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June 5, 1723 - Economist Adam Smith born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland.

June 5, 1883 - Economist John Maynard Keynes born in Cambridge, England.

December 24, 1912 - Irving Fisher, Yale economics professor, of New Haven, CT, received a patent for an "Index or File", archiving system with index cards; July 1, 1925 - Fisher's firm, Index Visible Company, merged with principal competitor, formed Kardex Rand Co., later Remington Rand, later Sperry Rand. Fisher earned about $1 million for invention, grew to $9 million,  lost in stock market crash of 1929.

December 1919 - English economist John Maynard Keynes (35), chief representative of British Treasury (advised British Prime Minister David Lloyd George) at signing of Versailles Treaty (June 28, 1919), officially ending World War I, published The Economic Consequences of the Peace; made  grim prophecy: "If we aim at the impoverishment of Central Europe, vengeance, I dare say, will not limp. Nothing can then delay for very long the forces of Reaction and the despairing convulsions of Revolution, before which the horrors of the later German war will fade into nothing, and which will destroy, whoever is victor, the civilization and the progress of our generation." Keynes left Conference in protest of treaty, one of most outspoken critics of punitive agreement; predicted that stiff war reparations, other harsh terms imposed on Germany by treaty would lead to financial collapse of country, would have serious economic, political repercussions on Europe, world. Treaty terms:1) Germany was to relinquish 10 percent of its territory, 2) was to be disarmed, 3) its overseas empire taken over by the Allies, 4) confiscation of its foreign financial holdings and its merchant carrier fleet. German economy, already devastated by war, further crippled, stiff war reparations demanded ensured that it would not soon return to its feet. Final reparations figure not agreed upon in treaty, but estimates placed amount in excess of $30 billion, far beyond Germany's capacity to pay (to invasion if it fell behind on payments). Keynes, horrified by terms of emerging treaty, presented plan to Allied leaders: German government be given substantial loan, thus allowing it to buy food and materials while beginning reparations payments immediately (President Wilson turned it down because he feared it would not receive congressional approval - Keynes called the idealistic American president "the greatest fraud on earth"). June 5, 1919 - Keynes wrote a note to Lloyd George informing the prime minister that he was resigning his post in protest of the impending "devastation of Europe." Germany soon fell hopelessly behind in its reparations payments. 1923 - France and Belgium occupied the industrial Ruhr region as a means of forcing payment. In protest, workers and employers closed down the factories in the region. Catastrophic inflation ensued, and Germany's fragile economy began quickly to collapse. November 1923 - Germany economy crashed; Nazi Party led by Adolf Hitler launched an abortive coup against Germany's government. The Nazis were crushed and Hitler was imprisoned, but many resentful Germans sympathized with the Nazis and their hatred of the Treaty of Versailles. A decade later, Hitler exploited this continuing bitterness among Germans to seize control of the German state. 1930s - Treaty of Versailles was significantly revised and altered in Germany's favor, but this belated amendment could not stop the rise of German militarism and the subsequent outbreak of World War II; Keynes advocated large-scale government economic planning to keep unemployment low and markets healthy.

1934 - Allen Crow established Economic Club of Detroit, in midst of Great Depression, as non-partisan, non-profit organization committed to discussion, debate of important business, government, social issues; brought together group of Detroit’s business, industrial leaders for regular forum meetings; 2002 - renamed Detroit Economic Club (under new leadership by Beth Chappell); hosted every sitting U.S. President since Richard Nixon; 3,200 members.

1960s - Hyman Minsky, leading authority on monetary theory and financial institutions at Washington University (St. Louis, MO) developed hypothesis of recurring instability (financial fragility, instability) of financial system in capitalist economy - accumulation of debt must eventually curtail firms' investment, lead to financial retrenchment, recession; May 1992 - "financial instability hypothesis" (working paper - Jerome Levy Econ-mics Institute at Bard College): investors assume risk in perceived good times; speculate - assume more risk longer the good time; excessive debt burden - cash generating ability of assets insufficient to servcie debt; suffer losses on speculative assets, lenders call loans; panic - asset values collapse; investors forced to sell non-speculative assets to raise cash to service debt; markets decline, demand for cash acute = so-called "Minsky moment". Examples - - Internet bubble (2000), subprime mortgage crisis (2007).

1969 - Sveriges Riksbank (National Bank of Sweden) awarded first annual Bank of Sweden Prize in Economics Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel (had made donation to Nobel Foundation in 1968 in recognition of 300th anniversary of founding of Central Bank of Sweden in 1668); 2010 - had warded Prize to 64 economic theorists (Keynesians, monetarists, financial economists, behaviorists, historians, statisticians, mathematicians, game theorists, other innovators).

January 1971 - Group of European business leaders met in Davos, Switzerland under patronage of European Commission and European industrial associations; chaired by German-born Klaus Schwab, then Professor of business policy (University of Geneva); he founded European Management Forum as non-profit organization based in Geneva, Switzerland, drew European business leaders to Davos each January for annual meeting (focused on how European firms could catch up with US management practices); developed, promoted "stakeholder" management approach (based corporate success on managers taking account of all interests (shareholders, clients, customers, employees, communities within which they operate, including government). Professor Schwab's vision for what would become World Economic Forum grew steadily as result of achieving "milestones"; 1973 - annual meeting expand focus from management to economic, social issues with collapse of Bretton Woods fixed exchange rate mechanism, Arab-Israeli War; January 1974 - political leaders invited for first time; 1976 - introduced system of membership ("the 1,000 leading companies of the world"); European Management Forum was first non-governmental institution to initiate partnership with China's economic development commissions, spurred economic reform policies in China; regional meetings around globe added; 1979 - organization expanded with publication of Global Competitiveness Report; became knowledge hub; 1987 -name changed to World Economic Forum to broaden its vision to include providing platform for resolving international conflicts; 1988 - Greece and Turkey signed "Davos Declaration" to turn back from brink of war; 1989 - North and South Korea held first ministerial-level meetings in Davos; East German Prime Minister Hans Modrow, German Chancellor Helmut Kohl met to discuss German reunification; 1992 - South African President F. W. de Klerk met Nelson Mandela, Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi at Annual Meeting, first joint appearance outside South Africa, milestone in country's political transition.

Klaus Schwab - founder World Economic Forum at  Davos, Switzerland (

1974 - Richard A. Easterlin, University Professor and Professor of Economics (University of Southern California) published "Does Economic Growth Improve the Human Lot?" in Paul A. David and Melvin W. Reder, eds., Nations and Households in Economic Growth: Essays in Honor of Moses Abramovitz (New York: Academic Press, Inc.); suggested that despite stellar economic growth in United States since World War II, "higher income was not systematically accompanied by greater happiness"; later found that people were no happier in Japan in 1987 than in 1958, despite a fivefold jump in incomes; called the "Easterlin Paradox" - fact that average self-reported happiness has not risen with average income. April 2008 - Betsey Stevenson and Justin Wolfer, University of Pennsylvania economists, rebutted  the Easterlin Paradox; argue that money indeed tends to bring happiness, even if it doesn’t guarantee it; absolute income seems to matter more than relative income; people in richer countries are more satisfied (is wealth is causing their satisfaction.? Could results reflect cultural differences in how people respond to poll questions?); has satisfaction risen in individual countries as they grew richer? (yes, in some; no in United States, China); economic growth, by itself, not enough to guarantee people’s well-being but its consequences can contribute to satisfaction. 

(source: Betsey Stevenson and Justin Wolfer, Wharton School at University of Pennsylvania;  20080416_LEONHARDT_GRAPHIC.jpg)

1979 - Klaus Scwab founds meeting to discuss European management issues; 2005 - World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland attracts 2,300 participants from 89 countries: independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging leaders in partnerships to shape global, regional and industry agendas.

October 10, 1995 - University of Chicago professor Robert E. Lucas, Jr., won the Nobel Prize for Economic Science for his exploration of the relationship between human tendencies and macroeconomics (challenged the once sacrosanct assumptions of Keynesian economics); became the sixth University of Chicago professor in six years to be honored with the award; studied how people react to shifts in economic policy; result was the "rational expectations" hypothesis: that people brace themselves for policy changes, which ultimately nullifies the government's efforts to boost the economy.

2007 - The American Economic Association awarded the John Bates Clark Medal, given every 2 years to nation's most promising economist under 40, to Susan Athey (36), professor at Harvard University; first woman ever to receive medal in 60 years of its being awarded. Of 29 previous winners: 11 have subsequently won the Nobel Prize in Economics. 

2007 - USA Today's 25 Trends That Changed America (25 most important trends of the past quarter-century): 1) Diversity, 2) Fight for Equality, 3) Living Longer, 4) Globalization, 5) Global Warming, 6) Gay Rights, 7) homeland Security, 8) Demise of Smoking, 9) Obesity, 10) Technology Customization and Personalization, 11) Suburban Expansion, 12) Supersizing, 13) Sustainable (Green) Movement, 14) Politically Divided Nation, 15) Luxury Consumption, 16) Extended Families, 17) Diet and Exercise Boom, 18) Population Shifts, 19) Anxiety and Depression, 20) Electronic Cash, 21) Living Alone, 22) College Stress, 23) Overt Sexuality, 24) Casinos and State Lotteries, 25) Cosmetic Makeovers (source: 

(Economic Club of Chicago), Charles Martin (2002). History's Witnesses 1927-2002, Seventy Five Years of The Economic Club of Chicago. (Chicago, IL:    p.). Economic Club of Chicago. Economic Club of Chicago.

(Fisher), Robert Loring Allen (1993). Irving Fisher: A Biography. (Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 324 p.). Fisher, Irving, 1887-1947; Economists--United States--Biography.

(Galbraith), John Kenneth Galbraith (1981). A Life in Our Times: Memoirs. (Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 563 p.). Academic. Economist, U.S. Politics and Government, 1945-1989.

(Galbraith), James Ro. Stanfield (1996). John Kenneth Galbraith. (New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 185 p.). Galbraith, John Kenneth, 1908- ; Economics--United States--History--20th century.

(Galbraith), John Kenneth Galbraith updated with a new introduction by the author (1998). The Affluent Society. (Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 40th Anniversary ed., 276 p.). Academic. U.S. Econonomic Conditions, 1945.

(Galbraith), Richard Parker (2005). John Kenneth Galbraith: His Life, His Politics, His Economics. (New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 820 p.). Senior Fellow of the Shorenstein Center (Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government). Galbraith, John Kenneth, 1908- ; Economists--United States--Biography. 

(Gerschenkron), Alexander Gerschenkron (1962). Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, a Book of Essays. (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 456 p.). Professor (Harvard University). Industries--Soviet Union; Industries--Italy; Industries--Bulgaria; Soviet Union--Economic conditions. 

(Gerschenkron), Nicholas Dawidoff (2002). The Fly Swatter: How My Grandfather Made His Way in the World. (New York, NY: Pantheon Books, 353 p.). Gerschenkron, Alexander; Harvard University. Dept. of Economics; Economists--United States--Biography.

(Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics), Eds. Warren E. Johnston, Alex F. McCalla (2009). A. P. Giannini and the Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics. (Davis, CA: University of California, Davis: Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics, 389 p.). Professors Emeriti, Agricultural and Resource economics (University of California, Davis). Giannini, Amadeo Peter, 1870-1949; Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics -- History; Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- Research -- California. 1928 - Amadeo Peter Giannini, founder of Bank of Italy, gave $1.5 million to University of California to construct Giannini Hall for the College of Agriculture on Berkeley campus, to establish Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics; majority of gift created endowment for programs in support of California agriculture and rural areas in period of difficult economic times; history of agricultural economics at University of California, early foundation history, reflections contained in oral histories, biographies of selected members.

(Hayek), Friedrich A. von Hayek with introduction by Milton Friedman (1944). The Road to Serfdom. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 50th anniversary ed., 274 p. [orig. pub. 1944]). Academic, 1974 Nobel Prize in Economics. Economic Policy, Totalitarianism. 

(Hayek), Alan Ebenstein (2001). Friedrich Hayek. (New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 403 p.). Economist. Hayek, Friedrich A. von (Friedrich August), 1899- ; Economists--Great Britain--Biography. 

--- (2003). Hayek's Journey: The Mind of Friedrich Hayek. (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 283 p.). Hayek, Friedrich A. von (Friedrich August), 1899- ; Economists--Austria--Biography; Economics; Austrian school of economics.

(Hayek), Bruce Caldwell (2004). Hayek's Challenge: Intellectual Biography of F.A. Hayek. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 416 p.). Editor, "The Collected Works of F. A. Hayek". Hayek, Friedrich A. von (Friedrich August), 1899- ; Economists--Austria--Biography; Economics. 

(Jevons), Harro Maas (2005). William Stanley Jevons and the Making of Modern Economics. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 352 p.). Lecturer in History and Methodology of Economics (University of Amsterdam). Jevons, William Stanley, 1835-1882; Neoclassical school of economics--History--19th century; Marginal utility--History--19th century; Economics--History--19th century. 

(Jevons), Bert Mosselmans (2007). Jevons’ Economics: William Stanley Jevons and the Cutting Edge of Economics. (New York, NY: Routledge, 160 p.). Associate Professor of Economics and Philosophy (Roosevelt Academy, Middelburg, the Netherlands). Jevons, William Stanley, 1835-1882; Economists--Great Britain--Biography; Economics--Great Britain--History--19th century. Situates Jevons within history of economic thought, in relation to his logic, ethics, religion,  aesthetics. 

