The Missing Corpse: Grave Robbing a Gilded Age Tycoon.
(Westport, CT: Praeger, 274 p.). Stewart, Alexander Turney,
1803-1876 --Death and burial; Robbery investigation--New York
(State)--New York--History--19th century; Grave robbing--New
York (State)--New York--History--19th century; Body
snatching--New York (State)--New York--History--19th century;
Merchants--New York (State)--New York--Biography; Rich
people--New York (State)--New York--Social life and
customs--19th century. November 7, 1878 -
body of the Merchant of Manhattan stolen; one of the biggest
police investigations in the New York City's history; body never
(Strawbridge & Clothier), Alfred Lief (1968).
Family Business: A Century in the Life and Times of
Strawbridge & Clothier. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 343 p.).
Strawbridge & Clothier.
(Strawbridge & Clothier), Alfred Lief and
Frank R. Veale (1981). Family Business:
Strawbridge & Clothier, the Momentous Seventies. (New York,
NY: McGraw-Hill, 224 p.). Strawbridge & Clothier.
(Strawbridge & Clothier), Frank
R. Veale (1991). Family Business: Strawbridge & Clothier: The
Triumphant Eighties 1980-1989. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill).
Strawbridge & Clothier.
(Hermann Tietz), Georg Tietz (1965).
Hermann Tietz: Geschichte einer Familie und ihrer Warenha¨User /
Berichtet von Georg Tietz; with the compliments of Leo Baek
Institute. (Stuttgart, Germany: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt,
212 p.). Hermann Tietz (Firm); Hertie Waren- und Kaufhaus GmbH.
(Wanamaker), Russell H. Conwell (1924).
The Romantic Rise of a Great American. (New York, NY:
Harper & Brothers, 225 p.). Wanamaker, John, 1838-1922.
John Wanamaker (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/
(Wanamaker), Herbert Adams Gibbons (1926).
John Wanamaker Part 1. (New York, NY: Harper & Brothers,
472 p.). Wanamaker, John, 1838-1922.
(Wanamaker), Herbert Adams Gibbons (1926).
John Wanamaker Part 2. (New York, NY: Harper & Brothers,
564 p.). Wanamaker, John, 1838-1922.
(Wanamaker), Joseph H. Appel (1970). The
Business Biography of John Wanamaker, Founder and Builder;
America's Merchant Pioneer from 1861 to 1922; with glimpses of
Rodman Wanamaker and Thomas B. Wanamaker. (New York, NY:
AMS Press, 471 p. [orig. pub. 1930]). Wanamaker, John,
1838-1922; Wanamaker, Rodman, 1863-1928; Wanamaker, Thomas
(Wanamaker), William Allen Zulker (1993).
John Wanamaker: King of Merchants. (Wayne, PA:
Eaglecrest Press, 236 p.). Wanamaker, John, 1838-1922; Bethany
Presbyterian Church (Philadelphia, Pa); John Wanamaker
(Firm)--History; Businesspeople--United States--Biography;
(Wanamaker), Herbert Ershkowitz (1999).
John Wanamaker: Philadelphia Merchant. (Conshohocren,
PA: Combined Pub., 227 p.). Wanamaker, John, 1838-1922.; John
(Wanamaker), Michael J. Lisicky (2010).
Wanamaker's: Meet Me at the Eagle. (Charleston, SC:
History Press, 157 p.). Department stores -- Pennsylvania --
Philadelphia -- History; John Wanamaker (Firm) -- History.
(Whiteley's), Richard S. Lambert (1938).
The Universal Provider; A Study of William Whiteley and the Rise
of the London Department Store. (London, UK: G. G. Harrap &
Co. Ltd., 276 p.). Whiteley, William, 1831-1907; Retail
(Whiteley's), Linda Stratmann (2004).
Whiteley's Folly: The Life and Death of a Salesman.
(Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 288 P.). Whiteley,
William, 1831-1907; Retail trade--England--London. Harrods of
(Woodward & Lothrop), ed. Martha C. Guilford
(1955). From Founders to Grandsons; The Story of Woodward &
Lothrop. (Washington, DC: R.H. Darby Print. Co., 215 p.).
Department stores -- Washington (D.C.). Published in
Commemoration of its Seventy-Fifth Anniversary.
(Woodward Stores Limited), Douglas E. Harker
The Woodwards: The Story of a Distinguished British Columbia
Family, 1850-1975. (Vancouver, BC: Mitchell Press, 316
p.). Woodward family; Woodward Stores Limited.
(Wuhan Department Group Co. Ltd.), Bingxin Hu;
translated from the Chinese by Chengchi Wang (2004).