(Keynes), John Maynard Keynes (1936). The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money. (New York, NY: Harcourt , Brace & World, 403 p.). Economics-Monetary Policy, Interest. Classic. 

(Keynes), Robert Lekachman (1966). The Age of Keynes. (New York, NY: Random House, 324 p.). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Keynesian economics.

(Keynes), Hyman P. Minsky (1975). John Maynard Keynes. (New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 181 p.). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946. General theory of employment, interest, and money; Keynesian economics.

(Keynes), Robert M. Collins (1981). The Business Response to Keynes, 1929-1964. (New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 293 p.). Keynesian economics--History; Industrial policy--United States--History; United States--Economic policy.

(Keynes), Roy Harrod (1982). The Life of John Maynard Keynes. (New York, NY: Norton, 674 p. [orig. pub. 1951]). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Economists--Great Britain--Biography; Keynesian economics.

(Keynes), Robert Skidelsky (1983). John Maynard Keynes: A Biography, Volume One: Hopes Betrayed, 1883-1920. (London, UK: Macmillan, Volume 1). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Economists--Great Britain--Biography. Hopes betrayed, 1883-1920.

(Keynes), Robert Skidelsky (1986). John Maynard Keynes: Volume Two: The Economist As Savior, 1920-1937. (New York, NY: Viking, Vol. 2). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Economists--Great Britain--Biography.   

(Keynes), Robert Skidelsky (2002). John Maynard Keynes, Volume Three: Fighting for Freedom, 1937-1946. (New York, NY: Viking, 580 p., Vol. 3). Professor of Political Economy (University of Warwick). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Economists--Great Britain--Biography. 

(Keynes), Charles H. Hession (1984). John Maynard Keynes: A Personal Biography of the Man Who Revolutionized Capitalism and the Way We Live. (New York, NY: Macmillan, 400 p.). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Economists--Great Britain--Biography.

(Keynes), Ed. Polly Hill and Richard Keynes (1989). Lydia and Maynard: The Letters of Lydia Lopokova and John Maynard Keynes. (New York, NY: Scribner, 367 p.). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946 --Correspondence; Lopokova, Lydia, 1892-1981 --Correspondence; Economists--Great Britain--Correspondence.

(Keynes), Alessandro Vercelli (1991). Methodological Foundations of Macroeconomics : Keynes and Lucas. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 269 p.). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Lucas, Robert E.; Macroeconomics.

(Keynes), Donald E. Moggridge (1992). Maynard Keynes: An Economist's Biography. (New York, NY: Routledge, 941 p.). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Economists--Great Britain--Biography; Educators--Great Britain--Biography; Bloomsbury group.

(Keynes), Donald E. Moggridge (1993). Keynes. (Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 191 p. (3rd ed.)). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Keynesian economics; Economists--Great Britain--Biography.

(Keynes), David Felix (1995). Biography of an Idea: John Maynard Keynes and The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money. (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 285 p.). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946. General theory of employment, interest, and money; Economists--Great Britain--Biography; Economics--History--20th century; Economic history--20th century.

(Keynes), Robert Skidelsky (1996). Keynes. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 136 p.). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Economists--Great Britain--Biography; Keynesian economics.

(Keynes), David Felix (1999). Keynes: A Critical Life. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 322 p.). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Economists--Great Britain--Biography; Keynesian economics.

(Keynes), Tim Congdon (2007). Keynes, the Keynesians and Monetarism: Betrayed by Their Disciples. (Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 339 p.). Founder of Lombard Street Research. Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Monetary policy -- history; Fiscal policy -- history. History of monetary policy in post-war Britain. Keynes’s contributions to monetary policy overlooked by those fixated on Keynes’s contributions to fiscal policy.

(Keynes), Gilles Dostaler (2007). Keynes and His Battles. (Northampton, MA: Elgar, 374 p.). Professor of Economics (Université du Québec á Montréal, Canada). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Economists--Great Britain--Biography. Battles that Keynes led (politics, philosophy, art, economics) to radically transform society to create better world, pacified and freed from neurotic pursuit of financial wealth and economic rentability, with art at its pinnacle.

(Keynes), Robert Skidelsky (2009). Keynes: The Return of the Master. (New York, NY: PublicAffairs, 240 p.). Emeritus Professor of Political Economy (University of Warwick). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Keynesian economics. Keynes's career, life, aspects of his thinking that apply most directly to current world; mixture of pragmatism, realism (distinct from neo-classical or Chicago school of economics, dominant influence since Thatcher-Reagan era, made possible raw market capitalism that created current global financial crisis) more pertinent, applicable than ever; positive answer to question we now face: when unbridled capitalism falters, is there an alternative?

(Keynes), John Eatwell and Murray Milgate (2011). The Fall and Rise of Keynesian Economics. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 420 p.). President (Queens' College, Cambridge); Former Fellow and Director of Studies in Economics (Queens' College). Keynesian economics; Economic history -- 1918-1945; Economic history -- 1945-. 1950s-1960s - Keynesian thinking dominated economic policymaking, coincided with postwar economic reconstruction in Europe and Japan, unprecedented prosperity, stable growth; 1970s - monetarism, new classical macroeconomics ushered in era of neoliberal economic policymaking. pushed Keynesian economics aside; 2007-2009 - Keynesian ways of thinking used in current economic predicaments (.pragmatic, workable measures); where, how analytical and methodological foundations of conventional macroeconomic wisdom went wrong; interpretive shortcomings that characterized Keynes scholarship; Keynesian ideas: for crises, constructive economic policy making at all times.

(Marshall), Peter Groenewegen (1995). A Soaring Eagle: Alfred Marshall, 1842-1924. (Brookfield, VT: E. Elgar, 874 p.). Professor of Economics (University of Sydney, Australia).  Marshall, Alfred, 1842-1924; Neoclassical school of economics; Economists--Great Britain--Biography.

--- (2007). Alfred Marshall: Economist 1842-1924. (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 224 p.). Professor of Economics (University of Sydney, Australia). Marshall, Alfred, 1842-1924; Neoclassical school of economics; Economists--Great Britain--Biography. Overview of Alfred Marshall's life and work in economics.

(Mill), Richard Reeves (2007). John Stuart Mill: Victorian Firebrand. (New York, NY: Atlantic, 616 p.). Mill, John Stuart. Richness, contradictoriness of Mill’s theories, his integrity forced him to modify them in light of his experience. Wanted freedom from constraints, "positive liberty" (virtuous conduct, appreciation of arts, intellectual debate).

(Modigliani), Franco Modigliani (2001). Adventures of an Economist. (New York, NY: Texere, 287 p). Institute Professor Emeritus at MIT, Nobel Prize for Economics in 1985. Modigliani, Franco; Economists--Italy--Biography. 

(Modigliani), Michael Szenberg and Lall Ramrattan (2008). Franco Modigliani: A Mind That Never Rests. (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 289 p.). Chair and Distinguished Professor of Economics in the Lubin School of Business (Pace University); Instructor with the University of California, Berkeley Extension. Modigliani, Franco; Economists--Italy; Keynesian economics. Overview of Modigliani's life, his place in Twentieth century economics, his influential theories (contribution to Keynesian consumption hypothesis, corporate invariance hypothesis, stabilization policies, econometric model building, legacy and influence in contemporary economics).

(Ohlin), Edited by Ronald Findlay, Lars Jonung, and Mats Lundahl (2002). Bertil Ohlin: A Centennial Celebration, 1899-1999. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 546 p.). Ohlin, Bertil Gotthard, 1899- ; Economists--Sweden--Biography; Heckscher-Ohlin principle. 

(Penrose), Edith Penrose ; with a new foreword by the author (1995). The Theory of the Growth of the Firm. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 272 p. [3rd ed.]). Professor at the School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London), Chair of economics department, Professor and a Dean at the Institut Europeen d'Administration des Affaires (Fontainebleau, France). Industries --Size. "Resource based view of the firm" - ways companies grow, reasons why they do; managerial activities, decisions, organizational routines, knowledge creation within company - critical to ability of firm to grow.

(Penrose), Ed. by Christos Pitelis (2002). The Growth of the Firm: The Legacy of Edith Penrose. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 330 p.). Director of the Centre for International Business and Management at the Judge Institute of Management Studies (Cambridge University). Penrose, Edith Tilton; Corporations --Growth; Industrial organization (Economic theory); International business enterprises; Technological innovations --Economic aspects; Capitalism; Human capital; Economic development. Fifteen chapters by leading contributors on her theory of firm - reinvented,  productively developed classical tradition in economics, informed currently dominant, knowledge-based theory of firm.

(Ricardo), Oswald St. Clair (1965). A Key to Ricardo. (New York, NY: A. M. Kelley, 364 p. [orig. pub. 1957]). Ricardo, David, 1772-1823; Ricardo, David, 1772-1823. The principles of political economy and taxation.

(Ricardo), Samuel Hollander (1979). The Economics of David Ricardo. (Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 759 p.). University Professor Emeritus (University of Toronto). Ricardo, David, 1772-1823.; Economics--Great Britain--History.

(Ricardo), Samuel Hollander (1995). Ricardo, The New View. (New York, NY: Routledge, 369 p.). Ricardo, David, 1772-1823; Economists--Great Britain.

(Say), Selected and Translated by R. R. Palmer (1997). An Economist in Troubled Times: Writings. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 167 p.). Say, Jean Baptiste, 1767-1832; Economics; Economics--France--History--Sources; Economists--France--Correspondence. 

(Say), Evelyn L. Forget (1999). The Social Economics of Jean-Baptiste Say: Markets and Virtue. (New York, NY: Routledge, 311 p.). University of Manitoba. Say, Jean Baptiste, 1767-1832.; Markets; Virtue.

(Say), Samuel Hollander (2005). Jean-Baptiste Say and the Classical Canon in Economics: The British Connection in French Classicism. (New York, NY: Routledge, 322 p.). University Professor Emeritus (University of Toronto), Professor of Economics at the Department of Economics (Ben-Gurion University). Say, Jean Baptiste, 1767-1832; Ricardo, David, 1772-1823 --Influence; Classical school of economics; Economics--France--History--19th century; Economics--Great Britain--History--19th century. Clash between economics of Jean-Baptiste Say and of David Ricardo.

(Schumpeter), Joseph A. Schumpeter (1942). Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy. (New York, NY: Harper & Brothers, 381 p.). Socialism; Capitalism; Democracy.

(Schumpeter), Compiled by Michael I. Stevenson (1985). Joseph Alois Schumpeter: A Bibliography, 1905-1984. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 137 p.). Joseph Schumpeter, Economics. 653-item Schumpeter bibliography. 

(Schumpeter), Robert Loring Allen; foreword by Walt W. Rostow (1991). Opening Doors: The Life and Work of Joseph Schumpeter: Volume I: Europe. (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2 vols.). Schumpeter, Joseph Alois, 1883-1950; Economists--United States--Biography.

(Schumpeter), Robert Loring Allen; foreword by Walt W. Rostow (1991). Opening Doors: The Life and Work of Joseph Schumpeter: Volume 2: America. (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2 vols.). Schumpeter, Joseph Alois, 1883-1950; Economists--United States--Biography.

(Schumpeter), Eduard März (1991). Joseph Schumpeter: Scholar, Teacher, and Politician. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 204 p.). Schumpeter, Joseph Alois, 1883-195; Economists--United States--Biography; Economists--Austria--Biography.

(Schumpeter), Richard Swedberg (1991). Schumpeter: A Biography. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 293 p.). Schumpeter, Joseph Alois, 1883-1950; Economists--United States--Biography.

(Schumpeter), Joseph A. Schumpeter; edited by Richard Swedberg (1991). The Economics and Sociology of Capitalism. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 492 p.). Schumpeter, Joseph Alois, 1883-1950; Capitalism.

(Schumpeter), Wolfgang F. Stolper (1994). Joseph Alois Schumpeter: The Public Life of a Private Man. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 400 p.). Schumpeter, Joseph Alois, 1883-1950; Economists--United States--Biography; Economists--Austria--Biography; Economics--History--20th century.

(Schumpeter), Richard N. Langlois (2007). The Dynamics of Industrial Capitalism: Schumpeter, Chandler, and the New Economy. (New York, NY: Routledge, 122 p.). Professor of Economics (University of Connecticut). Schumpeter, Joseph Alois, 1883-1950; Chandler, Alfred D. (Alfred Dupont), 1918-2007; Industrial organization (Economic theory); Big business; Corporations; Capitalism. Shift of organizational landscape towards more specialized entities connected by markets and networks; places work of Schumpeter and Chandler in larger theoretical framework; offers account of rise, success of corporation and its subsequent unbundling.

(Schumpeter), Thomas K. McCraw (2007). Prophet of Innovation: Joseph Schumpeter and Creative Destruction. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 719 p.). Straus Professor of Business History Emeritus (Harvard Business School). Schumpeter, Joseph Alois, 1883-1950; Economists--United States--Biography; Capitalism. Bedrock economic principle - destruction of businesses, fortunes, products, careers is price of progress toward better material life (Pan Am, Gimbel's, Pullman, Douglas Aircraft, Digital Equipment Corporation, British Leyland).  

(Smith), Adam Smith (1776-). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. (Dublin, IR: Whitestone, 3 vols.). Economics.