Breaking Grounds: The Journal of a Chinese Top Woman Manager in
Retail. (Dumont, NJ: Homa & Sekey Books, 256 p.). Former
General Manager (Chinese equivalent of a CEO) of the Wuhan
Department Group Co., Ltd.; Executive General Manager of the
Wuhan Plaza Management Co., Ltd. Current Executive President for
Greater China of the Hong Kong Goldlion Group, and General
Manager of Goldlion (China) Co., Ltd. Hu, Bingxin, 1950- ;
Businesswomen--China--Biography; Shopping centers--China--Wuhan;
english_titles/hu_bingxin/Hu Bingxin Small.jpg)
(Zara Ltd.), Enrique Badía (2009).
Zara and Her Sisters: The Story of the World's Largest Clothing
Retailer. (Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 300
p.). Ortega Gaona, Amancio, 1936-; Zara Ltd.; Fashion
merchandising --Case studies. Best known Spanish brand at
international level; secrets behind Zara's success; show Amancio Ortega
Gaona made Zara global market leader
in fashion; how Zara balanced global standardization, integration mandates
with need to adapt to local markets where their customers, other
Amancio Ortega Gaona
(ZCMI), Martha Sonntag Bradley (1991).
ZCMI, America's First Department Store. (Salt Lake City,
UT: ZCMI, 202 p.). Zion's Co-operative Mercantile
Institution--History; Department stores--West (U.S.)--History.
Susan Porter Benson (1986).
Counter Cultures: Saleswomen, Managers, and Customers in
American Department Stores, 1890-1940. (Urbana, IL:
University of Illinois Press, 322 p.). Department stores --
United States -- History; Department stores -- United States --
Employees -- History; Women clerks (Retail trade) -- United
States -- History.
Nan Tillson Birmingham (1978).
Store. (New York, NY: Putnam, 365 p.). Department
Colin N. Crisswell (1981).
The Taipans, Hong Kong's Merchant Princes. (New York,
NY: Oxford University Press, 249 p.). Merchants--China--Hong
Kong--History; Hong Kong (China)--Commerce--History.
ed. Geoffrey Crossick and Serge Jaumain
Cathedrals of Consumption: The European Department Store,
1850-1939. (Brookfield, VT: Ashgate, p.). Department
stores--Europe, Western--History--19th century; Department
stores--Europe, Western--History--20th century. Series:
Historical urban studies.
Joseph Devorkin (1987). Great Merchants of
early New York: "The Ladies' Mile". (New York, NY: Society
for the Architecture of the City, 101 p.). Merchants--United
John William Ferry (1960). A History of the
Department Store. (New York, NY: Macmillan, 387 p.).
Leon Harris with a new foreword by Oscar
Handlin and a new introduction by Kenneth Libo (1994).
Merchant Princes: An Intimate History of Jewish Families Who
Built Great Department Stores. (New York, NY: Kodansha
International, 411 p.; orig. pub. 1979). Biographer and
Department Store Executive. Jews--United States--Biography;
Merchants, Jewish--United States--Biography; Department
stores--United States--History; United States--Biography.
Robert Hendrickson (1979).
The Grand Emporiums: The Illustrated History of America's Great
Department Stores. (New York, NY: Stein and Day, 488
p.). Department stores--United States--History.
Max Hess, Jr. (1952).
Every Dollar Counts; The Story of the American Department Store.
(New York, NY: Fairchild Publications, 166 p.). Department
stores -- United States.
Rupert Hodder (1996).
Merchant Princes of the East: Cultural Delusions, Economic
Success, and the Overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia.
(New York, NY: Wiley, 333 p.). China--Commerce--Asia,
Southeastern; Merchants--Asia, Southeastern; Success in
business--Asia, Southeastern; Chinese--Asia,
Southeastern--Economic conditions; Chinese--Asia,
Southeastern--Social conditions; Chinese--Asia,
Southeastern--Societies, etc.; Asia,
Bill Lancaster (1995).
The Department Store: A Social History.
(New York, NY: Leicester University Press, 212 p.). Department
stores--Great Britain--History; Industrial relations--Great
Britain--History; Department stores--Social aspects--Great
Helen Laurenson (2005).
Going Up, Going Down: The Rise and Fall of the Department Store.
(Auckland, NZ: Auckland University Press, 150 p.). Department
stores--New Zealand--Auckland--History; Retail trade--New
confident presence in 1920s to rapid decline in 1960s.
William Leach (1993).
Land of Desire: Merchants, Power, and the Rise of a New American
Culture. (New York, NY: Pantheon, 510 p.). Department
stores--United States--History; Sales promotion--United
States--History; Department stores--Social aspects--United
States--History; Consumer behavior--United States--History;
United States--Commercial policy--History.
Richard Longstreth (2010).
The American Department Store Transformed, 1920-1960.