(Smith), James Buchan (2006). The Authentic Adam Smith: His Life and Ideas. (New York, NY: Norton, 256 p.). Smith, Adam, 1723-1790; Economists--Great Britain--Biography; Economics. One of most ambitious philosophical enterprises ever attempted: search for a just foundation for modern commercial society both in private and in public. 

(Smith), E.A.J. Johnson (1937). Predecessors of Adam Smith; The Growth of British Economic Thought. (New York, NY: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 426 p.). Smith, Adam, 1723-1790; Economists--Great Britain; Economics--Great Britain--History.

(Smith), Samuel Hollander (1973). The Economics of Adam Smith. (Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 351 p.). University Professor Emeritus (University of Toronto). Smith, Adam, 1723-1790.

(Smith), Eli Ginzberg (2002). Adam Smith and the Founding of Market Economics. (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 265 p. [orig. pub. 1934]). Smith, Adam, 1723-1790; Capitalism; Free enterprise. Attempt to reconstruct and interpret in Wealth of nations. Previously published as: The House of Adam Smith.

(Smith), Roy C. Smith (2002). Adam Smith and the Origins of American Enterprise: How America's Industrial Success Was Forged by the Timely Ideas of a Brilliant Scots Economist. (New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 224 p.). Smith, Adam, 1723-1790; Free enterprise--United States--History; United States--Economic conditions--To 1865.

(Smith), Jerry Evensky (2005). Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 352 p.). Professor of Economics (Syracuse University). Smith, Adam, 1723-1790; Smith, Adam, 1723-1790. Inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations; Smith, Adam, 1723-1790; Theory of moral sentiments; Smith, Adam, 1723-1790 --Criticism and interpretation; Economics--Moral and ethical aspects; Ethics; Teleology; Equality. Smith's moral philosophy and its links to his political economy and lectures on jurisprudence.

(Smith), Gavin Kennedy (2005). Adam Smith's Lost Legacy. (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 285 p.). Smith, Adam, 1723-1790; Economists--Great Britain--Biography; Economics.

(Smith), James Buchan (2006). The Authentic Adam Smith: His Life and Ideas. (New York, NY: Norton, 256 p.). Smith, Adam, 1723-1790; Economists--Great Britain--Biography; Economics. The Wealth of Nations and The Theory of Moral Sentiments are brilliant fragments of search for a just foundation for modern commercial society.

(Smith), Duncan K. Foley (2006). Adam’s Fallacy: A Guide to Economic Theology. (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 265 p.). Leo Model Professor (New School for Social Research). Smith, Adam, 1723-1790. Inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations; Economics--Philosophy. Criticism of artificial division between economic sphere (pursuit of self-interest leads to social good) and social sphere (good results from unselfish actions).

(Smith), Iain McLean, Gordon Brown (2007). Adam Smith, Radical and Egalitarian: An Interpretation for the 21st Century. (Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh University Press, 172 p.). Professor of Politics and Director of the Public Policy Unit (Oxford University). Smith, Adam, 1723-1790. --Influence; Smith, Adam, 1723-1790. Wealth of nations; Smith, Adam, 1723-1790. Theory of moral sentiments; Economics --Philosophy; Enlightenment --Scotland. Radical egalitarian - supported ideas behind French Revolution; 'Theory of Moral Sentiments' crystallized radically egalitarian philosophy of Scottish Enlightenment; how much Smith influenced modern economics, political science; international links between American, French, Scottish histories of political thought.

(Smith), Nick Phillipson (2010). Adam Smith: An Enlightened Life. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press 368 p.). Honorary Research Fellow in History at the University of Edinburgh. Smith, Adam, 1723-1790. --Influence; Smith, Adam, 1723-1790. Wealth of nations; Smith, Adam, 1723-1790. Theory of moral sentiments; Economics --Philosophy; Enlightenment --Scotland. Smith’s intellectual ancestry: what he took from, gave to changing intellectual, commercial cultures of Glasgow and Edinburgh at beginning of Scottish Enlightenment; how far Smith’s ideas developed in dialogue with David Hume (saw himself primarily as philosopher rather than economist); extent to which The Wealth of Nations, The Theory of Moral Sentiments (only two full-length books he published) were part of larger scheme to establish grand "Science of Man" (one of most ambitious projects of European Enlightenment - encompassed law, history, aesthetics, economics, ethics).

(Veblen), Thorstein Veblen (1904). The Theory of Business Enterprise. (New York, NY: Scribner, 400 p.). Business; Capital. May have been first book to have examined underlying principles of business management. 

(Veblen), Joseph Dorfman with new appendices (1966). Thorstein Veblen and His America. (New York, NY: A.M. Kelley, 572 p. [orig. pub. 1934]). Veblen, Thorstein, 1857-1929; Economics--United States--History; Socialism--United States. 

(Veblen), J.A. Hobson (1990). Veblen. (Fairfield, NJ: A. M. Kelley, 227 p. [orig. pub. 1936]). Veblen, Thorstein, 1857-1929.

(Veblen), John Patrick Diggins (1999). Thorstein Veblen: Theorist of the Leisure Class. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 310 p. [orig. pub. 1978]). Veblen, Thorstein, 1857-1929.; Economists--United States--Biography; Social reformers--United States--Biography; Economics--United States--History; Social history. 

(Veblen), Stephen Edgell (2001). Veblen in Perspective: His Life and Thought. (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 207 p.). Professor of sociology (Salford University in England). Veblen, Thorstein, 1857-1929; Economists--United States--Biography; Institutional economics. 

(Veblen), Thorstein Veblen; introduction by Alan Wolfe; notes by James Danly (2001). The Theory of the Leisure Class. (New York, NY: Modern Library, 400 p. [orig. pub. 1899]). Leisure class. 

(Veblen), Edited by Janet T. Knoedler, Robert E. Prasch, and Dell P. Champlin (2007). Thorstein Veblen and the Revival of Free Market Capitalism. (Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Chair of the Department of Economics (Bucknell University); Department of Economics (Middlebury College); Visiting Professor of Economics (Western Washington University). Veblen, Thorstein, 1857-1929; Free enterprise; Capitalism; Right of property; Democracy. Review, comment on subjects that concerned Veblen: legal system, finance and capital,  operation of markets, neoclassical economics, private property, cultural and economic change, place of science,  higher education; how his evolutionary theory of economy,  society can help understand modern world.

(von Mises), Ludwig von Mises (1996). Human Action: A Treatise on Economics. (Irvington-on-Hudson, N.Y.: Foundation for Economic Education, 906 p. [4th rev. ed., orig. pub. 1949]). Founder of "Austrian" School of Economics, Mentor to Friedrich Hayek (Nobel Prize-winner). Economics; Commerce.

Daron Acemoglu, James A. Robinson (2005). Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 540 p.). Charles P. Kindleberger Professor of Applied Economics in the Department of Economics (Massachusetts Institute of Technology); Professor of Government (Harvard University). Democracy--Economic aspects; Democratization; Equality; Political culture; Dictatorship; Comparative government.  Common understanding of development of democracy in diverse countries.

Walter Adams and James W. Brock (1986). The Bigness Complex: Industry, Labor, and Government in the American Economy. (New York, NY: Pantheon Books, 426 p.). Professor of Economics (Michigan State), Professor (Miami University of Ohio). Big business--United States; Industrial concentration--United States; Industries--Size--United States; Industrial efficiency--United States; Competition--United States; Trade regulation--United States. Authors write about concerns of excessive concentration of economic power and its dangers to a free society.

--- (1999). The Tobacco Wars. (Cincinnati, OH: South-Western College Pub., 209 p.). Professor of Economics, Antitrust Expert (Michigan State). Tobacco habit--Government policy--United States; Tobacco industry--United States; Tobacco smoke pollution--United States; Tobacco--Physiological effect. Form of a play to teach economics. Author reflects concerns about concentration of corporate (economic) power (helped shape government policy).

George A. Akerlof and Robert J. Shiller (2009). Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives the Economy, and Why It Matters for Global Capitalism. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 264 p.). Daniel E. Koshland Sr. Distinguished Professor of Economics (University of California, Berkeley); Arthur M. Okun Professor of Economics (Yale University). Economics --Psychological aspects; Finance --Psychological aspects; Capitalism; Globalization. Powerful forces of human psychology imperil wealth of nations (blind faith in ever-rising housing prices, plummeting confidence in capital markets); "animal spirits" (term used by John Maynard Keynes) drive financial events worldwide, account for economic fluctuation: 1) confidence; 2) fairness; 3) corruption and bad faith; 4) money illusion; 5) "stories";  necessity of active role, steady hand of government in economic policymaking to manage pervasive effects of animal spirits in contemporary economic life; how Reaganomics, Thatcherism, rational expectations revolution failed to account for them.

George A. Akerlof and Rachel E. Kranton (2010). Identity Economics: How Our Identities Shape Our Work, Wages, and Well-Being. (Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 200 p.). Koshland Professor of Economics (University of California, Berkeley), 2001 Nobel Laureate in Economics; Professor of Economics (Duke University). Economics --Psychological aspects; Identity (Psychology); Economics --Social aspects. Identity (conception of who one is, who one chooses to be) may be most important factor affecting economic lives; limits placed by society on people's identity can also be crucial determinants of their economic well-being; new way to understand people's decisions--at work, at school, at home.

Dan Ariely (2008). Predictably Irrational: The Hidden Forces That Shape Our Decisions. (New York, NY: HarperCollins, 304 p.). Alfred P. Sloan Professor of Behavioral Economics at Sloan School of Management (MIT). Economics--behavioral. How expectations, emotions, social norms, other invisible, seemingly illogical forces skew reasoning abilities; people make astonishingly simple mistakes every day - same types of mistakes (consistently overpay, underestimate, procrastinate);  fail to understand profound effects of emotions, overvalue what we already own; how to break through systematic patterns of thought to make better decisions.

Giovanni Arrighi (2007). Adam Smith in Beijing. (New York, NY: Verso, 420 p.). Professor of Sociology (Johns Hopkins University). Smith, Adam, 1723-1790; Economics--Sociological aspects; International economic relations; China--Economic conditions--21st century. Smith's continued relevance to understanding China's rise; events that have brought it about, increasing dependence of US wealth, power on Chinese imports, purchases of US Treasury bonds; how US failure in Iraq has made China true winner of US War on Terror.

Sarah Babb (2001). Managing Mexico: Economists from Nationalism to Neoliberalism. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 295 p.). Department of Sociology (Boston College). Economists--Mexico; Economics--Mexico--History--20th century; Globalization; Mexico--Economic policy. 

Roger E. Backhouse (1994). Economists and the Economy: The Evolution of Economic Ideas, 1600 to the Present Day. (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 260 p. [2nd ed.]). Chair in the History and Philosophy of Economics (University of Birmingham). Economics; Economic history. 

Edward B. Barbier (2010). Scarcity and Frontiers: How Economies Have Developed Through Natural Resource Exploitation. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 768 p.). John S. Bugas Professor of Economics in the Department of Economics and Finance (University of Wyoming). Agriculture --Economic aspects --History; Natural resources; Scarcity; Economic development. Contribution that natural resource exploitation has made to economic development in key eras of world history; lessons for attaining sustainable economic development in world; response of society to scarcity of key natural resources has been critical driving force in history behind global economic development; increasing scarcity raises cost of exploiting existing natural resources, creates incentives in all economies to innovate, conserve more of resources; economies have responded to increasing scarcity by obtaining, developing more of these resources; exploitation of new ’frontiers’ has often proved to be pivotal human response to natural resource scarcity.

Vincent Barnett (2005). A History of Russian Economic Thought. (New York, NY: Routledge, 256 p.). Centre for Russian and East European Studies (University of Birmingham). Economics--Russia--History; Economics--Soviet Union--History. Historical development of Russian and Soviet economic thought across the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Bruce Bartlett (2009). The New American Economy: The Failure of Reaganomics and a New Way Forward. (New York, NY, Palgrave Macmillan, 272 p.). Former Domestic Policy Adviser to President Ronald Reagan, Treasury Official under President George H.W. Bush. Supply-side economics --United States; United States --Economic policy --20th century; United States --Economic policy --2009-. How economic theories, perfectly valid at one moment, under one set of circumstances, tend to lose validity over time - misapplied under different circumstances; compelling, historically-based case for large tax increases.

Bernard Baumohl (2008). The Secrets of Economic Indicators: Hidden Clues to Future Economic Trends and Investment Opportunities. (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Wharton School Pub., 401 p. [2nd ed.]). Former Senior Economics Reporter (TIME Magazine). Economic forecasting; Economic indicators; Business forecasting. Every U.S., foreign indicator that matters; where to find them; what they look like; what insiders know about their track records; how to interpret them.

Gary S. Becker (1957). The Economics of Discrimination. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 137 p.). Discrimination in employment--United States; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Economic conditions. Economic effects of discrimination in the market place because of race, religion, sex, color, social class, personality, or other non-pecuniary considerations. Author demonstrates that discrimination in market place by any group reduces their own real incomes as well as those of the minority.

--- (1971). The Economics of Discrimination. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 178 p. [2nd ed.]). Professor of Economics and Sociology (University of Chicago). Discrimination in employment--United States; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Economic conditions. Economic effects of discrimination in market place because of race, religion, sex, color, social class, personality, other non-pecuniary considerations; discrimination by any group reduces their own real incomes, those of minority.

Gary S. Becker, Guity Nashat Becker (1997). The Economics of Life: From Baseball to Affirmative Action to Immigration, How Real-World Issues Affect Our Everyday Life. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 329 p.). Professor of Economics and Sociology (University of Chicago), 1992 Winner of Nobel Prize Economic Science; Associate Professor of History (Unversity of Illinois at Chicago).  Economic history--1990-; Social history--1970-. Economic theory applied to human behavior; daily actions, choices influenced more than we know by market forces, economic incentives.

John Berdell (2002). International Trade and Economic Growth in Open Economies: The Classical Dynamics of Hume, Smith, Ricardo and Malthus. (Northampton, MA: E. Elgar Pub., 186 p.). International trade; Economic development; Classical school of economics.

Eli Berman (2009). Radical, Religious, and Violent: The New Economics of Terrorism. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 300 p.). Professor of Economics (University of California, San Diego). Terrorism --Economic aspects; Terrorism --Religious aspects. Economics of organizations; leaders of most lethal terrorist groups have found way to control defection; deadly effectiveness lies in resilience, cohesion despite strong incentives to defect.

Mark Blaug (1988). Great Economists Before Keynes: An Introduction to the Lives & Works of One Hundred Great Economists of the Past. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 286 p.). Economists--Biography.

--- (1998). Great Economists Since Keynes: An Introduction to the Lives & Works of One Hundred Modern Economists. (Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 312 p. [2nd ed.]). Economists--Biography.

Ester Boserup (1965). The Conditions of Agricultural Growth; The Economics of Agrarian Change Under Population Pressure. With a Foreword by Nicholas Kaldor. (London, UK: Allen & Unwin, 124 p.). United Nations Consultant in Developing Countries. Agriculture--Economic aspects; Population. 

Luigino Bruni, Pier Luigi Porta (2006). Economics and Happiness : Framing the Analysis. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 384 p.). Economics--Psychological aspects; Happiness--Economic aspects; Well-being; Economics--History. Economics and happiness, its relationship with economic thought. 

Todd G. Buchholz ; with a foreword by Martin Feldstein (1999). New Ideas from Dead Economists: An Introduction to Modern Economic Thought. (New York, NY: Plume, 332 p. [rev. ed.]). Economists--Biography; Economics--History. 

Tim Büthe and Walter Mattli (2011 ). The New Global Rulers: The Privatization of Regulation in the World Economy. (Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press, 312 p.). Assistant Professor of Political Science (Duke University); Professor of International Political Economy (St. John's College, University of Oxford). Commercial policy --International cooperation; Foreign trade regulation; International finance; Standardization --International cooperation; Complementarity (International law). Internationalization, privatization of rule making, motivated by: 1) economic benefits of common rules for global markets, 2) realization that government regulators often lack expertise, resources to deal with increasingly complex, urgent regulatory tasks; who writes rules in international private organizations, who wins, who loses, why; two main standardization players (United States and Europe); three powerful global private regulators (account for 85% of all international product standards: a) International Accounting Standards Board (develops financial reporting rules used by corporations in more than 100 countries); b) International Organization for Standardization, c) International Electrotechnical Commission; new framework for understanding global private regulation; detailed empirical analyses of regulation based on multi-country, multi-industry business surveys; global rule making by technical experts is highly political, domestic institutions remain crucial; influence in this form of global private governance is function of economic power of states, ability of domestic standard-setters to provide timely information, speak with single voice; how domestic institutions' abilities differ.

Laurie Winn Carlson (2005). William J. Spillman and the Birth of Agricultural Economics. (Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 210 p.). Spillman, W. J.; United States. Dept. of Agriculture--History; Agricultural economists--Biography; Agriculture--Economic aspects--United States--History; Agricultural education--United States--History. 

Richard E. Caves (1992). American Industry: Structure, Conduct, Performance. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 132 p. [7th ed.]). Industries--United States; Industrial concentration--United States; Restraint of trade--United States.

A.W. Coats (1992). On the History of Economic Thought. (New York, NY: Routledge, 495 p.). Research Professor of Economics (Duke University), Emeritus Professor of Economic and Social History (University of Nottingham). Economics--Great Britain--History; Economics--United States--History.

Ed. A.W. Bob Coats (1999). The Development of Economics in Western Europe Since 1945. (New York, NY: Routledge, 262 p.). Research Professor of Economics (Duke University), Emeritus Professor of Economic and Social History (University of Nottingham). Economics--Europe, Western--History--20th century.

Paul K. Conkin (1980). Prophets of Prosperity: America’s First Political Economists. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 333 p.). Distinguished Professor of History Emeritus (Vanderbilt University). Economics --United States --History; Economists --United States --Biography.

Tyler Cowen (2009). Create Your Own Economy: The Path to Prosperity in a Disordered World. (New York, NY: Dutton, 272 p.). Professor of Economics (George Mason University). Economics --Psychological aspects; Creative thinking. Behavioral economics; autistic tendencies toward classification, categorization, specialization can be used as vehicle for understanding how people use information; "mainstream society reaping benefits from mimicking autistic cognitive strengths"; neurological filing system to understand mass consumption of information.

Diane Coyle (2007). A Soulful Science: What Economists Really Do and Why It Matters. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 288 p.). Visiting Professor (University of Manchester), Former Economics Editor (Independent). Economics--Psychological aspects; Economics--Sociological aspects. Humanization of economics over past two decades; how better data, increased computing power, techniques (game theory) have transformed economic theory/practice, enabled economists to better understanding human behavior.

Robert W. Dimand (1988). The Origins of the Keynesian Revolution: The Development of Keynes' Theory of Employment and Output. (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 213 p.). Keynesian economics; Employment (Economic theory); Production (Economic theory).

Richard A. Easterlin (2004). The Reluctant Economist: Perspectives on Economics, Economic History and Demography. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 284 p.). University Professor and Professor of Economics (University of Southern California). Economic history; Demography; United States--Economic conditions.

William Easterly (2001). The Elusive Quest for Growth: Economists' Adventures and Misadventures in the Tropics.  (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 342 p.). Senior Fellow at the Center for Global Development and the Institute for International Economics. Poor--Developing countries; Poverty--Developing countries; Developing countries--Economic policy. Modern growth theory with anecdotes from fieldwork for the World Bank.

Lanny Ebenstein (2007). Milton Friedman: A Biography. (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 272 p.). Friedman, Milton, 1912-2006; Economists--United States--Biography. Friedman's life,  development as economic theorist - hero of libertarianism, laissez-faire economics.

Robert Eisner (1994). The Misunderstood Economy: What Counts and How To Count It. (Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 222 p.). Economics--United States; United States--Economic conditions--1981-.

Ed. by Ross Emmett (2001). The Chicago Tradition in Economics, 1892-1945. (New York, NY: Routledge, 3352 p. [8 vols.]). Associate Professor (James Madison College). Chicago school of economics. 

James F. English (2005). The Economy of Prestige: Prizes, Awards, and the Circulation of Cultural Value. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 432 p.). Professor, Chair of English (University of Pennsylvania). Awards--Economic aspects; Literary prizes--Economic aspects; Art--Awards--Economic aspects; Culture--Economic aspects; Intellectual life--Economic aspects; Popular culture--Economic aspects; Cultural industries--Economic aspects; Value; Prestige. Business, culture of prizes.

Roger A. Farmer (2010). How the Economy Works: Confidence, Crashes and Self-Fulfilling Prophecies. (New York, NY Oxford University Press, 208 p.). Professor, Chair of the Economics Department (UCLA). Free enterprise; Monetary policy; Economic policy. How economics must change - direct impact on lives, guides regulators, policymakers as they make decisions with far-reaching practical consequences; swings between classical, Keynesian economics since early twentieth century (1930s - Keynes challenged longstanding idea that an economy was self-correcting mechanism; 1970s - resurgence of classical economics, ending with current crisis); synthesis of both: (classical) sound theory must explain how individuals behave, how collective choices shape economy; (Keynesian) markets do not always work well, capitalism needs some guidance; goal - correct excesses of free-market economy without stifling entrepreneurship, instituting central planning.

Irving Fisher (1932). Booms and Depressions: Some First Principles. (New York, NY: Adelphi, 258 p.). Professor of Political Economy (Yale University). Depressions --1929; Business cycles; Economic history --1918-1945; Currency question; Banks and banking --United States. Elaboration of the author's address at meeting of American Association for Advancement of Science (New Orleans, Jan. 1, 1932).

Joseph Finkelstein [and] Alfred L. Thimm (1973). Economists and Society; The Development of Economic Thought from Aquinas to Keynes. (New York, NY: Harper & Row, 366 p.). Economics -- History.

Nancy Folbre (2010). Greed, Lust & Gender: A History of Economic Ideas. (New York, NY, Oxford University Press, 304 p.). Professor of Economics (University of Massachusetts Amherst). Economics --Moral and ethical aspects; Men --Economic conditions; Women --Economic conditions; Avarice --Sex differences; Lust --Sex differences. Feminist reinterpretation of past; women's work, sexuality, ideas into center of dialectic between economic history, history of economic ideas; economic, cultural change in Great Britain, France, United States since 18th century that shaped evolution of patriarchal capitalism, larger relationship between production, reproduction; history of Western economic ideas shows that men have given themselves more cultural permission than women to pursue both economic, sexual self-interest; women have gradually gained power to revise conceptual, moral maps and to insist on better-and less gendered-balance between self interest, care for others.

Marion Fourcade (2009). Economists and Societies: Discipline and Profession in the United States, Great Britain, and France, 1890s to 1990s. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 416 p.). Assistant Professor of Sociology (University of California, Berkeley). Economists --United States; Economists --Great Britain; Economists --France; Economics --United States --History --20th century; Economics --Great Britain --History --20th century; Economics --France --History --20th century. American, French, British society, culture as seen through lens of their respective economic institutions, distinctive character of their economic experts; history of economics in each country from late 19th century to present; people's experience, understanding of economy, political and intellectual battles over it, crystallized in different ways; scientific, practical claims over economy in these three societies arose from different elites with different intellectual orientations, institutional entanglements, social purposes.

Robert H. Frank (2007). The Economic Naturalist: In Search of Answers to Everyday Enigmas. (New York, NY: Basic Books, 226 p.). Professor of Management and Professor of Economics at the Johnson Graduate School of Management (Cornell University). Economics. Basic economic principles to answer intriguing questions from everyday life; key economic ideas.

Benjamin M. Friedman (2005). The Moral Consequences of Economic Growth. (New York, NY: Knopf, 592 p.). William Joseph Maier Professor of Political Economy, Former Chairman of the Department of Economics (Harvard University). Economic development--Moral and ethical aspects; Income distribution; Political participation; Democracy. Economic growth is a prerequisite for the creation of a liberal, open society.

David Friedman (1996). Hidden Order: The Economics of Everyday Life. (New York, NY: HarperBusiness, 340 p.). Visiting Professor of Economics (Santa Clara University). Economics; Consumer behavior. Why we make choices we do and a sensible strategy for how to make the right ones.

Masahisa Fujita, Jacques-François Thisse (2002). Economics of Agglomeration: Cities, Industrial Location, and Regional Growth. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 466 p.). Space in economics; Regional economics; Industrial location.

Francis Fukuyama (1995). Trust: Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. (New York, NY: Free Press, 457 p.). Economics -- Moral and ethical aspects; Trust; Virtue; Economic history -- 1945-.

Victor Ginsburgh & Shlomo Weber (2011). How Many Languages Do We Need?: The Economics of Linguistic Diversity. (Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 256 p.). Economics. Language -- history. Professor of Economics Emeritus, member of the European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics, Brussels, and member of the Center of Operations Research and Econometrics, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium; Robert H. and Nancy Dedman Trustee Professor of Economics (Southern Methodist University), Professor of Economics (New Economic School, Moscow). Linguistic diversity as global social phenomenon; degree of linguistic variety might result in greatest economic good; linguistic proximity between groups, between languages; diversity's impact on growth, development, trade, quality of institutions, translation issues, voting patterns in multinational competitions, likelihood and intensity of civil conflicts; linguistic diversity influences economic, political development, public policies in positive, negative ways; leads to financial costs, communication barriers, divisions in national unity, conflicts and war (extreme cases); produces benefits related to group, individual identity; specific advantages and disadvantages of linguistic diversity; how does it influence social and economic progress?

Erik Grimmer-Solem (2003). The Rise of Historical Economics and Social Reform in Germany, 1864-1894. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 338 p.). Schmoller, Gustav von, 1838-1917; Historical school of economics; Germany--Economic conditions--19th century. 

Peter Groenewegen (2002). Eighteenth Century Economics: Turgot, Beccaria and Smith and Their Contemporaries. (New York, NY: Routledge, 421 p.). Smith, Adam, 1723-1790; Turgot, Anne-Robert-Jacques, baron de l'Aulne, 1727-1781; Quesnay, François, 1694-1774; Economics--History--18th century; Free trade--History--18th century; Physiocrats.

Lewis H. Haney (1911). History of Economic Thought; a Critical Account of the Origin and Development of the Economic Theories of the Leading Thinkers in the Leading Nations. (New York, NY: The Macmillan Company, 567 p.). Economics--History.

Tim Harford (2005). The Undercover Economist. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 276 p.). Financial Times Magazine "Dear Economist" Columnist. Economic history, 1990- ; Economics; Consumer education. How free market economic forces affect underpin aspects of everyday life.