(New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 352 p.). Professor of
American Civilization and Director of the Graduate Program in
Historic Preservation (George Washington University). Department
stores --United States --History --20th century.
Development, evolution of department
stores from local, urban institutions to suburban entities in
nation’s 60 largest cities; changes in business
practices, shopping patterns, design approaches, urban
structure; how stores adapted to dramatic
economic, urban developments, challenges from
retail competitors on national level; role they played in
defining America’s cities.
Bettina O’Neil Lyons (2008).
Zeckendorfs and Steinfelds: Merchant Princes of the American
Southwest. (Tucson, AZ: Arizona Historical Society,
416 p.). Zeckendorf, Louis, 1838-; Steinfeld, Albert, 1854-1935;
Steinfeld, Albert, 1854-1935 --Family; L. Zeckendorf & Co.
--History; Albert Steinfeld & Co. --History; Department stores
--Arizona --History; Businessmen --Arizona --Biography.
times of the Zeckendorfs and Steinfelds, intertwined with
economic development of Southwest; 130 years of mercantile
enterprise; men and women who laid business foundations, set
social tone of Arizona and New Mexico for much of 19th, 20th
Edited by Kerrie L. MacPherson (1998).
Asian Department Stores. (Honolulu, HI: University of
Hawaii Press, 309 p.). Department Stores.
Tom Mahoney and Leonard Sloane (1974).
The Great Merchants; America's Foremost Retail Institutions and
the People Who Made Them Great. (New York, NY: Harper &
Row, 413 p.). Retail trade--United States; Merchants--United
Frank McConnell Mayfield (1949).
The Department Store Story. (New York, NY: Fairchild
Publications, 260 p.). Department stores.
Hrant Pasdermadjian (1954). The Department
Store, Its Origins, Evolution, and Economics. (London, UK:
Newman Books, 217 p.). Department stores.
Phillip J. Reilly (1966).
Old Masters of Retailing. (New York, NY: Fairchild
Publications, 210 p.). Retail trade; Department stores.
Jesse Rainsford Sprague, with an introduction
by John Allen Murphy (1928). The Making of a Merchant.
(New York, NY: Morrow, 209 p.). Retail trade; Department stores;
Jan Whitaker (2006).
Service and Style: How the American Department Store Fashioned
the Middle Class. (New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press, 352
p.). Department stores--United States--History--20th century;
Middle class--United States--History--20th century; Department
stores--Social aspects--United States--History--20th century.
Author recreates days of downtown
department stores (prime time: 1890s through 1960s); grew, why
they declined, how they responded to, shaped society around
Business History Links
Center for Retailing Studies (Texas A &
The Center supports and promotes retailing through student and
executive programs, resources and service.
Center for Retail Management
The mission of the Center is to improve the marketing
capabilities of the retailing industry. To achieve this, the
Center develops and applies new methods and tools to help
retailers provide greater value to their customers. In turn, the
Center works with manufacturers to help them better understand
retailer goals and objectives, and to develop marketing programs
that deliver greater value to retailers.
The History of Department Stores
History of America told through the department store – as
reflected in its windows, fashion shows, and bargain tables.
Department stores were, in their prime (1890s through 1960s),
stewards of taste, circus impresarios, tourist sites, civic
centers, women’s clubs, urban landmarks, and places where
customers could spend the day and buy anything from an ironing
board to a Dior original – or nothing at all. They displayed,
promoted, sometimes produced and sold a wide range of
merchandise, particularly style goods such as clothing and home
furnishings. They grew, declined, responded to and shaped the
society around them.
E. N. Jenckes Store Museum
Built in 1833, the Jenckes Store was operated for generations by
the same family and was a classic example of a small town
general store; served almost every need anyone would have at the
time, from furniture to grains, fabrics, foods, baskets, tools
and much more. The train would arrive once or twice a week with
supplies and alternate days would be reserved for deliveries
around town by horse and carriage; stocked today as it would
have been a century ago.
The Magnificent, the Merry and
the Mundane: The Display Windows of Eaton's Department Store
This exhibit explores department store
display windows, which "have been central to Canadian retailing
since Timothy Eaton built Canada's first super-size department
store in the 1880s." Topics include the history of Eaton's
(founded as T. Eaton Company by Timothy Eaton), displays
inspired by royalty, Christmas windows, and other window display
trends through the history of the store. From the Archives of
The Wonderful World of the Department
Store in Historical Perspective
May 10, 2008 - Robert D. Takillia, Professor of Marketing
(University of Quebec at Montreal). Two objectives: 1) provide
short summary of what department store is all about and its
historical in marketing, in society and the world in general; 2)
to provide social and other historical researchers with most
comprehensive and complete reference list on the department
store ever compiled.