--- (2008). The Hidden Logic of Life: The Surprisingly Rational Choices That Shape Our World. (New York, NY: Random House, 272 p.). Financial Times Magazine "Dear Economist" Columnist. Economics--Psychological aspects; Rational expectations (Economic theory). Human beings are rational, respond to incentives, rewards.

Timothy J. Hatton, Jeffrey G. Williamson (1998). The Age of Mass Migration: Causes and Economic Impact. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 301 p.). Emigration and immigration--Economic aspects--History; Alien labor--History; Labor market--History. About 55 million Europeans migrated to the New World between 1850 and 1914, landing in North and South America and in Australia; marked profound shift in distribution of global population, economic activity. 

Timothy Hatton and Jeffrey G. Williamson (2005). Global Migration and the World Economy: Two Centuries of Policy and Performance. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 471 p.). Professor of Economics (Australian National University and University of Essex); Laird Bell Professor of Economics (Harvard University). Emigration and immigration--Economic aspects--History; Emigration and immigration--Government policy. Economic performance of two world migrations (1820-1914; 1950 on), policy reactions to deal with them, political economy that connected one with the other.

Henry Hazlitt (1996). Economics in One Lesson. (New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 218 p. [50th Anniversary Ed.]). Columnist, Newsweek Magazine. Economics.

Robert L. Heilbroner (1999). The Worldly Philosophers: The Lives, Times, and Ideas of the Great Economic Thinkers. (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 365 p. [7th ed., orig. pub. 1953]). Economists--Biography; Economics--History. 

Robert Heilbroner and Lester Thurow (1998). Economics Explained: Everything You Need To Know About How the Economy Works and Where It's Going. (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 240 p. [rev. and updated]). Economics; United States--Economic conditions--1945-.

Elhanan Helpman (2004). The Mystery of Economic Growth. (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 223 p.). Economic development; Saving and investment; Production (Economic theory). 

David R. Henderson, Charles L. Hooper (2006). Making Great Decisions in Business and Life. ( Chicago Park, CA: Chicago Park Press, 287 p.). Associate Professor of Economics in the Graduate School of Business and Public Policy (Naval Postgraduate School). Decision analysis; opportunity costs; information--Economic aspects. Work smarter.

Abraham Hirsch and Neil de Marchi (1990). Milton Friedman: Economics in Theory and Practice. (New York, NY: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 325 p.). Friedman, Milton, 1912- ;Economics -- Methodology.

Eds. Richard P. F. Holt and Steven Pressman (2005). Empirical Post Keynesian Economics: Looking at the Real World. (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 340 p.). Economics; Keynesian economics. 

Kevin D. Hoover (1999). The Legacy of Robert Lucas, Jr.: The Economic Legacy of Robert Lucas. (Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 3 vols.). Lucas, Robert E.; Economics--United States--History; Neoclassical school of economics.

Gerald L. Houseman (2008). Economics in a Changed Universe: Joseph E. Stiglitz, Globalization, and the Death of "Free Enterprise". (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 157 p.). Professor of Political Science (Indiana University at Fort Wayne). Stiglitz, Joseph E.; Free enterprise; Information theory in economics; Globalization. How revolution in economics, wrought by Joseph E. Stiglitz and economics of information has provided new methods, answers to solving economic problems, especially for poor nations of world; 230 years of economic thought, folklore into question; free enterprise, market once respected does not exist. 

Ed. Lars Jonung (1991). The Stockholm School of Economics Revisited. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 471 p.). Handelshogskolan i Stockholm--History--Congresses; Economics--Sweden--History--Congresses; Economics--Study and teaching (Higher)--Sweden--History--Congresses. 

Thomas Mark Karier (2010). Intellectual Capital: Forty Years of the Nobel Prize in Economics. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press 368 p.). Professor of Economics, Former Associate Dean (Eastern Washington University, Cheney, WA). Intellectual capital; Economics. 1969 - Bank of Sweden established Nobel Prize in Economic Science; core ideas of 64 economic theorists (Keynesians, monetarists, financial economists, behaviorists, historians, statisticians, mathematicians, game theorists, other innovators) awarded Prize in first 40 years; assumptions, values that underlie their economic theories (different, controversial features of content, methods of the discipline); has prize been awarded to those economists "who have during the previous year rendered the greatest service to mankind"?

Ed. Thomas R. Keene; with a foreword by Kenneth S. Rogoff and an afterword by Peter L. Bernstein (2005). Flying on One Engine: The Bloomberg Book of Master Market Economists: Fourteen Views on the World Economy. (New York, NY: Bloomberg Press, 264 p.). CFA, Editor-at-Large to Bloomberg News. Globalization--Economic aspects[ International finance; Investments; United States--Foreign economic relations. Methods, insights, and predictions of Wall Street’s top market economists.

Charles P. Kindleberger (1991). The Life of an Economist: An Autobiography. (Cambridge, MA: B. Blackwell, 228 p.). Kindleberger, Charles Poor, 1910-; Economists -- United States -- Biography.

Stephen D. King (2010). Losing Control: The Emerging Threats to Western Prosperity. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 304 p.). Global Chief Economist at HSBC. Western countries --Economic conditions --21st century; Western countries --Economic policy; Developing countries --Economic policy. Major redistribution of wealth, power across globe in decades ahead; will force consumers in United States, Europe to stop living beyond their means; West - money from emerging nations fuelled recent property bubble in West, increasingly dependent on risky financial services due to new patterns of trade; increasing power of emerging markets, poor internal regulation, increasingly anachronistic system of global governance -  greater instability and income inequality, risk of major dollar decline; social, political consequences of aging Western populations, development of emerging economies threaten citizens accustomed to living in prosperity.

Arjo Klamer and David Colander (1990). The Making of an Economist. (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 216 p.). Economics -- Study and teaching (Graduate) -- United States; Economists -- United States; Graduate students -- United States.

Frank H. Knight (1964). Risk, Uncertainty and Profit. (New York, NY: A. M. Kelley, 381 p. [orig. pub. 1921]). Risk; Profit.

Stephen D. King (2010). Losing Control: The Emerging Threats to Western Prosperity. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 304 p.). Global Head of Economics and Asset Allocation Research (HSBC). Western countries --Economic conditions --21st century; Western countries --Economic policy; Developing countries --Economic policy. Major redistribution of wealth, power across globe in future decades; consumers in United States, Europe forced to stop living beyond means; increasing power of emerging markets, poor internal regulation, increasingly anachronistic system of global governance - greater instability, income inequality, risk of major dollar decline; aging Western populations, development of emerging economies - social, political consequences may alarm citizens grown accustomed to prosperity.

Janos Kornai; Translated by John Knapp (1959). Overcentralization in Economic Administration; A Critical Analysis Based on Experience in Hungarian Light Industry. (London, UK: Oxford University Press, 236 p.). Industries--Hungary; Hungary--Economic policy.

--- (2007). By Force of Thought: Irregular Memoirs of an Intellectual Journey. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 461 p.). Distinguished Hungarian Economist. Kornai, Janos; Economists--Hungary--Biography. Economic thought, socialist systems, postsocialist transition, Eastern European intellectual life before, during, after communism; author traces lifelong intellectual journey; describes his research; makes vivid the  difficulties faced by critic of central planning in communist country.

Herman E. Krooss (1970). Executive Opinion; What Business Leaders Said and Thought on Economic Issues, 1920s-1960s. (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 438 p.). Businesspeople--United States; Executives--United States.

Paul Krugman (1998). The Accidental Theorist: And Other Dispatches from the Dismal Science. (New York, NY: Norton, 204 p.). Economics. Collection of essays.

Paul Krugman (2007). The Conscience of a Liberal. (New York, NY: Norton, 352 p.). Professor of Economics and International Affairs, Woodrow Wilson School (Princeton University), Economics Columnist (New York Times). Income distribution--United States; Equality--United States; United States--Economic conditions; United States--Politics and government; United States--Social policy. Past eighty years of American history: 1) what happened to middle-class America, 2) what it will take to achieve a "new New Deal".

Robert Kuttner (1997). Everything for Sale: The Virtues and Limits of Markets. (New York, NY: Knopf, 410 p.). Industrial policy--United States; Environmental policy--United States; Full employment policies--United States; Capitalism--United States; Free enterprise--United States; United States--Economic policy--1993-2001; United States--Commercial policy.

Simon S. Kuznets (1966). Modern Economic Growth: Rate, Structure, and Spread. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 529 p.). Economic development. Redefined the study of economic growth.

Steven E. Landsburg (1993). The Armchair Economist: Economics and Everyday Life. (New York, NY: Free Press, 241 p.). Teaches Economics (University of Rochester). Economics--Sociological aspects.

--- (2007). More Sex Is Safer Sex: The Unconventional Wisdom of Economics. (New York, NY: Free Press, 288 p.). Associate Professor of Economics (University of Rochester). Economics--Sociological aspects; Paradoxes; United States--Economic conditions--21st century. Many apparently very odd behaviors have logical explanations; many apparently logical behaviors make no sense whatsoever. 

Richard Layard (2005). Happiness: Lessons from a New Science. (New York, NY: Penguin Press, 320 p.). Founder-Director of Centre for Economic Performance (London School of Economics); Member of the House of Lords. Happiness.

Robert Lekachman (1976). A History of Economic Ideas. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 427 p. [Reprint 1959 ed.]). Economics--History.

--- (1976). Economists at Bay: Why the Experts Will Never Solve Your Problems. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 311 p.). Economics; Economists.

--- (1982). Greed Is Not Enough: Reaganomics. (New York, NY: Pantheon Books, 213 p.). Supply-side economics--United States; United States--Economic policy--1971-1981.

Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie; Translated with an introd. by John Day (1974). The Peasants of Languedoc. (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 370 p.). Peasantry--France--Languedoc--History; Agriculture--Economic aspects--France--Languedoc--History.

Ed. and with a foreword by John M. Letiche. Translated with the collaboration of Basil Dmytryshyn and Richard A. Pierce (1964). A History of Russian Economic Thought: Ninth Through Eighteenth Centuries. (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press 690 p.). Economics -- Soviet Union -- History.

Peter T. Leeson (2009). The Invisible Hook: The Hidden Economics of Pirates. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 296 p.). BB&T Professor for the Study of Capitalism in the Department of Economics (George Mason University). Pirates --History --Economic aspects; Economics. Democratic, economic forces of world of late 17th, early 18th-century pirates; hidden economics behind pirates' notorious, entertaining, sometimes downright shocking behavior; pirate customs resulted from pirates' responding rationally to prevailing economic conditions in pursuit of profits.

Maurice D. Levi (1985). Thinking Economically: How Economic Principles Can Contribute to Clear Thinking. (New York, NY: Basic Books, 281 p.). Economics.

Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner (2005). Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything. (New York, NY: Morrow, 256 p.). Professor of Economics (University of Chicago); Journalist. Economics--Psychological aspects; Economics--Sociological aspects. 

Ed. and with Introduction by Michael Lewis (2007). The Real Price of Everything: The Classics of Economics. (New York, NY: Sterling, 1,472 p.). Economists--Biography; Economics--History. Landmark essays by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, Thorsten Veblen, and John Maynard Keynes, to Carlo DeVito. Classics that created, defined Wall Street, entire economic system (market forces, government policies that have shaped world, future).

William W. Lewis (2004). The Power of Productivity: Wealth, Poverty, and the Threat to Global Stability. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 339 p.). Founding Director (McKinsey Global Institute). Industrial productivity; Economic policy; Competition, International; Consumption (Economics); Investments, Foreign; Wealth; Poverty; Economic stabilization; Economic development; Microeconomics. 

John R. Lott Jr. (1999). Are Predatory Commitments Credible?: Who Should the Courts Believe? (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 173 p.). Senior Research Scholar at Yale University Law School. Predatory pricing--United States; Antitrust law--United States. Series: Studies in law and economics.

Eds. John S. Lyons, Louis P. Cain and Samuel H. Williamson (2008). Reflections on the Cliometrics Revolution: Conversations with Economic Historians. (New York, NY: Routledge, 491 p.). Economics--History; historians--economics. "New economic history" revolution changed face of discipline, spawned generation of cliometricians; 25 pioneering scholars reflect on changes in practice of economic history they have observed, helped to bring about; history of  cliometrics revolution, economic history in general.

Jeffrey Madrick (2002). Why Economies Grow: The Forces That Shape Prosperity and How We Can Get Them Working Again. (New York, NY: Basic Books, 242 p.). Economic development; Commerce; Information--Economic aspects; Economic history; United States--Economic conditions; United States--Economic policy.

Alfred L. Malabre, Jr. (1994). Lost Prophets: An Insider's History of the Modern Economists. (Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 256 p;.). Economics--United States--History--20th century; Economists--United States; United States--Economic policy.

Marilu Hurt McCarty (2001). The Nobel Laureates: How the World's Greatest Economic Minds Shaped Modern Thought. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 397 p.). Economics--History--20th century; Economists; Nobel Prizes--History. Author interlaces the extraordinary contributions of these world-class economists with the historical circumstances that motivated them, providing fascinating insight into modern economic thought.

Donald McCloskey (1998). The Rhetoric of Economics. (Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 223 p. [2nd ed.]). Academic. Economics-Rhetoric. 

Deidre N. McCloskey (2000). How To Be Human-- Though an Economist. (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 287 p.). Economics--Philosophy.

Deirdre N. McCloskey (2010). Bourgeois Dignity: Why Economics Can't Explain the Modern World. (Chicago, IL, University of Chicago Press, 571 p.). Distinguished Professor of Economics, History, English, and Communication (University of Illinois at Chicago). Economic history; Economics -- Philosophy; Middle class; Europe -- Economic conditions. How China and India began to embrace neoliberal ideas of economics, attributed sense of dignity and liberty to bourgeoisie denied for so long; resulted in explosion in economic growth;  proved that economic change depended less on foreign trade, investment, or material causes, more on ideas, what people believed; shifting opinions about new markets, innovations resulted in new world as talk of private property, commerce, bourgeoisie changed radically, became far more approving; wealth of nations grew because rhetoric about markets, free enterprise became enthusiastic, encouraged their inherent dignity (not because of economic factors).

Richard B. McKenzie (2008). Why Popcorn Costs So Much at the Movies: And Other Pricing Puzzles. (Berlin, Germany: Springer, 400 p .). Professor, Economics and Walter B. Gerken Chair of Enterprise & Society (University of California, Irvine). Economic history; Social history; Economics--Sociological aspects; United States--Economic conditions. Solutions to pricing puzzles (cost of popcorn, why so many prices end with "9", why ink cartridges can cost as much as printers, why stores use sales, coupons, rebates); 'killing' effects of 9/11 terrorists on relative prices of modes of travel; starvation, de-forestation effects of well-meaning efforts to spur use of alternative, supposedly environmentally friendly fuels.

Bill McKibben (2007). Deep Economy: The Wealth of Communities and the Durable Future. (New York, NY: Times Books, 262 p.). Former Staff Writer for The New Yorker, Scholar in Residence at Middlebury College. Economic development--Social aspects; Community development. Ways that growth economics have led us astray, "more" is no longer synonymous with "better", need to move beyond "growth" as paramount economic ideal, pursue prosperity in more local direction.

Steven G. Medema (2009). The Hesitant Hand: Taming Self-Interest in the History of Economic Ideas. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 272 p.). Professor of Economics (University of Colorado Denver). Free enterprise --History; Economic policy --History; Economics --History; Economic history. How government's economic role continues to be bound by questions about effects of self-interest on greater good (formulated by Adam Smith in 1776 - declared that pursuit of self-interest mediated by market itself--not by government--led, via an invisible hand, to greatest possible welfare for society as whole); how, following marginal revolution, neoclassical economists, like preclassical theorists before Smith, believed government can mitigate adverse consequences of self-interested behavior; how backlash against this view, led by Chicago and Virginia schools, demonstrated that self-interest can also impact government, leave society with choice among imperfect alternatives.

Richard R. Nelson (1996). The Sources of Economic Growth. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 328 p.). George Blumenthal Professor of International and Public Affairs, Business, and Law, Emeritus (Columbia University). Economic development; Technological innovations--Economic aspects; Social institutions. Technological advance is the key driving force behind economic growth; exposes the intimate connections among government policies, science-based universities, growth of technology.

--- (2005). Technology, Institutions, and Economic Growth. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 312 p.). George Blumenthal Professor of International and Public Affairs, Business, and Law, Emeritus (Columbia University). Economic development; Technology--Economic aspects; Institutional economics. Alternative theory (to standard neo-classical theory) to explain phenomenon of economic growth; involves co-evolution of technologies, institutions, and industry structure.

Leonard N. Newfeldt (1989). The Economist: Henry Thoreau and Enterprise. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 210 p.). Thoreau, Henry David, 1817-1862 --Knowledge--Economics; Economics in literature; Economics--United States--History--19th century.

Jurg Niehans (1990). A History of Economic Theory: Classic Contributions, 1720-1980. (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 578 p.). Economics--History.

Douglass C. North (2005). Understanding the Process of Economic Change. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 208 p.). Professor of Economics and Spencer T. Olin Professor in Arts and Sciences (Washington University); Winner - 1993 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences. Evolutionary economics; Economics--Sociological aspects; Institutional economics. Process by which economies change; kind and quality of institutions that support markets largely determines economic performance; property rights, transaction costs are fundamental determinants; how different societies arrive at institutional infrastructure greatly determines their economic trajectories; economic change depends largely on "adaptive efficiency," society's effectiveness in creating institutions that are productive, stable, fair, broadly accepted, flexible enough to be changed or replaced in response to political, economic feedback; intentionality (product of social learning) - crucial variable in how rules evolve, how economies change, how economy's institutional foundations form.

D. P. O'Brien (1993). Thomas Joplin and Classical Macroeconomics: A Reappraisal of Classical Monetary Thought. (Brookfield, VT: E. Elgar, 289 p.). Professor Emeritus of Economics (University of Durham). Joplin, T. (Thomas), 1790?-1847; Economists --Great Britain --Biography; Economics --Great Britain --History --19th century; Monetary policy --Great Britain --History --19th century; Banks and banking --Great Britain --History --19th century; Macroeconomics --History --19th century.

D. P. O'Brien (2007). The Development of Monetary Economics: A Modern Perspective on Monetary Controversies. (Northampton, MA: E. Elgar, 265 p.). Professor Emeritus of Economics (University of Durham). Monetary policy --History. Development of economists' ideas about money and monetary policy (monetary economics) from Jean Bodin in sixteenth century to Thomas Joplin, Walter Bagehot in nineteenth century.

Michael Joseph Lalor O'Connor; Intro. by George Hudson (1974). Origins of Academic Economics in the United States. (New York, NY: Garland Pub., 367 p [orig. pub. 1943]). Economics --Study and teaching --United States; Economics --United States --History.

Haim Ofek (2001). Second Nature: Economic Origins of Human Evolution. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 254 p.). Professor of Economics (Binghampton University, Sate University of New York). Human evolution; Economics, Prehistoric; Commerce, Prehistoric; Economic history. Impact of economics on human evolution and natural history. 

Mancur Olson (1971). The Logic of Collective Action; Public Goods and the Theory of Groups. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 186 p.). Social groups; Social interaction. 

--- (1982). The Rise and Decline of Nations: Economic Growth, Stagflation, and Social Rigidities. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 273 p.). Economic development; Unemployment--Effect of inflation on; Caste--India; Economics.

Paul Ormerod (2000). Butterfly Economics: A New General Theory of Social and Economic Behavior. (New York, NY: Pantheon Books, 217 p.). Head, Economic Assessment Unit, The Economist. Economic policy; Economics--Sociological aspects. 

Johan Van Overtveldt (2007). The Chicago School: How the University of Chicago Assembled the Thinkers Who Revolutionized Economics and Business. (Chicago, IL: Agate, 432 p.). Director of VKW Metena, Belgium-based Think Tank; formerly chief economist for Belgian newsmagazine Trends. Chicago school of economics--History. In-depth history of  Chicago School of Economics, revolutionized economic orthodoxy in second half of twentieth century, dominated Nobel Prizes awarded in economics, changed how business is done around world.

John Perkins (2004). Confessions of an Economic Hit Man. (San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler, 264 p.). Former Chief Economist and Director of Economics and Regional Planning, Chas. T. Main, Inc. Perkins, John, 1945- ; United States. National Security Agency--Biography; Chas. T. Main, Inc.; World Bank--Developing countries; Economists--United States--Biography; Energy consultants--United States--Biography; Intelligence agents--United States--Biography; Corporations, American--Foreign countries; Corporations, American--Corrupt practices; Imperialism--History--20th century; Imperialism--History--21st century. 

Mark Perlman and Charles R. McCann Jr. (1998) The Pillars of Economic Understanding: Ideas and Traditions. (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 639 p.). Economics--History.

William Petersen; with a new introduction by the author (1999). Malthus. (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 302 p. [orig. pub. 1979]). Malthus, T. R., (Thomas Robert), 1766-1834; Demographers--Great Britain--Biography; Economists--Great Britain--Biography.

Paul Poast (2005). The Economics of War. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 240 p.). Lecturer in Economics (Ohio State University). War--Economic aspects; War--Economic aspects--United States. Examples of war to explain economic concepts  (macroeconomics of public spending on war, game theory from cold war strategy, market monopoly and industrial structure of arms industry). 

Louis Putterman (2001). Dollars and Change: Economics in Context. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 284 p.). Professor of Economics (Brown University). Economics; Economic history; Social history.

John Quiggin (2010). Zombie Economics: How Dead Ideas Still Walk Among Us. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 238 p.). Professor of Economics (University of Queensland, Australia). Economics --History --20th century; Economic policy --History --20th century; Economics. Crisis killed five core macroeconomic, financial theories (tenets of free-market economics, "market liberalism"): origins, consequences, implosion of outdated system of ideas: efficient-markets hypothesis, trickle-down economics, privatization, market-based solutions are always best, deregulation \conquered financial cycle, markets always best judge of value, policies designed to benefit rich made everyone better off); what could replace market liberalism.

J. Patrick Raines, Charles G. Leathers (2008). Debt, Innovations, and Deflation: The Theories of Veblen, Fisher, Schumpeter, and Minsky. (Northampton, MA Edward Elgar, 191 p.). Professor of Economics, Dean of the College of Business Administration (Belmont University); Professor of Economics (University of Alabama). Deflation (Finance). Deflation theories of Thorstein Veblen, Irving Fisher, Joseph Schumpeter, Hyman Minsky in light of growing concern about deflation in early 2000s in United States; three fundamental questions: 1) ]explanations of causes of deflation, how those explanations relate to historical context of economists' writings on deflation; 2) extent to which four theories have common points, complementarities; 3) analytical, policy lessons to analyze concerns about deflation in 2002-2003.

D. D. Raphael, Donald Winch, Robert Skidelsky (1997). Three Great Economists. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 382 p.). Smith, Adam, 1723-1790; Malthus, T. R. (Thomas Robert), 1766-1834; Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Economists--Great Britain; Economics--History.

Melvin W. Reder (1999). Economics: The Culture of a Controversial Science. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 384 p.). Economics; Economists.  

Lord Robbins (1971). Autobiography of an Economist. (London, UK: Macmillan, 301 p.). Former Professor (London School of Economics). Robbins, Lionel Robbins, Baron, 1898-1990; Economists--Great Britain--Biography.

Alessandro Roncaglia (2005). The Wealth of Ideas: A History of Economic Thought. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 582 p. [orig. pub. 2001 in Italian]). Economics--History. 

Theodore Rosenof (1997). Economics in the Long Run: New Deal Theorists and Their Legacies, 1933-1993. (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 223 p.). Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Hansen, Alvin Harvey, 1887- ; Means, Gardiner Coit, 1896- ; Schumpeter, Joseph Alois, 1883-1950; Economics--History--20th century; New Deal, 1933-1939; United States--Economic policy.

Ian Simpson Ross (1995). The Life of Adam Smith. (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 495 p.). Smith, Adam, 1723-1790; Economists--Great Britain--Biography.

W.W. Rostow (1990). The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 272 p. [3rd ed.]). Economic development; Capitalism -- United States; Marxian economics; Comparative economics.

Paul A. Samuelson (1982). Foundations of Economic Analysis. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 604 p.). Economics, Mathematical. Significant work on price theory.

Eds. Paul A. Samuelson and William A. Barnett (2006). Inside the Economists Mind: The History of Modern Economic Thought, as Explained by Those Who Produced It. (Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 456 p.). Economists--Interviews; Economists--Biography; Economics; Economics--History--20th century. Interviews with top economists of 20th century focus on human side and intellectual dimensions of how economists work and think.

Agnar Sandmo (2011). Economics Evolving: A History of Economic Thought. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 424 p.). Professor Emeritus of Economics (Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration). Economics. How study of economics has progressed over course of history, still developing; economic theory from Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations to late 20th century; development of theories concerning prices and markets, money and price level, population and capital accumulation, choice between socialism and market economy; how important economists have reflected on sometimes conflicting goals of efficient resource use, socially acceptable income distribution; lives, times of major economists.

Margaret Schabas (1990). A World Ruled by Number: William Stanley Jevons and the Rise of Mathematical Economics. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 192 p.). Jevons, William Stanley, 1835-1882; Economics, Mathematical.

--- (2005). The Natural Origins of Economics. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 208 p.). Professor in and Head of the Department of Philosophy (University of British Columbia). Economics; Science. Evolution of economic ideas within history of science. 

E. F. Schumacher (1998). Small Is Beautiful; Economics as If People Mattered. (Vancouver, BC: Hartley & Marks, 290 p. - 25 Years Later...With Commentaries). Economics.

Jordan A. Schwarz (1987). Liberal : Adolf A. Berle and the Vision of an American Era. (New York, NY: Free Press, 452 p.). Berle, Adolf Augustus, 1895-1971; Statesmen--United States--Biography; Economists--United States--Biography; New Deal, 1933-1939; United States--Politics and government--1933-1945; United States--Politics and government--1945-1989.

Paul Seabright (2004). The Company of Strangers: A Natural History of Economic Life. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 304 p.). Professor of Economics (University of Toulouse, France). Social capital (Sociology); Economics--Sociological aspects; Sociobiology; Strangers; Trust. Evolutionary, sociological account of emergence of economic institutions that manage markets, world's myriad other affairs.

Michael Shermer (2007). The Mind of the Market: Compassionate Apes, Competitive Humans, and Other Tales from Evolutionary Economics. (New York, NY: Times Books, 320 p.). Columnist for Scientific American. Evolutionary economics; Economics--Psychological aspects. How evolution shaped modern economy; evolutionary roots of economic behavior (bargaining, snap purchases, brands, trust in business, holding on to losing stocks, negotiations as tit-for-tat disputes, cooperation, money is not happiness, reward in work.

Leonard Silk (1976). The Economists. (New York, NY: Basic Books, 294 p.). Economics Reporter (New York Times). Economists--United States--Biography.

Julian L. Simon (1999). The Economic Consequences of Immigration. (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 434 p. [2nd ed.]). Immigrants--United States; United States--Emigration and immigration--Economic aspects. Significant economic mechanisms by which immigrants affect natives (transfer-and-tax system, production capital, human capital, physical infrastructure, productivity, environmental externalities, unemployment); concludes immigration is, on the whole, beneficial to U.S. natives (similar experience in Canada, Australia) - immigrants displace fewer jobs than they create, are better educated than majority of U.S. workers, are no more a drain on welfare system than general population.

--- (2002). A Life Against the Grain: The Autobiography of an Unconventional Economist. (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 359 p.). Professor of Economics (University of Maryland). Simon, Julian Lincoln, 1932- ; Economists United States Biography. 

Mark Skousen (2001). The Making of Modern Economics: The Lives and Ideas of the Great Thinkers. (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 487 p.). Economics--History; Economics--Philosophy; Economists--Biography.

--- (2005). Vienna and Chicago, Friends or Foes?: A Tale of Two Schools of Free-Market Economics. (Washington, DC: Regnery Pub., 318 p.). Teaches Economics at Columbia University, Editor of Forecasts & Strategies. Austrian school of economics; Chicago school of economics; Economics--History. Monetary policy, business cycle, government policy, methodology - which is correct in its theories?

--- (2007). The Big Three in Economics: Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and John Maynard Keynes. (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 256 p.). Teaches Economics at Columbia University, Editor of Forecasts & Strategies. Smith, Adam, 1723-1790.; Marx, Karl, 1818-1883; Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946; Economists--History; Economics--Philosophy. Play fundamental role in today's politics and economics: 1) Adam Smith - laissez faire; 2) Karl Marx - radical socialist model; 3) John Maynard Keynes - big government, welfare state.

Robert Sobel (1980). The Worldly Economists. (New York, NY: Free Press, 260 p.). Academic (Hofstra University). Economists--United States--Biography.

George H. Soule (1952). Ideas of the Great Economists. (New York, NY: Viking, 218 p.). Economics-History.

Thomas Sowell (2004). Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One. (New York, NY: Basic Books, 246 p.). Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution (Stanford University). Economics--Political aspects; Economic policy--Social aspects; Equality; Social problems; Economic development; Economics. 

--- (2006). On Classical Economics. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 320 p.). Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution (Stanford University). Classical school of economics; Economics--History. How certain economic concepts and tools of analysis arose between 1770s and 1870s.

Donald R. Stabile (1996). Work and Welfare: The Social Costs of Labor in the History of Economic Thought. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 224 p.). Labor; Wages; Cost and standard of living; Basic needs; Externalities (Economics); Welfare economics; Economics -- History. Series Contributions in economics and economic history.

--- (2005). Forerunners of Modern Financial Economics: A Random Walk in the History of Economic Thought. (Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 173 p.). Professor of the College at St. Mary's College of Maryland. Finance--Statistical methods--History--20th century; Capital market--Statistical methods--History--20th century; Economists--History--20th century; Economics, Mathematical--History--20th century. Work of economists who used statistics to analyze financial markets before 1950.

Herbert Stein with Murray Foss (2000). An Illustrated Guide to the American Economy. (Washington, DC: AEI Press, 285 p. [3red rev. ed.]). Economic Conditions, 1981-.

George J. Stigler (1965). Essays in the History of Economics. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 391 p.). Economics.

--- (1988). Memoirs of an Unregulated Economist. (New York, NY: Basic Books, 228 p.). Stigler, George Joseph, 1911- ; Economists--United States--Biography; Chicago school of economics.

Michael Szenberg; foreword by Paul A. Samuelson (1998). Passion and Craft: Economists at Work. (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 314 p.). Economists--Biography; Economics--Philosophy.

Frank W. Taussig; with a new introduction by Warren J. Samuels (1989). Inventors and Money-Makers. (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 138 p. [orig. pub. 1930]). Economic man; Economics--Psychological aspects.

Mark C. Taylor (2004). Confidence Games: Money and Markets in a World without Redemption. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 395 p.). Cluett Professor of Humanities (Williams College). Economics--Religious aspects; Art--Economic aspects; Money--Religious aspects; Economics--Religious aspects--Christianity.

Richard H. Thaler and Cass R. Sunstein (2008). Nudge: Improving Decisions about Health, Wealth, and Happiness. (New Haven, NH: Yale University Press, 304 p.). Robert P. Gwinn Professor of Behavioral Science and Economics, Director of the Center for Decision Research, Graduate School of Business (University of Chicago); Department of Political Science University of Chicago Law School. Economics--Psychological aspects; Choice (Psychology)--Economic aspects; Decision making--Psychological aspects; Consumer behavior. Humans  are susceptible to various biases that can lead to blunder, mistakes which make us poorer, less healthy; can design choice environments that make it easier to choose what is best for themselves, their families, their society; how thoughtful "choice architecture" can be established to nudge us in beneficial directions without restricting freedom of choice.

Robert L. Tignor (2005). W. Arthur Lewis and the Birth of Development Economics. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 312 p.). Rosengarten Professor of Modern and Contemporary History (Princeton University). Lewis, W. Arthur (William Arthur), 1915- ; Princeton University--Faculty--Biography; African American economists--Biography; Development economics; Economic development; Ghana--Economic conditions; Africa--Economic conditions. New view of this renowned economist and his impact on economic growth in the twentieth century.

Rick Tilman (2001). Ideology and Utopia in the Social Philosophy of the Libertarian Economists. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 196 p.). Economics -- Sociological aspects; Libertarianism. 

Alvin Toffler and Heidi Toffler (2006). Revolutionary Wealth: How It Will Be Created and How It Will Change Our Lives. (New York, NY: Knopf, 492 p.). Toffler Associates. Economic forecasting; Wealth; Social change; Social prediction; Economic history--1945- ; Social history--1945- ; Civilization, Modern--1950- Twenty-first century--Forecasts. How tomorrow’s wealth will be created, who will get it, how. money is no longer sole determinate of wealth.

Paul B. Truscott (2006). Jingji Xue: History of the Introduction of Western Economic Ideas into China 1850--1950. (Hong Kong, China: The Chinese University Press, 550 p.). Professor Emeritus of Economics (Southern Illinois University). Economics--History--China--190th century; Economics--History--China--20th century. How economics, as concept, intellectual discipline, was introduced, developed in China; identifies Chinese who studied economics in West, evaluates their roles in teaching, research, publication in China; describes, examines activities of Kang Youwei, Liang Qichao, Sun Yat-sen, Yan Fu in transmitting, interpreting Western economics; evolution of economics programs in leading Chinese universities.

Lynn Turgeon (1996). Bastard Keynesianism: The Evolution of Economic Thinking and Policymaking Since World War II. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 156 p.). Keynesian economics; United States--Economic policy; United States--Economic conditions--1945-.

Peter A. Ubel (2009). Free-Market-Madness: Why Human Nature Is at Odds with Economics and Why It Matters. (Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 224 p.). Professor of Medicine and Psychology (University of Michigan). Free enterprise; Economics; Human behavior. Free market theory, human nature in conflict, can be dangerous for health, well-being; capitalism inherently exploits participants' vulnerabilities, requires more government regulation.

Juan Gabriel Valdés (1995). Pinochet's Economists: The Chicago School in Chile. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 334 p.). Chicago school of economics; Chile--Economic conditions--1973-1988; Chile--Economic policy.

Jude Wanniski (1998). The Way the World Works: How Economies Fail--and Succeed. (New York, NY: Basic Books, 366 p. [4th ed.]). President, Polyconomics. Economics. 

David Warsh (2006). Knowledge and the Wealth of Nations: A Story of Economic Discovery. (New York, NY: Norton, 426 p.). Former Economics Columnist (Boston Globe). Economics--Research--United States; Economics--Study and teaching--United States; Economics--United States--History; Economists--United States. Social world of economic research, intellectual revolution swept economics profession between late 1970s-late 1980s; story of new growth theory.

Charles Wheelan; foreword by Burton G. Malkiel (2002). Naked Economics: Undressing the Dismal Science. (New York, NY: Norton, 260 p.). Economics.

Virgle Glenn Wilhite (1958). Founders of American Economic Thought and Policy. (New York, NY: Bookman Associates, 442 p.). Economics--United States--History.

Ed. Paul J. Zak; with a foreword by Michael C. Jensen. (2008). Moral Markets: The Critical Role of Values in the Economy. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 386 p.). Director of the Center for Neuroeconomics Studies, Professor of Economics (Claremont Graduate University). Economics--Moral and ethical aspects. Modern market exchange works only because most people, most of the time, act virtuously; how rules of market exchange have evolved to promote moral behavior, how exchange itself may make us more virtuous.

Victor Zarnowitz (1992). Business Cycles: Theory, History, Indicators, and Forecasting. (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 593 p.). Emeritus Professor of Economics (University of Chicago), leader in study of business cycles, growth, inflation, forecasting. Business cycles; Economic forecasting. Theories of business cycle (Keynesian, monetary theories, rational expectation, real business cycle theories); trends and cycles in economic activity, performance of leading indicators, their composite measures; forecasting tools and performance of business, academic economists; historical changes in nature, sources of business cycles; how successfully forecasting firms, economists predict key economic variables (interest rates, inflation) - poorly.

Stephen T. Ziliak and Deirdre N. McCloskey (2008). The Cult of Statistical Significance: How the Standard Error Costs Us Jobs, Justice, and Lives. (Ann Arbor, MA: University of Michigan Press, 352 p.). Professor of Economics (Roosevelt University); Distinguished Professor of Economics, History, English, and Communication (University of Illinois at Chicago). Economics--Statistical methods; Statistics--Social aspects; Statistical hypothesis testing--Social aspects. How "statistical significance," technique that dominates many sciences, has been huge mistake - "testing" that doesn’t test, "estimating" that doesn’t estimate. Authors trace problem to its historical, sociological, philosophical roots; show how wide the disaster is, how bad for science.


Business History Links

Archive for the History of Economic Thought                                                          

"This archive is an attempt to collect in one place a large number of significant texts in the history of economic thought... including representative texts of all of the major thinkers and schools of thought; and most of the sub-fields of economics."

ArgMax: Economics News, Data, and Analysis                                                  

Created by John Irons, an assistant professor of economics at Amherst, the ArgMax Web site (named after a mathematical terms utilized in economics) provides a host of current news, data, and topical analysis of economics. Updated frequently by a newsbot, the news and commentary section is divided into several themed sections and drawn from a wide number of online sources. After reading some of these articles, visitors may want to consult the online economics glossary that offers brief explanations of terms ranging from absolute advantage to wire transfer. Another section contains the blog that Irons writes for the site and various articles of interest. The seemingly innocuous "Stuff" section contains some nice gems, including an interview with Irons about becoming involved in the field of economics. Overall, the site is a nice way for people who are familiar (or just getting acquainted) with the discipline.

The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred  Nobel 

Dead Economists Society                                                           

Dear Economist

Column in the Financial Times - answers readers' personal problems with the tools of Adam Smith.


Issues and Insight in Economics. Arnold Kling received his Ph.D. in economics from MIT in 1980; was economist on staff of the Board of Governors of Federal Reserve System from 1980-1986; senior economist at Freddie Mac from 1986-1994; adjunct scholar with Cato Institute; teaches statistics, economics at Berman Hebrew Academy (Rockville, MD); Associate Professor of Economics (George Mason University), adjunct scholar of the Cato Institute.

Economic Growth Center

Founded in 1961 by faculty in the Economics Program at Yale University, objective of studying and promoting understanding of the economic development process within low-income countries and how development is affected by trade and financial relations between these countries and those that developed earlier. 

Economic Indicators                                                      

Brought to you by the Economics and Statistics Administration (ESA) - the bureau within the U.S. Department of Commerce where economic and social change is chronicled, understood, and explained. Our mission is to provide timely access to the daily releases of key economic indicators from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and the U.S. Census

Economics Blogs (392)                                                                                                               

Econolog collects data from hundreds of economics blogs and then does useful and interesting things with that data. From Palgrave Macmillan.

Economics Journals                                                                           Http://Www.Elsevier.Nl/Homepage/Sae/Econbase/Menu.Sht                                                                     

Economic Principals appeared for more than 18 years as a column in the Business section of The Boston Globe. It moved to the Web in March 2002. The aim: to keep track of what’s going on in technical economics, through the device of regular short profiles of various movers and shakers – hence the pun. 

Economic Statistics Briefing Room                                                                              

"The purpose of this service is to provide easy access to current Federal economic indicators. It provides links to information produced by a number of Federal agencies," including statistics about output, income, employment, production, transportation, and international matters. Part of the White House Web site. Subjects: Economics; Statistics.

Educational Resources from the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco                                                

High-quality resources about economics, home lending rates, world of economists. Primary sections of the site include "Student Activities", "Teacher Resources", and "Publications". In the "Student Activities" area visitors can ask questions for "Ask Dr. Econ", play the "Great Economists Treasure Hunt", and also visit "FedVille", which offers young people an introduction to the world of the Federal Reserve. The "Teachers Resources" area contains curriculum materials, and a personal finance lesson plan and game. The "Popular Content" area includes an introduction to U.S. monetary policy, information about credit reports and the Economic Letter, which includes short essays on current topics by economists.

Federal Reserve Archival System for Economic Research            

Project of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis’ Center for Economic Documents Digitization (CEDD), which seeks to preserve the nation's economic history through digitization; consists of an open archive of economic statistical publications and data within an automated system to retrieve both images and data; St. Louis Fed has been famous for its advocacy of Monetarism, which was counter to what most of the economists at the Board of Governors and other Federal Reserve Banks thought.

FRASER - The Federal Reserve Archival System for Economic Research                                                       

Selected historical economic and statistical publications, including Economic Indicators, 1948-2005, bank statistics, Productivity and Costs, and more.

Freakonomics: The Blog                                                                                                             

A Rogue Economist (University of Chicago) Explores the Hidden Side of Everything.

Free Economic Data at                                                                           

"Moody's is the web's best source of free economic data. Users can quickly and easily chart and download economic data."

Great Economists and Their Times                                                       Http://Www.Frbsf.Org/Econedu/Curriculum/Great/                          

From the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, Great Economists and Their Times is a basic history of economic thought from 1730 to 1990. A complete timeline charts schools of thought as well as significant moments in the economy including John Kay patenting the flying shuttle and Marie Curie discovering radium. There is a short paragraph about each economist which links to his era on the timeline, as well as a six paragraph summary of the economic theories of the past 250 years. After studying this site, users are invited to play a pirate-inspired quiz about the history of economics. This site is ideal for those just beginning to learn about economic theory.

Gross Domestic Product: Case Study                                         EM225&page=teacher                                                           

Teaching economics at the high school or college level can be tremendously interesting, and at the same time, it can be difficult to find high-quality classroom resources for this particular discipline. The EconEdLink website (created by the National Council on Economic Education) is a great place to find just such resources, including this recent lesson plan and activity. Written by Stephen Buckles of Vanderbilt University, this lesson deals with the world of the gross domestic product (GDP). The goals of this particular activity are to provide teachers and students with access to easily understood monthly announcements of rates of change in real GDP, along with questions and activities that will help reinforce understanding of relevant concepts. The site includes access to teacher materials, key economic concepts, and basic explanations of what is included within the GDP and how it is tabulated.

History of Economic Thought

Repository of collected links and information on the history of economic thought, from the ancient times until the modern day. It is designed for students and the general public, who are interested in learning about economics from a historical perspective; set up independently as a labour of love by Gonçalo L. Fonseca (graduate students of economics Goncalo L. Fonseca, John Hopkins University) ; developed under the auspices and is hosted by the Department of Economics of the New School for Social History Research.

History of Economics Society

Established in May 1974 to encourage interest, foster scholarship, and promote discussion among scholars and professionals in the field of the history of economics.

Hoover Institution: Milton Friedman                                                                            

Biography of economist Milton Friedman, "recipient of the 1976 Nobel Memorial Prize for economic science [and] a senior research fellow at the Hoover Institution from 1977 to 2006. He passed away on Nov. 16, 2006." Discusses Friedman's work on monetary economics, his writing on public policy, and other accomplishments. Also includes transcripts, audio, and video from talks and interviews. From the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Stanford University.


"The largest bibliographic database dedicated to Economics and available on the Internet. Over 200,000 items of research can be browsed or searched, and over 110,000 can be downloaded in full text." Useful for public policy and finance issues as well as pure economics.

Immigration to the United States, 1789-1930                                                                          

Created as part of the Open Collections Program at Harvard University, this online archive includes approximately 1,800 books, 6,000 photographs, and 200 maps. Visitors will be able to browse through the records of the Immigration Restriction League and look at images in Harvard’s Social Museum, which was established in 1903 to illustrate "problems of the social order." 

Index of Economic Freedom                                                                                     

This annual publication "measures 161 countries against a list of 50 independent variables divided into 10 broad factors of economic freedom. Low scores are more desirable. The higher the score on a factor, the greater the level of government interference in the economy and the less economic freedom a country enjoys." Covers trade policy, monetary policy, property rights, banking and finance, and other issues. A project of The Heritage Foundation and the Wall Street Journal. Subjects: Economic policy; Free enterprise; Economic indicators.

Inside the Vault [pdf]                                                                                       

A number of recently published books have reinvigorated the public’s general interest in the so-called "dismal science" of economics, and students across the country have shown a penchant for enrolling in beginning and advanced economic courses during their time in higher education. One fine tool to explore some aspects of economics is the Inside the Vault newsletter, which is published by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Published biannually, the newsletter contains several feature articles, a lesson plan for teachers, and a delightful "Q&A" section. The "Q&A" section is helpful for students in particular, as it answers such topical queries as "Why are many states experiencing budget deficits?" and "Why is the growth rate of the U.S. economy stronger than that of Western European countries?" Visitors may also wish to view previous issues of the newsletter, which are also available here, all the way back to 1996.

Jokec                                                                                                 Http://Netec.Wustl.Edu/Jokec.Html                                       

The lighter side of the Dismal Science, JokEc is a collection of economics jokes. Ranging from one-liners to economics poetry, JokEc aims for non-offensive economic humor. Although he promises that he has tried to edit out all "personal or dirty jokes," Finnish creator Pasi Kuoppamaki has included a disclaimer, cautioning against possible offense. JokEc is a section of WebEc (reviewed in the January 10, 1997 Scout Report) and is mirrored in Finland, Japan, and the UK.

John Stuart Mill Links                                                                                     

Considered one of the most important philosophers of the 19th century, John Stuart Mill was born in 1806 to one James Mill, part-time philosopher and economist, and full-time official in the East India Company. Educated by both his father and the philosopher Jeremy Bentham, Mill learned Greek by age three, Latin shortly thereafter, and was a competent logician by age 12. After suffering a mental breakdown at the age of 20, Mill decided he would commit himself to persuading the general public of the need for a scientific and rational approach to understanding social, political, and economic change. Mill penned some of the most powerful statements on the behalf of utilitarianism during his life, including one of his most enduring works, Utilitarianism. This Web site (offered in numerous different languages) is a compilation of links to works by and about Mill, including full-text versions of such works as "On Liberty", "Principles of Political Economy", and his Autobiography. Equally compelling are the works about Mill also to be found here, most notably Isaiah Berlin's 1959 article, John Stuart Mill and the Ends of Life.

The Library of Economics and Liberty                                                                             

Economics-oriented weblog or "blog" (a thematic online collection or journal of short articles featuring brief reviews and highlighting new links of current interest) - provides many helpful resources for thinkers, readers, colleges, online news sources, newspapers and magazines, librarians, professors, and more. It is an ongoing collection of short, topical articles and insights on the week's issues in economics. Entries take current topics in the news and highlight objective economic analyses. They also offer discussion questions designed to focus thinking for readers or for classroom use.

McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought      

The Archive for the History of Economic Thought - web site from McMaster University, maintained by Rod Hay, University of Guelph economics department) provides access to a variety of material relating to economic history; an attempt to collect in one place a large number of significant texts in the history of economic thought (representative texts of all of the major thinkers and schools of thought; and most of the sub-fields of economics). The archive is a work in progress that may never be completed. There are mirror sites at the University of Bristol (maintained by Tony Brewer) and at the University of Melbourne (maintained by Robert Dixon).

National Association for Business Economics [pdf]                                                               

Founded in 1959, the National Association for Business Economics (NABE) has a mission that is both simple and to the point: "To provide leadership in the use and understanding of economics". As such, there is a wide range of material presented on their website that will both interest and delight those with a penchant for business economics and its various applications. First-time users may wish to start by looking over their in-house newsletter, the NABE News, or take a look at some of the articles in the latest issue of their journal, Business Economics. One of the most valuable features on the site is the "Links" area. The area contains links to other helpful sites organized by topic, such as macroeconomic data, regional economic data, economic think tanks, and of course, economics blogs.

National Bureau of Economic Research [NBER]                                                             

NBER is "a private, nonprofit, nonpartisan research organization ... committed to undertaking and disseminating unbiased economic research among public policymakers, business professionals, and the academic community." Subject search and abstracts are free; organizations and individuals can subscribe to the full service, or purchase individual reports and books.

National Council on Economic Education                                                         

A unique nonprofit partnership of leaders in education, business and labor devoted to helping youngsters learn to think, to choose and to function in a changing global economy. Founded in 1949, and the premier source of teacher training and materials used to instill an understanding of economic principles for grades kindergarten through twelve. A nationwide network of state councils and over 260 university-based centers called EconomicsAmerica and also an international economics training initiative called EconomicsInternational, which carries market principles to the world.

National Economics Challenge                                       

The NCEE/Goldman Sachs National Economics Challenge is a state, regional and national competition for high school students designed to increase their understanding of and interest in economics and finance. Students compete in teams for a chance to win prizes and a trip to New York City to compete in the national finals. There are competitions in 35 states. There are two divisions--the Adam Smith division for students in AP, IB, honors, and two-semester classes and the David Ricardo division for students in all other economics classes. The winners of both divisions of the state competitions will advance to the regional competitions which will be on April 22, 2005. The regional winners and their teachers will receive $1,000 U.S. Savings Bonds, and the runner-up teams and their teachers will receive $500 U.S. Savings Bonds. The winners of both divisions of the regional competitions will advance to the national finals in New York City on May 21-23, 2005. Each member of the national championship teams and their teachers will receive $3,000 U.S. Savings Bonds, and the runner-up teams and their teachers will receive $1,500 U.S. Savings Bonds. Most travel expenses for the regional and national competitions will be paid by NCEE.

Oddball Indicators Run the Gamut From Hemlines to Picket Lines kleske/13006192955.txt                                                   

Amusing 2006 newspaper column discusses various traditional and non-traditional indicators for predicting the economy. Non-traditional indicators include the hemline index that "portends that the more leg we see, the higher the stock market will be," a mass transit index, and projections for sales of golf balls. Includes links to related sites. From the North County Times (San Diego, California).

Online Economics Textbooks                                                      Http://Www.Oswego.Edu/~Economic/Newbooks.Htm                                       Introductory Economics, Introductory Microeconomics, Intermediate Microeconomics, International Economics, Econometrics, Game Theory, Law and Economics, Public Choice, Production Economics, Public Finance.

Powell Center for Economic Literacy                                                                                                                                               Established in 1979 as the E. Angus Powell Endowment for American Enterprise (former Chairman of the Board of the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Chairman of the Board of Trustees at Collegiate School in Richmond); 2005 - endowment name changed to the Powell Center for Economic Literacy to more aptly reflect the endowment's mission and accomplishments. Promotes its cause locally and nationally through a variety of programs available to teachers and students.

RePEc [Research Papers in Economics]                                                                        

A "collaborative effort of over 100 volunteers in 41 countries to enhance the dissemination of research in economics." The site provides a database of bibliographic records with links to thousands of working papers, journal articles, software components, book and chapter listings, and other resources related to economics. "IDEAS" provides access to the complete database, or browse and search specific database sections. Subjects: Economics -- Research...

Resources for Economists on the Internet                                                                                    

This guide is sponsored by the American Economic Association. It lists 1,265 resources in 74 sections and sub-sections available on the Internet of interest to academic and practicing economists, and those interested in economics. Almost all resources are also described.

RGE Monitor                                                                                                                  

Co-founded by Nouriel Roubini, Professor of Economics at New York University's Stern School of Business in 2004. Delivers ahead-of-the-curve global economic insights for financial professional. Our analysts define key economic and geostrategic debates and continuously distill the best thinking on all sides. This intelligence, along with exclusive analysis from internationally-known experts, is accessed through a powerful Web interface that provides both focused snapshots and deeper perspectives.

University of Chicago Economic Sciences Nobel Laureates

Visualizing Economics                                         

"Making the 'Invisible Hand' Visible." Under the guidance of Catherine Mulbrandon, the site brings together economic data and the powerful techniques of information visualization  through such thematic maps as "Where do Britain's rich and poor live?" and the "United States Household Income Map". Visitors can make their way through the maps here at their leisure, and also post their comments as they see fit. Additionally, users can look through the "Most Popular Posts" area and sign up to receive updates about new maps via email.

Ludwig von Mises Institute                                                                                       
Formally established in October 1982 and located in Auburn, Alabama. The Ludwig von Mises Institute is the research and educational center of classical liberalism, libertarian political theory, and the Austrian School of economics. Institute has 250 faculty members working with it on one or more academic projects. With their help, and thousands of donors in 50 states and 64 foreign countries, the Institute has held more than 500 teaching conferences, including the Mises University, and seminars on subjects from monetary policy to the history of war, as well as international and interdisciplinary Austrian Scholars Conferences.

WebEc: World Wide Web Resources in Economics                                                                         

An extensive categorized, annotated, and searchable directory of economic resources. (Note: For best search options, click on the "Search" link at the bottom of the menu.) A Virtual Library site. Subjects: Economics.



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